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That ye walk worthy of the Lord, &c. strengthened with all might, according to his glorious power, unto all patience and long-suffering.-Col. i. 10, 11.
But now you also put off all these, anger, wrath, malice, &c. put on meekness, long-suffering, forbearing one another.-Col. iii. 8. 12, 13.
Be patient towards all men.1 Thess. v. 14.
But thou, O man of God, &c. follow after patience, meekness.-1 Tim. vi. 11. 2 Tim. iii. 10.
The servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle unto all men, &c. patient (or forbearing); in meekness instructing those that oppose themselves, if God, &c.—2 Tim. ii. 24, 25.
That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in patience.-Titus ii. 2.
be sober, and hope to the end.1 Pet. i. 13.
What glory is it, if when ye be buffetted for your faults, ye take it patiently? But if when ye do well, and suffer for it, you take it patiently, this is acceptable with God.-1 Pet. ii. 20.
Whose adorning, let it not be that outward, &c. but the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible; the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price, &c. He that will love life, &c. let him seek peace, and ensue it, &c. Be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you, with meekness and fear.1 Pet. iii. 3, 4. 10, 11. 15.
The end of all things is at hand; be ye therefore sober.-1 Pet. iv. 7. Add, &c. to knowledge, temperance; and to temperance, patience.
Put them in mind, &c. to be no brawlers, gentle, shewing all meek--2 Pet. i. 6. ness unto all men.-Titus iii. 2.
Ye have need of patience, that after ye have done the will of God, ye might receive the promise.-Heb. x. 36.
Let us run with patience the race that is set before us, looking unto Jesus.-Heb. xii. 1-3.
The trying of your faith worketh patience. But let patience have her perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing, &c. Let every man be, &c. slow to wrath; for the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God, &c. Receive with meekness the ingrafted word. James i. 3, 4. 19-21.
Who is a wise man? Let him shew out of a good conversation his works with meekness of wisdom. But if ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, &c. For where envying and strife is, there is confusion, &c. But the wisdom that is from above, is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be intreated, &c.—James iii. 13, 14. 16, 17.
Gird up the loins of your mind;
SECT. XIII. To take heed to our Lips, that our Words be not rash, but true, seasonable, well ordered, and savoury.
THE angels said, they would not go in with Lot; yet being pressed, did go in.-Gen. xix. 1-3. 2 Kings ii. 16,17. Ye shall not, &c. lie one to another. Levit. xix. 11. 14.
How forcible are right words? But what doth your arguing reprove?— Job vi. 25, 26.
Ye are forgers of lies, &c. O, that you would altogether hold your peace, and it should be your wisdom. Will you speak wickedly for God? and talk deceitfully for him?-Job xiii. 4,5.7.
He that speaketh flattery to his friends, even the eyes of his children shall fail.—Job xvii. 5.
My lips shall not speak wickedness, nor my tongue utter deceit.-Job xxvii. 4.
Now Elihu had waited till Job had spoken, because they were elder than he, &c. He said, I am young, and ye very old; wherefore I was afraid, and
durst not shew you my opinion.- and of his greatness, goodness, and Job xxxii. 4. 6.
I uttered that I understood not; things too wonderful for me, which I knew not, &c. wherefore I abhor myself.-Job xlii. 3. 6.
Thou shalt destroy them that speak leasing. Ps. v. 6.
They speak vanity every one with his neighbour with flattering lips, with a double heart do they speak. The Lord shall cut off all flattering lips, &c. who have said, With our tongue will we speak, our lips are our own, who is Lord over us?-Ps. xii. 2-4. xxxi. 18.
Lord, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? &c. He that speaketh the truth in his heart, he that backbiteth not with his tongue.-Ps. xv. 1-3. Isa. xxiii. 15.
I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.-Ps. xvii. 3. cxli. 3.
What man is he that desireth life? &c. Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips from speaking guile.-Ps. xxxiv. 12, 13.
The mouth of the righteous speaketh wisdom, and his tongue talketh of judgment.-Ps. xxxvii. 30. cxix.
I said, I will take heed to my ways, that I sin not with my tongue, I will keep my mouth with a bridle, while the wicked is before me.-Ps. xxxix. 1. cxli. 3.
Thou gavest thy mouth to evil; and thy tongue frameth deceit. Thou sittest and speakest against thy brother, &c.-Ps. 1. 19, 20.
The wicked, &c. go astray as soon as they are born, speaking lies.-Ps. lviii.3. The mouth of them that speak lies shall be stopped.-Ps. lxiii. 11.
My tongue also shall talk of thy righteousness all the day long.-Ps. lxxi. 24. cxix. 46. 172.
It went ill with Moses for their sakes; because they provoked his spirit, so that he spake unadvisedly with his lips.-Ps. cvi. 32, 33.
I hate and abhor lying.-Ps. cxix. 163.
memorable acts.-Ps.cxlv.5-7. 11, 12. Put away from thee a froward mouth and perverse lips put far from thee.-Prov. iv. 24.
These six things doth the law hate, &c. a lying tongue, &c. a false witness, that speaketh lies.-Prov. vi. 16, 17. 19.
A prating fool shall fall the mouth of a righteous man is a well of life, &c. In the lips of him that hath understanding, wisdom is found, &c. He that hideth hatred with lying lips, and he that uttereth a slander, is a fool. In the multitude of words there wanteth not sin; but he that refraineth his lips, is wise. The tongue of the just is as choice silver, &c. The lips of the righteous feed many, &c. The mouth of the just bringeth forth wisdom, &c. The lips of the righteous know what is acceptable.-Prov. x. 10. 13. 18-21.31,32.
He that speaketh truth sheweth forth righteousness, &c. Lying lips are an abomination to the Lord: but they that deal truly are his delight.— Prov. xii. 17. 22.
He that keepeth his mouth, keepeth his life but he that openeth wide his lips, shall have destruction, &c. A righteous man hateth lying.— Prov. xiii. 3. 5.
A soft answer turneth away wrath : but grievous words stir up anger. The tongue of the wise useth knowledge aright: but the mouth of fools poureth out foolishness, &c. A wholesome tongue is a tree of life: but perverseness therein is a breach in the spirit, &c. The lips of the wise disperse knowledge, &c. A man hath joy by the answer of his mouth and a word spoken in due season, how good is it? The heart of the righteous studieth to answer: but the mouth of the wicked poureth out evil things.-Prov. xv. 1, 2. 4. 7. 23. 28.
Righteous lips are the delight of kings: and they love him that speaketh right, &c. The heart of the wise teacheth his mouth, and addeth learn
THE DUTY OF BELIEVERS.
ing unto his lips. Pleasant words are as an honey-comb, sweet to the soul.-Prov. xvi. 13. 23, 24.
Excellent speech becometh not a fool: much less do lying lips a prince. He that hath a perverse tongue, falleth into mischief, &c. He that hath knowledge, spareth his words, &c. Even a fool, when he holdeth his peace, is counted wise: he that shutteth his lips, is esteemed a man of understanding.-Prov. xvii. 7. 20. 27, 28.
A fool's lips enter into contention : and his mouth calleth for strokes, &c. His mouth is his destruction, and his lips the snare of his soul. The words of a talebearer (or whisperer) are as wounds, &c. He that answereth a matter before he heareth; it is folly and shame unto him, &c. Death and life are in the power of the tongue, &c. The rich man answereth roughly. -Prov. xviii. 6-8. 13. 21. 23.
He that speaketh lies shall not escape, &c. he shall perish.-Prov.
xix. 5. 9.
Whoso keepeth his mouth and his tongue, keepeth his soul from troubles. -Prov. xxi. 23.
A word fitly spoken, is like apples of gold in pictures of silver.-Prov.
Answer not a fool according to his folly, lest thou also be like unto him. Answer a fool according to his folly, lest he be wise in his own conceit. Prov. xxvi. 4, 5.
Let another man praise thee, not thine own mouth: a stranger, not thine own lips.—Prov. xxvii. 2.
A fool uttereth all his mind: but a wise man keepeth it in till afterwards. Seest thou a man that is hasty in his words? there is more hope of a fool than of him.-Prov. xxix. 11. 20.
A time to keep silence, and to speak.-Eccles. iii. 7.
Be not rash with thy mouth and let not thine heart be hasty to utter any thing before God, &c. Let thy words be few, &c. for in many words
there are also divers vanities: but fear thou God.-Eccles. v. 2, 3. 7.
The words of wise men are heard in quiet.-Eccles. ix. 17.
are gracious (or grace), &c. A fool The words of a wise man's mouth also is full of words; a man cannot tell what shall be.-Eccles. x. 12. 14.
and as nails fastened by the masters The words of the wise are as goads, of assemblies.-Eccles. xii. 11.
I hearkened, and heard; but they spake not aright, &c.-Jer. viii. 6.
bow, for lies: but are not valiant for They bent their tongues like their the truth, &c. will not speak the truth; they have taught their tongue to speak lies, &c. Their tongue is as an arrow shot out, it speaketh deceit. One speaketh peaceably to his neighbour with his mouth; but in his heart he layeth in wait.Jer. ix. 3. 5. 8. Acts vi. 9. 11. 13. 1 Kings xxi. 7, 8.
because there is no truth, &c. By The Lord hath a controversy, &c. swearing and lying, &c.-Hosea iv. 1,2.
that time, for it is an evil time.The prudent shall keep silence in Amos v. 13.
her that lieth in thy bosom.-Micah
his neighbour.-Zech. viii. 16.
yea; nay, nay; for whatsoever is
How can ye, being evil, speak good
Those things which proceed out of the mouth, come forth from the heart, and they defile the man.-Matt. xv. 18. And all wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth.-Luke iv. 22.
Peter (too rashly) said unto Christ, Thou shalt never wash my feet. John xiii. 8.
Ananias and Sapphira lied to the Holy Ghost, and were both smitten dead.—Acts. v. 1—10.
Bless, and curse not.-Rom. xii. 14. In the church I had rather speak five words with my understanding, that I might teach others also, than ten thousand words in an unknown tongue, &c. It is a shame for women to speak in the church.-1 Cor. xiv. 19. 35.
Evil communications corrupt good manners.-1 Cor. xv. 33.
Wherefore putting away lying, speaking every man truth with his neighbour, &c. Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your mouth, but that which is good, to the use of edifying (or to edify profitable) that it may minister grace unto the hearers and grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, &c. Let all bitterness, &c. and clamour, and evil speaking be put away.-Eph. iv. 25. 29-31.
But fornication, &c. let it not be once named amongst you, as becometh saints; neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not convenient.-Eph. v. 3, 4.
But now you also put off all these, &c. blasphemy, filthy communication out of your mouths. Lie not one to another, &c.-Col. iii. 8, 9.
Let your speech be always with grace, seasoned with salt, that ye may know how ye ought to answer every man. Col. iv. 6.
Neither give heed to fables, &c. which minister questions, rather than godly edifying.1 Tim. i. 4.
They learn to be idle, &c. and not only idle, but tattlers also, and busybodies; speaking things which they ought not.-1 Tim. v. 13.
Doting about questions, and strifes of words; whereof cometh envy, strife, railing, &c. perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, &c.1 Tim. vi. 4, 5.
Charging them before the Lord, that they strive not about words to no profit, but to the subverting of the hearers, &c. Shun profane and vain babblings, for they will increase unto more ungodliness; and their word will eat as doth a canker, &c. But foolish and unlearned questions avoid, knowing that they do gender strifes.-2 Tim. ii. 14. 16, 17. 23.
In all things shew thyself a pat tern, &c. Sound speech, that cannot be condemned; that he that is of the contrary part may be ashamed. Titus ii. 7. 8.
Speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, &c.-Titus iii. 2.
Let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, &c. If any man among you seem to be religious, and bridleth not his tongue, but deceiveth his own heart, this man's religion is vain.— James i. 19. 26.
If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body. Behold, we put bits in the horses' mouths, &c. The ships, though great, &c. yet are they turned about with a very small helm whithersoever the governor listeth: so the tongue is a little member, and boasteth great things, &c. And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue amongst our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature and it is set on fire of hell. For every kind of beast, &c. have been tamed of mankind; but the tongue can no man tame: it is an unruly evil, full of deadly poison. Therewith bless we God, even the Father: and therewith curse we men, &c. Out of the same mouth pro
ceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be.-James iii. 2-4. 6-10.
Speak not evil one of another, brethren: for he that speaketh evil of his brother, and judgeth his brother, speaketh evil of the law.-James iv. 11. Wherefore laying aside all malice, &c. and evil speaking.-1 Pet. ii. 1. Not rendering, &c. railing for railing: but contrariwise, blessing, &c. He that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile.-1 Pet. iii. 9, 10.
But these, as natural brute beasts, &c. speak evil of the things that they understand not.-2 Pet. ii. 12.
The Lord, &c. to convince all, &c. of all their hard speeches, which ungodly sinners have spoken against him. Jude 14, 15.
All liars shall have their part in the lake which burneth, &c. and there shall in no wise enter in, &c. whosoever worketh abomination,or maketh a lie.-Rev. xxi. 8. 27.
Without are dogs, &c. and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie. Rev. xxii. 15.
SECT. XIV. To confess and mourn for Sin, depart from it, and watch against it: the Arguments, God's Complaint against, and Reasoning with Sinners: his Threatenings and Judgments against Sin and Sinners.
I. What Sin is.
By the law is the knowledge of sin.Rom. iii. 20. vii. 7. 13.
Sin is the transgression of the law. -1 John iii. 4.
All unrighteousness is sin.-1 John v. 17.
Whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all.-James ii. 10.
II. To confess our Sins unto God; both our own and others; and to mourn for them.
AND Moses returned unto the Lord,
and said, O, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold, &c.-Exod. xxxii. 31. Deut. ix. 16. 18-20.
And Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions, and all their sins, &c. Levit. xvi. 21.
If they shall confess their iniquity, and the iniquity of their fathers; with their trespasses which they have trespassed against me: and that also they have walked contrary unto me, &c. then will I remember my covenant.-Levit. xxvi. 40. 42.
When a man or woman shall commit any sin, &c. then they shall confess their sin which they have done.— Numb. v. 6, 7.
Joshua said unto Achan, Give glory to the God of Israel, and make confession, &c.-Josh. vii. 19.
And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the Lord.2 Sam. xii. 13.
David's heart smote him, &c. And David said unto the Lord, I have sinned greatly in that I have done.— 2 Sam. xxiv. 10.
Wicked Ahab his mourning kept off the threatened judgments in his days.-1 Kings xxi. 27. 29.
Ezra said, I am ashamed, and blush to lift up my face to thee, my God: for our iniquities are increased over our head, and our trespasses, &c.— Ezra ix. 5, &c. x. 6. 2 Kings xxii. 11. 13. 19.
Nehemiah confesseth thus: Both I and my father's house have sinned: we have dealt very corruptly against thee, and have not kept, &c.-Neh. i. 6, 7. ix. 16, &c.
Job saith, I have sinned: what shall I do unto thee, O thou preserver of men?-Job vii. 20. ix. 2, 3.
If any say, I have sinned, and perverted that which was right, and it profited me not. He will deliver his soul, &c.-Job xxxiii. 27, 28.
Job answered the Lord, and said,