Obrazy na stronie

The question about divorce.


Litile children are brought to Christ.

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cometh into the coasts of Judea together, let not man put asunder.

by the farther side of Jordan : and the 10 And in the house his disciples people resort unto him again; and, as he was asked him again of the same matter. wont, he taught them again.

11 And he saith unto them, 'Whosoever shall 2 And the Pharisees came to him, and put away his wife, and marry another, commitasked him, Is it lawful for a man to put away teth adultery against her. his wife ? tempting him.

12 And if a woman shall put away her hus3 And he answered and said unto them, What band, and be married to another, she commitdid Moses command you?

teth adultery. 4 And they said, “Moses suffered to write a 13 T ' And they brought young children to bill of divorcement, and to put her away. him, that he should touch them: and his dis

5 And Jesus answered and said unto them, ciples rebuked those that brought them. For the hardness of your heart he wrote you 14 But when Jesus saw it, he was much disthis precept.

pleased, and said unto them, Suffer the little 6 But from the beginning of the creation children to come unto me, and forbid them God made them male and female.

not: for ^ of such is the kingdom of God. 7 For this cause shall a man leave his father 15 Verily I say unto you, · Whosoever shall and mother, and cleave to his wife;

not receive the kingdom of God as a little 8 And they twain shall be one flesh: so then child, he shall not enter therein. they are no more twain, but one flesh.

16 And he took them up in his arms, put

* Matt. 19. 1. John 10. 40, & 11. 7.-- Lo Matt. 19. 3. - Dent. 24. 1. Matt. 5. 31. & 19.7.-Gen. 1. 27. & 5. 2.- Gen. 2. 24. 1Cor. 6. 16. Ephes. 5. 31.

* Matt. 5. 92. & 19. 9. Luke 16. 18. Rom. 7. 3. 1 Cor. 7. 10, 11.& Matt. 19. 13. Luke 18. 15.-- 1 Cor. 14. 20. 1 Pet. 2. 2.- Matt. 18. S.


they were punished. Divorce never should be permitted but on Verse 1. He arose) Kaxxslev avases may be translated, he this ground “ The parties are miserable together, and they are departed thence. The verb avsnpe has this sease in some of both perfectly willing to be separated.Then, if every thing the purest Greek writers. See kypke. Many transactions took else be proper, let them go different ways, that they may not place between those mentioned in the preceding chapter, and ruin both themselves, and their hapless offspring. these that follow, which are omitted by Matthew and Mark; Verse 13. And they brought young children] See on Matt. but they are related both by Luke and John. See Lightfoot, xix. 13—15. and Bishop Newcome.

Verse 16. And he took them up in his arms] One of the Verse 2. Is u lareful for a man to put away his wife ?] See Itala reads in sinu suo—" in his bosom.” Jesns Christ lores this question about divorce, largely explained on Matt. xix. little children; and they are objects of his most peculiar care. 3---12.

Who can account for their continual preservation and support Verse 12. And if a woman shall put away her husband] | while exposed to so many dangers, but on the ground of a From this it appears, that in some cases, the wife assumed peculiar and extraordinary providence ? the very same right of divorcing her husband, that the hus- And blessed them.] Then, though little children, they were band bad of divoreing his wife; and yet this is not recorded capable of receiving Christ's blessing. If Christ embraced any where in the Jewish laws, as far as I can find, that the them, why should not his church embrace them? Why not women had such a right. Indeed were the law which gives dedicate them to God by baptism ? whether that be perthe permission, all on one side, it would be unjust and oppress formed by sprinkling, washing, or immersion; for we need ire; but where it is equally balanced, the right being the same on not dispute about the mode: on this point let every one be each side, it must serve as a mutual check, and prevent those evils | fully persuaded in his own mind. I confess it appears to me it is intended to cure. Among the Jews there are several in- grossly heathenish and barbarous, to see parents who profess to stances of the women having taken other men, even during the believe in that Christ who loves children, and among them those life of their own husbands. Nor do we find any law by which whose creed does not prevent them from using infant baptism, de

Worldly possessions, a great


hindrance to salvation.

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dom of God! 17 And when he was gone forth 24 And the disciples were astonished into the way, there came one running, and at his words. But Jesus answereth again, and kneeled to him, and asked him, Good Master, saith unto them, Children, how hard is it for what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life? them that trust in riches to enter into the

18 And Jesus said unto him, Why callest kingdom of God! thou me good ? there is none good but one, 25 It is easier for a camel to go through the that is, God.

eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter 19 Thou knowest the commandments, "Do into the kingdom of God. not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, 26 And they were astonished out of measure, Do not bear false witness, Defraud not, Ho- saying among themselves, Who then can be nour thy father and mother.

saved? 20 And he answered and said unto him, 27 And Jesus looking upon them saith, With Master, all these have I observed from my men it is impossible, but not with God: for youth.

with God all things are possible. 21 Then Jesus beholding him, loved him, and 28 Then Peter began to say unto him, said unto him, One thing thou lackest: go thy| Lo, we have left all, and have followed thee. way, sell whatsoever thou hast, and give to the 29 And Jesus answered and said, Verily I poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: say unto you, There is no man that hath left and come, take up the cross, and follow me. house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mo

22 And he was sad at that saying, and went ther, or wife, or children, or lands, for my sake, away grieved: for he had great possessions.

and the gospel's; 23 . And Jesus looked round about, and 30 But he shall receive an hundredfold now saith unto his disciples, How hardly shall they in this time, houses, and brethren, and sisters,

* Matt. 19. 16. Luke 18. 18. Exod. 20. Rom. 13. 9.- -Matt. 6. 19, 20. || e Job 31. 21. Ps. 52. 7. & 62. 10. 1 Tim. 6. 17. _f Jer. 32. 17. Matt. 19. 26.

& 19. 21. Luke 12. 33. & 16. 9. Matt. 19. 23. Luke 18. 94. Luke 1. 37. Matt. 19. 27. Luke 18. 28.- -11 2 Chron. 25. 9. Luke 18.30.

priving their children of an ordinance by which no soul can that it was something else he lacked, when Christ explains prove that they cannot be profited; and through an unaccount here his own meaning, is to be wise above what is written. able bigotry or carelessness withhold from them the privilege of Verse 22. And he was sad at that saying] This young man even a nominal dedication to God; and yet these very per- | bad perhaps been a saint, and an eminent apostle had he been sons are ready enough to fly for a minister to baptize their || poor! From this, and a multitude of other cases, we inay child when they suppose it to be at the point of death! It learn, that it is oftentimes a misfortune to be richbut who is would be no crime to pray, that such persons should never | aware of this ? and who believes it? have the privilege of hearing my father! or my mother! from Verse 29. And the gospel's] Read, for the sake of the gosthe lips of their own child. See on Matt. iii. 6. and on Markpel. 'I have with Griesbach adopted evexiv, for the suke, on xvi. 16.

the authority of BCDEGHKMS. V. sixty others, and almost Verse 17. There came one running] See the case of this all the Versions. rich young man largely explained on Matt. xix. 16, &c. Verse 30. In this time) EY TW XOLOQ TOUTH,

time. Verse 21. Then Jesus beholding him] Looking earnestly, Though Jews and Gentiles have conspired together to destroy suprafas, or affectionately upon him, loved hin, because of his both me and you; my providence shall so work that nothing youth, his earnestness, and his sincerity.

shall be lacking, while any thing is necessary. One thing thou lackest] What was that? A heart disen- And fathers. This is added by K. opwards of sixty others, gaged from the world, and a complete renunciation of it and Æthiopic, Gothic, Slavonic, Saxon, Armenian, Coptic, and in its concerns; that he might become a proper and successful one of my own MSS. of the Vulgate. labourer in the Lord's vineyard. See Matt. xix. 21. To say Some have been greatly embarrassed to find out the literal


in this very

Christ foretells his death.


James and Jehn seek for pre-eminence.

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A.1.1935. and mothers, and children, and lands,|| bedee, come unto him, saying, Mas. A. N. 103 An. Olymp. with persecutions; and in the world ter, we would that thou shouldest do Ar. Olymp. to come eternal life.

for us whatsoever we shall desire. 31 ^ But many that are first shall be last; and 36 And he said unto them, What would ye the last first.

that I should do for you? 32 [ And they were in the way going up 37 They said unto him, Grant unto us that to Jerusalem; and Jesus went before them: we may sit, one on thy right hand, and the and they were amazed; and as they followed, other on thy left hand, in thy glory. they were afraid. * And he took again the 38 But Jesus said unto them, Ye know not twelve, and began to tell them what things what ye ask: can ye drink of the cup that I should happen unto him,

drink of? and be baptized with the baptism 33 Saying, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; that I am baptized with ? and the Son of man shall be delivered unto the 39 And they say unto him, We can. And chief priests, and unto the scribes; and they | Jesus said unto them, Ye shall indeed drink shall condemn him to death, and shall deliver of the cup that I drink of; and with the baphim to the Gentiles :

tism that I am baptized withal shall ye

be 84 And they shall mock him, and shall | baptized : scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and 40 But to sit on my right hand and on my shall kill him : and the third day he shall rise left hand, is not mine to give; but it shall be again.

given to them for whom it is prepared. 35 And James and John, the sons of Ze- 41 And when the ten heard it, they began

a Alatt. 19. 50. & 20. 16. Luke 13. 50.—Matt. 20. 17, Luke 18. 31.

ch. 8. Si, & 9, 31. Luke 9. 22. & 18. 31.

• Matt. 20. 20.

Matt. 20. 24

truth of these promises, and some in flat opposition to the

Verse 32. And lie took again the twelve] Or thus : For text have said, they are all to be understood spiritually. But | having again taken the twelve, &c. I translate xan for, which thus far is plain, that though those who have left all for the signification it often bears, see Luke i. 22. John xii, 35. and sake of Christ, do find among genuine Christians, spiritual re- elsewhere. This gives the reason of the wonder and fear of lutives, which are as dear to them as fathers, mothers, &c. the disciples, For he began to tell them on the way, whut was yet they have the promise of receiving a hundred fold, often | to beful him. This sense of you I find is also noticed by Roliterally fulfilled: for wherever a Christian travels among senanuller. See ou Matt. xx. 17—19. Christians, the shelter of their houses, and the product of their Verse 35. And James and John--come unto him] Theree. lands, are at his service as far as they are requisite. Besides, quest here mentioned, Matthew says, clap. xx. 20. was made these words were spoken primarily to the disciples, and by Salome their mother : the two places may be easily recone pointed out their itinerant manner of life ; and how, travelling | ciled thus. The mother introduced them, and made the reabout from house to house, preaching the gospel of the grace quest, as if from herself; Jesus knowing whence it had come, of God, they should, among the followers of Christ, be pro- l immediately addressed himself to James and John, who were vided with every thing necessary in all places, as if the whole standing by; and the mother is no farther concerned in the were their own. I have often remarked that the genuine | business. See the note on Matt. xx. 20. messengers of God in the present day, have, as noted above, Verse 37. In thy glory.] In the kingdom of thy glory-threethis promise literally fulfilled.

MSS. Which kingdom they expected to be established on earth. With persecutions] For while you meet with nothing but Verse 38. And be baptized] or be baptized. Instead of xas. kindness from true Christians, you shall be despised, and often und, n or, is the reading of BCDL. five others, Coptic, Armeaflicted by those who are enemies to God and goodness--but nian, latter Syriac in the margin, Vulgate, all the Itala, and. for your comfort ye shall have in the world to come, awy Tw Origen. See the note on Matt, xx. 22. exopirvw, the coming world (that world which is on its way to Verse 40. Is not mine to give] See on Matt. xx. 23. meet you) eternal life,

Verse 41. When the ien heard it] See Matt. XX. 24-28.

Ivho is chief among the disciples of


Christ. The case of Bartimeus.

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4. M. 1088 to be much displeased with James and went out of Jericho with his disciples A.M.4085. An. Olymp. John.

and a great number of people, blind An. Olymy. 42 But Jesus called them to him, Bartimeus, the son of Timeus, sat by and saith unto them, * Ye know that they which the highway side begging. are accounted to rule over the Gentiles, ex- 47 And when he heard that it was Jesus of ercise lordship over them; and their great ones Nazareth, he began to cry out, and say, Jesus, exercise authority upon them.

thou son of David, have mercy on me! 43 But so shall it not be among you : but 48 And many charged him that he should whosoever will be great among you, shall be hold his peace : but he cried the more a great your minister:

deal, Thou son of David, have mercy on me! 44 And whosoever of you will be the chief- 49 And Jesus stood still, and commanded him est, shall be servant of all.

to be called. And they call the blind man, 45 For even “ the Son of man came not to saying unto him, Be of good comfort, rise; he be ministered unto, but to minister, and to calleth thee. give his life a ransom for many.

50 And he, casting away his garment, rose, 46 f *And they came to Jericho: and as he and came to Jesus.

*Luke 22. 25.-

• Or, think good. - Matt. 20. 26, 28. ch. 9. 35. Luke

9. 48.

0 Joln 13. 14. Phil. 2. 7.--- Matt. 20. 28. 1 Timn. 2. 6. Tit. 2. 14.--.

f Matt. 20. 29. Luke 18. 35.


Verse 46. Blind Bartimeus] 7 bar in Syriac signifies son. among truly religious people.) Among other things they It appears that he was thus named because Timeus, Talmeus were led lo enquire how long each had known the salvation or Talnrai, was the name of his father, and thus the son of God; and how long it was after they were convinced of would be called Bar-talmeus, or Bartholomew. Some suppose their sin and danger, before each got a satisfactory evidence vios Topeakou the son of Tiners, to be an interpolation. Barti- of pardoning mercy. The white man said, “I was three meus the son of Timeus, o tu¢ãos, the blind man. It was | months in deep distress of soul, before God spoke peace to because he was the most remarkable, that this Evangelist men- my troubled, guilty conscience." " But it was only a forttions bim by name, as a person probably well known in those night,” replied the negro," from the time I first heard of Jesus, parts.

and felt that I was a sinner, till I received the knowledge of salVerse 50. And he, casting away his garment] He cast off vation by the reinission of sins.” “ But whet was the reason,” his outward covering, a blanket, or something of the kind, said the white man, that you found salvation sooner than I which kept him from the inclemency of the weather; that did?” “ This is the reason;"

did?” “ This is the reason;" replied the other, “yon white men he might have nothing to hinder him from getting speedily have much clothing upon you, and when Christ calls, you to Christ. If every penitent were as ready to throw aside cannot run to him ; but we poớr negroes have only this, (pointhis self-righteousness and sinful incumbranccs, as this blind man ing to the mat or cloth which was tied round his waist) and was to throw aside his garment, we should have fewer delays when we hear the call, we throw it off instantly, and run to in conversions than we now have; and all that have been him.” convinced of sin would have been brought to the know- Thus the poor son of Ham illustrated the text without inledge of the truth. The Reader will at least pardon the tending it, as well as any doctor in the universe. People who introduction of the following anecdote, which may appear | bave been educated in tlie principles of the Christian religion, 10 some as illustrative of the doctrine grounded on this imagine themselves on tiris account, Christians; and when context.

vinced of sin, they find great difficulty to come as mere sinA great revival of religion took place in some of the Ame- ners to God, to be saved only through the merits of Christ. rican States, about the year 1773, by the instrumentality of Others, such as the negro in question, have rothing to plead some itinerant preachers sent from England. Many, both | but this, we hure nerer heard of thée, and could not belieze in whites and blaeks were brought to an acquaintance with God. || thee of thom we had not heard; but this excuse will not avail who bought them: · Two of these, a' white man and a negro, | now, as the true light is comem-thiérefore they cast of this Tnecting together, began to speak concerning the goodness of covering, and come to Jesus. See this miraculous cure exGed to their souls' (a custom which has ever been common plained at large un Matt. xx. 29-34.

Christ sends his disciples


for an ass and her colt.

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51 And Jesus answered and said un. 52 And Jesus said unto him, Go thy A. M. 408. Ain Olymp. to him, What wilt thou that I should way; "thy faith hath made thee whole. In ly up.

do unto thee? The blind man said un-And immediately he received his sight, to him, Lord, that I might receive my sight. and followed Jesus in the way.

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• Matt. 20. 32, 34. Luke 7. 22.

Matt. 9. 24. ch. 5. 34. - Or, saved thce.

Verse 51. Lord, that I might, &c.] The Coder Bezæ, and This very remarkable cure gives us another proof, not only some copies of the Itula, have Kugie gæBB, O Lord, my teacher. of the sovereign power, but of the benevolence of Christ : nor

Verse 52. Followed Jesus in the way.) Instead of tw Ingov, do we ever see that sovereign power used, but in the way of Jesus, several eminent critics read avw, him. This is the read- || benevolence. How slow is God to punish! how prone to ing of ABCDL. fourteen others; Coptic, Æthiopic, Armenian, spare! To his infinite benevolence can it be any gratificalatter Syriac in the margin, two Persic, Vulgate, all the Itala, tion to destroy any of the children of men? No! We must and Origen, once. Jesus is the common reading, but this take great heed not to attribute to his sovereignty, acts which sacred name having occurryd so inmediately before, there are inconsistent with his benevolence and mercy. I am afraid could be no necessity for repeating it here, nor would the re- this is a prevailing error; and that it is not confined to any petition have been elegant.

Il religious party exclusively.

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A Jerusalem, unto Bethphage and "Why do

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CHAPTER XI. Christ rides triumphantly into Jerusalem, 1-11. The barren fig-tree cursed, 19—14. He cleanses the temple,

15–17. The scribes and chief-priests are enraged, 18. Reflections on the withered fig-tree, 19-23. Directions concerning prayer and forgiveness, 24-26. The chief-priests, &c. question him by what authority he did his works, 27, 28. He answers, and confounds them, 29-33.


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Jerusalem, unto Bethphage and| Why do ye this? say ye that the Lord An. Olymp.

Bethany, at the mount of Olives, he hath need of him; and straightway he sendeth forth two of his disciples,

will send him hither. 2 And saith unto them, Go your way into 4 And they went their way, and found the the village over against you: and as soon ascolt tied by the door without, in a place where ye be entered into it, ye shall find a colt tied, two ways met; and they loose him. whereon never man sat; loose him, and bring 5 And certain of them that stood there said him.

unto them, "What do ye, loosing the colt?

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• Matt. 21. 1. Luke 19. 29. John 12. 14.

Matt. 21. 3, 6.- Luke 19. 32.

d Luke 19. 33.


Bos tibi, Phæbus ait, solis occurret in arvis, Verse 1 He sendeth-two of his disciples) This was done

Nullum passa jugum curvique immunis aratri. but a few days before the pass-over. See our Lord's entry

Met. lib. iii. v. 10. into Jerusalem illustrated, on Matt. xxi. 1–17. Verse 2. Whereon nerer man sat] No animal was allowed

The Delphic oracles this answer give: to be employed in sacred uses, even among the heathen, that

Behold among the fields a lonely cow, had previously been used for any domestic or agricultural

Unworn with yokes, unbroken to the plough. purpose; and those which had never been yoked, were con- Verse 3. And straightway he will send him hither.) From sidered as sacred. See several proofs of this in the note on the text, I think it is exceedingly plain, that our Lord did not Numb. xix. 2. and add this from Ovid:

beg, but borrow the colt; therefore the latter clause of this

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