« PoprzedniaDalej »
1108. Despotism. It is as astonishing as it is melancholy to travel through a whole country, as one may through many in Europe, 'gasping under endless taxes, groaning under dragoons and poverty, and all to make a wantón and luxurious court, filled for the most part with the worst and vilest of all men. Good'God! What 'hard heartedness and barbarity, to *starve perhaps half a province, to make a gay garden! And yet sometimes this gross wickedness is called public spirit, because forsooth a few workmen and labourers are inaintained out of the bread and blood of half a'million-Gordon. Cato's Letters.
1109. Pursuit of Knowledge.--He who calls in the aid of an equal understanding, doubles his own; and he who profits of a superior underblanding, raises his powers to a level with the height of the superior understanding he unites with.—Burke.
1110. Invention.- Invention is the talent of youth, and judgment of age: 'so that our judgment grows harder to please, when we have fewer
things to offer it: this goes through the whole commerce of life. When we are old, our friends find it difficult to please us, and are less concerned whether we be pleased or not. -Swift.
1111. Anger.-Anger is the most impotent passion that accompanies the mind of man; it effects nothing it goes about; and hurts the man who is 'possessed by it more than any other against whom it is directed.
1112. Wisdom.- am of opinion that those who do not act right, are for that very reason neither wise nör virtuously tempered. Justice, together with every other virtue, is wisdom ; for all their actions being fair and good must be preferred as such by all who are possessed of right discernment; but ignorance and folly can perform nothing fair and good, because, if attempted, it would miscarry in their hands. Whence it follows, that as whatever is just and fair, must be the result of sound wisdom; and as nothing can be fair and just where virtue is wanting; therefore justice and every other virtue is wisdom. -Socrates in Xenophon.
1113. Truth.-Truth, like beauty, varies its' fashions, and is' best recommended by different dresses to different minds; and he that recalls the attention of mankind to any part of learning which time has left behind it, may be truly said to advance the literature of his own age.---Johnson.
1114. Decency.—That is decent which is agreeable to our state, cundition, or circumstances, whether it be in behaviour, discourse, or action.
1115. Life. There is nothing of which' men arel so fond of, and withal BO careless, as life.-Bruyere.
1116. Persecution for Opinion. One other practice in society remains to be noticed, which must necessarily have an evil effect upon the spirit and conduct of investigation; namely, the practice of persecution for opinions, that eternal blot on the reputation of humanity. It might be expected, perhaps, that as rewards encourage a partial attention to evidence in favour of those doctrines for the profession of wbich they are bestowed, the opposite treatment, persecution, would have the effect of inducing man. kind to shun the persecuted doctrines and the arguments in their favour. And it no doubt happens, that the lovers of peace and quietness, who do not greatly concern themselves about any opinions so long as their ordinary course of life is suffered to run smootbly, may be deterred by a fear of painful consequences from any attention to doctrines which can bring only danger and discredit on their votaries. But in general the effect is the reverse, and especially on the party who actually suffers in his own person. His passions are roused against his oppressors, and instead of seeking for what is true, his whole soul is bent on detecting the errors of his antagonists, and providing himself with every possible argument on his own side. He grasps not at truth, but at the means, whatever they may be, of self-defence, and at the power of annoyance. Thus punishment in fact like rewards, although in a different way, brings the mind into a state far from being favourable to impartiality of investigation - Essays on the Pursuit of Truth, f.c.
1117. Conversation.—The great secret in conversation is, to admire little, to hear much; always to distrust our own reason, and sometimes that of our friends; never to pretend to wit, but to make that of others appear as much we can; to hearken to what is said, and to answer to the purpose.
1118. Cunning and Knavery.-Cunning leads to knavery; it is but a step from one to the other, and that very slippery; lying only makes the difference; add that to cunning, and it is knavery.—Bruyere.
1119. Reason.—The law of Reason is founded in nature; it is universal, immutable, and eternal. It is subject to no change from any difference of place or time; it extends invariably to all ages and nations. .
1120. Kings.—The least fault a king commits produces infinite mischief; for it diffuses misery through a whole people, and sometimes for many generations.—Swift's Thoughts.
1121.-Truth is in a great measure concealed from the blind.-Seneca.
Printed by J. V. Chilcott, Leominster.
LONDON: Published by J. H. STARIE, 59, Museum Street, J. PATTIE, 17, High Street, St. Giles;
and may be had of all Booksellers.
The figures refer to the Number of the Article, and the words in
Italics to the Authorities.
ABILITY, Speculative and Practical, Anon Animal Existence without Consent, John-
Life of Brutes,, 1074
Antiquary, Butler, 426
Antiqnity, Attachment to, Montague 366
Apparel, Feltham, 470
Argument, Bad, of Divines, Shenstone 484
Arms, Coats of, Trusler, 1094
Cicero, 783 L'Estrange, 983 Panages, Armies, Standing, Swift, 741
Arrogance, Feltham, 804
Assistance, Zimmerman, 409
Association of Ideas, Biglend, 545
Asylums, Infant, Anon, 354
Authors and Teachers, Faults of, Anon
Bankruptcies, Westminster Review, 784
Beauty, Anecdote of a. Anon. 56
Beauty, Art of, Hughes 482
Belief, Rousseau, 992
Belief, of what Men desire, Le Clerc, 813
Benevolence. Modest, Anon, 376
Bereavement, Feltham, 595
Bias of the Mind, Dugald Stewart, 303
Bible, Parts of, not to be Read by Chil. Church, The, Lock, 390
Church Revenues, Eagle. 759
Citizens, Ignorance of, Bruyere, 540
Citizen Solsier Blackstone. 666 .
Civilization, Anon. 631 The Savage, 655
Cobbett's Advice to Youth, 806
Coercive Measures, Pinnock, 707
Complaining, Feltham, 653 G2
Complaisance, Addison, 627 11 1
Conciliate all Men, Barrow, 130
Confidence, Degrees of, Lavater, 6745
Conscience, Anon. 24 Shakspeare, 279
and 936 Rousseau, 332 Fielding, 605
Madame de Stael, 661. Anon, 882
Locke, 921 and 999
Consciousness, Wollaston. 285 2ni
Consolation, Anon, *80 Sherlock, 984
Constitution of the World, Combe 667.
Contempt, Fielding, 547 and 577 Zim-
Contemporaneous and Posthumous Fame,
Content and Discontent, Barrow, 1113
Conquerors and Heroes, Colton, 227
Conversation, D'Alembert, 290 The Sav-
Coquette, Bruyere, 91653.tis Kertebr.
Correspondence, Swift, 45880.
Courage, Anon. 621 Mill, 817 Bowring,
Courtiers, Fate of, Warwick, 602
Credulity, Feltham, 694 tebe neenako
)."-1 na kue Y18
Crimes Estimated by the Injury done to
Criminal Jurisprudence, Barlow, 248
Critics, Hints to, Reproof of Brutus, 746
Criticism, Modern, Reflector, 36988811.!!
Cunning of Public Men, Junius, 152
Cunning and Knave. y, Bruyere, 1118 | Dress, Female, Rousseau, 492
Drunkards, None in France, 94
Drunkards, Responsibility of, Mackintosh,
Drunkenness, Butler, 447 Anon, 541
Duelling, Tatler, 261
Ducies, Devotion of a great Mind to, 357
Economy, Spectator's Key, 763
Educational Magazine, 393 Dr. John-
son, 686 Spectator, 846 Swift, 98
Parr, 1069 Eclectic Review, 722
Education, General, Wilderspin, 313
Education, Self-, P. M. 321
Education of the Greeks, Dryden, 652
Effort, never fruitless, Fellowes, 1046
Eloquence, Hume, 548 Webster, 944
Employment, Change of, Gruy, 196 Anon
Enthusiasm, Sir W. Temple, 142
| Envy. Anon, 664 Steele, 692 Feltham,
Equality, Rousseau, 6% and 296 Voltaire,
160 Barlow, 164 1 : 1
Equity, Iniquity of, Selden, 372
Errors opposite to Evils, Jurist, 710 10
Error, Congreve, 10289 ,
Ethics, Boyle, 975