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Deposi]NONE BUT THE MEN OF PEACE ARE MY FRIENDS! 633

I thought to have written but that one Paper on this subject, persuading myself the plainness of the argument must be of such force that men's eyes would be opened, and take the useful hint; and there would be no more need to talk about it: and accordingly went on with the old subject of Trade.

But as all my friends, and generally all the men of peace (for, I thank GOD! none but such are my friends !) saw the necessity and usefulness of the subject; they came about me with incessant importunities to go on with it.

I have not vanity enough to own the success of these Papers in this undertaking, not to say what some are pleased to say of it. It is my satisfaction that wise men have owned them useful ; and a greater honour I cannot desire.

I have, with an impartial warmth, addressed myself to all sorts of people, on the behalf of Peace: and if I am proud of anything in it, it is that Providence has been pleased to direct things so, that the Public Measures have, in many cases, come up to what I foresaw, was the only means of our safety.

If I have said the same thing with our late Votes, Speeches, and Proclamations, in my Observations on the pretended danger of the Church : it is not only an honour to me, that Her Majesty and the Parliament repeat almost my very words; but it is a glorious testimony to the Truth, that it leads all persons that sincerely follow it, to the same conclusions, and often the same expression. And I glory that I have such a voucher to what I said, viz., “ That the false clamours of plots against the Church appear to be formed on purpose to conceal real plots against the Church of England.” Review No. 86. Þ. 341 (of Vol. II. of the 20th September, 1705..

Let none of the well-wishers to Peace be angry that I saw this before them. It is their happiness they see it now! Envy no man !

But I have a most undeniable testimony of the success of this Paper in the great work of National Peace, in the implacable rage and malice of the Hot Party : in which, they witness to the hurt this paper hath done to their cause; and they have my humble acknowledgement that they can do me and this Labour no greater honour.

It would be endless to me, and tiresome to the Reader, to repeat the threatening letters, the speeches, the opprobrious

634 THE NATION EMBRACES PEACE WITH GREAT JOY.

Defoc.

1706.

terms, the Bear-Garden insulting language I have, daily, thrown upon me, in all parts, for persuading men to Peace. If I had been assassinated as often as I have been threatened with pistols, daggers, and swords; I had long ago paid dear for this Undertaking!

But I go naked (without arms and unguarded. These Gentlemen are harmless enemies. They are like Colonel L[ ]'s Sergeant at S[ Jld ; that, while I was there, said not a word to me; but as soon as I was gone, was for doing terrible things to me, when he could find me! Or like Justice S[ ]D of Devonshire, that issued his Warrant for me, and caused all the houses in the town to be searched except that he knew I lodged in; and sent to every part of the country county) for me, but that to which he knew I was gone.

I remark nothing, from these passages, so much as the weak grounds these people know they have, for their resentment. Is it possible a man can merit so much ill will for persuading men to Peace ? Were it not that their designs being from another place, and of another kind; the heavenly glorious spirit of Peace is particularly hateful and unpleasant to them.

Well, Gentlemen, so the Peace be wrought; let what will become of me, I am unsolicitous ! and, blessed be GOD! it is effectually wrought! The victory is gained, the battle is over, and I have done!

Why did I solicit to have all cavilling Papers suppressed ? Not that we have not the better of the argument in every case; for really the adverse Party have nothing to say! And as I had not begun this Paper but with a prospect of a justi. fiable necessity; so the work being over, the necessity ceases; and, lo, I return to the matter I was on before; and the writing of and persuading to Peace ends with the Volume, because the thing is obtained. The nation embraces Peace with a universal joy, and there remains now no more occasion to persuade.

How easy, how satisfied, how pleased does all the nation appear! Peace and joy sit on the faces of our people. Not one man that has any regard for, or sense of the Public Good but rejoices at it! How people congratulate one another! and bless the Time! the Queen! the Government ! and every instrument of this extraordinary Turn of Affairs !

Defoc:]Fine PAPER COPIES OF THE REVIEW GIVEN AWAY.635

What glory has this happy conjunction brought to Her Majesty's reign ! From this time, the nation will take the date of her new prosperity! and the reign of this Queen, like that of Queen ELIZABETH, will be ranked in history, among those of the most fortunate of the nation! Nor can Posterity do Her Majesty justice, if they do not own that this universal happiness has had its rise in the Court. The Queen has not cnly the honour, but Her Majesty has been really the Instrument of this peace! and would our wiser Hot Party have given due regard to Her Majesty's exhortations, this peace had been brought to pass a great while sooner.

We have had formerly, a great struggle between Court Party and Country Party; and always saw cause to suspect the former of encroaching on our liberties : but the case is quite contrary here. Her Majesty so espouses the real Interest of her people, and obliges all that depend on her service to do so; that Patriots are our Courtiers, the Prince's favourites are the People's favourites, and our safety is now found in them we used always to be afraid of. Such effects have wise Princes upon their affairs, that regis ad exemplum, the Crown shall be the People's Saviour, and the Men of Rights and Privileges become the Men of Oppression and Confusions.

May our sense of this Peace, and of Her Majesty's care of the privileges and properties of subjects continually increase ! that the Obligation (see p. 475) to such a Princess may sink deep in the minds of these people, and they may follow those exhortations to Union and Peace, which Her Majesty exhorts to encourage, and has had such success in attempting.

This Volume is now ended. Those Gentlemen that think this Work useful enough to deserve binding it, have herewith an Index of the particulars for their convenience.

I shall be very glad our Peace may be so settled that, in future Ages, there may be no occasion to make these Papers further useful.

DE FOE.

ADVERTISEMENT.

The Gentlemen who were pleased to be Subscribers for the encouragement of this Work, in spite of all the banters and reproaches of the Town ; if they please to send to Nír. N1ATTHEWS, may have the Volume of this past year delivereil then gratis, printed upon the fine paper.

Preface to the Third Volume of the
Review,

(1706.) T HAS been the misfortune of this paper, among all the other rubs it has had in its way, that the Volumes have been a little too much depending upon one another.

Such has been the Course of the Subject, the length of the Circumstance then on foot, or the absence of the Author, that the Story

and the Book have not brought their periods to jump exactly. Thus it was in the last Volume, which broke off in the middle of the great Undertaking which the Author, at the utmost hazard, went through, in pressing this nation to Peace, and warning them against a sort of people, then known by the names of Tackers and Tories.

And thus it is now, when pursuing the same general good of his native country, the Author has embarked in the great affair of the Union of Britain.

I must confess I have sometimes thought it very hard, that having voluntarily, without the least direction, resis. tance, or encouragement (in spite of all that has been suggested), taken upon me the most necessary work of removing national prejudices against the two most capital blessings of the World, Peace and Union ; I should have the disaster to have the nations receive the Doctrine, and damn the Teacher. That even those that have owned the truth of what has been said, and even the seasonableness of saying it, have nevertheless flown in the face of the Instrument: endeavouring to break the poor earthen vessel, by which the rich treasure (viz. the Knowledge of their own Happiness) has been conveyed.

Indeed, I cannot but complain ! and should I descend to particulars, it would hardly appear credible that in a Christian, a Protestant, Reformed nation, any man could receive such treatment, as I have done, from even those very people whose consciences and judgements have stooped to the venerable Truth; and owned it has been useful, serviceable, and seasonable.

It would make this Preface a History, to relate the

[graphic]

Defoc.] WHAT HAS DEFOE TO DO WITH Public AFFAIRS? 637

reproaches, the insults, the contempt with which these Papers have been treated, in discourse, writing, and print ; even by those that say they are embarked in the same Cause, and pretend to write for the same Public Good.

The charge made against me, of partiality, of bribery, of pensions and payments : a thing, the circumstances, family, and fortunes of a man devoted to his country's peace, clears me of.

If paid, Gentlemen! for writing, if hired, if employed ; why still harassed with merciless and malicious men? why pursued to all extremities by Law for old accounts, which you clear other men of, every day? why oppressed, distressed, and driven from his family; and from all his prospects of delivering them or himself? Is this the fate of men employed and hired ? Is this the figure, the agents of Courts and Princes make ?

Certainly, had I been hired or employed, those people that own the service [einployed me) would, by this time, have set their servant free from the little and implacable malice of litigious prosecutions, murdering Warrants, and men whose mouths are to be stopped by trifles.

Let this suffice, then, to clear me of all the little and scan. dalous charge, of being hired and employed.

Sirs, ay,

I come next to examine what testimonies I have of this Work being my proper employ. For some of our good friends, whose Censure runs before their Charity, attack me with this. Ay, it is true! These things are so : but what has he to do to meddle with it? What has he to do, to examine the conduct of Parliament men, or exhort the People to this or that ?

Wise Gentlemen, in truth, pray go on with it! it is true, he did happen to see a house just on fire : but what had he to do to make a noise, wake all the neighbourhood, fright[en] their children, and like a busy fellow, cry “ Fire!in the night! It was none of his neighbourhood ! He had ne'er a house there ! What business had he to meddle ?"

Or to put it another way. Ay, indeed, he did happen to see a parcel of rogues breaking up a Gentleman's house in the night ; but what business had he to go and raise the country county) upon them ! cryThieves !and Murder !and I know not what! and so bring a parcel of poor fellows to the gallows ! What business had he with it? It was none of his house ! "

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