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· <leserved before it will be granted, and is at last unwillingly bestowed.

; Idler, vol. 1, p. 68.

The exhibition of character is the first requisite in dramatic fable.

Universal Visitor, p. 118.

CHANCE. There are few minds sufficiently firm to be , trusted in the hands of chance. Whoever finds himself to anticipate futurity, and exalt poşsibility to certainty, should avoid every kind of casual adventure, since his grief must be always proportionate to his hope. . .

. , Rambler, vol. 4, p. 118. The most timorous prudence will not always exempt a man from the dominion of chance; à subtle and insidious power, who will sometimes intrude upon the greatest privacy, and embarrass the strictest caution.

Jbid, .p. 132. Whatever is left in the hands of chance musti be subject to vicissitude, and when any estabJishment is found to be useful, it ought to be the next care to make it permanent.

Idler, vol. I, p. 21.

What cannot be repaired is not to be regretted.

Prince of Abyssinia, p. 29. The usual fortune of complaint, is to excite contempt more than pity.

Life of Cowley.


To hear complaints with patience, éven when complaints are vain, is one of the duties of friendship: and though it must be allowed, that he suffers most like a hero who hides his grief in silence, yet it cannot be denied, that he whe complains, acts like a man-like a social being, avho looks for help from his fellow-creatures.

Rambler, vol. 2, p. 35. . Though seldom any good is gotten by complaint, yet we find few forbear to complain bat those who are afraid of being reproached as the authors of their own miseries.

- Idler, fol. 2, p. 137.

CALAMITY. The state of the mind oppressed with a sudden calamity is like that of the fabulous inhabitants of the new created earth, who, when the first night came upon them, supposed that day would never return.

Prince of Abyssinia, p. 211. Differences are never so effectually laid asleep, as by some common calamity. An enemy unites all.to whom he threatens danger. . :

Rambler, vol. 2, p. 150.. He that never was acquainted with adversity, (says Seneca) has seen the world but on one side, and is ignorant of half the scenes of nature. As no man can enjoy happiness without thinking that he enjoys it, the experience of calamity is necessary to a just sense of a better fortune; for the good of our present state is merely comparative; and the evil which every man feels will be sufficient to disturb and harrass him, if he


does does not know how much he escapes. The lustre of diamonds is invigorated by the interposition · of darker bodies; the lights of a picture are created by the shades.

Ibid, vol. 3, p. 265 & 267. Notwithstanding the warnings of philosophers, and the daily examples of losses and misfortunes which life forces upon our observation, such is the absorption of our thoughts in the business of the present day, such the resignation of our reason to empty hopes of future felicity, or such our unwillingness to foresee what we dread, that every calamity comes suddenly upon us, and not only prèsses us as a burden, but crushes as a blow.

Idler, vol. I, p. 229. The distance of a calamity from the present time seems to preclude the mind from contact, or sympathy. - Events long past, are barely known'; they are not considered.

Western Islands, p. 15.

,, CARE. , ' . Care will sometimes betray the appearance of negligence. He that is catching opportunities which seldom occur, will suffer those to pass by unregarded which he expects hourly to return; and he that is searching for remote things will neglect those that are obvious.

Preface to Dictionary, fol. p. 8.

CHOICE. '. The causes of good and evil are so various and uncertain, so often entangled with each other, so

diversified by various relations, and so much sub'ject to accidents which cannot be foreseen, that he who would fix his eondition upon incontestible


reasons of preference, must live and die enquiring and deliberating.

Prince of Abyfinia, p. 109.

CLEANLINESS.' There is a kind of anxious cleanliness, which is always a characteristic of a slattern ; it is the superfluous scrupulosity of guilt, dreading discovery and shunning suspicion. It is the violence of an effort against habit, which being impelled by external motives, cannot stop at the middle point.

Rambler, vol. 3, p. 58.

CHANGE. ' All change is of itself an evil, which ought not to be hazarded but for evident advantage.

Plan of an English Dicionary, p. 37. All change, not evidently for the better, alarms a mind taught by experience to distrust.itself.,

... Vision of Theodore, p. 81.

Tranquillity and guilt, disjoin’d by Heav'n,
Still stretch in vain their longing arms afar,
Nor dare to pass th’insuperable bound.

Irene, p. 43. CAPTIVITY. The man whose miscarriage in a just cause has put him in the power of his enemy, may, without any violation of his integrity, regain his liberty or preserve his life, by a promise of neutrality; for the stipulation gives the enemy nothing which he had not before. The neutrality of a captive may be always secured by his imprisonment or H 5


death. He that is at the disposal of another, may not promise to aid him in any injurious act, because no power can compel active obedience. He may engage to-do nothing, but not to do ill.

Life of Cowley.

COMPÉTENCE. - A competency ought to secure a man from poverty; or, if he wastes it, make him ashamed of publishing his necessities.

Life of Dryden. CONTEMPT. Contempt is a kind of gangrene, which, if it seizes one part of a character, corrupts all the Test by degrees.

Life of Blackmore.

CIVILITY. The civilities of the great are never thrown away.

Memoirs of the King of Pruflia, p. 107.

CONTENT. The foundation of content must spring up in a man's own mind; and he who has so little knowJedge of human nature as to seek happiness by changing any thing but his own disposition, will waste his life in fruitless efforts, and multiply the griefs which he purposes to remove..

Rambler, vol. , p. 35. The necessity of erecting ourselves to some degree of intellectual dignity, and of preserving resources of pleasure which may not be wholly at the mercy ofaccident, is never niore apparent than


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