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ELEGY. Elegy is the effusion of a contemplative mind, sometimes plaintive, and always serious, and therefore superior to the glitter of slight ornaments.

Life of Shenstone.


He that questions his abilities to arrange the dissimilar parts of an extensive plan, or fears to be lost in a complicated system, may yet hope to adjust a few pages without perplexity; and it, when he turns over the repositories of his meinory, he finds his collection too small for a volume, he may yet have enough to furnish an essay. '

Rambler, vol. 1, p. 6.


· Such is the constitution of man, that labour may be styled its own reward: nor will any external incitements be requisite, if it be considered how much happiness is gained, and how much misery escaped, by frequent and violent agitation of the body.

Ibid. vol. 2, p. 177.

Exercise cannot secure us from that dissolution to which we are decreed; but, while the soul and body continue united, it can make the association pleasing, and give probable hopes that they shall be disjoined by an easy separation. It was a principle among the ancients, that acute diseases are from heaven, and chro! K 2

nical nical from ourselves: the dart of death, indeed, falls from heaven; but we poison it by our own misconduct.

Ibid. p. 178.

EATING. It is not very easy to fix the principle upon which mankind have agreed to eat some animals, and reject others; and as the principle is not evident, it is not uniform. That which is selected as delicate in one country, is, by its neighbours, abhorred as lothesome. The Neapolitans lately refused to eat potatoes in a famine: an Englishman is not easily persuaded to dine on snails with an Italian, on frogs with a Frenchman, or on horseflesh with a Tartar. The vulgar inhabitants of Sky, one of the Western islands of Scotland, have not only eels, but pork and bacon in abhorrence.

Western Illands, p. 136.

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FAME. HE that is loudly praised, will be clamorously' censured. He that rises hastily into fame, will be in danger of sinking suddenly into oblivion.

Idler, vol. 2, p. 25. The memory of mischief is no desirable fame.

Prince of Abyssinia, p. 257. The true satisfaction which is to be drawn from the consciousness that we shall share the



attention of future times, must arise from the hope, that with our namnes, our virtues shall be propagated, and that 'those whom we cannot benefit in our lives, may receive instruction from our example, and incitement from our renown.

Rambler, vol. I, p. 298. Fame can notspread wide, norendure long, that is not rooted 'in nature, and manured by art. That which hopes to resist the blasts of malignity, and stand firm against the attacks of time, must contain in itself some original principle of growth. . .

Ibid. vol. 3, p. 292.

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He that pursues fame with just claims,'trusts his happiness to the winds: but he that endeavours after it by false merit, has to fear, not only the violence of the storm, but the leaks of his vessel.

Ibid. vol. I, p. 126. ' Every period of time has produced those bubbles of artificial fame, which are kept up awhile by the breath of fashion, and then break at. once, and are annihilated.

. . : Ibid. vol. 3, 7. 3.

FATHER. A Father above the common rate of men, has." conmonly a son below it. Heroum filii noxa...

. Notes upon Shakspeare, vol. I, p. 140

FRIENDSHIP. Few love their Friends so well as not to desite superiority by unexpensive benefaction.

. Falle Alarm, p. 47. K3 . Friendship

Friendship in letter-writing has no tendency, to secure veracity; for by whom can a man so. much wish to be thought better than he is, as by him whose kindness he desires to gain or keep? Even in writing to the world there is less con. straint; the author is not confronted with his leader, and takes his chance of approbation amongst the different dispositions of mankind. But a letter is addressed to a single mind, of which the prejudices and partialities are known, and must therefore please, if not by favouring them, by forbearing to oppose them.

Life of Pope. Friendship is not always the sequel of obligation.

Life of Thompson.

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- Unequal friendships are easily dissolved. This is often the fault of the superior; yet if we look without prejudice on the world, we shall often find that men, whose consciousness of their own merit sets them above the compliances of servility, are apt enough, in their association with superiors, to watch their own dignity with troublesome and punctilious jealousy, and in the fervour of independence, to exact that attention which they refuse to pay. .

Life of Gray.

So many qualities are necessary to the possibility of friendship, and so many accidents must concur to its rise and its continuance, that the greatest part of mankind content themselves without it, and supply its place as they can with interest and dependence.

Rambler, vol. 2, p. 59.



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That friendship may be at once fond and lasting, there must not only be equal virtue on each part, but virtue of the same kind; not only the same end must be proposed, but the same means. must be approved by both.

Ibid. vol. 2, p. 61. Among the uncertainties of the human state, we are doomed to number the instability of friendship.

Life of Addilon. i It were happy if in forming friendships, virtue could concur with pleasure ; but the greatest part of human gratifications approach so nearly, to vice, that few who make the delight of others their rule of conduct, can avoid disengenuous compliances; yet certainly he that suffers himself to be driven or allured froin virtue, mistakes his own interest, since he gains succour by means for which his friend, if ever he becomes wise, must scorn him; and for which, at last, he must scorn himself.

Rambler, vol. 4, p. 5." Many have talked in very exalted language of the perpetuity of friendship; of invincible con stancy and unalienable kindness, and some ex amples have been seen of men who have con tinued faithful to their earliest choice, and whose affections have predominated,oyer changes of for tune and contrariety of opinion. But these instances are memorable, because they are rare. The friendship which is to be practised or expected by common mortals, must take its rise from mutual pleasure, and must end when the power ceases of delighting each other.

"...,. . Idler, yol. 1, p. 1262



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