An Elementary Grammar of the Old Norse Or Icelandic Language

Przednia okładka
Williams and Norgate, 1870 - 117
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Strona 58 - A Verb Passive expresses a passion or a suffering, or the receiving of an action ; and necessarily implies an object acted upon, and an agent by which it is acted upon : as, to be loved ;
Strona 58 - ... or sk instead of st, and there is no doubt that it was originally simply a contraction of the reflective pronoun sik, corresponding to our self, or more exactly to the French reflective se, so that at kallast was equivalent to to call one's self, or the French s'appeler.
Strona 58 - ... there is no doubt that it was originally simply a contraction of the reflective pronoun sik , corresponding to our self, or more exactly to the French reflective se, so that at kallast was equivalent to to call one's self, or the French s'appeler. The form in question was at first purely reflective. It gradually assumed a passive force, and there are a few instances of its employment as such by classic writers in the best ages of that literature.f In modern Swedish and Danish, it is a true passive.
Strona 112 - The chief letter does not necessarily stand first in the second line, but is often preceded by one or more short words, yet not by such as require the tone or emphasis in reading. These short precursory . words which, though independent of the structure of the verse, are necessary to the completion of the sense, constitute what may be called the complement, which...
Strona 14 - SC nouns1 maintain the distinction of three genders masculine, feminine and neuter, and two numbers - singular and plural.
Strona 110 - When there is an unequal line, or a solitary member in a verse, such as the third and sixth lines of the six-membered stanzas, it always contains two alliterated words, as...
Strona 7 - But in cases where rf, <, or s follows, eg, felldi felled, allt aW, alls o/" a#, and also in compound words and derivatives where each I belongs to a separate syllable , e. g., til-lag contribution, Hal-land Holland, mikil-latr highminded, tt is sounded as in English.
Strona 103 - Some Adverbs may be compared in the same way as adjectives, as: långsamt, långsammare, långsammast; högt highly, högre, högst; or with mera and Hin.it; others are irregular, as: Positive.
Strona 9 - In a word of more than one syllable , a greater stress is naturally placed on one syllable than on another , and in a combination of words, one word is pronounced with greater force than another. For...
Strona 112 - There is no instance before the Reformation, in which the first line is rhymed with the third , and the second with the fourth , only consecutive rhyming lines being met with previously to that period.

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