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auplauses were as justly distributed, and he were most distinguished whose abilities were mast useful to society. How many chimerical titles to precedence, how many false pretences to respects would this rule bring to the ground!

Life of Drake, p. 175.

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JEALOUSY. THAT natural jealousy which makes every man unwilling to allow much excellence in another, always produces a disposition to believe that the mind grows old with the body, and that he whom we are now forced to confess superior, is hastening daily to a level with ourselves. Intellectual decay, doubtless, is not uncommon, but it is not universalNewton was in his eighty-fifth year improving his chronology, and Waller at eighty-two is thought to have lost none of his poetical powers,

Life of Waller. - Jealousy is a passion compounded of love and suspicion.

Notes upon Shakspeare, vol. 4, p. 317.

JESTING. Unless men have the prudence not to appear touched with the sarcasms of a jester, they subject themselves to his power, and the wise man will have his folly anatomised by a fool.

Ibid. vol. 3, p. 306,


Jocose follies and slight offences are only allowed by mankind in him that overpowers them by great qualities.

Ibid. vol. 4, p. 5.g.

JOY. As Briers have sweetness with their prickles, so are troubles often recompensed with joy.

Ibid. p. 127.


Those who have no power to judge of past times, but by their own, should always doubt their conclusions.

Life of Milton. As laws operate in civil agency, not to the excitement of virtue, but the repression of wickedness, so judgment, in the operations of intellect, can hinder faults, but not produce excellence.

Life of Prior." Nothing is more unjust than to judge of a man by too short an acquaintance, and too slight in- . spection ; for it often happens, that in the loose, and thoughtless, and dissipated, there is a secret radical worth, which may shoot out by proper cultivation. That the spark of heaven, though dimmed and obstructed, is not yet extinguished, but may, by the breath of counsel and exhortation, be kindled into a flame. To imagine that every one who is not completely good, as irrevocably abandoned, is to suppose that all are capable of the same degree of excellence; it is, indeed, to exact from all, that perfection which none ever can attain. And since the purest virtue is consistent with some vice, and the virtue of the


greatest number with almost an equal proportion of contrary qualities, let, none' too hastily conclude that all goodness is lost though it may for a time be clouded and overwhelmed ; for most minds are the slaves of external circum- : stances, and conform to any hand that undertakes td mould them, roll down any torrent of custom in which they happen to be caught, or bend to any importunity that bears hard against them.

Rambler, vol. 2, p. 94. Those that have done nothing in life, are not qualified to judge of those that have done little.

- Plan of an English Dictionary, p. 49, It is impossible for those that have only known affluence and prosperity; to judge rightly of themselves and others. The rich and powerful live in a perpetual masquerade, in which all about them wear borrowed characters; and we only discover in what estimation we are held; when we can no longer give hopes or fears.

Rambler, vol. 29. p. 124. Judgment is forced upon us, by experience. He that reads many books, must compare one opinion, or 'one style with another; and when: he compares, must necessarily distinguish, reject, and prefer.

Life of Pope. JUSTICE. One of the principal parts of national félici. ty, arises from a wise and impartial administration of justice. Every man reposes upon the tribunals of his country, the stability of profession and the serenity of life. He, therefore,


who unjustly exposes the courts of judicature to suspicion, either of partiality or error, not only does an injury to those who dispense the laws, but diminishes the public confidence in the laws themselves, and shakes the foundation of public tranquillity..

Convi&t's Address, f. 20. Of justice, one of the Heathen sages has? shown, with great acuteness, that it was impressed upon mankind only by the inconveniences which injustice had produced, “ In the first ages,” says he, “ men acted without any rule but the impulse of desire; they practised injustice upon others, and suffered it from others in return; but, in time, it was discovered that the pain of suffering wrong, was greater than the pleasure of doing it, and mankind, by a general compact, submitted to the restraint of laws, and resigned the pleasure to escape the pain.”

Idler, vol. 2, p. 208. What the law does in every nation between individuals, justice ought to do between nations.

Notės upon Shakspeare, vol. 9. p. 58.

Few things are impossible to industry and skill.

Prince of Abyssinia, p. 88.Many things difficult to design, prove easy to performance.

Ibid. p. 93. .


.: He that shall walk with vigour three hours a day, will pass, in seven years, a space equal to the circumference of the globe.

Ibid. Whatever

Whatever busies the mind without corrupting it, has, at least, this use, that it rescues the day from idleness; and he that is never idle, will not often be vicious.

Rambler, vol. 4, p. 97. , It is below the dignity of a reasonable being, to owe that strength to necessity which ought always to act at the call of choice, or to need any other motive to industry than the desire of performing his duty.

Ibid. vol. 3, p. 144. If it be difficult to persuade the idle to be busy, it is not easy to convince the busy that it is sometimes better to be idle.

Idler, vol. 1, p. 195. INDISCRETION. We sometimes succeed by indiscretion, when we fail by deep laid schemes.

Notes upon Shaklpeare, vol. 10, p. 389.

No man was ever great by imitation.

Prince of Abyssinia, p. 66. It is justly considered as the greatest excellency of art, to imitate nature ; but it requires judgment to distinguish those parts of nature which are most proper for imitation. !

Rambler, vol. I, p. 21. As not every instance of similitude can be considered as a proof of imitation, so not every imitation ought to be stigmatised as a plagiarism; the adoption of a noble sentiment, or the inser.


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