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ply'd himself to Young People, and took a particular Pleasure, in Forming their tender Minds to the Love of God and Religion; he catch'd at all Occasions of suggesting good Thoughts to them; and Encourag'd, Directed, and even Reprov'd them, with such Tenderness, Concern, and Address; as first to gain upon their Affections himself; and then, so to improve the Power he had with them, as to make them in love with their Duty, to excite strong Desires after Holiness in their Hearts, and to arm them with firm Resolu

tions of adhering to it. A great Pro- And as he Industriously embrac'd all Opimoter of Reli.portunities of gaining Proselytes to Piety, so gious Conser-he study'd to make Religion the Subject of sation.

his constant Conversation ; and talk'd of no. thing else with Pleasure. He had a peculiar Art of engaging Company, upon such Subjects; and manag'd his part of snch Discourse, with that Modesty and Prudence, that there appear'd nothing of Artifice or Design; nothing that aim'd at magnifying himself, or raising his own Character : But when he spake of Religion, it was with a natural Ea. siness, with Calmness, and Humility; and never four'd such Conversation with Uncharitable Reflections opon Others, who either differ'd from him in Opinion, or fell fhort of him in Practice.

But his Judgment of Religious Conversation, chiefly as to the manner of it, and with whať Modesty and Caution he manag’d it himself, the following Letter will fufficient

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ly shew written to a Religious Friend upon
that Subject.

I think I cannot better employ this Day,St. Peter's

than in taking the Leisure it affords me, Day, 1693! ' to Entertain my self with my Dear Fellowc Servant of our Great Master ; in some such

Matters, as we shou'd perhaps be Talking cot, if we were together: There is parti< cularly one Thing, that I have started in « Discourse, which I intended, when I got Leisure, to speak of, more at large in Writing; and that was, about outward Expressions of Piety. I confess, as to my self, I have been always Reserv'd in them; such I mean, as were easily Imitable, by Persons of any sort ; as Lifting up the Hands, and Eyes ; godly Words and Expressions of Endearment, concerning God. Since I have Conversed with you, I have

spoken more of these Things, than ever I • did before ; but I have comply'd with it,

only towards You. Now the Case, I think,
• is this; It is our Duty, on fit Occasions, to

Declare our felves publickly for God, and
for the Cause of his Holy Religion, wher
it may be for his Glory, and the Édifica-
tion of others, and the Engaging and Ri-
vering our Selves in his Service, by setting
the Eyes of the World upon us; and ina-
king them witnesses againit us, if we swerve
or Faulter from our Professions. But then,
this ought to be done, by some folid, Effen-
tial Expressions of true Piety, which none
but those that are indeed truly Pious, can



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' attain to; such as a Gracious Countenance,

an humble Mien, an Unaffected Modesty, ' and a Chearful and sincere Frankness in

Declaring, that we are the Servants of God, and devoted to Him; or speaking Words, drawn from the Soul of Piety, which amount to such a Declaration as those of the Apostle, if any Man love not the Lord Jesus, let him be accurled. But then these words, must not be borrowed from others, or even from Scripture it self, but originally our own; for any one may speak good Sentences by roat. There are some Expressions, that tend not so much to fhew a Devotedness to God, or Resolutions or

Desires to serve him, as our Nearness to 'Him. These are carefully to be avoided ;

for they tend too much to heighten a good Opinion of our selves; are apt to move Envy or Censure, and may happen in some measure, to deprive us of that Nearness; by casting a little damp upon our Confciences, and causing God to withdraw His Favours; such are, Accounts of Transports and Elevations that God gives us in his Service; and very endearing Exprefions in mentioning of God; as, my dearest Lord, my Sweet Jesus, my Loving

Father, instead of saying only God; which "I have heard some Persons use upon too

ordinary Occasions, when one cou'd not well suppose, that they had a present, lively Sense, and Feeling at their Heart, of what they spoke, answerable to the

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heigth of the Words: For none can have a Sense in their Hearts, adequate to such Words as these, but it will put them into

a Transport, which will either express it ? felf in a Flood of Tears, or in Silence;

and hinder them from readily going on with other Talk. There are other Expressions which are the Language of our Hearts, immediately to God himself: And it is ill to use our selves to Speak or Write these, but when our Hearts indeed go, along with them, and have intercourse with

But it is hard to suppose, when we ? use them too frequently, our Hearts can always go along with them : And this

gives Matter of Offence to good People ? and is a Prejudice to our Selves: For if

we use to speak such Words, as ought to be, spoke, only to God himself, without speaking them indeed to Himn with out

Hearts, it will certainly Indispose our ' Hearts, to speak to him in those Words, < when we wou'd. Because we shall get a ! way of speaking such things by roat, and

not be able to discern, when indeed we < speak to God, and when we don't.

My Conversing with you, has put me upon speaking and writing more things of this fort, than I did before; except in my

Closet, or in my private Papers ; in which · I feldom allow'd my self to use any Expres

fion, but what proceeded immediately from my Heart ; or to say my God, instead of God, unless my Heart boild with a fulness,

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"to Express it self, in those Terms; so " that I trust, those Papers are the Transcript

of my Heart. But I can't say fo, of all i • have writ to you: Indeed I can't tax my ' self with any thing in particular, to the

contrary: but having writ so much I have a fear upon me, that something may have been said rather to the Occasion, than from the present Sense or Feeling of my Mind. “ Tho I do not censure you for this Lan

guage, believing it to proceed from your • Zeal, and the lively Senle you have of God;

yet this Caution against it, will not be ai miss in the Course of your Life.

It were easie to add other Instances of Mr. Bonnell's Piety, and to enlarge upon these : But I must proceed to consider him with respect to the Duties we owe to our felves, and our Neighbour, as well as those we owe to

God. How he per

As to the Duties we owe to our selves, I formid the Duo have shew'd how he discharg’d some of them ties we owe to by what I have faid of his Humility and Meekour selves. ness, Mortification and Self-denial. These

being duties, which in many Instances of Action, have an immediate Reference to our selves, as in others, they have to God and our Neighbour. But the general duty which we are to perform to our selves, and which comprehends all others under it, is a due Regulation and Government of our Passions, and Affections; and none cou'd keep a stricte er watch over these than Mr. Bonnell did: He consider'd humane Nature with great


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