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also of persons distinguished in the early history of the Christian Church. The literary biographies, in particular, will, it is conceived, be found both attractive and useful to the student, since we have no work at present in the English language in which a full view is given of Grecian and Roman literature. The sketches of ancient mathematicians, and of other individuals eminent for their attainments in science, will not be found without interest even in our own day. Nor will the medical man depart altogether unrewarded from a perusal of those biographies which treat of persons distinguished of old in the healing art. In the accounts, moreover, that are given of the philosophers and philosophic systems of antiquity, although half-learned sciolists have passed upon these topics so sweeping a sentence of condemnation, much curious information may nevertheless be obtained, and much food for speculation, too, on what the mind can effect by its own unaided powers in relation to subjects that are of the utmost importance to us all. The ecclesiastical biographies will also be found numerous, and, it is hoped, not uninteresting. None of them fall properly, it is true, within the sphere of a Classical Dictionary, yet they could not well have been omitted, since many of the matters discussed in them have reference more immediately to classical times.

The subject of Mythology has supplied, next to that of Ancient Geography, the largest number of articles to the present work. In the treatment of these, it has been the chief aim of the author to lay before the student the most important speculations of the two great schools (the Mystic and anti-Mystic) which now divide the learned of Europe. At the head of the former stands Creuzer, whose elaborate work (Symbolik und Mythologie der alten Völker) has reappeared under so attractive a form through the taste and learning of Guigniaut. The champion of the anti-Mystic school appears to be Lobeck, although many eminent names are also marshalled on the same side. It has been the aim of the author to give a fair and impartial view of both systems, although he cannot doubt but that the former will appear to the student by far the more attractive one of the two. In the discussion of mythological topics, very valuable materials have been obtained from the excellent work of Keightley, who deserves the praise of having first laid open to the English reader the stores of German erudition in the department of Mythology. The author will, he trusts, be pardoned for having intruded some theories of his own on several topics of a mythological character, more particularly under the articles Amazones, Asi, Io, Odinus, and Orpheus. It is a difficult matter, in so attractive a field of inquiry as this, to resist the temptation of inflicting one's own crude speculations upon the patience of the reader. In preparing the mythological articles, the greatest care has been also taken to exclude from them everything offensive, either in language or detail, and to present such a view of the several topics connected with this department of inquiry as may satisfy the most scrupulous, and make the present work a safe guide, in a moral point of view, to the young of either sex.

The department of the Fine Arts forms an entirely new feature in the present work. The biographies of Artists have been prepared with great care, and criticisms upon their known productions have been given from the most approved authorities, both ancient and modern. The information contained under this head will, it is conceived, prove not unacceptable either to the modern artist or the general reader.

In a work like the present, the materials for which have been drawn from so many sources, it would be a difficult task to specify, within the limits of an ordinary preface, the different quarters to which obligations are due. The author has preferred, therefore, appending to the volume a formal catalogue of authorities, at the risk of being thought vain in so doing. A few works, however, to which he has been particularly indebted, deserve to be also mentioned here. These are the volumes of Cramer on Ancient Geography; the historical researches of Thirlwall; and the work of Keightley already referred to. From the Encyclopædia also, published by the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, numerous excellent articles have been obtained, which contribute in no small degree to the value of the present publication. In every instance care has been taken to give at the end of each article the main authority from which the materials have been drawn, a plan generally pursiied in works of a similar nature, and which was followed by the author in all the editions of Lempriere prepared by him for the press. A fairer mode of proceeding cannot well be imagined. And yet complaint has been made in a certain quarter, that the articles taken from the Encyclopædia just mentioned are not duly credited to that work, and that the title of the work itself has been studiously changed. Of the fallacy of the first charge, any one can satisfy himself by referring to the pages of the present volume where those articles appear; while, with regard to the second, the author has merely to remark, that in

substituting the title of “ Encyclopædia of Useful Knowledge" for the more vulgar one of " Penny Cyclopædia,” he always conceived that he was doing a service to that very publication itself. “At all events, the change of title, if it were indeed such, appears to have been a very proper one, since it met with the tacit approbation of certain so-called critics, who would never have allowed this opportunity of gratifying personal animosity to have passed unheeded, had they conceived it capable of furnishing any ground of attack.

The account of Coins, Weights, and Measures, which accompanied the edition of Lempriere in two volumes, has been appended to the present work in a more condensed and convenient form. It is from the pen of Abraham B. Conger, Esq., formerly one of the Mathematical instructers in Columbia College, but at present a member of the New York bar. The very great clearness and ability which characterize this Essay have been fully acknowledged by its republication abroad in the Edinburgh edition of Potter's Grecian Antiquities, and it will be found far superior to the labours of Arbuthnot, as given in the Dictionary of Lempriere.

Before concluding, the author must express his grateful obligations to his friend, Francis Adams, Esq., of Banchory Ternan, near Aberdeen (Scotland), for the valuable contributions furnished by him under the articles Aëtius, Alerander of Tralles, Aretæus, Celsus, Dioscorides, Galenus, Hippocrates, Nicander, Oribasius, Paulus gineta, and many other medical biographies scattered throughout the present work. Mr. Adams is well known abroad as the learned author of " Hermes Philologicus," and the English translator of “ Paul of Ægina.” Whatever comes from his pen, therefore, carries with it the double recom mendation of professional talent and sound and accurate scholarship.

With regard to the typographical execution of the present volume, the author need say but little. The whole speaks for itself, and for the unsparing liberality of the publishers. In point of accuracy, the author is sure that no work of its size has ever surpassed it; and for this accuracy he is mainly indebted to the unremitting care of his talented young friend, Mr. Henry Drisler, a graduate of Columbia College, and one of the Instructers in the College-school, of whose valuable services he has had occasion to speak in the preface to a previous work.

Columbia College, August 1, 1842.

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In preparing the present edition for the press, the greatest care has been taken to correct any typographical errors that may hitherto have escaped notice, and to introduce such other alterations as the additional reading of the author, and new materials, furnished by works of a similar nature, have enabled him to make. In furtherance of this view, he has appended a Supplement to the present volume, containing all that appeared to him important in the first number of the new Classical Dictionary, now in a course of publication from the London press, as well as in the numbers, which have thus far appeared, of Pauly's “ Real-Encyclopädie der Classischen Alterthumswissenschaft,which constitutes, in fact, the principal source of supply from which the authors of the new Classical Dictionary have drawn their materials. The articles contained in the Supplement will be found referred to in the body of the work under their respective heads, thus enabling the reader to ascertain, at a glance, what additions have been actually made.

Columbia College, March 1, 1813.

LIST OF WORKS,

EXCLUSIVE OF THE CLASSICS,

FORMING PART OF THE AUTHOR'S PRIVATE COLLECTION, AND WHICH HAVE BEEN CONSULTED FOR

THE PURPOSES OF THE PRESENT EDITION,

A.

Beloe, Anecdotes of Literature, 6 vols. 8vo, Lond., 1814 Abulfede Descriptio Ægypti, Arabice et Latine, ed. Mi- Bentley, Dissertation on the Epistles of Phalaris, &c., chaelis, Götting., 1776, 8vo.

edited by Dyce, 2 vols. 8vo, London, 1836. Ackerman, Numismatic Manual, Lond., 1840, 8vo.

Life of, by Monk, 4to, London, 1830. Adagia Veterum, Antv., 1629, fol.

Berlier, Precis Historique de l'ancienne Gaul, 8vo, Brux Adelon, Physiologie de l'Homme, 3 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1829. elles, 1822. Adelung, Glossariuin mediæ et infimæ Latinitatis, 6 Berwick, Life of Scipio Africanus, 12mo, London, 1817. vols. 8vo, Halæ, 1772-84.

Bibliotheca Critica, 3 vols. 8vo, Amstelod., 1779-1808. Mithridates, oder allgemeine Sprachenkunde, Bibliotheca Critica Nova, 5 vols. 8vo, Lugd. Bat., 18254 vols. 8vo, Berlin, 1806-17.

30. Adrichomius, Theatrum Terræ Sanctæ, Col. Agripp., Bilhon, Du Gouvernement des Romaines, 8vo, Paris, 1628, fol.

1807. Ahmedis Arabsiadæ Vitæ et rerum gestarum Timuri,

Principes D'Administration et D'Econoinie Po&c., Historia, Lugd. Bat., 1636.

litique, des Anciens Peuples, 8vo, Paris, 1819. Alphabetum Brammhanicum, seu Indostanum, Univer- Biographie Universelle, Ancienne et Moderne, 52 vols.

sitatis Kasi, 12.no, Romæ, Congr. de Propag. Fid., 1771. 8vo, 1811-28. Alphabeta Indica, id est, Granthainicum seu Samscrdam. Bischoff und Möller, Wörterbuch der Geographie, 8va

ico. Malabaricum, Indostanum sive Vanarense, Na Gotha, 1829. garicum Vulgare et Talinganicum, 12mo, Romæ, Blair, Enquiry into the State of Slavery among the Ro Congr. de Propag. Fid., 1791.

mans, 12mo, Edinburgh, 1833. Alphabetum Barmanorum, seu regni Avensis, 12mo, Blondell, Des Sibylles, &c., 410, Charenton, 1619. Rome, Congr. de Propag. Fid., 1787.

Blum, Einleitung in Rom's alte Geschichte, 12mno, Ber: Alphabeturn Tangutanum sive Tibetanum, 12mo, Romæ, lin, 1828. Congr. de Propag. Fid., 1773.

Blume, Iter Italicum, 12mo, 2 vols., Berlin, 1824. Alphabetum Æthiopicum, sive Gheer et Ampharicum, Bobrik, Geographie des Herodot, 8vo, Königsberg, 1838, 12mo, Romæ, Congr. de Propag. Fid., 1789.

nebst einem Atlasse von zehn Karten, fol. Alphabetum Coptum, 12mo, Roma, Congr. de Propag. Bochart, Opera Omnia, fol, 2 vols., Lugd. Bat., 1692. Fid.

Bockh, Corpus Inscriptionum Græcarum, fol., Berol., Alphabetum Persicum, 12mo, Romæ, Congr. de Propag. 1825. Fid., 1783.

Die Staatshaushaltung der Athener. 2 vols. Bro, American Quarterly Review,

Berlin, 1817. Arndt, C'eber den Ursprung der Europäischen Sprachen, Public Economy of Athens, 2 vols. 8vo, London, 8vo, Frankfurt, 1827.

1828. Arnold's History of Rcine, Lond., 1838, ist vol. 8vo.

Metrologische Untersuchungen über Gewichte, Arundell, Visit to the Seven Churches of Asia, 8vo, Münzfüsse, und Masse des Alterthums, 8vo, Berlin, London, 1828.

1838. Discoveries in Asia Minor, Lond., 1834, 2 vols. Bode, G. H., Geschichte der Hellenischen Dichtkunst, 8vo.

3 vols. 8vo, Leipzig, 1839-9. Asiatic Researches, 5 vols. 410, London, 1799.

-., Quæstiones de antiquissima carminum Orphicorum Ast, Grundriss der Philologie, 8vo, Landshut, 1808. ætate, &c., 4to, Goitinge, 1838, 2d edit.

Platon's Leben und Schriften, 8vo, Lips., 1816. Böhmen, Heidnische Opferplätze, 8vo, Prague, 1836. Attisches Museum, 7 vols. 8vo, Zurich (Neues Att. Böttiger, C. A., Archäologie und Kunst, vol. 1, 8vo, Mus., 3 vols.).

Breslau, 1828. Aurelius, De Cognominibus Deorum, 12mo, Franq., 1696.

-, Andeutungen, &c., über Archäologie,

8vo, Dresden, 1806. B.

Sabina, oder Morgenszenen im Putz. Bähr, Geschichte der Römischen Literatur, 2 vols. 8vo, zimmer einer reichen Römerin, 12mo, 2 vols, 1806. Carlsruhe, 1832-6.

- Amalthea, oder Musemn der Kunst Bailly, Lettres sur l'Atlantide de Platon, &c., 8vo, Paris, mythologie, &c., 8vo, 3 vols., Lips., 1820-5. 1779.

Ideen zur Kunst-mythologie, 8vo, Dres---, Lettres sur l'Origine des Sciences, 8vo, Paris, den, 1826. 1777

W., Geschichte der Carthager, 8vo, Berlin, 1827. Balbi, Atlas Ethnographique du Globe, fol., Paris, 1826. Bohlen, Das alte Indien, mit besonderer Rücksicht auf

Introduction a l'Atlas Ethnographique, 8vo, Paris, Ægypten, 8vo, 2 vols., Königsb., 1830. 1826.

Bondelmonti, Insulæ Archipelagi, ed. De Sinner, 8vo, Abrégé de Géographie, 8vo, Paris, 1833.

Lips , 1824. Balduinus de Calceo Antiquo, 12mo, Lips., 1733. Bonucci, Pompei descritta, 8vo, Napoli, 1827. Banier, Mythology of the Ancients, 4 vols. 8vo, London, Bopp, Vergleichende Grammatik des Sanskrit, Zend, 1739.

Griech., Latein., Litthau., Altslawisch., Gothischen, Barailon, Recherches sur plusieurs Monumens Celtiques und Deutschen, 3 pts , 4lo, Berlin, 1833-7. et Romains, Paris, 1809, 8vo.

Bouillet, Dictionnaire Classique de l'Antiquité, 2 vols. Barth, Ueber die Druiden der Kelten, 8vo, Erlang., 1816. 8vo, 1826. Barthelemy, Voyage du jeune Anacharsis, 7 vols. 8vo, Braunschweig, Geschichte des politischen Lebens inParis, 1810.

Alterthume, &c., vol. 1, 8vo, Hamburg, 1830. Bayle, Historical and Critical Dictionary (Eng. trans.), Bredow, Handbuch der alten Geschichte, 8vo, Altona, fol, 10 vols., 1731-41.

1816. Beaufort, Uncertainty of early Roman History, 12mo, Brouerius, De Adorationibus, Amstelod., 1713. London, 1740.

Brucker, Historia Critica Philosophiæ, 4to, 6 vols., Lips., Beck, Allgemeines Repertorium, 8vo, 15 vols., 1828-33. 1767. Beckmann, History of Inventions and Discoveries, 4 vols. Brunet, Manuel du Libraire, 4 vols. 8vo, Bruxelles, 1838. 8vo, London, 1814.

Bryant, Dissertation concerning the Var of Troy, 410, Bell, Pantheon, 4to, 2 vols., London, 1790.

London, 1799.

Bryant, New System of Mythology, 6 vols. 8vo, London, Crevier, Histoire des Empereurs Romains, 8vo, 6 vols 1807.

Paris, 1918, Bucke, Ruins of Ancient Cities, 2 vols. 18mo, Lond. 1940. Crusius, Lives of the Roman Poets, 12mo, 2 vols., Lon. Buckingham's Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, don, 1733. Evo, 2 vols., London, 1830.

Cudworth, Intellectual System of the Universe, 4 vols., Budæus, De Asse, Venet. ap Aldum, 1522.

London. 1820. Buffon, Histoire Naturelle, 18mo, 70 vols., Paris. Cuvier, Discours sur les Revolutions de la surface du Bulenger, De Conviviis, Lugduni, 1627.

Globe, ovo, Pans, 1828, 5th edition. Bulwer's Athens, &c., 2 vols. 12mo, New York, 1837.

Theory of the Earth, by Jameson, 8vo, Edinb., Bunsen, De jure hereditario Atheniensium, 4to, Got 1827. ting., 1813.

D. Burgess, Description of the Circus on the Via Appia, &c., 12mo, London, 1828.

Dankovsky, Die Griechen als Stamm und Sprachver. - Topography and Antiquities of Rome, 2 vols. wandte der Slaven, 8vo, Presburg, 1828. 8vo, London, 1831.

D'Anville, Ancient Geography, 2 vols. 8vo, N. York, 1814. Burney, History of Music, 4to, 4 vols., Lond., 1776-89.

--, Antiquité Geographique de l'Inde, 8vo, Paris, Burnouff, Essai sur le Pali, 8vo, Paris, 1826.

1775. Buttmann, Mythologus, 8vo, 2 vols., Berlin, 1828. D'Arc, Histoire des Conquêtes des Normands en Italie,

&c., Paris, 1830. C.

Davies, Celtic Researches, 8vo, London, 1804. Calmet, Dictionary of the Bible, 4to, 5 vols., Charles Dean, J. B., On the Worship of the Serpent, 8vo, Loc. town, 1812.

don, 1830. Cambden, Britannia, 4to, London, 1600.

De Bailu, Histoire Antique de l'Eloquence chez les Cardwell, Lectures on Coins, 8vo, Oxford, 1832.

Grecques, 2 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1813. Carion-Nisas, Histoire de l'Art Militaire, 8vo, 2 vols., De Chazelle, Etudes sur l'histoire des Arts, 8vo, Paris Paris, 1824.

1834. Carli, Lettres Américanes, 8vo, 2 vols , Paris, 1788. Degerando, Histoire comparée des Systèmes de Philoso. Carus, Ideen zur Geschichte der Menscheit, 8vo, Leipz., phie, 4 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1823. 1809.

De la Bergerie, Histoire de l'Agriculture Ancienne des Ideen zur Geschichte der Philosophie, 8vo, Grecs, 2 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1830. Leipz., 1809.

Della Vallé, Voyages dans la Turquie, &c., 7 vols. 8vo, Geschichte der Psychologie, 8vo, Leipz., 1809. Rouen, 1715. Casaubon, De Poesi Satyrica, 8vo, Hal., 1774.

Delambre, Histoire de l'Astronomie Ancienne, 2 vols. 4to, Cavriani, Delle Scienze, &c., dei Romani, 8vo, 2 vols., Paris, 1817. Mantova, 1822.

Demosthenes als Staatsmann und Redner, von A. G. Cellarius, Notitia Orbis Antiqui, ed. Schwartz, 4to, 2 Becker, 8vo, Halle und Leipz., 1815. vols, Lips., 1773.

De Marles, Histoire générale de l'Inde, 8vo, 6 vols.. Historia Universalis, 12mo, 2 vols., Jenæ, 1702. Paris, 1828. Champollion, Précis du Systèine Hiéroglyphique, 8vo, De Pauw, Recherches Philosophiques, 7 vols. 8vo, Paris, 2 vols., Paris, 1824.

1795. Chardin, Voyage en Perse, &c., 1l vols. 8vo, Paris, 1811. Derham, Physico-Theology, 12mo, 2 vols , Lond., 1749. Chesnow, Introduction à l'étude de l'histoire du Moyen Descrizione di Roma Antica, 12.no, Rom., 1697. Age, 8vo, Bayeux, 1827.

Deuber, Geschichte der Schiffahrt im Atlantischen Clarke, E D., Travels, 8vo, 11 vols., London, 1816-24 Ocean, 12mo, Barnberg 1814. (4th edition).

D'Hancarville, Antiquités Etrusques, Grecques et Ro -, A., Bibliographical Dictionary, 12mo, 8 vols., maines, 4to, 5 vols., Paris, 1787. Liverpool, 1802.

Dibdm, Introduction to the Greek and Latin Classics, Classical Journal, 8vo, 40 vols , London, 1810-29. 8vo, 2 vols., 1827, 4th edition Manual, 8vo, London, 1827.

Dictionnaire d'Histoire Naturelle, 17 vols. 8vo, Paris, Clinton, Fasti Hellenici, 4to, 2 vols., Oxford, 1827-30. 1822-31. Claverius, Introductio in Universam Geographiam, 8vo,

Historique des Cultes Religieux, 8vo, 4 Amst., 1682.

vols., Versailles, 1820. Coleridge, Introduction to the Study of the Greek Clas- Diderot, Essai sur les regnes de Claude et de Néron, ou sic Poets, 12mo, pt. I, Philad., 1871.

Vie de Seneque le Philosophe, 8vo, 2 vols , Paris, 1823. · Collectio Dissertationum rarissimarum, cura Grævii, 4to, Dillon, Viscount, the Tactics of Ælian, containing the Traj. Batav., 1716.

Military System of the Grecians, 410, London, 1814. Constant, De la Religion, 8vo, 5 vols., Paris, 1826-31. Dodwell, Classical and Topographical Tour through

Melanges de Littérature et de Politique, 8vo, Greece, 4to, 2 vols., London, 1819. Paris, 1829.

Donkin, Dissertation on the Course, &c., of the Niger, Conversations-Lexicon, 12mo, 14 vols., Leipz., 1824-26. 8vo, London, 1829. Court de Gebelin, Monde Primitif, 4to, 9 vols., Paris, Drummond, Origines, 8vo, 2 vols., London, 1826. 1787.

Dubois, Description of the Character, Manners, and Crabb, Historical Dictionary, 4to, 2 vols, London, 1825. Customs of the People of ludia (Eng. trans.), 8vo. 2 Cramer, J. A., Description of Ancient Greece, ovo, 3 vols., Philad., 1818. vol3., Oxford, 1828.

Ducaurroy, Institutes de Justinien, 4 vols. 8vo, Paris, -- Description of Ancient Italy, 8vo, 2 vols., Ox 1836. ford, 1826.

Du Choul, Discours de la Religion des Anciens Ro-- Description of Asia Minor, 2 vols. 8vo, Oxford, mains, 8vo, Lyon, 1580. 1832.

Dulaure, Histoire des Cultes, 2 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1825. and Wickham, Dissertation on the Passage of Dumbeck, Geographia pagorum German. Cis-Rhenan, Hannibal over the Alps, 8vo, London, 1828.

8vo, Berol., 1818. Geschichte der Erziehung und des Unterrichts Dunbar, Inquiry into the Structure and Affinity of the im Alterthume. 8vo, 2 vols., Elberfeld, 1832-8.

Greek and Latin Languages, 8vo, Edinburgh, 1827. . Creuzer, Symbolik und Mythologie der alten Völker, Dunlop, History of Roman Literature, 8vo, 3 vols., L.on 8vo, 4 vols., Leipz., 1819.

don, 1823-28. Abriss der Römischen Antiquitäten, 8vo, Dupuis, Origine de tous les Cultes, 7 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1822. Leipz , 1829.

Dureau de la Malle, Géographie Physique de la Mer -, Dionysus, sive Commentationes Academicæ Noire, &c., 8vo, Paris, 1807. de Reruin Bacchicarum Orphicarumque Originibus et

Recherches sur la topographie de Carthage, Causis, 4to, Heidelb., 1809.

8vo, Paris, 1835. Commentationes Herodoteæ, 8vo, pt. 1, Lips., Dutens, Origine des decouvertes attribuées aux mo. 1619.

dernes, 3me edit., à Londres, 1796, 410, Symbolik, im Auszuge von Moser, 8vo, Leipz., 1822.

E. ein alte Athenischen Gefäss, 12mo, Leipzig, Ebn-Haukal, Oriental Geography, translated by Sir W 1832.

Ouseley, 4to, London, 1800.

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Edinburgh Review, 8vo, 72 vols.

Görres, Mythengeschichte der Asiatischen Welt, 8vo, 2 Edwards's and Park's Selections from German Litera vols., Heidelb., 1810. ture, Hvo, Andover, 1839.

Goguet, Origin of Laws, &c., 8vo, 3 vols., Edinburgh, Eichhoff, Vergleichung der Sprachen von Europa und 1775. Indien übers. von Kaltschmidt, 8vo, Leipzig, 1840. Good, Book of Nature, 8vo, 2 vols., Boston, 1826.

Parallèle des langues de l'Europe et de l'Inde, Gorton, Biographical Dictionary, 2 vols. 8vo, Lond., 1828. 4to, Paris, 18.36.

Gossellin, Recherches sur la Geograpbie des Anciennes, Eichhorn, Weltgeschichte, 8vo. 5 vols., Göttingen, 1817. 4to, 4 vols., Paris. Eichwald, Alte Geographie des Kaspischen Meeres, Gray, Connexion between the Sacred Writings, &c., &c., 8vo, Berlin, 1838.

and Heathen Authors, 8vo, 2 vols., London, 1819 (24 Eisendecher, Bürgerrecht im alten Rom, 8vo, Hamburg, edition). 1829.

Greaves, Miscellaneous Works, 2 vols. 8vo, Lond., 1737. Elgin Marbles, 2 vols. 12mo, London, 1833.

Greppo, Essay on the Hieroglyphic System, 12mo, BosElmes, Dictionary of the Fine Arts, 8vo, London, 1826. ton, 1830. Elton, History of the Roman Emperors, 12mo, London, Grotefend, Rudimenta Lingua Umbricæ, 8 pls, 410, 1835.

Hannov., 1835-9. Encyclopedia of Useful Knowledge, 17 vols. 8vo, Lon.

Ruuimenta Lingua Oscæ, 4to, Hannov., don, 1833-40.

1839. Encyclopædia Americana, 8v0, 13 vols., Philadelphia, Gruber, Wörterbuch der altclassischen Mythologie, 8vo, 1830-3.

3 vols., Weimar, 1811. Enfield, History of Philosophy, 8vo, 2 vols , Lond., 1819. Gruchius, de Comiliis Romanorum, 8vo, Venetiis, 1559. Ephémérides Universelles, 8vo, 7 vols., Paris, 1828-30. Guigniaut, Religions de l'Antiquité, 8vo, 6 vols , Paris. Erasmus, Adagiorum Chiliades, fol., Paris, 1558.

1825-39. Eschenberg, Handbuch der Classischen Literatur, 8vo, •, Sérapis et son Origine, 8vo, Paris, 1828. Berlin, 1816

Guilletier, Lacedemone Ancienne et Nouvelle, 8vu, Essais sur l'Allegoire, &c , 8vo, 2 vols., Paris, 1798. Paris, 1689. Etudes sur les poètes Latins de la decadence, par Ni. sard, 3 vols., Bruxelles, 1834.

H. Eusebii Chronica, ed. Maius et Zohrabus, 4to, Mediol., Hale, Analysis of Chronology, 8vo, 4 vols., London, 1818.

1830 (2d edition). Demonstratio Evangelica, fol., Colon., 1688. Halina, Traité de Géographie de Claude Ptolemnée, 4to, Præparatio Evangelica, fol., Colon., 1689.

Paris, 1828. Eustace, Classical Tour through Italy, 8vo, 4 vols., Lon. Hamaker, Miscellanea Phænicia, sive Commentarii de don, 1815 (3d edition).

rebus Phænicum, 4to, Lugd. Bat , 1828.

Hannibal's Passage of the Alps, by a member of the F.

University of Cainbridge, London, 1830. Faber, Origin of Pagan Idolatry, 410, 3 vols., Lond., 1816. Harles, Notitia Literatura Romanæ, 12mo, Lips., 1789 ---, Dissertation on the Mysteries of the Cabiri, 8vo,

----, Supplementa in Nolitiam Lit. Rom, 12mo, 3 2 vols., Oxford, 1803.

vols., Lips., 1799. Fabricius, Menologium, sive Libellus de Mensibus cen. Hase, Public and Private Life of the Ancient Greeks,

Nolilia Literaturæ Græcæ, 12mo, Lips., 1812. tum circiter populorum, &c., 12.no, Harnburg, 1712. Fariner, Essay on the Demoniacs of the New Testa. Hasse, Entdeckungen im Felde der ältesten Erd-und

12mo, London, 1840. ment, 12mno, London, 1818. Fauriel, Histoire de la Gaule Meridionale, 4 vols. 8vo, Heeren, Geschichte der Künste und Wissenchaften

Menschengeschichte, 8vo, Halle, 1801.
Paris, 1836.
Fée, Flore de Virgile, 8vo, Paris, 1522.

&c., 8vo, 2 vols., Göttingen, 1797. Fellows, Tour in Asia Minor, 410, London, 1839.

---, Ideen, 8vo, 6 vols., Göttingen, 1824-26.

Handbuch der Geschichte der Staaten des Al Felton, Dissertation on the Classics, 12.no, Lond., 1718. Fêtes et Courtisanes de la Grèce, 4 vols. 8vo, Paris,

terthums, 8vo, Göttingen, 1821.

Historical Researches, Asiatic Nations, 3 vols 1821.

8vo, Oxford, 1833. Flaxman, Lectures on Sculpture, 8vo, London, 1829. Folard, Histoire de Polybe, 4to, 6 vols , Paris, 1727.

---, African Nations, 2 vols. Foreign Quarterly Review, 8vo, 25 vols , Lond., 1827-40.

8vo, Oxford, 1832. Foreign Review, Hvo, 5 vols., London, 1828-30.

--, Ancient History, 8vo, Northampton, 1828. Fraser, Journal of a Tour to the Hināla Mountains, 4to,

Hegewisch, Glücklichste Epoche in der Römischen London, 1820.

Geschichte, 8vo, Hamburg, 1800.

Geschichte der Gracchischen Unruhen, 8vo, Fuhrmann, Handbuch der Classischen Literatur, 8vo, 2 vols, Rudolstadt, 1809.

Hainburg, 1801. Funccius, De Origine, &c., Linguæ Latinæ, 410, Mar. Heineccius, Antiquitatum Romanarum Syntagına, ed.

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