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Ordinarium Missæ and the Canon of the Sarum, Bangor, Hereford, and York Missals, are generally quoted from Maskell's Ancient Liturgy. When other parts of those Missals are cited, the edition of Sarum, by Mr. Forbes (Burntisland, 1861-74), and those of York (Surtees Society, 1872) and Hereford (s. 1. 1874), by Dr. Henderson, have generally been used.

It should be understood that the Bangor Missal was only a Diocesan adaptation or edition of the Sarum.

There is one peculiarity of this work which to some may seem to need an explanation, if not an apology. I refer to the multiplicity of quotations which are often brought to bear upon a single point. It will be observed, then, that in such a case the testimonies alleged are derived from authors who wrote in countries distant from each other, as well as in different ages. It seemed better, even at the risk of being thought to err in excess, not to leave any possible suspicion of the rite or doctrine under review being merely local, or of partial acceptance. It will be observed also that many statements and quotations are repeated in different parts of the book. It has generally been thought better to give them again, when the subject required that they should be noticed, than to distract the reader by a reference.

The date of an author is generally stated. Commonly this is only the date at which he is said to have flourished in such works as those of Cave or Oudin ; but sometimes the year in which the book was written has been given ; so that different dates appear in some instances attached to the same name.

Some care has been taken to make the work useful

as a book of occasional reference. The Tables of Contents and of Texts from Scripture are new, and the Index has been greatly enlarged. The special subjects of the work, however insignificant, are marked by the use of a capital letter.

When the First Edition appeared, some occurrences of the day, which seemed likely to affect the immediate usefulness of the publication, were thought to require notice. They received this in an Advertisement of some length, which is now omitted, as in great measure out of date, and as being, but for the special reason mentioned, an inappropriate addition to a book of this kind.

In a work of such scope and magnitude inaccuracies must, almost inevitably, occur. The minuteness of detail which has been studied has probably alone given rise to many.

If another edition should be required, it would be my endeavour to correct in it whatever errors may be discovered ; and I shall be sincerely grateful to any one who will kindly inform me of those which he may observe. Minor errors discovered in the First Edition have been silently corrected ; but in two or three instances of more importance, the grounds of alteration have been stated. See pp. 689, 794, 861. One was not noticed in time: in line 15 of Sect. xv. (in the 1st Ed. xii.), ch. iii. Part I., cancel the words “the Lord's Table,' or.” The reader is also requested to correct the statement in p. 308 respecting the Sarum Processionale (Rotom. 1508) in the Library of Bamborough Castle. On proposing to go there some years ago, chiefly for the purpose of examining that book, I learnt from the authorities


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that it had long been missing. It is not entered in the last printed Catalogue made by Mr. Stevenson in 1859, and was supposed to be entirely lost, until, by a singular fortune, it was found by myself, on a visit to the Library made while the last sheets of this Second Edition were passing through the press. My thanks are due to the Rev. W. Darnell, the Vicar of Bamborough, for the facilities which he courteously afforded me on the occasion. It is also necessary that I should here relate some facts which have quite recently come to my knowledge with reference to the inscription at Autun, cited on p. 27. We are told by Dr. Egar (Eucharistic Controversy, p. 22; Milwaukee, Wis. 1874), that “Mr. Newton, the keeper of the Greek and Roman antiquities at the British Museum, and Mr. Franks, an expert in Palæography, believe it to be of the fourth, or even the fifth century. Mr. Lenormant says the peculiar character of the writing is seen very rarely in the fourth century, abundantly in the fifth, and lasted till the sixth. Kirchoff, the editor of the volume of the Corpus Inscriptionum Græcarum, in which this is edited, assigns it to the fourth or fifth century, Le Blanc to the fifth or sixth, and Rossignol to the latter half of the sixth century.”

Much of the accuracy of the present edition must be ascribed to two friends—who are requested to accept this grateful acknowledgment of their kindness—the Rev. J. H. Backhouse of Landscove, Devon, who has with great care examined most of the proofsheets, and the Rev. F. K. Clarke of Cambridge, who has with equal care compared many of the extracts with the best editions of the authors from whom they are taken. Other obligations of this kind are mentioned in the foot-notes. But I desire here especially to record that which I lie under to Sir Walter Calverley Trevelyan, Bart., of Nettlecombe and Wallington, who by his generous aid, continued now through many years, has enabled me to pursue with more effect investigations costly, as well as laborious, to one who has not easy and constant access to a great library.

In conclusion, I desire to express my great regret that the additions which have been made to the book could not be published separately, and so offered to the purchasers of the First Edition. They consist so much of enlargements, and it is hoped improvements, of the text, that only a part of them, and that the less important, could have been so treated. In particular, I would call attention to the great enlargement of Sect. vii. of Ch. xxii. Part II. I have a clear and strong conviction that a Real Presence, properly so called, but distinct from Roman and Lutheran errors, was held by our Reformers and their successors, and among them by some to whom a different view has often been attributed. In the place indicated, the reader is furnished with the means of deciding this question for himself.

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