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obtain full information of their purity, and vigour, was most grateactual condition. His report of fully accepted. Bishop Joseph them was, in general, promising. did not long survive. He died Some of the more distant country on the 24th of November, 1816. schools had fallen into negligence; Philoxenus, a retired bishop, of but the prospect of their improve- excellent character, was appointed ment, under Mr. Schnarrè's direc- his successor as metran, or metrotion and controul, was satisfactory. politan, of the Syrian Church. He The whole number admitted up to accepted the office on condition Christmas 1816, had been 2410; that the resident and the missionof whom 875 were then reported aries would render him assistance as under education. Of the whole as they had done to the late metran. number of children, about one third are Christians, and the remainder chiefly heathen.

Two new Tamul schools have been added, at Nagoor and at Sheally; and Mr. Schnarrè was about to connect with the seminary for the training of teachers, another for the preparation of some of the Parriar Caste.

We have before given the leading facts relative to Travancore (No. for February, p. 126, &c.)

The communications of Colonel Munro develop the real condition of the inhabitants, and suggest the most promising means of their advancement in the knowledge of true religion. He acts as the true friend of both the natives and the Society, while he endeavours to strengthen the hands of the missionaries by making them the channels of benefits which he procures for the inhabitants from their na tive governors. Colonel Munro sees such opportunities for exertion, that he presses for many more missionaries. Mr. Norton, on his arrival, was received in the most friendly manner by the bishop (Joseph) of the Syrian Christians. Some apprehensions, however, existed in the mind of the bishop, and in those of the clergy and people, arising from the conduct of the Roman Catholics toward their Church, that the English meant to innovate, and to bring them under English ecclesiastical authority. These apprehensions were removed; and the proffered assistance of the Society to restore their church to its primitive truth,

The elevation of an humble and devout man to the primacy of the Syrian Church seemed an omen for good. But his weak state of health, and his too abstemious mode of living, having incapacitated him for discharging, with comfort to himself, the duties of his office, he retired again into privacy, having appointed George, his archdeacon, to the office of bishop and metran. Several important measures had, however, been effected before the retirement of Philoxenus.

The translation of the Scriptures into Malayalim has been prosecuted under the more particular superintendence of the missionary, Mr. Bailey.

At Allepie, a good house and garden have been granted to the mission by the Rannee of Travan core, at the request of the Resident; and the erection of a church is in progress. It is also a convenient station, in connexion with Cotym, for the reception of new missionaries, and their initiation in the Malayalim and Syriac languages.

The general state of the mission to the south of India seems highly prosperous.

The Ceylon mission, to which four clergymen, as before mentioned, have been dispatched, is yet in its infancy. It has met with the most cordial sanction of government.

The Australasia mission is gradually advancing.

A seminary has been established at Parramatta, under the superintendence of Mr. Marsden, for the instruction of New-Zealanders in

those arts which are most likely to be beneficial to their country. In January, of the preceding year, this seminary contained eleven young men, all chiefs or sons of chiefs; whose conduct was exemplary, and their improvement encouraging. The Committee wish to extend its benefits to the natives of New Holland, having observed, with pleasure, that measures are taking in the colony for the education of the children of those natives. They have, therefore, requested Mr. Marsden and the Society's other friends, to extend, to the utmost, the benefits of such an institution to promising young natives, both of New Holland and New-Zealand; and they will themselves endeavour to furnish the means of putting the seminary on the most efficient footing for that purpose.

Experience, indeed, sufficiently proves, that it is in their own climates that the young natives of Asia and Africa must be instructed, as they rarely enjoy their health in this country. The two young chiefs, Tooi and Teeterree, who arrived in this country for the purpose of improvement, have been obliged to be sent back on this account, though not without having made consider able advancement in useful, and it is trusted truly Christian, knowledge.

The attention of many persons has been turned toward New-Zealand; and various offers of service in this mission have in consequence been made to the Committee. The immediate result of these, our readers will have seen in the additions already made to the mission, as mentioned in our Number for December, p. 624.

The memorial on the atrocities committed by British seamen on the inhabitants of the South Seas, mentioned in the last Report as in preparation, was presented and read by a deputation to Earl Bathurst. His lordship stated, that an act had been lately passed, with

particular reference to the South Seas, making the crimes of murder and manslaughter amenable to the colonial courts. The Committee hope that still further measures will be adopted to protect the property, as well as the persons, of the natives of the South Seas from lawless violence.

While, however, these atrocities continue to provoke sanguinary scenes of revenge, the settlers live in perfect security, when under the protection of the chiefs who have received them. Shunghee is strongly attached to the interests of the settlers, and all the surrounding chiefs are their friends. The number of scholars, by the last return, was fifty-one. To secure regular attendance, and to give the requisite advantages to the scholars, it will be necessary to clothe and feed them; which may be done, however, at a comparatively small expense. The liturgy and a suitable sermon are read by the settlers, alternately, every Sunday, in the school-room. Natives frequently attend.

Mr. Hall finds the natives not yet prepared to make a rapid improvement as mechanics. Their natural fondness for rambling and active life must be brought by degrees to yield to more steady occupation. They are, at present, more easily induced to assist in agriculture. Parties, willing to work for a time, will make rough fences, cultivate land, or do any work which requires but little time to learn. Their fondness for iron has led them to cut a wheelbarrow to pieces, to pull a house down, and to break up a boat, for the sake of getting at the nails, rather than avail themselves of the proper use of these things. Mr. King was instructing some of the native boys in twine-spinuing; and found them active and quick in learning. His greatest difficulty was, to repress their wild habits, and to fix them steadily to labour.

A Mr. William Carlisle, resident

in the colony, has offered his services as a schoolmaster for NewZealand. He, in consequence, visited the Society's settlement; and, after living several months with Mr. Kendall, returned to the colony for his wife and child, much delighted with the country and the people, and above all with the work in which he had engaged. Mr. Kendall speaks in the most cordial terms of Mr. Carlisle; and expects in him a zealous fellow-labourer, in teaching children and administering medicine and counsel to the sick.

A respectable young man, Mr. Charles Gordon, brother-in law of Mr. Carlisle, has been engaged, for three years, as superintendent of agriculture. It is hoped, that, by his exertions, the settlement will soon be rendered independent of New South Wales for supplies of grain.

Mr. Marsden, profiting by the experience of the colony of NewSouth Wales, has very prudently sent cattle to New Zealand, with a view to the future benefit of settlers; and he will continue to do this from time to time. From many years after the establishment of the colony in New South Wales, in consequence of an adequate stock not being sent at first, a cow sold for from 80l. to 100l., and a horse for 100l. to 150l. The islands will probably be soon stocked with horses.

The details relative to the WestAfrican mission are by no means unmixed with painful circumstances. In the last Report, it was anticipated that the Society might be obliged, after all its efforts, to withdraw its mission from the Rio Pongas. The Committee grieve to state, that the fury with which the Slave Trade has been revived has rendered that measure unavoidable. In the last Report, the names of 323 children, to be supported by benefactors, had been sent to the Committee. This number has been since increased to 393.

The Committee had, last year, to report the death of Mowhee, a pious young New-Zealander, in whose departure the hopes of the Society respecting his usefulness among his countrymen were disappointed. They have again to lament a similar circumstance, with respect to West Africa, in the person of Simeon Wilhelm, a Susoo youth, who accompanied, at his own request and that of his father, the assistant secretary on his return from Africa. His conduct in this country appears to have been highly exemplary; and his anxiety very great to return to Africa well qualified to benefit his countrymen. He was taken ill in July, and departed to his eternal rest, in holy triumph, on the 29th of August. A very pleasing and satisfactory narrative of him has since been widely circulated.

At Sierra Leone, the Committee, feeling it of great importance to strengthen the hands of the Rev. W. Garnon, the chaplain of the colony, proposed to government, as mentioned in the last Report, the establishment of a second chaplain. The proposal was acceded to; and government, with consent of the Society, appointed to this office the Rev. John Collier, who had been several years preparing as a missionary under the Society.

The Rev. William Garuon, first chaplain, has rendered, together with Mrs. Garnon, the most assiduous and effective aid to the Society's plans.

Earl Bathurst having directed copies of certain official documents, respecting the liberated Negroes and schools at Sierra Leone, to be forwarded to the Society, the Committee learned from them, that, in the colonial schools for settlers' children, in Freetown, there were, (March 30, 1817), 675 children, instructed on the British system; and, in the country schools, 789 children taught on the National System, by persons sent out by this Society. The Committee, feeling

the importance of carrying on the education of the colony on a uniform system, and of the application of a greater degree of discipline to the colonial schools, proposed to government to take all the schools of the colony, both colonial and country, under their care; to which proposal government acceded.

Beside the parish of St. George, embracing Freetown and its immediate vicinity, the colony had, at that time, seven other parishes already formed. There were then 5130 liberated Negroes, chiefly assembled in these parishes, which number has been since greatly augmented. Superintendents were appointed over these Negroes. It appearing to the Committee most important that every negro town should be adequately provided with religious instruction, they respectfully submitted to government the expediency and advantage of placing the superintendence of each parish under an English or Lutheran clergymen, to which government was pleased to accede; and agreed, on the request of the Committee, to give directions for assigning to each clergyman a certain portion of land for glebe, and to contribute, so far as the colonial funds would admit, to the erection of parsonage and school houses.

The Rev. Leopold Butscher, who had occupied an important post in the Society's service for several years, and was one of the earliest missionaries from the Society, expired on the 17th of July. Great respect was paid to his memory. The governor expressed much concern at his loss.

Mr. Butscher had, by his exertions, laid the foundation of the "Christian Institution" at Leices ter Mountain. A large church, capable of containing all the children, as well as the people of Leicester Town, had been nearly finished under his direction. The neighbouring land was beginning to be cultivated, and many of the

children had learnt useful trades. Mr. and Mrs. Horton, being left alone by the death of Mr. Butscher, received every assistance from Mr. Garnon and the missionaries in conducting the Institution.-George Lancaster, the native youth, left as usher by the assistant secretary, and one of the elder school girls, have departed this life, as there is every reason to believe, in the faith and fear of Christ.

Of the Institution itself, and of an examination of the children, which took place there before the governor, on the 6th of January, the Sierra Leone Gazette thus speaks:

"The Christian Institution-the only one of the kind in Africawill ever remain an undeniable evidence of the anxiety of the Society to promote, to the utmost of its power, the civilization of Africa. It must and ever will command the gratitude of every well-wisher to the African race. The boys (two hundred) and girls (fifty) went through their different exercises in a manner creditable to themselves and their teachers. The examination took place in the church erected by the Society on Leicester Mountain, commanding a most extensive view of the town, harbour, and sea. It will stand as a landmark of Christianity. The sailor, on seeing its spire from afar, will return praise to his God, and bless his country for having thus afforded an asylum to the oppressed African."

At Regent's Town, Mr. Johuson, having been ordained, by the Lutheran clergymen connected with the mission according to the rites of that church, is now in the regular discharge of the ministerial office among the numerous Negroes assembled at that place. By an official return of April 1st, last year, they amounted to 1283; but the number has been since augmented.

In October, 1816, the first baptism took place, when twenty-one

adults, after full examination, out of the influence of the revived

were received into the Christian Church, and afterwards partook of the Lord's Supper with the missionaries. These have been since increased to about sixty.

The church, which was calculated for 500 persons, being crowded every Sunday, a gallery was added by the governor for 200 more. This was immediately filled, and a further enlargment is undertaken.

At an examination of the schools by the governor, the following return was presented: -- boys, 122; girls, 104; women's evening school, 31; men's and boys', 152: total, 409.

Wilberforce Town, which contains 357 Negroes, has been formed by the union of two assemblages of Negroes in neighbouring places, named Congo and Cosso Towns. Mr. Cates, who reached the colony on the 27th of January of last year, had been appointed to assist the Rev. G. R. Nyländer, at Yongroo Pomoh; but a superintendent being wanted for this place, and Mr. Nyländer finding the native usher, Stephen Caulker, of much service in his school, Mr. Cates was fixed here.

At Gloucester Town, at the beginning of April, of last year, Mr. Düring had 263 Negroes under his care. With these he pursues a diligent course of Christian instruction. The whole of the Sunday is occupied in public worship and catechising.

At Kissey Town, by an official return, of April 1, 1817, it appears that the Rev. C. F.Wenzel had the charge of 404 Negroes, of whom seventy four males and seventyseven females attended the schools. The Susoo mission has suffered much from the revived Slave Trade. At Canoffee, the missionaries have been compelled to abandon their work, at the very time when they seemed to be on the point of attaining the object of their longcherished wishes. The Rev. J. S. Klein at Gambier, is very much

Slave Trade. The neighbourhood is populous. Many persons of influence visit the chief under whose protection Mr. Klein lives, and enter freely into conversation on Christianity, and often with much seriousness. There seems, indeed, to be a preparation among the Mahomedans, in particular, on this part of the coast, for the reception of the Gospel. Mr. Klein bad made several excursions in the country, for the purpose of making known the glad tidings of salvation, and had been every where well received.

The Rev. G. R. Nyländer has continued to labour at Yongroo Pomah, amidst great discouragements from the superstition of the natives. They have, however, always behaved toward him with attention and kindness.

In closing this review of the West Africa mission, a number of pleasing anecdotes is added, as encouraging proofs that its labours have not been in vain. We cannot detail these; but the following may serve as a specimen.

A Sunday spent at Regent's Town, in the midst of 1300 or 1400 Negroes liberated, within a short period, from the holds of slave vessels, could scarcely be expected to supply the following description.

Sunday, Nov. 23, 1817:About nine o'clock, all the front seats in the church were occupied. Divine service began at half-past ten.

"Captain Welsh, of the brig Pyrenees, came to visit us; having been an old acquaintance in London. The church was so full when the bell rang the first time, that we could not get in at the two sidedoors. Some were sitting outside on boards. With difficulty we entered through the tower. I married two couple, having scarcely any room to stand, Captain Welsh was much delighted. He said, after service, I have seen to day

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