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To SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent.

ON COMPLETING his xcveh volume.

HAIL, veteran Sage! whose years have reach'd the span
Assign'd by Moses * to the life of man.
Still may fresh laurels crown thy deathless name,
Won in the paths of honour and of fame.
'Tis thine to save from premature decay,
And from Time's grasp wrest half his spoils away.
In thy perennial Work the inquiring eye
May trace the solemn rites of days gone by.
Theref we behold, by Druid Priests ador'd,
The trinal power of Heaven's eternal Lord.

Through London's streets when sounds of mourning past
Unheeded on the pestilential blast,
When f the black cart in dire array was led,
And the hoarse bellman summon'd forth the dead,
With glistening eye we read recorded there
The prudent Citizen's unyielding care,
That check'd the direful Minister of fate,
Who vainly hover'd round his humble gate-
At his right hand while tens of thousands fell,
He unpolluted heard the funeral knell.

And see where follows, in procession slow,
The solemn Pageant's ß quaint and stately show~-
When civic Poets in prolific verse
The glories of their Sovereign's sway rehearse.
When the tall spire of Kibworth's || ancient fane
With ruin strews the tomb-encumber'd plain,
Its form, preserv'd in thy recording Page,
Survives conspicuous to each future age.
And when, by the Destroyer's scythe o'erthrown,
Falls the high tower and monumental stone;
When those proud fabrics in confusion lie,
Reard by their builders for eternity;
When from that stroke no pious wish can save
The Giant Gods of Elephanta's cave;
And Memphjan piles, unfaithful to their trust,
No longer hide the unknown Monarch's dust
Thou still shalt flourish-and the common doom
That sweeps the pride of ages to the tomb,
Like His of old, the Avenger's stroke divine,
Shall blast the toils of Kings, but pass o'er thine !-

C. A. Wheelwright. Tansor Rectory, Dec. 16. 10X

• Ps. xc. verse 10. + “On the religion of the Druids," part i. p. 7. Letter on the Plague, part i. p.313. Š “ London Pageants," part i. p. 81.

# Paro ii. p. 113. Exod. xii. 23.

PRE FACE.

THIS is our Ninety-fifth Annual Address. In the short period of four years the Gentleman's Magazine will enter the second centenary of its existence. Amidst all the changes which have transpired in the literary world, during this extended period, the venerable Sylvanus has pursued the same even tenor of his way. Whilst rivalry of the most powerful character has constantly appeared in the literary arena, and contemporary Publications innumerable have been driven from the field, Sylvanus Urban has stood immoveable as towering Atlas, when warring elements play around his head, and foaming oceans break their billows at his feet.

The Literature of England was perhaps never more varied, or more extensively diffused, than during the past year. It was once considered necessary for a person to be a Student before he became an Author; but now all such preliminary steps are considered superfluous, if we are to judge from the melange of professions with which Authorship is crowded. Every individual who can scribble a paragraph, assumes the character of an Author, Compiler, or Editor : this probably accounts for the ephemeral inundation of cheap periodical or twopenny works of the early part of the current year; and perhaps for the countless volumes of Useless trash with which we have been deluged. From the Army, we have two gallant Colonels directing editorial assaults on each other, in the columns of their own weekly journals. From the Navy, we have a Purser standing forth as the high-priest of modern Hellenistic learning, and a Lieutenant emblazoning the columns of every newspaper, as the oracle of Booksellers in biographical and genealogical lore, – tenet insanabile multos scribendi cacoëthes. — In the new Literary Institutions, every individual who imagines himself capable of giving an opinion on any department of literature, assumes the important office of a Lecturer. "Thus one offers to enlighten the world on Heraldryanother on Topography—and a third, assuming the title of Doctor, to teach Latin by lecturing ! risum teneatis? But what is still more extraordinary, if we are to rely on the statements of the Hamiltonian Professors, the learned languages are taught, as it were, by a steam-engine power, without the necessity of the teacher understanding them himself !

The political horizon of Europe, fortunately, was never more auspicious than at the present time; but on the Continent, however, there appears a constant fermentation in every department of literature-a perpetual struggle with Governments and the pressand in many instances native talent is paralyzed. Two grand parties possess the field one supporting the old monarchical principles of the Monkish ages, and the other advocating liberal ideas and the inarch of the human intellect. Under the latter, which is the popular banner, we find America, England, the Netherlands, and the great mass of Germany. France (says the Courier Frunca

the higin Francecal relations have alreadydvancing in

PREFACE.
must be added to this party, the administration of which floats
between the two: for one-it made war on Spain, and for the
other recognised the independence of Hayti ; it has given the law of

indemnity to the ancient Nobility, and the law of sacrilege to the
· Clergy, allowing the representative forms to subsist, as indis-

pensable to the satisfaction of the middle classes. - The Holy
Alliance has under its banners, Russia, Austria, and the Prussian
Government, the high Catholic party in Spain, and the counter-
revolutionary faction in France.

With respect to the political relations of the New States of
Central and South America, several of them have already established
their constitutions on a solid basis, and are rapidly advancing in
prosperity.
· Adverting to our Domestic Policy, the greatest part of the last
year has passed in the calm enjoyment of that prosperity which has
resulted from the judicious measures of his Majesty's present Minis-
ters. The finances have progressively ameliorated, and taxes to a
large amount have been repealed. Bills have been passed for
removing various restrictions on Commerce, and otherwise relaxing
our Prohibitory Laws. By the Colonial Intercourse Bill, our
Colonies have been rendered, like an English county, an integral
part of the empire-a measure of the first importance. The conso-
fidation and amendment of the Jury Laws has also been effected,
and the grand modifications of Weights and Measures will be of
permanent advantage.-Great attention has been paid to Ireland,
and not without beneficial results. The currency of England
and that country has been assimilated.—The disturbances excited
in the Sister Island, at the opening of the year, by the factious
measures of the Catholic Association, have been repressed, and
their recurrence effectually prevented, principally by means of
a Bill interdicting all Associations calculated to produce irritation.
Some angry polemical discussions, arising out of these and other
events, have also subsided.—Just as this year of brightness was
drawing to a close, a dark shadow suddenly threw itself across our
political horizon, and we had the mortification to witness the sun of
our commercial prosperity undergo an awful, but merely a momen-
tary eclipse. There is even ground for indulging a hope, that in
consequence of the precautions to which the late singular panic in
the Money-market has given rise, and the impressive lesson it has
afforded to the mercantile part of the community, our trade will
henceforth be established on a firmer basis than ever.

Dec. 31, 1923.

LIST OF EMBELLISHMENTS.-Wood Engravings marked thus.
Merton Hall and Church, Norfolk .........9 Paintings in Westminster Abbey...303, 305
Hemington Church, Leicestershire .......17 Trinity Church, Newington, Surrey ....393
Woodlands House, Mere, Wilts .........105 Window from Basingwerk Abbey.........401
*Pitt Diamond ..............................107 St. Michael's Church, Oxford...........489
Kibworth Church, co. Leicester .........113 Antient Seals ................................,497.
Bedfont Church, co. Middlesex. ...... ..201 *Plans of Wiltshire Churches......530, 531
Plan of Powder Plot Cellar, Westminster 209 Hanover Chapel, Regent Street...........577
*Mont of Sir Nicholas Pelham, at Lewes 215 Christ Church, Marylebone...............577
*White Tower of London ................ 246 *Bowyer House, Cainberwell.............585
A tient Seals, Béton Font, Normandy 297 Badge of the Percy family ..............598

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MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

m. remarks, “ that on the font in St. ard Earl of Arundel,” given in the pedigree Martin's, Ludgate, is the following Greek of Howard, Duke of Norfolk, in Mr. Huninscription : NIYON ANOMHMA MH ter's Hallamshiré, p. 100, where it is stated MONON OYIN. This, it will be ob- that she died on the 24th of May, 1654. served, may be read either backwards or for A. Z. enquires in what year Sir Edward wards. m. inquires whether it is to be Dineley, of Charlton Castle, Worc. knighced found elsewhere?-We answer, that we by Charles II. in 1684, died, and the place have no doubt it was a motto frequently in- of his interment? Whether he did not die scribed on fonts, and can supply him with without leaving male issue, and thereupon apother example ; namely, on the lofty spiral the title and estates did not descend to Sir cover of the funt at Wörlingworth Church, Edward Goodere? How did the latter heSuffolk, as appears in the engraving pub- come the inheritor? When did he die, lished by Vertue in 1753.

and where buried ? Upon the death of Sir The piece with the band on one side, and Edward Goodere, the title and estates decross on the reverse, of which a drawing is volved upon his elder son, then living, John sent by C. D. is certainly not a coin. We Goodere, who took the name of Dineley. take it to be a counter, and the metal pro- Sir John Diveley was murdered by his brobably brass, but for what purpose such ther Captain Goodere at Bristol, in 1740, pieces were struck it is difficult to form an and leaving no issue, the title became extinct. opinion ; though most probably for reckon- John Foote, esq. of Truro, a nephew of Sir ing counters, or for cards. The piece is pro- J. Dineley, became the purchaser of the bably not of great antiquity, perhaps about estates under the will of his uncle, and took two centuries old. Such pieces are not the name of Dineley." valued by Collectors.

P. P. would be thankful for information · In answer to R. G. we have good autho where to obtain a certificate of the marriage sity to state, that “ The coif, hood, and of Captain Henry Berkeley (brother to Lord cap of mail are anterior in point of date to Berkeley), with Dorothea Bridgeman, daughthe camail, which was introduced in the ter of Sir Joho Bridgeman. Captain Henry time of Edw. II. The coif is a covering Berkeley was one of the confidential Lieufor the head and neck, opening on one side, tenants in King Charles's Army of Array, and fastened with a strap of leather, as in and was killed in the skirinish which took the monumental effigy at Gloucester, pre place the day before the battle of Worcester. tended to represent Robert Duke of Nor The place of his interment, and any particumandy; the capuchon or hood was for the

lars respecting him, will be received with same purpose, but large enough to allow the gratitude. head to pass through the aperture for the E. B. requests information respecting face, that it might rest on the shoulders, as the family of Rutt, he believes of Camin the instance of the effigy of Rous, in the bridgeshire, from the reign of Henry VIII, Temple church ; and the cap was a mere to Elizabeth. covering for the head. The camail, so called D.O. will thank any of our bibliographical from its resemblance to the tippet of camel's friends to inform him, whether the translahair, was a guard for the neck, attached by a tions of Pliny and Erasmus, mentioned in cord to the basinet, which was a conical the letter from Edmund Curle to Dr. White skull-cap of steel, and these were worn from Kennet, Bishop of Peterborough (see Litethe time of Edward II. to that of Henry IV. rary Gazette, Feb. 5, p. 88), were ever pubinclusive.”

lished ; and likewise, whether the letter E. M. says, “ T. T. (p. 317) is right in from the Bishop of Carlisle to Humphrey the Yorkshire term of leathering or tanning Wanley (ibid. p. 89), was not written by his hide; as I well remember, when a boy, a Bishop Nicolson, and not Bishop Newton, speech made from one to another in playing as there stated. The same Correspondent al Schoolmasters:

must excuse our inserting the “ eccentric "Sirrah, my son, thou hast no grace, epitaphs" he has transmitted : the more Thou hast transgressed before my face ; valuable matter he promises from the same And if thou dost not mend thy manners, source will be acceptable, if not already in print The skin of thy -- shall go to the tanner's; The contributions of X, M, O. will be And if the Tanner does not make good leather, acceptable. His present communication is Thou and the Tanner shall be hanged to omitted solely in consequence of an article gether;

on the same subject being printed in the And if that day should never come,

current Nuniber. Thou shall be hauged when all's done." - ERRATA.-P. 478, b. 1, read Hon. Mrs.

CLIONAS (last vol. p. 482) will find the Cox; 10, read Hon. Mary Prittie ; 31, read date of the death of Alithea, youngest daughter of the late Fred. Trench, esq. daughter and co-heiress of Gilbert 7th Earl end sister, &c.-P. 648, 9, 11, for Greece of Shrewsbury, and widow of Thomas How read France.

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