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AÐVLCE. ; ... – i The chief rule to be observed in the exercise of this dangerous office of giving ADVICE, is to preserve it pure from all mixture of interest or vanity; to forbear admonition or reproof when our consciences tell us that they are incited, not by the hopes of reforming faults, but the desire of showing our discernment, or gratifying our own pride by the mortification of another. It is not, indeed, certain that the most refined caution will find a proper time for bringing a man to the knowledge of his own failings, or the most zealous benevolence reconcile him to that judgment by which they are detected. But he who endeavours only the happiness of him whom he reproves, will always have either the satisfaction of obtaining or deserving kindness : if he succeeds, he benefits his friend, and if he fails, he has at least the consciousness that he suffers for only doing well.

Rambler, vol. I, p. 246. It was the maxim, I think, of Alphonsus of Artagan, that dead counsellors are safest. The grave puts an end to flattery and artifice, and the information we receive from books is pure from interest, fear, and ambition Dead counsellors are likewise, most instructive, because they are heard with patience and with reverence. We are not unwilling to believe that man wiser than our-selves, from whose abilities we may receive advantage, without any danger of rivalry or opposition, and who affords us the light of his experience without hurting our eyes by flashes of insolence.

. This
Ibid, vol. 2, p. 192.


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If we consider the manner in which those who assume the office of directing the conduct of others execute their undertaking, it will not be very wonderful that their labours, however zealous or affectionate, are frequently useless. For what is the advice that is commonly given? A few general maxims, enforced with vehemence and inculcated with importunity; but failing for want of particular reference and immediate application.

Ibid, vol. 2, p. 19: It is not often that a man can have so much. knowledge of another ás is, necessary to make instruction useful. We arę, sometimes not ourselves conscious of the original motives of our actions, and when we know them, our first care is to hide them from the sight of others, and of ten from those most diligently whose superiority: either of power or understanding, may, intitle them to inspect our lives. It is, therefore, very probable that he who endeavours the cure of our intellectual maladies, mistakes their cause, and that his prescriptions avail nothing, because he knows not which of the passions, or desires, is vitiated.

Jbid. Advice, as it always gives a temporary appearance of superiority, can never be very grateful, even when it is most necessary, or most judici- '. ous; but, for the same reason, every one is eager to instruct his neighbour. To be wise or to be virtuous, is to buy dignity and importance át a high price; but when nothing is necessary to elevation but detection of the follies or the faults of others, no man is. so insensible to the voice of fame as to linger on the ground.

Ibid.. Advice

Advice is offensive, not because it lays us open to unexpected regret, or convicts us of any fault which has escaped our notice, bnt because it shows that we are known to others as well as ourselves; and the officious monitor is persecuted with hatred, not because his accusation is false, but because he assumes the superiority which we are not willing to grant him, and has dared to detect what we desire to conceal.,

Ibid. vol. 3. p. 295.

AMBITION. Ambition is generally proportioned to men's capacities: Providence seldom sends any into the world with an inclination to attempt great things, who have not abilities likewise to perform them.

Life of Dr. Boerhaave, p. 213. - Ambition, scornful of restraint, Ev'n from the birth, affects supreme command, Swells in the breast, and with resistless force O'erbears each gentler motion of the mind;'. As when a delnge overspreads the plains, .II* The wand'ring rivulets and silver lakes Mix undistinguish'd in the gen'ral roar.

Irene, p. 32. A Picture of Ambition, in the Fate of Cardinal

Wolsey, , , In full-blown dignity see Wolsey stand, Law in his voice, and Fortune in his hand; To him the church, the realm, their powers consign: Through him the rays of regal bounty shine. Still to new heights his restless wishes tow'r, Claim leads to claim, and pow'r advances pow'r; Till conquests unresisted cease to please, And rights submitted, left him none to seize.

At length his sov'reign frowns the train of state
Mark the keen glance, and watch the sign to hate;
Where'er he turns he meets a stranger's eye,
His suppliauts scorn him, and his followers fly;
At once is lost the pride of awful state,
The golden canopy, the glit'ring plate,
The regal palace, the luxurious board, .
The liv'ried army, and the menial lord ;
With age, with care, with maladies' oppress'd, .
He seeks the refuge of monastic rest.
Grief adds disease, remember'd folly stings,
And his last sighs reproach the fate of kings.

Vanity of Human Wilhes.


iii ho Candour and tenderness are in any relation, and on all occasions, eminently amiable; but when they are found in an adversary, and found so prevalent as to overpower that zeal which his cause excites, and that heat which naturally increases in the prosecution of argument, and which may be, in a great measure, justified by the love of truth, they certainly appear with particular advantages; and it is impossible not to envy those who possess the friendship of him whom it is ' even some degree of good fortune to have known as an enemy.

.coli ..." . : Letter to Dr. Douglas, p. 3.

ADMIRATION. Admiration must be continued by that novelty which first produced it; and how much soever is given, there must always be reason to imagine that more remains. "

Rambler, vol. 4, p. 257.
A man once distinguished, soon gains admirers.

" Life of Roger Ascham, p. 244.


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"The strictest moralists allow forms of address, to be used, without much regard to their literal acceptation, when either respect or' tenderness requires them, because they are universally known to denote, not the degree, but the species of our sentiments.

Jdier, vol. I, p. 283. • ASSURANCE. .. . He whose stupidity has armed him against the shafts of ridicule, will always act and speak with greater audacity than they whose sensibility represses their ardour, and who dare never let their confidence outgrow their abilities.

Rambler, vol. 3, p. 252. ADVERTISEMENT. Promise-large promise--is the soul of an advertisement.

Idler, volod, p. 225.

ABSTINENCE. * To set the mind above the appetites is the end of abstinence; which one of the fathers observes to be, not a virtue, but the ground-work of a virstue. By forbearing to do what may innocently be done, we may add hourly new vigour to resolution, and secure the power of resistance “when pleasure or interest shall lend their charins to guilt.

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Ibid. p. 297..

AUCTION. - son covers "He that has lived without knowing to what "height desire may be raised by vanity, with



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