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UNGRADED

VOLUME VII

MAY, 1922

NUMBER 8

Entered as second class matter at the Post omoe, Albany, N. Y., Norch 7, 1981

Signed artioles are not to be understood as seprossing the vions of the oditero

or publishers

ANDREW WHEATLEY EDSON Superintendent Edson was born in Montello, Wisconsin, December 26, 1851, and moved to Brookfield, Vermont, in 1863. Graduated at the Randolph (Vt.) State Normal School in 1870, at Montpelier Seminary in 1874, and at Dartmouth College, Phi Beta Kappa rank, with the degree of A.B. in 1878, A.M. in 1881, and Pd.D. in 1916.

He taught in the district and village schools of Vermont and Illinois for the greater part of five years while preparing for college. He was principal of the West Randolph High School one year, 1878-9; principal of the Randolph State Normal School five years, 1879-84; superintendent of schools in Attleboro, Mass., one year, 1884-5; superintendent of schools in Jersey City two and one-half years, 1885-7; agent of the Massachusetts Board of Education, organizing union superintendents' districts, supervising schools, and conducting teachers' institutes ten years, 1887-97; and has been assistant, district, and associate superintendent of schools in New York City twenty-four and one-half years.

He has done a large amount of Summer School and Institute work—one summer at Seattle, ten summers as manager and instructor at the Martha's Vineyard Summer Institute, the first aummer school of the kind in the United States, ten summers at Columbia University and Teachers College, two summers at New York University, and one summer each at Yale University and Dartmouth College.

He was Chairman of the Committee on the Nomination and Transfer of Teachers of the Board of Superintendents for ten

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years, and at the present time he has the supervision of the schools in The Bronx, as Division Superintendent, which includes four district superintendents and over 3,000 principals and teachers. He has the supervision of special classes and teachers which include 263 ungraded, 108 crippled, 40 deaf, 37 blind and sight conservation, 120 open air, 27 tuberculous, 19 cardiopathic, 26 speech improvement, three truant schools having 400 boys and three probationary schools having 550 boys, and 9 visiting teachers.

REPORT OF THE FIELD AGENTS OF THE STATE COM

MISSION FOR MENTAL DEFECTIVES, 1920-1921

The activities of the field agents are dual:

I. EXTRA-INSTITUTIONAL SUPERVISION OF MENTAL DEFECTIVES

Home Supervision. In general, the duties of the field agents are to make friends with the family, to advise as to the care of the child and to give information as to the resources of the neighborhood such as clinics for correction of physical defects, clubs, recreation centers and employment agencies. In all cases, the field agent leaves her address and tries to make the relatives feel that she can be called upon in time of trouble.

Parole Work.—The agents assist in the parole work of the State schools, at the request of the Superintendents. This includes first, investigation of the home previous to parole and recommendation to the Superintendent as to the advisability of returning the child to the home; second, supervision during parole. Occasionally it is found, after trial, that the child cannot maintain satisfactory conduct in the home. In such cases, the field agent recommends readmission to the institution.

Placing Anti-Social Cases in Institutions.-A small proportion of cases require institutional care for their own protection and that of society. These are mostly children with delinquent tendencies.

Finding Employment. In this kind of work, the field agents have been able to do very little. Because of the general unemployment during the year and because of the small staff, it seemed best to make use of existing employment agencies rather than to attempt placing children directly. A number of cases

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