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laborious bees : for proof of this, I refer you to the Rev. Dr. Pliny, an author of approved merit, and a great divine.
But I pass on to the fourth established church, the clergy of which, in all respects, possessed the spirit of University divines, or Heads of Houses ; and I trow, it is a church of great pretensions, the clergy of which are as infallible as the most holy mother pope Joan, that lady who was Christ's vicar, Peter's successor, and carried the keys of heaven, hell, and purgatory, in her pocket, when she was in her prime and her moon shone at full. I guess, by this time, you know that I mean the good old one, catholic, Roman, infallible, pontifical, universal, mother church, in the bosom of which our forefathers of the sursingle slept so snug, wrapt about with abbey lands, as with warm blankets. And if I may speak the sentiments of my sable brethren of the University, and we wish for the sake of those lands, that we were all safe rolling in her warm bosom once
But I will not keep you in suspense about it. IV. Church, the conduct of whose clergy was so near a-kin to the conduct of the clergy of *****. In the days of Betsey, the vestal Queen, the clergy suffered great discontent. For why? Because praying, reading, and scripture-expounding people were suffered to live, and were even tolerated in the University, which was a kind of counterbalance to the emolument their reverences had enjoyed in the days of Mary, of scarlet memory; for as soon as this orthodox lady had ascended the throne, matters took a very agreeable turn, and the right reverend bishops, Bonnor and Gardiner, began to work for the good of the church. Like truebred doctors, they searched every corner of the land for matter to work upon; and who should they pitch upon, trow ye, but those ministers and others who prayed to God, read and expounded the scriptures, and sung hymns ? For those clergymen were much like unto others; they discouraged praying to any besides saints, canonized in their own church ; and as for the scriptures, they found it for their interest that the sense of them should be concealed. And, no doubt, other people of the same practices have reasons equally ponderous to assign for their conduct.
Who was Cranmer, my beloved? Why truly, though he was primate of all England, he took upon him to pray, read, and expound the Scriptures, and as one such, according to the laws of the Trent council, he was expelled the convocation, and burnt to death, as an enemy to the clergy. Latimer and Ridley, and Hooper and Taylor, and Bradford and Hunter, and Philpot, &c. &c. were all of them guilty of those heinous offences of praying, of reading, of expounding the Scriptures, and of singing of hymns. The same crimes with which the Oxford methodists were charged, for which they were expelled the University.
Thus, beloved, I have with much pleasure gone so far through with my first proposed plan ; and from what I have advanced, we may raise the following remarks :
i. That the spirit of our doctors has been the same in all ages ---a noble spirit of opposition to methodistical tenets. The magicians, the astrologers, the sorcerers, and the Chaldeans, the scribes, the pharisees, the lawyers, the sadducees, and the doctors, and the shrine-makers, and the inquisitors, and the Romani bishops, and the Vice-Chancellors, and the Heads of Houses, are all in the same religion ; namely, to oppose praying, reading, and expounding the Scriptures.
2. That the state of religion in our land is likely to be soon upon a very respectable footing, seeing no more than six, out of the vast number of students at Oxford, took upon them to pray to God, to read and expound the Scriptures ; so that it is hoped, the many parishes in England will be likely to have parsons who will let their parishioners have their own way, and go quietly to hell without disturbing of them. Whereas, was not care taken to suppress praying people in the University, we should have the nation swarming with them, much to the detriment of priest. craft.
3. It is observable, that we have found out more fully what four of the six gentlemen were, ere they set a foot in the University; one was a publican; another, a smith ; a third, a barber; and a fourth, a teacher under W----y, as it is written - by the Rev. Dr. Oxoniensis ---Gazetteer 12199, April 8, 1768; and I wot, my beloved, though my kindred are professors of such arts, they are held dangerous---therefore must not be tolerated by the clergy.
First and foremost, The clergy have suffered much discontent from the blacksmith; and whilst the bitterness of the loss of the abbey-lands belcheth from our stomachs, we prunella gentlemen will never forgive the blacksmiths. Query, For why? Ans. Because he was a blacksmith's son, Lord Thomas Cromwell by name, who stripped the church; that is to say, the clergy, of those warm, those fat abbey lands. No more blacksmiths, I pray ye, now---we'll have none of them. Therefore, Mr. V--e C-------r did well in expelling the man, because he had been a blacksmith.
2. Acother of them had been a publican, i.e. a tax-gatherer ; and I suppose Mr. V--e C-------r thought the difference betwixí tar-gathering and tithe-gathering being so very trifling, that after a young man had sufficiently learned at home to gather taxes, it was quite needless for him to come to the University to learn to gather tithes. I wot, my beloved, that the old grudge betwixt the pharisees and the publicans has not yet subsided; for, as the learned Oxoniensis observes, the V-ce C-------r expelled a man the University for having been a publican.
3. And in the next place, another had been a barber ; that is to say, a shaver. His reverence, Dr. Nowel, public orator of the University, hath given it as his charitable opinion, that this same barber can make a very good wng, from whence he lovingly concludes, that the said barber need not to starve ; and from whence I conclude, that he would have made a very useful member of the University. A good wig, says Dr. Nowel, i. e, a decent artificial covering, for a bald pate; wherefore, it seems to have been very bad policy to expel so useful a man, at a time when the Heads of Houses are so bald and weather-beaten themselves.
4. A fourth was a teacher in a school, under W----y: but who or what this same W----y is, whether an hill, an old abbey, an holy college, or an oak tree, the accurate Oxoniensis does not say. But this schoolmaster who taught under it, be it what it will, was justly expelled. For why * Because he departed so very far from the rule established among students. The common rule observed by the hopeful young gentlemen of the gown, is, before they have so much as learned the first lesson of themselves, they conclude that they are able to teach others : witness so many dull parsons. But this man, though he had been accustomed to teach others, meanly debased himself so far as to receive instructions from others; but such a mean opinion of one's self being no way likely to add weight to the importance of the parson, must not be tolerated.
END OF THE SHAVER.
DIRECTIONS TO THE BINDER.
15 He fell on his knees and inplored wercy
116 Confined in an abominable cell .
201 hoar and Ruth