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cessful exploits; and temples laid waste by the impious outrage of the Carthaginians, had the statues of their Gods set up again. And, at length, the perfidious Hannibal said, we, like stags, the prey of rapacious wolves, follow of our own accord those, whom to deceive and escape is a signal triumph. That nation, which, tossed in the Erturian waves, bravely transported their Gods, and sons, and aged fathers, from the burnt Troy to the Italian cities, like an oak lopped by sturdy axes in Algidus, abounding in dusky leaves, through losses and through wounds, derives strength and spirit from the very steel.

The

Hydra did not with more vigour increase upon Hercules, grieving to be overcome; nor did the Colchians,* or the Echioniant Thebes, produce a greater prodigy. Should you sink it in the deep, it comes out more beautiful; should you contend with it, with great glory will it overthrow the conqueror, unhurt before, and will fight battles to be the talk of the wives. No longer can I send boasting messengers to Carthage: all the hope and success of my name is fallen, is fallen by the death of Asdrubal. There is nothing but what the hands of the Claudian family will perform; which both Jupiter defends with his propitious divinity, and sagacious precaution conducts through the sharp trials of war.

*Alluding to two dragons, one of Colchos, and one of Thebes, from the sowing of whose teeth armed men came out of the earth.

+ Built by Echion.

ODE V.

TO AUGUSTUS.

That he would return as soon as possible into the city.

O BEST guardian of the Roman people, who wert born under propitious Gods, you are absent from us too long: after having promised a mature arrival to the sacred council of the senators, return. Restore, O excellent general, the light to your country; for, like the spring, wherever your countenance has shone upon the people, the day proceeds more agreeably, and the sun has a superior lustre. As a mother, with vows, omens, and prayers, calls for her son, (whom the southwind, with adverse gales, detains from his sweet home, staying more than a year beyond the Carpathian sea,) nor turns aside her looks from the winding shore; in like manner, inspired with oyal wishes, his country seeks for Cæsar. For, under your auspices, the ox in safety traverses the meadows: Ceres nourishes the ground, and so does abundant prosperity: the sailors skim through the calm ocean, and honour is* in dread of being censured. The chaste family is polluted by no adulteries; morality and the law have got the better of that foul crime; the childbearing women are commended for an offspring like the father; and punishment presses as a companion upon guilt. Who can fear the Parthian? who the frozen Scythian? who the progeny that rough Germany produces, while

* And therefore takes proper precaution against it,

Cæsar is in safety? who the war of fierce Spain? Every man now puts a period to the day midst his own hills, and marries the vine to the widowed elm trees; from hence he returns joyful to his wine, and invites you, as a deity, to his second course. Thee, with many a prayer, thee he pursues with wine poured out in libation from the cups; and joins your divinity to that of his household Gods, in the same manner that Greece was mindful of Castor and the great Hercules. May you, O excellent general, bestow a lasting festivity to Italy. This is our language when we are sober, at the early day; this is our language when we have well drunk, at the time the sun is beneath the ocean.

ODE VI.

HYMN TO APOLLO.

THOU God, whom the offspring of Niobe experienced to be an avenger of a presumptive tongue, and the ravisher Tityos likewise, and also the Thessalian* Achilles, almost the conqueror of lofty Troy, a warrior superior to all others, but unequal to thee: though son of the sea-goddess Thetis, he shook the Dardaniant towers, encountering with his dreadful spear. He, as it were a pine smote with the biting axe, or a cypress prostrated by the east-wind, fell extended, and reclined his neck in the Trojan dust. He would not, by being shut up in a wooden horse, that Phthia, where Achilles was born, was a city of Thessaly.

f So called from Dardanus, the founder of Troy

falsely pretended to bear the sacred rights of Minerva, have surprised the Trojans, revelling in an evil hour, and the court of Priam making merry with balls; but openly inexorable to his captives, Oh impious! Oh! would have burnt speechless babes with Grecian fires, even those concealed in their mother's womb, had not the father of the Gods, prevailed upon by your entreaties, and those of the beauteous Venus, granted to the distressed affairs of Æneas, walls founded un-` der happier auspices. Thou lyrist, Phœbus the tutor of the harmonious Thalia, who bathest thy locks in the river Xanthus, O delicate* Agyieus, support the dignity of the Latin muse. Phœbus

gave me genius, Phoebus gave me the art of composing verse, and the title of poet. Therefore, ye virgins of the first distinction, and ye youths born of illustrious parents, ye wards of the Delian Goddess,t who stops with her bow the flying lynxes, and the fleetest stags, observe the Lesbian measure, and the motion of my thumb;duly celebrating the son of Latona; duly celebrating the Goddess that enlightens the night with her shining crescent, she that is so propitious to the fruits of the earth, and expeditious in rolling on the precipitate months. Shortly a bride, you will say,-"I, expert in the measures of the poet Horace, recited an ode which was acceptable to the Gods, when the secular period brought on the festal days."

* Apollo was styled Agyieus, which the original term denotes, from having altars and statues in the public streets. In the same manner, Diana had her name of Trivia, from being worshipped in the highways.

+ Delos was the place of Diana's nativity.

The ancients beat time with the thumb as well as the foot, in the manner we do.

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ODE VII.

TO TORQUATUS.

By representing to him the certainty of death, he exhorts him to live in a cheerful and a joyous manner.

THE Snows are dissolved away, the herbage now returns to the fields, and the leaves to the trees. The earth changes her vicissitudes, and the decreasing rivers glide along their banks: the elder grace, together with the nymphs, and her* two sisters, dares, now naked, lead up the dance. That you are not to expect things permanent here, the year, and the hour that hurries away the agreeable day, sufficiently convince us. The colds are mitigated by the returning zephyrs; the summer follows close upon the spring, shortly to die itself, as soon as fruitful autumn shall shed its stores; and anon, sluggish winter returns again. Nevertheless, the quick-revolving moons repair their wanings in the skies; but when we descend to those regions where the pious Æneas, where Tullus, and the wealthy Ancus have gone before us, we become nothing but dust and shade. Who knows whether the Gods above will add to this day's reckoning the space of to-morrow? Every thing which you shall indulge to your friendly genius shall escape the greedy hands of your heir. When once, O Torquatus, you shall be dead, and Minos shall have made his awful decisions concerning you; not your family, not your elo

* There were three graces, Aglaia, Thalia, and Euphro

syne.

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