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(3) Picture of wool sorting room.
(4) Duties of wool sorters.
(5) Where different grades of wool are found.
(6) Dangers to wool sorters.

(7) Wool sorting process.
C. Washing.
1. Need for washing.

(1) Dirt.
(2) Yolk.

a. Use of yolk-making lanoline.
2. Children actually wash wool.

(1) Kind of water used. Why?
(2) Effect of too hot water.
(3) Effect of alkaline solution.
(4) Effect of 2, and 3, wool cloth.
(5) Method of washing.

Squeezing not rubbing. Why?

Applicable to woolen clothes. (6) Dry slowly. Why?

Applicable to woolen clothes.
(7) Comparison of wool before and after washing as to:

1. Color.
2. Weight

3. Texture.
3. Factory methods used.

(1) Use pictures to illustrate.
(2) Long troughs.
(3) Squeezed through rollers.
(4) Drying.
(5) Work of expert in detecting moisture when buying.

(6) Oiling.
4. Fiber examined.

(1) Have pictures of fiber as seen under microscope.

(2) Presence of scales-advantage.
D. Dyeing.
1. Home method.

(1) Boiling.
(2) Stirring.
(3) Time.

(4) Effect of salt or vinegar.
2. Kinds of dyes.
3. Primitive dye.

(1) Bark.
(2) Leaves.
(3) Nuts.
(4) Berries.

4. Children actually dye wool.

Use of prepared dye. Why?
5. Time for dyeing.

(1) In wool.
(2) In yarn.
(3) In fabric.

Advantages of different times of dyeing.
E. Carding and Combing.
1. Why card wool?

(1) Children suggest how fiber may be straightened.

(2) Changes it to loose fluffy condition.
2. Cards.
(1) Hand carding.

(a) Children use cards.

(b) Sliver.
(2) Machine carding.

(a) Picture of carding machine.
(b) Advantages over hand carding.

Less time.

Cheaper yarn. 3. Combing.

(1) Different texture woolen and worsted yarn.

(2) Which is stronger? Why?
F. Spinning.
1. Hand spinning.

(1) Pictures of spinners at work.
(2) Reason for spinning.
(3) Reason for twisting.
(4) What causes fiber to hold together?

Interlocking of scales.
(5) Care in spinning.

Even, not knotty thread.
(6) Winding of thread.
2. Primitive spinning.

(1) Woman's work.
(2) Distaff.

(a) To hold slivers.
(3) Spindle and whirl to twist and wind.
(4) Demonstration of use of distaff and spindle.

Place distaff in belt or under arm—thus both hands are free
to manage

thread.
Principles. Drawing out, twisting and winding.
3. Spinning wheel.

(1) Necessary parts.
(2) How run.

(3) Same principles involved.

(4) Pictures.
4. Machine spinning.

(1) Why necessary-its advantages.
(2) Presence of many spindles.
(3) Pictures of machine process.

Also primitive processes.
G. Weaving
1. Structure.

(1) Warp threads and woof threads.
2. Primitive looms.
(1) Indian loom.

(a) Picture and discriptions.
(b) Warp fastened to beam.
(c) Separate movements in interweaving woof.

(d) Slow process.
3. Loom with heddle.

(a) Use of heddle.
(b) Formation of shed.

(1) Advantages.
(c) Use of batten.
(d) Use of shuttle.

(1) Advantages.

(e) Pictures of tapestry. H. Testing of woolen cloth. 1. Feeling test.

(1) Comparison with cotton, silk and linen.

(2) Unravel fibers and feel them.
2. Burning test.
(1) Experiment to detect presence of cotton.

(a) Separate warp and woof-burn separately.
(b) Cotton burns rapidly.
(c) Wool burns more slowly.
(d) Difference in odor, caused by burning.

(e) This test not conclusive, should be followed by acid test. 3. Babbitts' lye test.

Solution.
One teaspoonful of Babbitts' lye.
One
cup

of water.
Heat well.
Allow sample to boil, 15-20 minutes.

Remove with stick and wash.
Result:

Wool dissolves-cotton remains.
How do these tests help us in buying our clothes?

I. Making of clothes.

1. At Home.
2. In factory.

3. Sold to stores. J. Cost of clothing. 1. Elementary talk and discussion of prices, durability and suitability

and process of manufacture.
(1) Wool.
(2) Cotton.
(3) Silk.

(4) Linen.
2. Relative prices of raw material and finished cloth.
3. To whom the money goes.

4. For what the money is used.
K. Care of clothing at home and school.

1. Cleaning spots.
2. Laundrying.
3. Pressing
4. Airing.
5. Hanging up.
6. Keeping from dust.
7. Care during summer.
8. Mending.
9. Sewing on buttons.

10. Use of apron.
L. Value of dressing appropriately.
Projects.

1. Children make collections of samples of different textiles.

Select material for doll's winter dress. Dress doll. 2. Sand table landscape. Hills if possible, as wool growing sheep

are raised in hilly countries. Cover hills with stones and

moss. Let children put in fences, sheds, fold, barn, etc.
3. Children bring samples of cloth. Examine to see whether dyed

in wool, yarn or fabric.
4. Making of very crude spinning outfit.

Pencil.
Spool.
Use it to spin thread.
Samples thus made placed in individual booklets and class

chart.
5. Construction of a simple loom with heddle and weaving of a

rug. The color scheme, proportion and design for this rug will be a

fine arts project.

.

6. Individual booklets made as work progresses indicative of

processes such as samples of:
1. Woolen cloth.
2. Washed and unwashed wool.
3. Dyed and undyed.
4. Carded wool.
5. Bit of thread spun by children.
6. Piece of yarn spun by machinery.
7. Picture of woolen garment.
8. Experiments tried.
9. Maps.
10. Literature.
11. Pictures.
12. Drawings.
13. Cutting.

14. Description.
7. Class chart indicating processes chart is to be kept for per-

manent exhibit.
8. Excursions.

1. Farm.
2. Market.
3. Mills.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Books for Teachers
Domestic Sheep-Stewart.
Textiles-Woolman & McGowan.
Textiles-Dooley.
Home Life in Colonial Days—Alice M. Earl.
Stories of Useful Inventions—S. E. Forman.
Hand Loom Weaving-Mattie Todd.
How We are Clothed-Chamberlain.
From Wool to Cloth-American Woolen Co. (Boston Mass.).
Littell's Living Age—Volume XI (1846) (Jacquard).
Books for Children.
Story of Wool-Eva Mayne.
Four Wonders of World—Shillig.
Fifty Famous Stories.
Stories:

1. Baa Baa Black Sheep.
2. Arachne.
3. Three Fates.
4. Boy who Called Wolf.
5. Shepherd Boy who became King.

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