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these, together with the Ordinary of the Mass, will give you the entire liturgy of the Mass of lhe day.
3. If the Mass be of a saint, look for the day of the month in its place, according to paragraph VI.; is there be a proper Mass, you will find there its variable parts; if there be not a proper Mass, you will find a reference to the Mass in the Common of saints, as in paragraph XIX. where those variable parts will be had.-Look for that common Mass, and by combining its variable parts with the ordi'nary, the liturgy will be found.
4. Sometimes part of the variable portion is taken from the proper, as in the day of the month, and from the common as described in paragraph XIX.; then the three parts must be combined by reading all that is found in the proper under the day of the month, and the remainder of the variable part from the common Mass, and combining them with the ordinary of the Mass.
5. Sometimes a Commemoration is made; that is, the Collect, Secret and Post-communion of one festival, of a lesser denomination, are said after those of the Mass of the day,--they are to be found as you would look for the variable part of the Mass of the festival to which they belong, under the day of the month if they be proper, or, if not, in the common Mass to which that place refers. If the Commemoration be of a Sunday, or any other day, the Mass of which is found in that part regu lated according to the time, the Collect, Secret or Postcommunion, will be found in the proper place according to time.
6. When a final Mass is to be celebrated, which happens on a day which has no proper Mass assigned therefore, either by the day of the month or by the proper of time, the Mass of the preceding Sunday is said, withwut the Gloria in excelsis or the Creed.
XXI. The moveable feasts are all those comprehended in the enumeration of paragraph V. with the exception of Christmas, the Circumcision and Epiphany. They are called moveable, because they are not on fixed day of the month, but move from day to day, as does the festival of Easter, on which they depend, and which is regulated by the phases of the moon; being celebrated on the first Sunday which follows the fourteenth day after the first new moon immediately after the vernal equinox.
7. A Table of those moveable feasts, for a number of years, is given to assist the person using this Missal.
XXII. There are six Sundays marked after Epiphany before Septuagesima Sunday, sometimes Easter happen. ng very early, only three or four of those Sundays intervene,-the others are then omitted, and the ottice of Septuagesima taken up on its proper day.
XXIII. There are twenty-four Sundays marked between Pentecost and Advent; when Easter is early, Pentecost is early of course, and a greater number of Sundays than twenty-four intervene before Advent. The office is regulated by taking up the Masses, &c. of the Sun. days omitted after Epiphany that year, after the 23d Sunday following Pentecost, and celebrating them in their succession, leaving however the Mass of the 24th Sunday after Pentecost to be invariably celebrated on the Sun. day next before the first Sunday of Advent.
XXIV. The first Sunday of Advent is always that which is nearest to the feast of St. Andrew the apostle, viz.: that which happens on or between the 27th of No. vember and the 3d of December,-which is the reason for commencing the festivals of the saints, with the Vigil of St. Andrew, that as the Missal begins with the first Sunday of Advent, which commences the ecclesiastical year, boih its parts, of the T'ime, and of the Saints, might correspond.
8. But in the Calendar the enumeration of festivals be. gins with the lst of January, for the convenience of the reader.
911 the Scriptural parts which in the Original Lutin are taken from the Vulgate, have, in this Edition been faith. fully compared with, and made literally conformable to the received and approved Version of the Holy Scrip. tures, as revised and edited by the Right Rev. und Ven Dr. Richard Challoner, of learned and pious miemory.
The Prayers and portions of Holy Scripture, of which the Mass, or Liturgy of the Catholic Church, is composed, are in part unalterably the same, and partly different every day: those that are fixed and invariable, are contained in what is called the ORDINARY OF THE MASS, fron pages xv. to xlviii. inclusively; and the changeable or proper parts, (viz. the INTROITS, COLLECTS, EPISTLES and LESSONS, GRADUALS and TRACTS, GosPELS, OFFERTORIES, SECRETS, COMMUNIONS and PostCOMMUNIONS) form the subsequent contents of the book. But as the PREFACES are not so frequently subject to change, they follow each other in regular succession in the Ordinary.
The Ecclesiastical Year, with respect to the Sundays and Moveable Feasts, commences with the FIRST Sun. DAY of ADVENT, and closes on the LAST SUNDAY after Pentecost; and with regard to the Festivals of the Saints, from the Feast of St. ANDREW, the 30th of November, to the Eve of the same Festival the year following, inclusively.
In order therefore to find out the PROPER Mass of the day, look for that day of the month in the Calendar, opposite to which may be seen a reference to the page wherein it is contained; and if a Double should fall on a Sunday, then the Mass of the Double is said instead of the Mass of the Sunday, except it be a Sunday of the FIRST CLASS. viz. the first Sunday of ADVENT or LENT, Passion, Palm, EASTER, Whit, and TRINITY SUNDAYS : and the Sundays of the SECOND CLASS, which cannot be superseded, except by Doubles of the FIRST CLASS, are the ii. iii. and iv. of ADVENT, SEPTUAGESIMA, SEXAGESIMA, and QUINQUAGESIMA, as also the ii. iii. and 'v. of Lent. It must however be remarked that the
Gospels for Sundays thus superseded by Doubles are never omitted, but always recited (instead of St. John's GOSPEL) at the end OF Mass; and also that a Commem. oration of the Sunday, by its proper COLLECT, SECRET, and PostCOMMUNION, is always made immediately after the Collect, &c. of the Festival.
But as it sometimes happens that a Double is trans. ferred to a future vacant day, on account of the Octave of some festival of higher rank intervening, then the difficulty of finding out such transferred festival, may be easily removed by consulting the Laity's Directory, published as a guide to the morning, as well as the evening service of the church.
As references are frequently made to the Common of Saints, commencing at p. 459, to the Proper of Saints, beginning with p. 521, and continuing in regular progression to the end of the Ecclesiastical Year; the reader will find the Masses thus referred to, designated by numerical letters, from No. I. to XXI. inclusively : Be it therefore observed, that on whatever day of the month these numerical references appear in the Calendar, or General Index, it denotes that the Mass thereof (having no proper parts assigned to it) is taken entirely from the Common Mass referred to: but should any exceptions occur, they are stated in a parenthesis.
Commemorations are made by the addition of a ColLECT, SECRET and PostcoMMUNION, to those that are proper to the feast of the day. When therefore the word COLLECT, with an &c. annexed thereto, appears in the Rubrics, the &c. denotes that its proper Secret and Postcommunion are also comprehended.
ABBREVIATIONS EXPLAINED. ap. Apostle, m. Martyr, mm. Martyrs, p. Pope, abp. Archbishor, bp. Bishop, pr. Priest, c. Confessor, D. Doctor, ab. Abbot, v. Virgin, w. Widow, B. Blessed, d. Double, sd. Semidouble, d. I. cl. Double of the first class, d. II. cl. Double of the second class. gr. d. Greater Double. The Holy-days of obligation are in CAPITALS, and the days of particular devotion in Italics
The CALENDAR, or GENERAL INDEX to the
JANUARY, XXXI Days.