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promised to go to Princeton. On his way, he lodged at the house of a young clergyman, and, on rising in the morning, he seemed greatly oppressed in spirit. On being asked what troubled him, he answered, with a heavy sigh, “ I am going to do a thing for conscience sake, directly against my conscience.” Soon after his return home, to the surprise of every body, the British quarters at Trenton were beaten up, and a British regiment taken at Princeton; the American army again advanced, and took a strong position at Morristown, by which the British in their turn, were obliged to retreat and contract their lines to Brunswick and Amboy. The Americans again got possession of the county of Monmouth, where the whigs returned in force. Mr. Tennent's mind was greatly oppressed with his untoward situation, and he severely blamed his untimely submission.
About the latter end of February, or beginning of March, 1777, Mr. Tennent was suddenly seized with a fever, attended by violent symptoms. He sent for his family physician, who was in the act of setting off for the legislature of the state, of which he was a member. He called on his patient on his way, but could spend but a few minutes with him. He, however, examined carefully into Mr. T.'s complaints, and the symptoms attending the disorder. With great candour the physician informed his patient, that the attack appeared unusually violent; that the case required the best medical aid, and that it was out of his power to attend him. He feared that, at his advanced age, there was not strength of nature sufficient to overcome so severe a shock, and that his symptoms scarcely admitted of a favourable prognostic. The good old man received this news with his usual submission to the divine will; for, as he had always considered himself as bound for eternity, he had endeavoured so to live, that when the summons should come, he would have nothing to do but to die. He calmly replied, “ I am very sensible of the violence of my disorder, that it has racked my constitution to an uncommon degree, and beyond what I have ever before experienced, and that it is accompanied with symptoms of approaching dissolution; but, blessed be God, I have no wish to live, if it should be his will and pleasure to call me hence.” After a moment's pause, he seemed to recollect himself, and varied the expression thus : “Blessed be God, I have no wish to live, if it should be his will and pleasure to call me hence, unless it should be to see a happy issue to the severe and arduous controversy my country is engaged in; but, even in this, the will of the Lord be done."
and a man of war, and prudent in matters,” fitted to attend the king both in court and camp. Now how can it be supposed that Saul's servants should have this knowledge of David previous to his combat with Goliath? Saul, whose anger was subsided, agrees to their proposal, and sends for David, whose skill in music and humble deportment so won upon the king, that he loved him greatly, and desired that he might abide with him. There only remains to be considered the junction of the close of chapter sixteen with the tenth verse of the eighteenth chapter, “ And it came to pass on the morrow,” which seems abrupt to the English reader; but the objection disappears on considering the word we render to-morrow, to be the same which occurs, Exod. xiii. 14. Josh. xxii. 24. and Deut. vi. 20. in all which places the sense requires an indefinite future time; and then it only implies, that though David's music was, through the favour of God, a means of relief to Saul, yet, that after a time, his jealousy returned, and he gave himself up to the deliberate purpose of taking the life of that man whom he fully believed God had chosen to fill the throne of Israel, (see chap. xx. 30, 31, where he calls Jonathan's attachment to David perverse rebellion, which would produce his own exclusion from the succession). It is no wonder that this impiety of Saul led him into the evils, and brought down upon himself and his house the calamities* recorded, which ended in the utter extirpation of his family except the line of Jonathan, which was preserved by David in Mephibosheth.
ANECDOTE. After the signal victory off Trafalgar, one of the Spanish ships was taken possession of by the British; on board of which the Spanish captain addressed the Priest as follows: “ Father, there has been a serious loss on our part: it appears that God fights for the Protestants!" To whom the Priest gravely replied, « Yes, he has fought for them indeed! and by this battle, it should seem that God himself is a Protestant!"
By evils as distinguished from calamities I mean those great sins, the destruction of the priests, consequent neglect of God's worship, and, at length, seeking to devils for direction, into which Saul fell, and which awfully terminated in suicide: in the outline of his history (as David was a type of the Messiah,) Saul seems to have resembled Judas, both in his election and apostacy.
A letter from the Directors of the Nether. blished missionary society in London land Missionary Society.
was brought to us, and awoke, in the first To the Rev. Dr. Ashbel Green, chairman place, the learned and pious Mr. I. F. of the standing committee of missions of Vanderkemp, who, upon particular inforthe General Assembly of the Presb terian mation that it was to be sent throughout church in the United States of America. Christendom, was seized with an ardent REV, SIR,
desire to go and proclaim the tidings of Your very acceptable letter dated Phi- salvation to the heathen; he made a ladelphia, 28th April, 1804, came safe to voyage to London, to visit the English our hands, and we acknowledge our obli. brethren; upon his return, he was stigation for the opening you have made for mulated by his zeal, to form a small so. a brotherly correspondence with you. We ciety here, in Rotterdam, and in other have learned with pleasure, from the parts of our country, from which our so. worthy brethren at New-York, with whom ciety originated. Then he went again to we have corresponded since the year England, taking with him the pious young 1800, that the missionary spirit increases teacher, Mr. 77. Kicherer, which brein all parts of your country; we trust it thren, in the year 1798, made the first has been excited by the same spirit which voyage to Africa, on account of the Lonin these last days has, amidst all the don society, and some societies with us. commotions of the world, enkindled so Brother Vanderkempwas ordained a teachmuch christian zeal for the conversion of er in England. the heathen, and for the instruction of 3. What are your leading religious destitute christians, especially of those principles? on your own borders, who, in such a A. Our society have wished to estabmultitude, call for help.
lish themselves, simply, upon the Gospel We thank you particularly for your of Grace for sinners, according to the inminute statement of the furtherance with structions of the Saviour and his apostles, which this important undertaking has as will be explained to you in a smalí been blessed; and we perceive also with pamphlet which accompanies this. gratitude the communion with our glori. 4. What obstacles or difficulties have fied Head, which is the only sure band you had to surmount? that can produce brotherly co-operation; A. After the first mission to Africa on and that he has graciously pleased that account of the English brethren, we also so many different christians should here. engaged some other missionaries, and in, with one heart and one soul, wish to sent them to those parts, to serve withinbe the evidence that he will openly ap. land: therein we had no great difficulty; prore all who truly engage in this work and throughout the whole we have met for the enlargement of his kingdom. This with more encouragement and assistance also strengthens the hands of all here in than obstruction, both from the pious here Europe, of different religious societies, and in that country. and of different ranks, who have united 5. Have any opposed you by writing, in this weighty undertaking; and it gives or by governmental influence ? us boldness to request your help in mutual A. Some small pamphlets were publishlove and labour, and by your prayers. ed, containing reflections on our under.
You have the goodness to ask from us taking; but none expressly in opposition some particulars respecting our society to it: nevertheless, the guvernment has about which you have had only some im. always been friendly and helpful to us, perfect reporis: we shall satisfactorily an. although it was not necessary for them swer your questions, but it will not be ne. to countenance it by public authority, cessary to be very particular, as we must which indeed we never asked. Both the especially refer to the printed pamphlets English and Dutch governments at the sent herewith, which we request you to Cape of Good Hope have been very faaccept in love.
vourable to the brethren. You ask is,
6. What are your funds ? 1. How long has your society existed? A. Voluntary contributions, and gifts
Answer. Since the month of December, from devout people, have not been incon1797.
siderable, and have hitherto been suffi. 2. What were the circumstances and cient. motives which led to its institution?
7. What is the number of your mis4. A report from a then lately esta. sionaries? Vol. II.
4. You will see by the pamphlets sent stand from the little printed account sent herewith that the number of the Dutch herewith. missionaries is not vet very great; but Brother Kicherer, with his friends, when we join, from time to time, in the went upon a new missionary vovage in same work with the English brethren, un- October, 1804: we hope soon to receive dertakings can be set forward, for which information of his arrival at the Cape of there is great encouragement. We have Good Hope. These brethren have receiv. now also in our employ Dutch brethren ed new instructions for Africa, with the from a religious missionary seminary at approbation of the English brethren. Berlin.
13. What are your hopes and prospects 8. Are they all men of education, or not? for the future?
A. But few besides Dr. Van lerkemo A. Our hope is, that our Lord Jesus and Mr. Kicherer have had an academic Christ, who was so evidently with our cal education; but we require good na missionaries, will establish a true church tural understanding, and an aptness for both in Africa and elsewhere, whereby the missionary work which they under- the poor and ignorant natives may cm. take; and, above all, a hearty love to brace the truth, and their lives be there. the Lord Jesus Christ, and to the souls of by truly reformed, and his honour estabtheir fellow-men.
lished. We can say but little as to our 9. What instructions do you give your future prospects: could we once have a missionaries?
general peace and open navigation, we A. We instruct them to qualify them- should have prospects from our Asiatic selves beforehand as much as possible settlements; but this is uncertain. We with all the requisites for christian mis. have reason to stand astonished that, by sionaries, as well with respect to their the blessing of the Lord, so much has preaching, as to the conduct of the mis- been done in so few years; and we wish, sion; (such instructions have hitherto moreover, to see what other ways will be been carefully given by our brethren ap- opened. pointed for that purpose at Rotterdam;) '14. What advice can you give to us! and also relating to the common doctrine A. Far be it from us to presume to of salvation by the knowledge of the gos. give any advice to your superior know. pel, and its necessary fruits, without be- ledge, and greater experience, especially ing restricted by the peculiar system of respecting the places and circumstances any particular church.
of your extensive missions, which differ 10. What are the places to which you so much from ours. Praver, and the con. have already sent missionaries?
,tinual committing our society to the pow. A. For our own part, we have senter and mercy of the Lord, is our princi: missionaries only to Africa, where the pal mean. Our society has spread itself extent of the country, and the prospect of through all our provinces, and many take a blessing, afford great encouragement part in it in each city and village, where
11. And what other places do you con- the members meet on the first Monday template for them?
in every month: as in England they hold A. If it please God to bless us, we meeting for praver, communicate infor: think of Madagascar, or Celon, formation relating to the spreading of the which last island also a Holland sister, gospel, and keep alive and strengthen married to the Dutch brother Palm, is religious impressions. We send you now on a voyage, in the employ of the herevith the Report for 1804. English company.
We pray you to receive this little par. 12. What has been your success hi. cel in love, and the rather because it will therto?
confirm the foregoing letter. We request A. Besides the blessing which has at an answer, and also some accounts from tended our undertaking here in this you of your proceedings, or concerning country, in many awakenings of the pi- religious revivals in your country: such ous, and in instructing many of our igno- will very much oblige us. rant countrymen, the favourable reports We earnestly entreat a remembrance of of our missionaries give us great reason our society in your addresses to the throne for a thankful acknowledgment of the di- of grace; as we also shall not forget yours; vine goodness; particularly in the year being with great esteen and love, past, a visit was paid to Europe by the
The Directors of the Netherland worthy Kicherer, with three converted
Missionary Society. Africans, which were here, as well as in In the name of the whole, England, a very acceptable fruit of the
B. LEDEBOER, Secretary'. Jabour of this brother, as you will under Rotterdam, May 20, 1805.
Philadelphia, Feb. 4, 1806. of them able to read, and still more of
them are disposed earnestly to listen to PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL.
what the Bible contains. Even the ame. To all who love the prosperiti of Zion, and
lioration of their condition in this life, by are disposed to aid in propagating the Gos
a knowledge and belief of the scriptures, pel arnong the Heathen.
would be an event calculated to produce The subscriber lately returned from a a lively jov, in every mind influenced by rovage to the East-Indies, touched in humanity: for their horrible superstition Europe, and was in London in August subjects them unceasingly to the most last, where he received from the Baptist dreadful torments, and annually deprives Missionary society in England, for pro- a large number even of life itself. But in pagating the gospel among the heathen, addition to this, how interesting must be one thousand guineas, to be sent in the the thought to every truly pious mind, spring to the missionaries in Bengal, for that many of these miserable creatures, the purpose of printing the sacred scrip- by having a Bible in their hands, may not tures in one of the languages of that coun. only better their worldly condition, but try. There are seven languages that the become truly converted unto God, and missionaries there aim to translate and through the merits of the Saviour, be publish the scriptures in. They have raised to eternal happiness and glory, made such progress in three of them that Among the many objects which we know it is expected that the above sum will en are now soliciting the patronage of the able them to complete the work. The pious and the liberal, throughout our money is now in the hands of ROBERT country, we cannot but think, that this deRalstoy, Esquire, of Philadelphia, who serves a marked attention. Nor can we will forward it in due time. Should any forbear to add, that we have good reason individual, society, or congregation of to believe, that donations from the inhapeople in the United States of America, bitants of the United States, for the probe disposed to contribute to this good motion of the design which has here been work, Mr. Ralston will gladly receive specified, would greatly animate and enwhatever may be sent to him for that courage the worthy men who are engaged purpose, and add to it the above sum, to in the translation of the scriptures, by be forwarded to the missionaries at Se- giving them a striking proof that their arTampore, near Calcutta.
duous work interests the feelings, and is (Signed)
accompanied by the good wishes of chrisBENJAMIN WICKES, Sen. tians, in every region to which the know. Philadelphia, Nov. 4, 1804.
ledge of it has extended.
Some other important considerations, We whose names are underwritten, which it is hoped will as much encourage ministers of the gospel in the city of Phi- the liberality of the public, as they ani. ladelphia, do hereby certify that we are mate the hopes and labours of the mis. fully ascertained that the statement made sionaries in India, ought to be briefly by capt. Wickes, in the foregoing adver- stated. At Serampore, the immediate tisement, is perfectly correct. We also seat of the mission, there are a type fountake the liberty respectfully to recom- dery and printing presses, together with a mend to the pious and the liberal of all valuable library,consisting chiefly of books denominations of christians, in the United containing the various copies and readings States, an attention to the important ob. of the scriptures, with whatever can mate. jects which this advertisement holds up rially facilitate the labours of a translator. to their view. Nothing, it appears to us, Learned natives can be procured to assist can be more interesting to a truly bene. in the work: and the local situation of the Tolent nind. The design contemplated, mission is such as will render its distri. is net to disseninate the favourite tenets bution throughout India easy and imof any particular sect of christians. It is mediate. The missionaries themselves, to print and propagate, among a race of (among whom is the laborious, learned, heathen who are sunk and degraded by and pious Mr. CAREY, professor of Ori. the vilest and cruelest system of super. ental languages, in the college of Fort stition and idolatry, the pure word of eter. William, at Calcutta) have been so long nal life contained in the holy scriptures, engaged in studying language, and trans. without any gloss or comment whatso- lating, that the employment bas become erer. If this can be extensively effected, in a good degree habitual. the bappiest consequences may be ex. Seven languages are spoken in India: pected to follow; since the natives of In. the Ootkul, which prevails among form dia, unlike most other pagans, ure, many millions of the inhabitants; the Telinga