Examining the Levallois Reduction Strategy from a Design Theory Point of View
John and Erica Hedges, 2005 - 176
This volume presents research that attempts to examine the potential advantages of the Levallois reduction theory that led to its long history of use. Thus the development of a model of Middle Palaeolithic lifeways from which can be identified those factors that influenced and constrained the design of Middle Palaeolithic stone technology and tool kits is also presented. From this, several hypotheses were developed and then tested through analysis of the products of different reduction strategies at four Middle Palaeolithic sites in SW and SE France. The analysis showed that the Levallois strategy presents advantages in cases of restricted access to raw material, and is inherent in all such strategies.
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1 Classic Levallois technique
1 Average Levallois Indices for the Mousterian Industries of 13 French sites
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Acheulian Amorphous Core Eclats amorphous core reduction analysis artifacts average spine-plane angles biface blade production blank selection Bordes butchering Central Levallois flakes characteristics Combe Capelle Bas components constraints degree Dibble edge angles edge length edges per flake employed Equus caballus evidence exploitation faunal Figure flake blanks flake tools flint frequency of retouch groups hafting hardhammer Hayden hunter-gatherers indicate Jiboui knapper l'Aze larger flakes Levallois Point Levallois products Levallois technique lithic lithic reduction longest of four longest of three lower Mean Middle Palaeolithic morphology Mousterian Mousterian industries Moustier Neandertal nodules non-Levallois number of usable patterns Pech de l'Az6 potential reduction strategies regular relatively require resharpening retouched flakes retouched tools sample assemblages Scraper significant single-surface core softhammer specific stone tools surface Table tasks tool blanks tool edge tool types typically unmodified tools unretouched unused flakes Upper Palaeolithic usable edges Usewear variability VAz6 ventral curvature woodworking