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FORTUNE. Fortune often delights to dignify what nature has neglected, and that renown which cannot be claimed by intrinsic excellence or greatness, is sometimes derived from unexpected accidents.

Falkland Islands, p. 2. When fortune strikes her hardest blows, to be wounded and yet continue calm, requires a generous policy. Perhaps the first emotions of nature are nearly uniform, and one man differs from another in the power of endurance, as he is better regulated by precept and instruction.

Notes upon Shakspeare, vol. 6, p. 128. · Examples need not be sought at any great distance, to prove that superiority of fortune has a natural tendency to kindle pride, and that pride seldom fails to exert itself in contempt and insult. This is often the effect of hereditary wealth, and of honours only enjoyed by the merit of others.

Life of Savage. FOREIGNER. To be a foreigner was always in England a reason of dislike.

Notes upon Shakspeare, vol. 9, p. 265.

PEAR. All fear is in itself painful; and when it conduces not to safety, is painful without use.

Rambler, voło 1, p. 180. Fear is implanted in us as a preservative from evil; but its duty, like that of other passions, is


not to overbear reason, but to assist it; nor should it be suffered to tyrannise in the imagination, to raise phantoms of horror, or beset life with supernumerary distresses,

Ibid. vol. 3, p. 125. - FORGIVENESS. Whoever considers the weakness both of himself and others, will not long want persuasives to forgiveness. We know not to what degree of malignity any injury is to be imputed, or how much its guilt, if we were to inspect the mind of him that committed it, would be extenuated by mistake, precipitance, or negligence, We cannot be certain how much more we feel than was intended, or how much we increase the mischief to ourselves by voluntary aggravations. We may charge to design the effects of accident. We may think the blow violent, only because we have made ourselves delicate and tender; we are, on every side, in danger of error and guilt, which we are certain to avoid only by speedy forgiveness.

Rambler, vol. 4, p. 137.

A constant and unfailing obedience is above the reach of terrestrial diligence; and therefore the progress of life could only have been the natural descent of negligent despair from crime to crime, had not the universal persuasion of forgiveness, to be obtained by proper means of reconciliation, recalled those to the paths of virtue whom their passions had solicited aside, and animated to new attempts and former perserverance those whom difficulty had discouraged, or negligence surprised

, Ibid, vol. 3, p. 26.'



Frugality may be termed the daughter of prudence, the sister of temperance, and the parent of liberty. He that is extravagant, will quickly become poor, and poverty, will enforce dependence, and invite corruption. It will almost always produce a passive compliance with the wickedness of others, and there are few who do not learn by degrees to practise those crimes which they cease to censure.

Ibid, vol. 2, p. 26.

suption. With entoreil quieren

Without frugality none can be rich, and with it, very few would be poor.

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Though in every age there are some who, by bold adventures or by favourable accidents, rise suddenly into riches, the bulk of mankind must owe their affluence to small and gradual profits, below which their expence must be resolutely reduced.

Ibid. p. 23.

The mercantile wisdom of “ a penny saved is two-pence got,” may be accommodated to all conditions, by observing, that not only they who pursue any lucrative employment will save time when they forbear expence, and that time may be employed to the increase of profit; but that they, who are above such minute considerations, will find by every victory over appetite or passion, new strength added to the mind, will gain the power of refusing those solicitations by which the young and - vivacious are hourly assaulted,

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and, and, in time, set themselves above the reach of extravagance and folly..

Ibid, p. 24

It may, perhaps, be enquired, by those who are willing rather to cavil than to learn, what is the just measure of frugality? To such no general answer can be given, since the liberty of spending, or necessity of parsiinony, may be varied without end by different circumstances.. These three rules, however, may be laid down as not to be departed from ;

9 A man's voluntary expences should not exceed his income.”

« Let no man anticipate uncertain profits." “ Let no man squander against his inclination.”

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It appears evident that frugality is necessary, even to complete the pleasure of expence; for it. may be generally remarked of those who squander. what they know their fortune not sufficient to allow, that, in their inost jovial expence, there always breaks out some proof of discontent and impatience: they either scatter with a kind of wild desperation and affected lavishness, as criminals brave the gallows when they cannot escape it, or pay their money with a peevish. anxiety, and endeavour at once to spend, idly, and to save meanly : having neither firmness to deny their passions, nor courage to gratify them, they murmur at their own enjoyments, and poison the bowl of pleasure by reflections on the cost.

Rambler, vol. 3, P: 1350 ,'


FAVOUR. Favours of every kind are doubled when they are speedily conferred.

Rambler, vol. 4, Rå 188.

FANCY. . . . , The fanciful sports of great minds, are never without some advantage to knowledge.

Life of Sir T. Brown, p. 267.

FAULTS. · Many seeming faults are to be imputed rather to the nature of the undertaking, than the negligence of the performer.

Preface to Johnson's Di&ionary, p. 78.

FABLE. A fable, to be well adapted to the stage, should be sufficiently removed from the present age, to admit properly the fictions necessary to complete the plan; for the mind, which naturally loves truth, is always most offended with the violation of those truths of which we are most certain, and we, of course, conceive those facts most certain, which approach nearest to our own time.

Life of Savage.

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To select a singular event, and swell it to a giant's bulk by fabulous appendages, has little difficulty; for he that forsakes the probable, may always find the marvellous; and it has little use. We are affected only as we believe; we are improved only as we find something to be imitated : or declined.

Life of Gray.

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