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Jesas begins to preach,
and calls sereral disciples.
A. D. 27.
14 T * Now after that John was put John his brother, who also were in the A.M. 1031. An. Olymp. in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, ship, mending their nets.
An.Olymp. preaching the gospel of the kingdom 20 And straightway he called them : of God,
and they left their father Zebedee in the 15 And saying, · The time is fulfilled, and ship with the hired servants, and went after the kingdom of God is at hand : repent ye, bim. and believe the gospel.
21 " And they went into Capernaum ; and 16 · Now as he walked by the sea of Gali- straightway on the sabbath day he entered into lee, he saw Simon and Andrew his brother, the synagogue, and taught. casting a net into the sea : for they were 22 · And they were astonished at his doctrine : fishers.
for he taught them as one that had authority, 17 And Jesus said unto them, Come ye after and not as the Scribes. me, and I will make you to become fishers of 23 [ " And there was in their synagogue a
man with an unclean spirit; and he cried out, 18 And straightway 'they forsook their nets, 24 Saying, Let us alone ; 'what have we to and followed him.
I do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth ? art thou 19 % And when he had gone a little farther come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art, thence, he saw James the son of Zebedee, and 'the Holy One of God.
a Mait. 4. 19. Matt. 4. 23.-_ Dan. 9. 25. Gal. 4. 4. Ephes. 1. 17. Luke 5. 11.--- Vatt. 4. 21.- Valt. 4. 13. Luke 4. 31. Matt. 10.- Matt. 3. 2. & 4. 17. - Matt. 4. 18. Luke 5. 4. Matt. 19. 7. 28. Luhe 4. 35.- Watt. 8. 29.
with the diabolic influence, tended to render the whole scene Gov autou, his brother, the best MISS. and Versions have adiacov the more horrid. Perhaps this very circumstance is mention-sou Espav as, the brother of Simon, which should be received ed, as emblematical of that savage and brutal cruelly, with into the text. The most eninent critics approve of this which he was persecuted to death by the Jews and Gentiles, realing. instigated thereto by the malice of Satan.
Verse 21. Capernaam) See Matt. iv. 13. Verse 14. Preaching the gospel of the kingdom] See the He entered into the synagogue] Their synagogues—y Tæus notes on Matt. ii. 2. and on the office of the Preacher or herald, ouraywyans autwv, according to the Syriac, which has the word at the end of that chapter.
in the plural. Verse 15. The time is fulfilled] That is, the time appointed Verse 22. As one that hud authority] From God, to do for sending the Messiah : and particularly the time specified what he was doing; and to teach a pure and beneficent sysby Daniel, chap. ix. 21–27. Here are four points worthy tem of truth. of deep attention, in the preaching of the Son of God.
And not as the Scribes.] Who had no such authority, and 1. Every thing that is done, is according to a plan laid whose teaching was not accompanied by the power of God by the divine wiselomn, and never performed till the time ap- to the souls of the people ; 1. because the matter of the pointed was filled up.
teaching did not come from God; and 2. because the teachers 2. That the kingdom and reign of sin are to be destroyed, themselves were not commissioned by the Most High. See and the kingdom of grace and heaven, established in their the note on Matt. vii. 28. place.
Verse 23. A man with an unclean spirit] This dæmoniac is 3. That the kingdom of God, and bis reign by grace, be- | only mentioned by Mark and Luke, chap. iv. 31. It seems gins with repentance for past sins.
the man had lucid intervals ; else he could not have been ad, 4. That this reign of grace is at hand; and that nothing mitted into the synagogue. Unclean or impure spirit-a com, but an obstinate perseverance in sin and impenitence, can mon epithet for those fallen spirits : but here it may incan, keep any soul out of it; and that now is the accepted time one who filled the heart of him he possessed, with lascivious to enter in.
thoughts, images, desires, and propensities. By giving way Verse 16. As he walked by the sea, &c.] See on Matt. iv. I to the first attacks of such a spirit, he may soon get in, and 18–22.
take full possession of the whole soul. Andrew his brother) Instead of the common reading, aden- Verse 24. What have we to do with thec] Or, It hal is it ta
Jesus heals a Dæmoniac;
and Peter's mother-in-lawe.
A. M. 4031.
25 And Jesus à rebuked him, say- 29 And forthwith, when they A. M. 4051. An: Olymp. ing, Hold thy peace, and come out were come out of the synagogue, they An. Olymp. of him.
entered into the house of Simon and 26 And when the unclean spirit "had torn | Andrew, with James and John. him, and cried with a loud voice, he came out 30 But Simon's wife's mother lay sick of a fe. of him.
ver, and anon they tell him of her. 27 And they were all amazed, insomuch that 31 And he came and took her by the hand, they questioned among themselves, saying, What and lifted her up; and immediately the fever thing is this? what new doctrine is this? for left her, and she ministered unto them. with authority commandeth he even the unclean 32 And at even, when the sun did set, spirits, and they do obey him.
they brought unto him all that were diseased, 28 And immediately his fame spread abroad and them that were possessed with devils. throughout all the region round about Ga- 33 And all the city was gathered together at lilee.
a Ver. 31.-_bch. 9. 20.
• Matt. 8. 14. Luke 4. 58. Matt. 8. 16. Luke 4. 40.
us and to thee? or, What business hast thou with us? That so that there are very few of this class, whether male or this is the meaning of the original, ti mese xou gou; Kypke has female, that live out half their days : they generally die sufficiently shewn. There is a phrase exactly like it in 2 Sam. | martyrs to their lusts. When the propensities of the flesh are ivi. 10. What hare 1 to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah? most violent in a person who is determined to serve God, it is 79993 ya sasa y no ma li r’lucem beney Tseruiah, What bu- often a proof that these are the last efforts of the impure spirit, siness harc
with me, or, Why do ye trouble me, ye sons of who has great rage, because he knows his time is but short. Tseruiah? The Septuagint translate the Hebrew, just as the Verse 27. What thing is this?) Words of surprise and asEvangelist does bere, to fuos xolo vuss; it is the same idiom in tonishment. both places; as there can be no doubt but the dæmoniac And what new doctrine] I have added the particle And, spoke in Hebrew, or in the Chaldeo-Syriac dialect of that lan- || from the Syriac, as it helps the better to distinguish the memguage, which was then common in Judea. See on Matt. bers of the sentence: but there is a vast diversity in the MSS. viii. 29.
on this verse. See Griesbach. Art thou come to destroy us?] We may suppose this spirit For with authority] They had never heard such a gracious to have felt and spoken thus : " Is this the time of which it doctrine, and never saw any teaching supported by miracles hath been predicted, that in it, the Messiah should destroy before. How much must this person be superior to men! they all that power which we have usurped and exercised over the are brought into subjection by unclean spirits; this person subbodies and souls of men ?? Alas! it is so : I now plainly see ljects unclean spirits to himself. who thou art—the Holy One of God, who art come to destroy Verse 28. And immediately his fame spread abroad] The that unholiness, in which we have our residence, and through miracle which he bad performed was 1. great; 2. evidenced which we have our reign in the souls of men.” An unholy much benevolence in the worker of it: and 3. was very pubspirit is the only place where Satan can have his full opera- lic; being wrought in the synagogue. The many who saw it, tion, and shew forth the plenitude of his destroying power. published it wherever they went; and thus, the fame of Christ
Verse 25. And Jesus rebuked him] A spirit of this cast will as an incomparable teacher, and unparalleled worker of miraonly yield to the sovereign power of the Son of God. All cles, became soon spread abroad through the land. ratchings, fastings, and mortifications, considered in them
The word sudews, immediately, occurs more frequently in selves, will do little or no good. Uncleanness of every de- || this Evangelist, than in any other writer of the New Covescription, will only yield to the rebuke of God.
nant: it is very often superfluous, and may often be omitted Verse 26. And when the unclean spirit had torn him] And had | in the translation, without any prejudice to the sense of the thrown him down in the midst, Luke iv. 35. za omegaton, and passage in which it is found. It seems to be used by St. Mark, convulsed him. Never was there a person possessed by an as our ancient writers used forsooth, and such like words. mclean spirit, who did not suffer a convulsion, perlaps a total Verse 29. See this account of the healing of Peter's motherruin of nature by it. Sins of uncleanness, as the Apostle in-in-law, explained at large, Matt. viii. 14--17. timates, are against the body; they sap the foundation of life, Verse 32. When the sun did set] See on Matt, viii. 14.
He heals and preaches
in various villages.
34 And he healed many that were 38 And he said unto them, “Let us An. Olymp. sick of divers diseases, and cast out go into the next towns, that I may An. Olynp.
many devils; and suffered not the preach there also: for otherefore came devils "to speak, because they knew him. I forth, 35 [ And in the morning, rising up a great
39 ' And he preached in their synagogues while before day, he went out, and departed in throughout all Galilee, and cast out devils. to a solitary place, and there prayed.
40 T 8 And there came a leper to him, be36 And Simon and they that were with him, seeching him, and kneeling down to him, and followed after him.
saying unto him, If thou wilt, thou canst make 37 And when they had found him, they said me clean.' unto him, All men seek for thee.
41 And Jesus, moved with compassion, put
• Ch, 3. 12. Luke 4. 41. See Acts 16. 17, 18. -b Or, to say that they knew
him.- Luke 4. 42.
d Luke 4. 43.
Isai. 61. 1. John 16. 23. & 17. 4. Matt. 1. 23. Luke
4. 44.- Matt. 8. 2. Luke 5. 12.
Verse 34. Because they knew him.) To be the Christ, is add- Verse 39. And he preached] lle continued preaching-Hr ed here by several ancient and respectable MSS. and Ver- xnçutowv: this is the proper meaning of the words—he never sions; but it appears to be only a gloss.
slackerred his pace—he continued proclaiming the glad-tidings Verse 35. In the morning a great while before day] By of salvation to all—there was no time to be lost-immortal pu, the morning, is to be understood the whole space of three souls were perishing for lack of knowledge; and the grand hours, which finished the fourth watch of the night. adversary was prowling about, seeking whom he might de
And there prayed.) Not that he needed any thing, for invour. This zealous, affectionate, and persevering diligence hinn dwelt all the fulness of the Godhead bodily; but that he of Christ, should be copied by all his servants in the minismight be a pattern to us. Every thing that our blessed Lord try: it is not less necessary now than it was then. Thousands, did, he performed either as our pattern, or as our sacrifice.
thousands of Christians so called, are perishing for lack of Verse 36. Aud Simon-followed after him.) Karadžar, knowledge. () God, send forth more and more faithful la- .. followed him eagerly. They had now begun to taste the good bourers into thy vineyard ! word of God; and thought they could never hear too much Verse 40. There came a leper] See the notes on Matt. viii. of it. Many possess this spirit when first converted to God: 2, &c. Should any be inclined to preach on this cleansing Oh! what a pity that they should ever lose it! The soul that of the leper, Mark is the best Evangelist to take the account relishes God's word, is ever growing in grace by it.
from, because he is more circumstantial than either. Matthew. Verse 37. All men scek for thee.) Some to hear ; some to
or Luke. be healed; some to be saved ; and some perhaps, through no
I. Consider this leper. good motive. There are all sorts of followers in the train of 1. Ile heard of Jesus and his miracles. Christ-but how few walk steadily, and persevere unto the
2. He came to him for a cure, conscious of his disease. and!
3. He earnestly besought him to grant the mercy he needed. Verse 38. The next towns) Kwportshus, properly signifies 4. He fell down on his knees, (with his face to the earth, such towns as resembled cities for magnitude and number of Luke v. 12.) thus shewing his humbled state, and the distress inhabitants, but which were not walled as were cities. The of his soul. Coder Bezæ, most of the Versions, and all the Itala read, Let 5. He appealed to his love-if thou wilt ; with a full con-us go into the neighbouring villages, AND INTO The cities. viction of his ability—thou canst ; in order to get healed. For therefore came I forth.] Eus touto, for this purpose an
II. Consider Jesus. I come forth--to preach the gospel to every creature, that all 1. He is mored with tender compassion towards him: this is might hear, and fear, and return unto the Lord. The towns the alone source of all human salvation. and the villages will not come to the preacher-the preacher 2. Ile stretches forth his hand, shewing thus his readiness to must go to them, if he desires their salvation. In this also, I relieve him. Jesus has left his ministering servants an example, that they 3. Ile touches himn : though this was prohibited by the law, should follow his steps. Let no minister of God think he has and rendered him who did it in any common case, legally un. delivered his own soul, till he has made an offer of salvation clean. to every city and village within his reach.
4. Ile proves at once his infinite love and unlimited power,
Jesus heals.u leper:
and retires to the desert.
A. D. 97. com- An. Olymp.
4.M. 1091. forth his hand, and touched him, and the priest, and offer for thy cleansing A.M, 4051. An. Olymp saith unto him, I will ; be thou clean. those things which Moses
42 And as soon as he had spoken, manded, for a testimony unto them. immediately the leprosy departed from him, But he went out, and began to publish and he was cleansed.
it much, and to blaze abroad the matter, inso43 And he straitly charged him, and forthwith much that Jesus could no more openly enter sent him away ;
into the city, but was without in desart 44 And saith unto him, See thou say nothing places : and they came to him from every to any man: but go thy way, shew thyself to quarter.
• Lev. 14. 3, 4, 10. Luke 5. 14.
Luke 5. 15. ch. 2. 13.
by his word and by his act : I will; be thou cleunsed : and imme- abroad his fame. And can we suppose, that of all these peodiately bis leprosy was removed. But see on Matt. viii. 2. ple who came to him from all parts, and to whom he preached
Verse 43. Straitly charged] See the reason for this Matt. the glad-tidings of the kingdom, by the power and authority viii. 4. This verse is wanting in two copies of the Itala. of God, few or none were saved? This is a common opinion;
Verse 45. Began to publish it much] Began to publich 70220, but every person who seriously considers it, 'must see that it many things; probably all that he bad heard about our Lord's || is unfounded. Without doubt, Christ had thousands that were miraculous works.
brought to God by his ministry; though in general, only those And to blaze abroad the matter] That is, his own healing : are mentioned, who were constant attendants on his person. thinking he could never speak too much, nor too well, of him It would be strange, if while God manifested in the flesh, was who had thus mercifully and miraculously cleansed him. preacher, there should be few brought to the knowledge of
Jesus could no more openly enter into the city] A city of themselves, and of the truth! In this respect he does not Galilee, probably Chorazin or Bethsaida, in which he did not permit bis faithful ministers to labour in vain. The Son of appear, for fear of exciting the jealousy of the secular govern- man sowed the seed of the kingdom ; and it afterwards proment; or the envy and malice of the Jewish rulers.
duced a plentiful harvest. Multitudes of Jews were converted And they came to him from every quarter.] So generally || by the preaching of the gospel; and the first Christian chureh had the poor man, who was cleansed of his leprosy, spread / was founded at Jerusalem.
Christ preaches in Capernaum, I, 2. A paralytic person is brought to him, whose sins are pronounced forgiven,
3—5. The Scribes accuse him of blasphemy, 6, 7. He vindicates himself, and proves his power to forgive sins, by healing the man's disease, 8–11. The people are astonished and edified, 19. He calls Leri from the receipt of custom, 13, 14. Eats in his house with publicans and sinners, at which the Pharisees murmur, 15, 16. He vindicates his conduct, 17. Vindicates his disciples, who were accused of not fusting, 18--22; and for plucking the ears of corn on the Sabbath day, 03---26 : and teaches the right use of the Sabbath, 27, 28.
ND again ‘he entered into Ca- 2 And straightway many were gaAn. Olymp.
pernaum after some days; and it thered together, insomuch that there An: Olgmp. was noised that he was in the house. was no room to receive them ; no, not
a Matt. 9. 1, Luke 5. 18.
• Prov. 8. 31. Matt. 13. 20. Luke 5. 17. & 11. 23. Acts 17. 11.
Verse 2. So much as about the door] Meaning the yard or Verse 1. In the house.] The house of Peter, with whom court before the house. Christ lodged when at Capernaum. See the notes on Matt. Preached THE WORD) Tovacyor. The doctrine of the king. iv. 13, viii. 13.
NOTES ON CHAP. II.
dom of God; for so é nogos is repeatedly used.
Christ heals a paralytic person.
He calls Leri.
A. D. 21.
so much as about the door: and he 10 But that ye may know that the A. M. 40;1. An. Olymp. preached the word unto them.
Son of man hath power on earth to An. Olyap. 39 And they come unto him, bring- forgive sins, (lie saith to the sick of ing one sick of the palsy, which was borne of the palsy,) four.
11 I say unto thee, Arise, and take up thy 4 And when they could not come nigh unto bed, and go thy way into thine house. him for the press, they uncovered the roof 12 And immediately he arose, took up the where he was: and when they had broken it bed, and went forth before them all; insomuch up, they let down the bed wherein the sick of that they were all amazed, and glorified God, the palsy lay.
saying, We never saw it on this fashion. 5 When Jesus saw their faith, he said unto 13 | * And he went forth again by the sea the sick of the palsy, Son, thy sins be forgiven side; and all the multitude resorted unto him, thee.
and he taught them. 6 But there were certain of the scribes sitting 14 ° And as he passed by, he saw Levi the son there, and reasoning in their hearts,
of Alpheus sitting at the receipt of custom, 7 Why doth this man thus speak blasphemies? | and said unto him, Follow me. And he arose ? who can forgive sins but God only?
and followed him. 8 And immediately when Jesus perceived in 15 8 And it came to pass, that, as Jesus his spirit that they so reasoned within them- sat at meat in his house, many publicans and selves, he said unto them, Why reason ye these sinners sat also together with Jesus and his dis?
ciples : for there were many, and they followed 9 Whether is it easier to say to the sick of him. the palsy, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to 16 And when the scribes and Pharisees saw say, Arise, and take up thy bed, and walk ? him eat with publicans and sinners, they said
your hearts !
* Job 11. 4. Isai. 45.95.- Matt. 9. 4.
- Matt. 9.5.
- Matt. 9. 9.
e Matt. 9. 9. Lu!e 5. 27.
-Or, at the place where the custom wus received.
& Matt. 9. 10.
Verse 3. One sick of the palsy] A paralytic person. See Verse 12. Ile-look up the bed] The words of Prosper on Matt. ix. 1, &c.
on this place, are worthy of notice. Borne of four.] Four men, one at each corner of the “ What is siu but a deplorable fall, a grovelling on the sofa or couch on which he lay-this sick man appears to have earth, a repose in the creature, often followed by ai universal leen too feeble to come himself, and too weak to be carried pulsy of the soul; namely, an utter inability to help itsell, to in any other way.
break off its evil habits, to walk in the ways of God, to rise Verse, 4. They uncovered the roof] The houses in the East or to take one good step towards him? Grace can repair are generally male flat-roofed, that the inhabitants may have all in a moment: because it is nothing but the almighty the benefit of taking the air on them; they are also furnished will of God, who commands, and does whatever he coinwith battlements round about, Deut. xxii. 8. Judg. xvi. 27. and mandş.” 2 Sam. xi. 2. to prevent persons from falling oft; and have a Verse 14. Leri] The same as Mutthew; he appears to trap door by which they descend into the house. This door, it have been a Jew, though employed in the odious oftice of a appears, was too narrow to let down the sick man and his couch; tax-gatherer. For an account of his call, see his Gospel, chlapy. so they uncovered the roof, removed a part of the tiles, and having ix. 9, &c. broken it up, taken away the lathcs or timber, to which the tiles Verse 16. Sinners] By apagtwaon, the Gentiles or heathens had been attached, they then had room to let down the afflicted are generally to be understood in the Gospels, for this was a man. See Luke v. 1.9. and on Matt. x. 27. xxiv. 17.
term the Jews never applied to any of theinselves. See the Verse 7. Why doth this man thus speuk biasphemies?] See note on Matt. ix. 10. this explainel Matt ix. 3, &c
Ilo:v is it that he cutet!] Some very good VISS, several