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what rapture baubles are snatched out of the · hands of rival collectors : how the eagerness of one raises .eagerness in another, and one worthless purchase makes another necessary, may, by passing a few hours at an auction, learn more than can be shown by many volumes of maxims or essays.

Ibid. vol. 2, p. 21.


It has been long observed that an Atheist has no just reason for endeavouring conversions, and vet none hårrass those minds, which they can influence, with more importunity of solicitation to adopt their opinions. In proportion as they doubt the truth of their own doctrines, they are desirous to gain the attestation of another understanding, and industriously-labour to win a proselyte; and eagerly catch at the slightest pretence to dignify their sect with a celebrated namne,

Life of Sir T. Brown, p. 283.

ABILITY. . It was well observed by Pythagoras, that abi. ·lity and necessity dwell near each other.

Idler, vol. 2, p. 154.

ACCIDENT. In every performance, perhaps in every great éharacter, part is the gift of nature, part the contribution of accident, and part, very often not the greatest part, the effect of voluntary election and regular design.

Memoirs of the King of Pruffia, p. 100.


ANTICIPATION. "Whatever advantage we snatch beyond a certain portion allotted us by nature, is like money spent before it is due, which at the time of regular payment, will be missed and regretted.

Idler, vol. 2, p. 35.

APPLAUSE. It frequently happens that applause abates diligence. Whoever finds himself to have pérformed more than was demanded, will be contented to spare the labour of unnecessary performances, and sit down to enjoy at ease hissuperfluities of honour. But long intervals of pleasure dissipate attention and weaken constancy; nor is it easy for him that has sunk from diligence into sloth, to rouse out of his lethargy, to recollect his notions, re-kindle his. curiosity, and engage with his former, ardour. in the toils of study.

Rambler, vol. 3, P. 34.

.. ART The noblest beauties of art are those of which the effect is extended with rational nature, or at least, with the whole circle of polished life :: what is less than this can only be pretty, the plaything, of fashion, and the amusement of a day..

- .. . Life of W.eft.. APPEARANCES (often deceitful).. In the condition of men, it frequently hap.. pens that grief and anxiety lie bid under the golden robes of prosperity, and the gloom of calamity is cheered by secret radiations of hope

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end comfort, as in the works of nature the bog is sometimes covered with flowers, and the mine concealed in the barren crags.

Rambler, vol. 3, p. 35.

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i An army, especially a defensive arıny, multiplies itself. The contagion of enterprize spreads froin one heart to another;; zeal for a native, "or detestation for a foreign sovereign, hope of sudden greatnessor.riches, friendship or emulation between particular men, or what are perhaps more general and powerful, desire of novelty, and impatience of inactivity, fill a camp with adventurers, add rank to rank, and squadron to squadron. :: , Memoirs of the King of Prussia, p. 118.

APHORISMS. : We frequently fall into error and folly, not because the true principles of action are not known, but because, for a time, they are not remembered: he may, therefore, justly be numbered among the benefactors of mankind, who contracts the great rules of life into short sentences that may be easily impressed on the memory, and taught by frequent recollection to recur habitually to the mind.

Rambler, vol. 4, p. 84. , ,

AXIOMS. Pointed axioms, and acute replies, fy loose about the world, and are assigned successively to those whom it may be the fashion to celebrate.

Life of Waller.



BOOKS. SUCH books as make little things too importtant, may be considered as showing the world under a false appearance; and so far as they obtain credit from the young and inexperienced, as misleading expectation, and misguiding practice.

Life of Waller. He that merely makes a book from books, may. 'be useful, but can scarcely be great.

Life of Butler. That book is good' in vain which the reader throws away. He only is the master who keeps the mind in pleasing captivity; whose pages are perused with eagerness, and in hope of new pleasure are perused again; and whose conclusion is perceived with an eye of sorrow, such as the traveller casts upon departing day..

Life of Dryden. * Books," says Bacon," can never teach the use of books.” The student must learn by commerce with mankind to reduce his speculations to practice, and accommodate his knowledge to the purposes of life.

Rambler, vol. 3, p. 189. No man should think so highly of himself as to imagine he could receive no lights from books, por so meanly, as to believe he can discover nothing but what is to be learned from them.

. : Life of Dri Bverhaave, p. 229.

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Books are faithful repositories, which may be a while 'neglected or forgotten, but when they are opened again, will again impart their instruction. Memory once interrupted is not to be recalled. Written learning is a fixed luminary, which, after the cloud that had hidden it is past away, is again bright in its proper station, Iradition is but a meteor, which, if it once falls, cannot be rekindled. :

Weitern Islands, p. 259. When a language begins to teem with books, it is tending to refinement, as those who under- take to teach others must have undergone some labour in improving themselves; they set a proportionate value on their own thoughts, and wish to enforce them by efficacious expressions. Speech becomes embodied and permanent; different modes and phrases are compared, and the -best obtain an establishment. By degrees one age improves upon another; exactness is first obtained and afterwards elegance. But diction merely vocal is always in its childhood: as no man leaves his eloquence behind him, the new generations have all to learn. There may possibly be books without a polished language, but there can be no polished language without books.

Ibid. p. 268. There are books only known to antiquaries. and collectors, which are sought because they are scarce ; but they would not have been scarce had they been much esteemed.

Preface to Shakspeare, p. 126. . ! BENEFITS. It is not necessary to refuse benefits from a bad man, when the acceptance implies no approba



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