Obrazy na stronie

ing, and alarm of conscience ;-of understanding, the lover of truth;-of conscience, the sentinel of virtue.

Idler, vol. 2, p. 281.


· BUSTLERS. There is a kind of men who may be classed under the name of bustlers, whose business keeps them in perpetual motion, yet whose motion always eludes their business; who are always to do what they never do; who cannot stand still because they are wanted in another place, and who are wanted in many places because they can stay in none.

' Ibid. vol. 1, p. 104.

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. BENEVOLENCE, . That benevolence is always strongest which arises from participation of ihe same pleasures, since we are naturally most willing to revive in our minds the memory of persons with whom the idea of enjoyment is connected. !

, Rambler, vol. 2, p.267.. Men have been known to rise to favour and to fortune only by being skillful in the sports with which their patron happened to be delighted, by concurring with his taste for some particular species of curiosities, by relishing the same wine, or applauding the same cookery.

Ibid. p. 263.

Even those whom wisdom and virtue have placed above regard to such petty recommendations, must nevertheless be gained by similitude of manners. The highest and noblest enjoyment of familiar life, the communication of


knowledge and reciprocation of sentiments; must always pre-suppose a disposition to the same enquiry, and delight in the same 'discoveries.

Ibid. BUSINESS. Whoever is engaged in a multiplicity of business, must transact much by substitution, and leave something to hazard ; and he that attempts to do all, will waste his life in doing little.

Idler, vol. 1, p. 107.

It very seldom happens to a man that his business is his pleasure. What is done from necessity, is so often to be done when against the present inclination, and so often fills the mind with anxiety, that an habitual dislike steals upon us, and we shrink involuntarily from the 'remembrance of our task. This is the reason why almost every one wishes to quit his employment: he does not like another state, but is disgusted with his own.. ::

Ibid. vol. 2, p. 275.*. . I' NATURAL BOUNTIES. - If the extent of the human view could comprehend the whole frame of the universe, perhaps it would be found invariably true, that Providence has given that in greatest plenty, which the condition in life inakes of greatest use ; and that nothing is penuriously imparted, or placed from the reach of man, of which a inore liberal distribution, or a more, easy acquisition, would increase real and rational felicity.. :. .

Ibid. vol. 1, p. 206. is {.


CONFIDENCE. CONFIDENCE is the common consequence of success. They whose excellence of any kind has been loudly celebrated, are ready to conclude that their powers are universal.

Preface to Shakspeare, p. 49.

Self-confidence is the first requisite to great undertakings, yet he who forms his opinion of himself, without knowing the powers of other men, is very liable to error.

Life of Pope.

It may be no less dangerous to claim, on certain occasions, too little than too much. There is something captivating in spirit and intrepidity, to which we often yield as to a resistless power; nor can he reasonably expect the confidence of others, who too apparently distrusts himself.

Rambler, vol. I, p. 3.

There would be few enterprizes of great labour or hazard undertaken, if we had not the power of magnifying the advantages which we persuade ourselves to expect from them.

Ibid. p. 9.

Men who have great confidence in their own penetration, are often, by that confidence, deceived; they imagine they can pierce through all the involutions of intrigue without the diligence necessary to weaker minds, and therefore


sit idle and secure. They believe that none can hope to deceive them, and therefore that none

will try.

Memoirs of the King of Pruflia, p. 122. Nothing is more fatal to happiness or virtue than that confidence which flatters us with an opinion of our own strength, and, by assuring us of the power of retreat, precipitates us into hazard.

Idler, vol. 1, p. 292. Whatever might be a man's confidence in his dependants or followers, on general occasions, there are some of such particular importance, he ought to trust to none but himself; as the same credulity that might prevail upon him to trust another, might induce another to commit the same office to a third, and at length, that some of them may be deceived.

Life of Drake, p. 198. Men overpowered with distress eagerly listen to the first offers of relief, close with every scheme, and believe; every promise. He that has no longer any confidence in himself, is glad to repose his trust in any other that will undertake to guide him.

Ibid. p. 340.

COMMERCE. Commerce, however we may please ourselves with the contrary opinion, is one of the daughters of fortune, inconstant and deceitful as her mother. She chooses her residence where she is least exe

pected, pected, and shifts her abode when her continis ance is, in appearance, most firinly settled. :

Universal Visitor, p. 112. .. Where there is no commerce nor manufacture, - he that is born poor can scarcely become rich;.

and if none are able to buy estates, he that is born to land, cannot annihilate his family by

selling it.

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'It may deserve to be enquired, Whether a great nation ought to be totally commercial? Wherher, amidst the uncertainty of human affairs, too much attention to one mode of happiness may not endanger others? Whether the pride of riches must not sometimes have recourse to the protection of courage? And whether, if it be necessary to preserve in some part of the em"pire the military spirit, it can subsist more commodiously in any place than in remote and unprofitable provinces, where it can commonly do little harm, and whence it may be called forth at any sudden exigence ??

It must, however, be confessed, that a man who places honour only in successful violence, is a very troublesome and pernicious animal in time of peace, and that the martial character cannot prevail in a whole people, but by the diminution of all other virtues. He that is accuse tomed to resolve all right into conquest, will have very little tenderness or equity. All the friendship in such a life can be only a confederac ey of invasion," or alliance of defence. The strong must flourish by force, and the weak subsist by stratagem. .

Ibid. p. 210 & 211.


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