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1108. Despotism. It is as astonishing as it is melancholy to travel through a whole country, as one may through many in Europe, 'gasping under endless taxes, groaning under dragoons and poverty, and all to make a wantón and luxurious court, filled for the most part with the worst and vilest of all men. Good'God! What 'hard heartedness and barbarity, to *starve perhaps half a province, to make a gay garden! And yet sometimes this gross wickedness is called public spirit, because forsooth a few workmen and labourers are inaintained out of the bread and blood of half a'million-Gordon. Cato's Letters.

1109. Pursuit of Knowledge.--He who calls in the aid of an equal understanding, doubles his own; and he who profits of a superior underblanding, raises his powers to a level with the height of the superior understanding he unites with.—Burke.

1110. Invention.- Invention is the talent of youth, and judgment of age: 'so that our judgment grows harder to please, when we have fewer

things to offer it: this goes through the whole commerce of life. When we are old, our friends find it difficult to please us, and are less concerned whether we be pleased or not. -Swift.

1111. Anger.-Anger is the most impotent passion that accompanies the mind of man; it effects nothing it goes about; and hurts the man who is 'possessed by it more than any other against whom it is directed.

Clarendon.

1112. Wisdom.- am of opinion that those who do not act right, are for that very reason neither wise nör virtuously tempered. Justice, together with every other virtue, is wisdom ; for all their actions being fair and good must be preferred as such by all who are possessed of right discernment; but ignorance and folly can perform nothing fair and good, because, if attempted, it would miscarry in their hands. Whence it follows, that as whatever is just and fair, must be the result of sound wisdom; and as nothing can be fair and just where virtue is wanting; therefore justice and every other virtue is wisdom. -Socrates in Xenophon.

1113. Truth.-Truth, like beauty, varies its' fashions, and is' best recommended by different dresses to different minds; and he that recalls the attention of mankind to any part of learning which time has left behind it, may be truly said to advance the literature of his own age.---Johnson.

1114. Decency.That is decent which is agreeable to our state, cundition, or circumstances, whether it be in behaviour, discourse, or action.

Watts.

1115. Life. There is nothing of which' men arel so fond of, and withal BO careless, as life.-Bruyere.

1116. Persecution for Opinion. One other practice in society remains to be noticed, which must necessarily have an evil effect upon the spirit and conduct of investigation; namely, the practice of persecution for opinions, that eternal blot on the reputation of humanity. It might be expected, perhaps, that as rewards encourage a partial attention to evidence in favour of those doctrines for the profession of wbich they are bestowed, the opposite treatment, persecution, would have the effect of inducing man. kind to shun the persecuted doctrines and the arguments in their favour. And it no doubt happens, that the lovers of peace and quietness, who do not greatly concern themselves about any opinions so long as their ordinary course of life is suffered to run smootbly, may be deterred by a fear of painful consequences from any attention to doctrines which can bring only danger and discredit on their votaries. But in general the effect is the reverse, and especially on the party who actually suffers in his own person. His passions are roused against his oppressors, and instead of seeking for what is true, his whole soul is bent on detecting the errors of his antagonists, and providing himself with every possible argument on his own side. He grasps not at truth, but at the means, whatever they may be, of self-defence, and at the power of annoyance. Thus punishment in fact like rewards, although in a different way, brings the mind into a state far from being favourable to impartiality of investigation - Essays on the Pursuit of Truth, f.c.

1117. Conversation.—The great secret in conversation is, to admire little, to hear much; always to distrust our own reason, and sometimes that of our friends; never to pretend to wit, but to make that of others appear as much we can; to hearken to what is said, and to answer to the purpose.

1118. Cunning and Knavery.-Cunning leads to knavery; it is but a step from one to the other, and that very slippery; lying only makes the difference; add that to cunning, and it is knavery.Bruyere.

1119. Reason.—The law of Reason is founded in nature; it is universal, immutable, and eternal. It is subject to no change from any difference of place or time; it extends invariably to all ages and nations. .

1120. Kings.—The least fault a king commits produces infinite mischief; for it diffuses misery through a whole people, and sometimes for many generations.—Swift's Thoughts.

1121.-Truth is in a great measure concealed from the blind.-Seneca.

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INDEX.

The figures refer to the Number of the Article, and the words in

Italics to the Authorities.

ABILITY, Speculative and Practical, Anon Animal Existence without Consent, John-
1095

son, 665
Actions, Marius, 275 Hobbes, 329 | Animals, Cruelty to, Dean on the Future
Addison, Anecdote of, Anon. 103

Life of Brutes,, 1074
Adversity and Prosperity, Johnson, 181 Anticipations, Carpenter, 184
Advice, Anon 161 and (30 Shakspeare, 814 Antipathies, Anon, 536
Advocates, Felthain, 448

Antiquary, Butler, 426
Affectation, Lavater, 185

Antiqnity, Attachment to, Montague 366
Affections, Lord Kames, 538

Apparel, Feltham, 470
Affection, Zimmerman, 579

Argument, Bad, of Divines, Shenstone 484
Africans, Morals of, Lawrence, 794 Aristocratic Feelings, Bulwer, 859
African Interment, Cowley, 619.

Arms, Coats of, Trusler, 1094
Age, Old, Rousseau, 52 Bulwer, 438 Armies, Dr. Arbuthnot, 537

Cicero, 783 L'Estrange, 983 Panages, Armies, Standing, Swift, 741
| 1025 Blair, 1053

Arrogance, Feltham, 804
Age, Golden, The Savage, 471

Assistance, Zimmerman, 409
Age, Middle, Dr. Blair, 478

Association of Ideas, Biglend, 545
Age, not always experienced, Rochefou Astrology, Gregory, 352
cault, 473

Asylums, Infant, Anon, 354
Age, without Learning and Virtue, Felt- Attire, Gaudy, Zimmerman, 154
ham, 753

Authors and Teachers, Faults of, Anon
Aged, Respect paid to, Drummond, 398 .1086
Alchemy, Sir W. Temple, 79 Bacon, 582 Authority Usurped, Locke, 375
Alderman, an. Butler, 546
Aliment, Moral Effect of Rousseau 1088 BALLOT, Montesquieu 57 Merlin, 875
Allegiance, Oaths of, Anon. 105

Bankruptcies, Westminster Review, 784
Ambitious and Covetous, Anon. 462 Bankrupts, Goldsmith, 827
Ambition, Slave of, Bruyere, 688

Beauty, Anecdote of a. Anon. 56
Ambition, Lacon, 701

Beauty, Art of, Hughes 482
America, Hodgson, 87 ki

Belief, Rousseau, 992
Amusement and Instruction, Anon, 299 Belief, Error of as Voluntary, 175
Amusements Laboriously Parsued, Felt Belief Regulated by Desires, Bacon, 423)
ham, 452

Belief, of what Men desire, Le Clerc, 813
Anarchy and Despotism, Godwin, 70 Bellarmine Cardinal, Bayle, 336',
Ancestry, Young, 423

Benevolence. Modest, Anon, 376
Ancients, Wisdom of the, Seneca, 974 Benevolence, Fielding 514 Rousscau, 825
Angels Opinion of Men, Addison, 730 Benefits, Feltham, 522
Anger, Clarendon, 1111

Bereavement, Feltham, 595
Angry Man, Bacon, 902

Bias of the Mind, Dugald Stewart, 303
Anima Mundi, Burdon, 989

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Bible, Parts of, not to be Read by Chil. Church, The, Lock, 390
dren, Watts, 1039

Church Revenues, Eagle. 759
Bodily Imperfections, Feltham, 532 Church and State. Selden, 767 Hall, $11
Bodily and Mental Exercise, Shaftesbury. Circumstances. Anon, I Hume, A51
593

Citizens, Ignorance of, Bruyere, 540
Bond of Honour, Montague, 712

Citizen Solsier Blackstone. 666 .
Books, Anon 150 Colton 183 De Bury 302 Civil Government, Paley. 145
Books, Big, Grainger, 386

Civilization, Anon. 631 The Savage, 655
Books, Knowledge of, Spectator, 1068 Clergyman, Butler, 1036L SI
Boanty. Feltham, 431

Cobbett's Advice to Youth, 806
Boy, Mrs. Grimstone, 829

Coercive Measures, Pinnock, 707
Brain, Functions of, Lawrence, 347 Commerce Favourable to Civilization and
Breeding, Good, The World, 85 Fielding, Peace, Paine, 273
454

Complaining, Feltham, 653 G2
Business, Men of, 318p

Complaisance, Addison, 627 11 1
Business and Learning. Bacon, 557 Compliments, Lady Gethin, 425 2015
Business, Feltham, 6472

Conciliate all Men, Barrow, 130
Byron, Lord, 59016

Confidence, Degrees of, Lavater, 6745

Conscience, Anon. 24 Shakspeare, 279
CALMNESS, Zimmerman, 138

and 936 Rousseau, 332 Fielding, 605
Calumny Useful, Ben Jonson, 420

Madame de Stael, 661. Anon, 882
Calumny. Bentham, 702

Locke, 921 and 999
Canting, 894

Consciousness, Wollaston. 285 2ni
Caprice, Zimmerman, 477

Consolation, Anon, *80 Sherlock, 984
Cards. The Savage. 756

Constitution of the World, Combe 667.
Catbolicism, W. D. 925

Contempt, Fielding, 547 and 577 Zim-
Catherine de Medicis, 88
Causes, Hobbes, 90.

Contemporaneous and Posthumous Fame,
Cause, Good, Andrew Marvel, 772

Lacon, 607
Cause and Effect, Maltr avers, 990

Content and Discontent, Barrow, 1113
Character, Anon 23 R. Burns, 897 Controversy, Beneficial Effects of, Hall, 699
Character, National, Colton, 240

Conquerors and Heroes, Colton, 227
Character, Analysis of, 276 .".

Conversation, D'Alembert, 290 The Sav-
Character, Formation of, Godwin, 367 • age, 364 Lady Gethin, 450 Anon, 879
Character, New Moral World, 588 Wols Rochefoucault, 982 Anon, 11179
toncroft, 1013

Coquette, Bruyere, 91653.tis Kertebr.
Change, Desire of, 61

Correspondence, Swift, 45880.

J A
Change, Dislike of, Montague, 146 . Corn Laws, Evils of the. Torrens, 808 1.
Changes Necessary to Perfection, Feitham Country, Love of. Anon, 634" **
748

Courage, Anon. 621 Mill, 817 Bowring,
Chance, Bentley, 838

858

2.319; Alitalia
Charity, Public, Fielding, 469

Courtiers, Fate of, Warwick, 602
Charity, Feltham, 729 "

Credulity, Feltham, 694 tebe neenako
Childhood, Characteristics of, Chambers,669 Credulous Person, Butler, 995 resume
Children, Education of, Anon 650 Crimes, Rochefoucault 559 Zimmerman,
Chinese, Religion of, Philosophy of His 866

)."-1 na kue Y18
tory, 66 and 996

Crimes Estimated by the Injury done to
Chinese Emperor, Anecdote of, 32-34 p!." Society, Beccaria, 317
Christian, to Corrupt, Scott, 490

Criminal Jurisprudence, Barlow, 248
Christianity Enlightened, Bishop Watson Criminal Cases, Trusler, 1083
503

Critics, Hints to, Reproof of Brutus, 746
Christian Ambition, Lacon, 611

Criticism, Modern, Reflector, 36988811.!!
Christian Religion. Butler, 1026

Cunning of Public Men, Junius, 152

Cunning and Knave. y, Bruyere, 1118 | Dress, Female, Rousseau, 492
Curiosity, Rochefoucuult, 718 and 757 Drinking. Diseases from, 1100
Customs, Barrow, 114 Hooker. 124 Drum, Scott of Amwell, 358

Drunkards, None in France, 94

Drunkards, Responsibility of, Mackintosh,
DAUGHTERS, Fordyce, 43 5

309
Death, Sylva, 266; Garth, 834

Drunkenness, Butler, 447 Anon, 541
Death a Cure for all Evjis, Sherlock, 909 Fielding, 564 Feltham, 690, Bacon,
Death, Impolicy of adding to the Gloom 874 Sir W. Raleigh, 1042
of, Montaigne, 968

Duelling, Tatler, 261
Death, Fear of, Greek Anthology, 1004 Dull, Comfort for the, Swift, 160.
Debt, Anon, 13

Ducies, Devotion of a great Mind to, 357
Debts, Pleasure of Paying, Shenstone, 407 | Duties, Domestic, Sir T. Moore, 720
Decency, Watts, 1114
Deity, Notions of, Egyptian Antiquities, EASE, Desire of, Anon, 34 Locke, 93
$30

Economy, Spectator's Key, 763
Deity, Unchangeable in his Decrees, R. Education, Anon, 60 Williams, 258
Fellowes, 494

Educational Magazine, 393 Dr. John-
Democracies, Blackstone, 860

son, 686 Spectator, 846 Swift, 98
Delivery, Advantages of a good, Trusler, London University Mag., 1024 and 1040
1090

Parr, 1069 Eclectic Review, 722
Depravity of Human Nature, Colton, 586 Education, Systems of. Anon, 72
Desiderata, Dr. Chalmers, 118

Education, General, Wilderspin, 313
Despair, Fielding, 596

Education, Self-, P. M. 321
Despotism, Godwin, 70 De Torqueville, Education. Necessity of Natural, De Toc-
297 Locke, 1038 Gordon, 1108

queville, 377
Destiny, Voltaire, 326, 441, 708

Education of the Greeks, Dryden, 652
Determining a Question, W'atts, 1096 Education, Noble Example of, Anon, 781
Detraction, Feliham, 521

Effort, never fruitless, Fellowes, 1046
Devotion, Rousseau, 132

Eloquence, Hume, 548 Webster, 944
Diet, Vegetable, Studies of Nature, 1092 Miscellaneous Literature, 657
Digressions, Swift, 293

Employment, Change of, Gruy, 196 Anon
Dilemma, Drummond, 324, Mill, 734

245
Discipline, Military, Moore, 457 and 1062 | Emulation, Anon 49
Discontents and Contents, Burrows, 111 Enjoyment, Sources of, Hume 600
Discourse, Topics of, Thc Savage, 501 Enjoyments, Public Lib. Ent. Knowledge
Disguise, Rochefoucault, 659

1067
Dissimulation, Feltham, 443

Enthusiasm, Sir W. Temple, 142
Ditinction, Love of, Zimmerman 75 and Ennui, Helvetius, 292
805

| Envy. Anon, 664 Steele, 692 Feltham,
Distinguished Men Hard Workers, Everett 758, and 97]

Equality, Rousseau, 6% and 296 Voltaire,
Distress, Sterne, 445

160 Barlow, 164 1 : 1
Divines, Polemical, Young 449

Equity, Iniquity of, Selden, 372
Do as you would be done to. Selden, 135 Error and Ignorance, Difference of, Colton,
Dogmatical, Hint to the, Bacon, 957

191
Domestic Habits, Influence of, Godwin, Error, Imbibed aud Cherished. Gethin, 453
319

Errors opposite to Evils, Jurist, 710 10
Doubt, Colton, 223 Reproof of Brutus, Error and Custom, Milton, 942
575

Error, Congreve, 10289 ,
Doubts, Portal of Knowledge, Leighton, Esquire, the Country, Shenstone, 870
832

Ethics, Boyle, 975
Downing Street, Theodore Hook, 1055 Events, Zimmerman, 140 and

343

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