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1446 ROMAN MEASURES OF EXTENT AND CAPACITY. TABLE IV. II. ROMAN MEASURES OF EXTENT. 2. Uncial subdivisions of the Jugerum. "...~... * * * –– **-------------------------------------------------------- 16 167.31 3 T Quadrans------------------------------------------------- 24 250.96 ---- 1 |Too----------------------... 33 62.36 5 go 13 Q"*-------------------------------------. l, l 146.02 3 || 2 || || || semi................................... I 0 220 & 7 || 3 || 2 | is l; || | Septunx.-----------------.......... 1 18 4 1.07 s IT & To Tú" is u **-------------------------- I 26 124 73 | 9 || 4 || 3 To 1; 14 His Dodrans................ 1 34 20s as to 5 3} 2} 2 13 || 1 || || 14 ..}} Dextan... - - - - - - - 2 3 19.78 T 5, 3, 2, 3, T3 is is THT IN. Downs...... 2 Ll 10341 is 6 || 4 || 3 || 3 || 3 || 1: To Tij || || || || Jeskov, 2 19 is, 09 TABLE W.

II. ROMAN MEASURES OF EXTENT.

3. Measures above the Jugerum.

Acres. Rools. Perches sq. ft.

'ugerum---------------------------------------------------- 2 19 187 2 Heredium--------------------------------------------- l 0 39 102 200 100 Centuria.---------------------------------------- 124 2 17 1 10 so " " so..... 498 L 29 167 TABLE VI. III. ROMAN MEASURES OF CAPACITY. 1. For Liquids. (Unit: Amphora–51, gallons.) Cub, inch. Gall. q's. pts. Ligula”----------------------------------------------------------- 000 ().th:2 4 Cyathus---------------------------------------------------- 2 74 ( 0S Te T1, Acetabulum------------------------------------------ 4.12 (). 12 12 3 2 | Quartarius - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - S.23 () : 1 24 6 T Hemina---------------------------------- is " () is 48 l2 8 4. * | Sextarius---------------------------- 3:2 93 0.9.", 288 72 48 || 24 12 6 | Congius----------------------- 19750 2 1.70 mix. Toss || 199 || 95 is || 2 || 4 || Uma.................... 970.3s 2 3 ose got 576 3s 192 96 || 48 || 8 || 2 | Asphor............ 15S0.75 5 2 1 51 460soliloo 16so asso jogo. 950 sigo Tao's 20 sculous........ 3.1615.0l l ; 4 0 (). So

* By a comparison of the Congius with the Libra, the Ligula will be sound to correspond very nearly with three drachms ( : in) liquid measure of the apothecaries.

TABLE VII.-III. ROMAN MEASURES OF CAPACITY. 2. For things dry. (Unit : Modius=7 qts., 1 pt.) cub. st. cub. inch. bush. pecks. Qts pts. Ligula------ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.69 0.0: 4 Cyathus------------------------------------- 2.74 ...] | 3 || || Acetabulum........... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4. 12 0.12 12 a * | Quartarius----------------------- 8.23 0.24 24 6 4 2 Hemina-------------------- 1647 0.48 48 12 8 4 2 Sextarius------------- 32.93 0.95 3s 96 || 64 || 3: 16 s_seminodius------ 263.46 3 1.6l *To os ojoso || 3 |Mooo.... 526.92 7 l.2 i 10..... 3 85.17 2 l 4. 0.13 100 - - - - - 30 851.69 23 3 0 1.33 * 1000 - - - - - 304 1684.89 || 2:37 2 6 1.26 TABLE VIII.—IV. ROMAN WEIGHTS. 1. (Unit : Libra–10 oz., 10 ducts., 9.5 grs. Troy Weight.) lbs. oz. dwis grs. |lls. cz. drs. Siliqua--------------------------------------------- - - - - - - - - - - - - - •) ( (). 11 3. Obolus-----------... 8.8 0.32 6 2. scrupulum----------------------------------------- 17.5 0.64 12 4. 2 Senisextula----------------------------------- 1 11.1 1.28 24 8 4. 2 Sextula--------------. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 22.1 2.56 36 12 o 3|T. Siciliquus------------------------- 4. 9.2 3.85 48 16 8 4| 2 13| Duella---------------------- 5 20.3 5.13 72 24 12 6 3 2 1 | Semiuncia-------------- 8 18.4 7.69 | 4 || 48 24 12| 6 4 3 To Uncia------------- 17 12.8 15.39 172* 576] 28S 144|| 72 48 36 24l 12 Libra........ 10 10 9.5 11 8.67 o 57.60()|2SS0(), 14400|7200 |4800 |3600 2400 Izooloo Cent. pod. 87 7 19 17.1 72 2 2.85 TABLE IX. —IV. ROMAN WEIGHTS. 2. Subdirisions of the Libra. Tr; wo. Aworow. oz. dwts, grs. 02. drs, Uncia ------------------------------------------------------------- 17 12.8 15. 39 * Sextans------------------------------------------------------ 1 15 1.6 1 14.78 3 | | | Quadrons.------------------------- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 12 14.4 2 14.17 4 || 2 | | | Trien’------------------------------------------. 3 10 3.2 3 13.56 5 2} 13 14 | Quincunx----------------------------------- 4 7 16.0 4 12.95 T 3 || 2 | | | | |}|Semis.--------------- -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 5 4.8 5 12.33 7 3} | 2 | 13 || || | | | Septunx...----------------------- 6 2 17.6 || 6 | 1.72 sTT| < || 2 || || || |T| so 7 0 6.4 7 11.1 ! 9 TAT3 || 2 | | | | | | | | | | Dolians.............. 7 17 19.1 8 10.50 10 5 3} | 2% 2 13 To 13 || 1 , |Dextans.-------- S 15 7.9 9 9.S9 IT 5: T3; 2 || 2 || || 1 || 1 || 1 || ||, |Decunx.... 9 12 207 10 9.2s I.T.T.T. a To TTTTTTTTTTInn, 10 to 9.5 m so

TABLE X.—W. ROMAN MONEYS. Unit : Denarius=15} cents. 1. The moneys referred to the value which the As and Sestertius had before A.U.C. 536 - - £ s. d. far. s cts. mills. Teruncius------------------------------- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .5 2.4 2 so....... 1.1 4.8 4 2 |As, Libella, Assipondium. ---------------------- 2.1 9.7 8 4. * | DuPondius----------------------------- 1 2.8 3 0.9 10 5 2} 14|Sealertius------------------------ 2 0.5 8.7 20 10 5 2. 2 |Quinarius, or Victoriatus------- 4 - 1.1 7 7.4 40 20 | 10 5 4. 2 Denarius-------------- 8 2.2 15 4.7 1000 || 500 250 | 125 || 100 50 25 Aureus, or Solidus 17 9 2.3 3 86 8.5 10------ 8 17 11 2.9 38 6S 4.6 100 - - - - - - 8S 19 9 1.3 || 386 84 6 2 1000 - - - - - - 889 17 9 1.2 || 386S 46 2. o TABLE XI.-W. ROMAN MONEYS. 2. The moneys referred to the value which the As and Sestertius had 536-720 A.U.C. - f s. d, sar. $ cts. mills. Teruncius----------------------------------------------- 0.9 3.9 2 Sembella------------------------------------------ 1.7 7 7 4. 2 |As, Libella, Assipondium----------------------- 3.4 1 5.5 12; 6: 3| Dupondius----------------------------- 1 2.8 3 0.9 To Tsi al Hlsesterius........................ 2 0.5 3 8.7 33 || 6 || s 2, 2 Quinarius, or Victorianus....... 4 1.1 7 7.4 64 |32 || 16 || 5 || 4 || 2 | Denarius-------------- 8 2.2 15 4.7 goo Tsoo |400||125 || 100 || 50 25 || Aureus, or Solidus 17 9 2.3 || 3 86 8.5 10 Denarii---------- 7 1 1.7 1 54 74 100 do. ---------- 3 11 2 1.2 15 47 3.8 1000 do. -- - - - - - - - - 35 l l l () 3.7 154 73 s 5

TABLE XII — VI. THE MEAN WEIGHTS AND WA I,UES OF THE DENARIUS AND AUREUS, AND THE RATIO OF GOLD TO SILVER, UNDER THE TWELVE C.ESARS.

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TABLE XIII. I. GRECIAN MEASURES OF LENGTH. 1. Small Measures. (Unit; IIoic−1.01 feet.) *”----------------------------------------------.................... Feet. "...] * *** ------------------------------------------.................. 1.52 a * !!!”7% ancient Aopov-----..................................... 3.03 -- -- * **, or Huttoov-------------........................... 6.07 10 5 2} * | *------------------------------................ 7.59 11 5% 23 13 | | | |'Opoopov --------..........!------------------ 8.34 12 6 3 14 | | | | | | | *T*--------------------------------. 9. 10 16 || s 4 2 | | | | | | | Woo------------------------------- 1 0.14 18 9 4 || 2 | 1 | | | | | | | | | | |IIvyuā------------............ l 1.65 20 | 10 || 5 || 2 || 2 || 1 || 13 13 || 1 || IIvyov.................. 1 3.17 24 |12 || 6 || 3 || 23 || 2 || 2 | | | | | | | | | |IIñxic............. 1 6.21 TABLE XIV. I. GRECIAN MEASURES OF LENGTH. 2. Great Measures. (Unit : Xréðuov=607 feet.) "c------------------------------------------------------------------ Miles. Yds. fo 2. *----------------------------------------------------------- • 2.53 6 *śl'Op;"--------------------------------------------------- 2 6,07 10 4 13| Ackdrovo, "Akatva, Kažauoc -------------------------- 3 1.1 ! 60 24 10 6 "AH!!"---------------------------------------- 20 0.69 100 || 0 || 15, 10 || ||IIzidov................................ 34 2.15 600 240 100 60 10 6 |XTá'tov--------------------------- 202 0.88 1200 || 480 200 120 | 20 | 12 || 2 |Atav’ot..................... 404 0.75 2400 960 400 240 40 24 4 2 'ITTtków--------------- S09 0.50 7200 2SS0 | 1200 | 720 | 120 72 12 6 3 A67troc ---------- 1 667 1.51 - TABLE XV. • II. GRECIAN MEASURES OF EXTENT. (Unit: II2.30pov=} acre.) Acres. Roods. Per ches. Sq. Fr. IIoic --------------------------------------------------------- 1 (J2 35 "Esa-on........................---------------------- 36. S3 100 23 | "Akatva----------------------------------------- 102.31 - so 235. 8* "Husextor---------------------------------- 3 35.79 T555; 6, 16; 2 | Boro------------------------------- 6 71 59 on To 35 | 3 || || Apona......................... 9 107.38 ow on, Too To so A II*.................. 37 157.26 - 10--------------------- 2 l 15 21 1.38 100--------------------- 23 l 37 208.08 1000--------------------- 234 3 17 175.07

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cub. st. cub. in./gall. qts, pts. *P*------------------------------------------------------ 0.27 0.008 ***"......... 0.55 0.016 * * *............... U.69 0.02 5 2}| 2 Koro - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.37 0.04 10 || 5 || 4 2 **................ - 2.74 0.08 15 7 || 6 a *... 4. 12 0.12 ————s 30 15 12 6 3 * | Tetoprow--------------...--... * 0.24 60 30 24 12 6 4. 2 Koro-------.........- 16.47 0.48 120 60 || 48 24 12 8 4 || 3 | Earns. . . . . . . . . . . . 32.93 0.95 720 i 360 2SS 144 72 48 24 12 || 6 | Xoft . . . . . . . . . - 197.59 2 1.70 1320|200|os Tso to 2ss to 7: 35 | 6 |Adon...... 1185 56' 4 1 0.23 S640 4320 |3456 (1728 864 || 576 28S 144 |72 |12 || 2 |Merpric 1 643, 13| S 2 0.46 10.. 13 1247.26 85 2 0.60 100. - 137 375.60 855 2 1.97 1000. - 1372 310. S557 l 1.70 TABLE XVII.-III. GRECIAN MEASURES OF CAPACITY. 2. For things dry. (Unit : Méðquog-ly bushels.) - cub. st. cub. in.'bush. pks. Its. pts. Kototáptov----------------------------------- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ()....." U0s 10 Kiadoc ------------------------------------------------ 2.74. .079 - | 15 1}l 'Ostbabov--------------------------------------- 4.12. . 12 60 6 4 Kottom------------------------------------ 1647. .48 120 12 || 8 || 2 |Féarnc------------------------------- o .95 240 24 16 4 2 X*5-------------------------. o 1.90 960 96 64 16 8 4 Hussextov ------------------ * 3 1.61 1920 192 128 32 16 8 2 | "Exto:-------------- so 7 1.21 3840 || 384 || 256 64 || 32 16 4 || 2 || Torrão--------- 1053.83 1 7 0.43 11520 | 1152 || 76s 192 || 96 || As | 12 || 6 || 3 || Moroc. I 1433.5 || 1 || 5 12s 10... 18 511. 14. 1 () 0.8 100... 182 1654. 142 2 3 2. 1000 - - - 1829 989. 1426 0 7 2. TABLE XVIII.-IV. G|RECIAN WEIGHTS. 1. Weights below the Drachm. (Unit : Apaxus-67 grs.) To wo. Axtortuporo-- wo. dwts. grs. - i".epton (Aetrów)--...-...-----. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ---------------- 0.2 0 007 7 | Chalcus (Xa7soic).... ------------------------------------ 1.4 0.05 28 4 || Half Obolus ("Hutof/2tov)......... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5.6 0.2 56 8 2 |Obolus ('000%r)------------------------------- 11.2 0.41 112 || || 6 4 || 2 | Diobolus (Auoso.or)---------------------- 22.4 0 S2 336 As 12 l 6 3 - Dr Activi (Apatus)------------------- 2 19.3 • 46

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