« PoprzedniaDalej »
was written, but others into whose hands it may fall, may be induced to tread in the steps of the writer, and "to follow her as she followed Christ." The time is not distant when to have acted thus will be far greater praise than to have been
distinguished by beauty, or adorned with the rarest accomplishments, or endowed with the highest intellectual acquirements, or to have been known as a celebrated author, and to have enjoyed the perishable garlands of human renown.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
GREAT BRITAIN. PREPARING for publication:- History of the late War in Spain and Portugal, by Robert Southey:-Life and Writings of R. B. Sheridan, by Mr. Moore :Provincial Antiquities and Picturesque Scenery of Scotland, by various celebrated Artists; the Historical Illustrations by Walter Scott;-The Life of Demosthenes, 1 vol. 4to., by S. Fleming;Illustrations of Biblical Literature, by the Rev. J. Townley; -- The Life of Mary Queen of Scots, by George Chalmers; The third and last volume of Dr. Clarke's Travels:-Life of Andrew Melville, by Dr. M'Crie ;-History of Lithography, by the Inventor, Alois Senefelder;-Familiar Introduction to the Study of Fossils, by Mr. Parkinson; -Journey over part of the (hitherto) Terra Incognita of Australasia, by John Oxley, Esq.;-Scripture Costumes (imperial quarto), the Drawings by B. Satchwell, under the superintendance of B. West;-Various Views of Death and its Circumstances, by the Rev. Tho. Watson.
In the press:-Penal Jurisprudence, and the Reformation of Criminals, by Mr. Roscoe ;-A Work on Political Economy, with a view to practical application, by Mr. Malthus;-Bibliotheca Britannica, or an Index to the Literature of Great Britain and Ireland, &c., by Dr. Watt;-Macklin's Bible, with its Engravings, &c. is re-publishing, with the addition of Prefaces, Historical Accounts, &c. by the Rev. E. Nares, D. D., in twelve parts, at two guineas each;-Chronological Abridgment of the History of Modern Europe, by Mr. Picquot;-"Enjoyments of Youth," intended as a Companion to the "Comforts of Old Age;"-Sermons by the Rev. Edward Maltby, two vols.;-The
Importance of Peace and Union in the Churches of Christ, by the Rev. S. Sleigh;-Sketches of Canterbury, and other Poems, by A. Brooke;-Sermons by the Rev. Mr. Grinfield ;-Remarks on Scepticism, especially as it is connected with the Subject of Organization and Life; being an Answer to some recent Works, both of French and English Physiologists; by the Rev. Mr. Rennell, Christian Advocate in the University of Cambridge, and Vicar of Kensington;-A Volume of Familiar Dissertations on Theological and Moral Subjects, by the Rev. Dr. Wm. Barrow, Prebendary of Southwell.
The following is the substance of a list of queries widely circulated by the House of Commons' Education Com, mittee :-"What schools exist in your parish? How many are taught, clothed, or boarded in each? What increase or diminution is there as far back as you can trace? What salaries and other emoluments to masters, mistresses, and others, connected with the school? What funds are possessed, or generally supposed to be possessed, by each such school? Are there any funds generally supposed in the neighbourhood to be misapplied? What other schools are there not supported or assisted by cha ritable endowment? Are the poor without sufficient means of educating their children, and are they desirous of having such means?"
The Grand Jury of the City of London have presented to the Court, at the last Old Bailey Sessions, the following complaint, which we hope will obtain due attention from the Magistracy:"The Grand Jury beg to call the attention of the honourable Court to the sup pression, as much as possible, of the
opening of houses for the sale of newspapers and other publications on the Lord's-day; also of liquor, victualling, and oyster-shops, and various others of an evil tendency, which alarmingly increase in the metropolis, to the great scandal of the owners, and the injury of the morals of the people, bringing into almost total disregard the Sab. bath."
Vaccination. Among the more recent conjectures or discoveries relative to vaccination, it is stated by different physicians in the East, to be a protection against the plague. Of 6,000 persons vaccinated at Constantinople, not one, it is said, has been visited by that dreadful malady. It has been also advanced, with considerable confidence, nearer home, that most, if not all the alleged instances of small-pox, after vaccination, have been nothing more than cases of "chicken pox." It is also asserted, on high medical authority-contrary to the vulgar prejudice on this subject that chronic diseases of the skin of all kinds have been rather upon the decline than the increase, both as respects number and virulence, since the introduction of the vaccine practice.
Pyramid of Cephrenes.-We have before had occasion to allude to the very interesting discoveries of Signor Belzoni, in Egypt. The most extraordinary, however, of his exertions is the opening of the second pyramid of Ghiza, known by the name of the Pyramid of Cephrenes. He commenced this Herculean task on the 10th of last Feb. The probabilities of success were very feeble; the current of opinion, both of the natives themselves and of the learn. ed thoughout the world, as far back at least as the age of Herodotus, has been that no subterraneous chambers existed in the pyramid; and it is at least certain that every previous attempt to discover them had completely failed. But Signor Belzoni, after transporting from Thebes, the magnificent head of Memnon, laying open the great Sphynx, exploring the temple at Ipsambul, beyond the second cataract, the largest excavation of that region, and which had lain buried beneath fifty feet of sand; and developing the six tombs of the kings in Thebes, was not to be deterred by ordinary difficulties. With sixty labourers, and entirely at his own risk and expense, he began his operations on the north side of the pyramid, in a vertical section, at right angles to that side of the base.
We shall not detail the numerous perils and fatigues encountered in penetrating this firmly-cemented mass. At the end of the first week's labours he found a passage, but after some days' further fatigues to explore its windings he was at length convinced that all his exertions had been hitherto in vain, having arrived at forced excavations which had evidently been made by former explorers to no purpose. With great perseverance he re-commenced his researches on the following day, from a point eastward of the false entrance. February 28, he discovered a block of granite, inclined to the same angle as the passage of the pyramid of Cheops. Other indications of his being near the true entrance now daily appeared to animate his exertions; till at length on the 2d March, the grand pyramid of Cephrenes, after being closed for so many centuries, was laid open. The passage discovered is four feet high and three and a half wide, inclining downwards to an angle of 26 degrees. It runs 104 feet. After exploring, surrounded with great difficulties, the various passages cut out of the native rock, this enterprising traveller entered the great chamber which is about 43 feet long 16 wide, and 23 high. In the centre was found a sarcophagus of granite, containing some relics of bones, which Signor Belzoni naturally supposed to be human. A small fragment,however, brought to England by Major Fitzelarence, has been with some difficulty ascertained to have belonged to a cow -one of the forms under which Apis and Osiris were anciently worshipped.
Northern Expedition. — Captain, Ross has lately returned in the Isabella, with his companion, the Alexander sloop, Lieutenant Parry, after a fruitless attempt to penetrate, through Bhering's Straits, past the American continent. Captain Ross almost reached the latitude of 78°, traversed the whole of Davis's Straits, and fonud inhabitants, but could not discover the smallest opening sufficient to admit the entrance of a ship. Science has, however, derived some advantage, as he has been enabled to trace the line of coast with greater accuracy, and to alter the positions which had been assigned to it in all the charts. There now only remains to be discovered a few degrees to the northward of the Repulse Bay of Middleton; which might be done in one season, from the northernmost station of the Hudson's Bay Company.
The attempt has led to the discovery of a new people. In lat. 76, the party met with a new race of Esquimaux, who, by their astonishment, appeared never to have seen a ship before. At first they were much afraid, and made signs for the vessels to fly away, thinking they were huge birds of prey that had descended from the moon to destroy them. A few of the natives, however, were soon enticed on board, when they expressed their awe and wonder by clinging to the masts, and other extravagant manifestations of imploration, as if to superior beings; at other times, on attentively surveying the ships, they laughed immoderately. They were entirely unintelligible to the Esquimaux whom Captain Ross took out with him, although they seem to be of the same origin, their physiognomy being similar, but of rather a darker complexion-in their general appearance, language, and manners,
approaching nearer to the natives of Kamtschatka, or the north-eastern extremity of Asia. Their mode of travel. ling is on sledges, drawn by dogs, and some of them were seen in this way going northward. They were in possession of knives, which it was conjectured they must have formed from the iron in its natural state. The weapons they used for killing the smaller species of whales, were the horns of the seahorse or unicorn.
Ceylon. We relate with much satisfaction that his Royal Highness the Prince Regent has been pleased to constitute, within his Majesty's territories in the island of Ceylon, an Archdeaconry, to be styled the Archdeaconry of Colombo, and to be subject and subordinate to the spiritual and ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Bishop of Calcutta. The Honourable and Rev. Thomas James Twiselton, clerk, M. A. has been nominated to the appointment.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
The New Testament in Hebrew, 1 vol. 8vo.
The Spirit of the Gospel; or the four Evangelists elucidated; by the Rev. W. Gilly, A. M. 1 vol. Svo.
The Pentateuch, or Five Books of Moses illustrated: containing an explication of the phraseology incorporated with the text; for the use of families and schools; by the Rev. S. Clapham, of Christ Church, Hants. 5s. 6d.
The Scripture Testimony to the Messiah: an Inquiry with a View to a satisfactory Determination of the Doctrine taught in the Holy Scriptures concerning the Person of Christ; including a careful Examination of the Rev. Thomas Belsham's Calm Inquiry, and of the other principal Unitarian Works on the same Subject; by John Pye Smith, D.D. Vol. I. 8vo. 14s.
An Introduction to the Critical Study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, illustrated by Maps and Fac-similes of Biblical Manuscripts; by Thomas Hart well Horne, A.M. 3 vols. 8vo. 21. 2s.
The Worth of a Bible: Tales in Verse, founded upon Fact; by D. Griffiths. 1s.
Christ's Regard to Infants: a Sermon, occasioned by a late affecting Mortality among Children; by D. Griffiths. 6d.
Walks through London, including Westminster and the Borough of Southwark, with the surrounding Suburbs.
Hakewill's Views in Italy, illustrative of Addison, Eustace, Forsyth, &c. No.
II. royal 4to. prints 12s. 6d.; imperial 4to. proofs 18s. India proofs 30s.
History of Voyages into the Polar Regions; undertaken chiefly for the purpose of discovering a North-east North-west, or Polar Passage between the Atlantic and Pacific; from the earliest periods of Scandinavian Navigation, to the departure of the recent Expeditions under the orders of Captains Ross and Buchan; by John Bar row, F.R.S. 8vo. with a map, 12s.
A Narrative of a Journey of Five Thousand Miles through the Eastern and Western States of America; contained in eight Reports, addressed to thirty-nine English Families by whom the Author was deputed, in June 1817, to ascertain whether any, and what part of the United States would be suitable for their residence. 8vo. 10s. 6d.
A Perpetual Key to the Almanacks: containing an Account of the Fasts, Festivals, Saints' Days, and other Holidays in the Calendar, &c. by James Bannantine: corrected and improved; by John Irving Maxwell, of the Inner Temple. 2s. 6d.
Time's Telescope for 1819. 98.
Bent's Modern London Catalogue of Books; containing the books published in London, and those altered in size or price, since the year 1800 to October 1818. 8vo. 8s.
The History of the Jews, from the destruction of Jerusalem to the present time; by Hannah Adams, of Boston, America. Republished in London.
1 vol. 8vo. 12s.
of Goods for Hire; by Henry Jeremy, Esq., of the Middle Temple. 8vo. 78.
Memoirs of the Public and Private Life of John Howard, the Philanthropist, compiled from his private Diary and Letters, the Journal of his confidential Attendant, the Communications of his Family and surviving Friends, and other authentic sources of information, most of it entirely original; by James Baldwin Brown, Esq., of the Inner Temple, Barrister-at-Law. 4to. 21.
Outline Maps of Ancient Geography, being a Selection, by Dr. Butler of Shrewsbury, from D'Anville's ancient Atlas, intended as practical Exercises for the Pupil to fill up, and designed as an Accompaniment to his Sketch of modern and ancient Geography. On drawing Colombier. 10s. 6d.
The Imperial Atlas: containing distinet Maps of the Empires, Kingdoms, and States of the World, with the Boundaries of Europe; as settled by the Treaty of Paris and Congress of Vienna; to which are added, the most useful Maps of ancient Geography; by James Millar, M.D., &c., engraved from original Drawings, made expressly for the Work; by W. and D. Lizars, Edinburgh, and elegantly coloured. royal 4to. 21. 10s.
A Practical Treatise on Life Annuities; including the Annuity Acts of the seventeenth and fifty-third Geo. III. also, a Synopsis of all the principal adjudged Cases under the first Act, together with select modern and useful Precedents, &c.; by Frederick Blaney. 8vo. 7s. 6d.
A Treatise on the Principles and Practice of the Court of Chancery; by Henry Maddock, Esq., Barrister-at-law. 2 vols. royal 8vo. 21. 6s.
The Law of Carriers, Innkeepers, Warehousemen, and other Depositaries
The Gentleman's Annual Mathemati cal Companion, for 1819; containing Answers to last Year's Questions, &c.; also new ones proposed for the next, together with some original and interest. ing Papers never before printed. 2s. 6d. The Key to Mr. Reynard's Geometria Legitima. 9s.
Gleanings and Remarks collected during many Months' Residence at Buenos Ayres and within the Upper Country: with a prefatory Account of the Expedition from England, until the Surrender of the Colony of the Cape of Good Hope, under the joint command of Sir D. Baird, G.C.B. K.C., and Sir Home Popham, K. C.B.; by Major Alexander Gillespie. 8vo. 10s.
Vindicia Wykehamicæ, or a Vindication of Winchester College. In a Letter to Henry Brougham, Esq. M.P., oc casioned by his Inquiry into Abuses of Charity; by the Rev. W. L. Bowles. 2s. 6d.
A Sequel to Mrs. Trimmer's Introduction to the Knowledge of Nature; by Sarah Trimmer. 18mo. 2s. 6d.
The Elements of the Hebrew Language, with the whole Doctrine of the Points fully explained and exemplified, in a small Work, entitled, "the Aleph Beth, or the First Step to the Hebrew Language" by the Philological Professor in the University of Oxford. 1s.
Sketches of the Philosophy of Life; by Sir T. Charles Morgan, M.D. 8vo. 14s.
Considerations on the alarming In crease of Forgery; by C. W. Williants. Anglo-Cambrian: a Poem, in four cantos; by Miss Linwood. 8vo. 5s.
An Elegy on the lamented Death of Sir S. Romilly; by the Rev. Thomas Beek. Od.
Rowe, on Friday, the 20th of this month. The Committee were happy to entrust them to the care of a captain who hrad, on former occasions, acted toward their missionaries as a wise and pious friend. Sarah Butscher and Rachel Garnon, two young negro women, have returned to Africa with them. Sarah Butscher was sent over to this country by the late Rev. Leopold Butscher, soon after the death of his wife, in charge of his infant daughter. Rachel Garnon is a girl of the Ebo nation, who accompanied Mrs. Garnon on her return from Africa, and to whom she is strongly attached: she is of a very promising character; and Mrs. Garnon would have gladly retained her in this country, in order to her being well qualified to assist in the African schools; but it was found that the climate would be injurious to her.
Government has been pleased to grant a passage for Mr. Butler and his companions, on board the Baring, Captain Lamb, a vessel taken up for the conveyance of convicts to New South Wales. James Kemp, a young man from Wyndham in Norfolk, who is well acquainted with the business of a smith, and proceeds to New Zealand on the best motives, has joined the missionaries, together with his wife, since the meeting of the Committee.
BAPTIST MISSION IN INDIA. Extract of a letter from Serampore, Jan. 1818.
"In the Memoir of the translations for 1815, the whole of the Scriptures In the Ooriya were represented to have been printed. A new edition of the New Testament, of 4,000 copies, has been some little' time begun, and the printing advanced to the middle of Matthew.
"In the Bengalee, in which of course the version will be now as accurate as the brethren can expect ever to make it, and in which the opportunities for distribution are becoming daily more extensive, we have commenced a new edition of 5,000 copies of the whole Scriptures, in a new and minch reduced type, reduced by brother Lawson when he resided at Serampore. By means of
this alteration we shall be able to com prise the whole Bible in one large octavo volume of 850 pages, which has hitherto occupied five volumes of 800 pages each.
The brethren intend to -print 5,000 additional Testaments, forming a thin volume of about 180 pages. CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 204.
"In the Sungskrit, the Latin of the East, and intelligible to almost all the learned men throughout Hindoostan, the historical books have been completed, and the printing advanced to the middle of Jeremiah. We therefore expect to complete this volume within the next three months, and shall then have print ed the whole of the Scriptures in that language.
"The Hindée Bible is still further advanced, aud we fully expect that within à month the last part will be ready for distribution. We shall then have printed the first edition of the whole Scrip tures, with a second edition of the New Testament.
"In the Mahratta, the historical books have been printed off since the last Memoir, and the Hagiographa ad. vanced to the middle of Proverbs.
"In the Sikh, the Pentateuch is just completed, and the historical books begun.
"In the Chinese, we have just com. pleted the Pentateuch, and are now proceeding with a second edition of the New Testament*.
"In the Telinga, the New Testament and we hope to have finished the volume is printed as far as the Thessalonians; ere this reaches you.
"In the Pushtoo Testament the print. ing is advanced as far as the 1st of Peter; mans; while in the Bruj Bhasa, although and in the Assam and Wutch, to the Roa delay has arisen in consequence of the tion, who was superintending the ver distance of Brother Chamberlain's sta sion, we are preparing to proceed with the printing as before.
"In the Kurnata we have finished Mark, the Kunkuna, the Mooltance, the Sindand are proceeding with Luke; while in Nepal, the Ooduypore, the Murwar, the hee, the Kaslmere, the Bikaneer, the Juypore, and the Khassee, not much since the last Report, access to them in progress in the printing has been made many cases being difficult, and their prôsecution interfering with the supply of of approach. As soon, however, as the countries more extensive and more easy pleted, it is the intention of the brethren Hindee and Sungskrit versions are comito proceed with them; while the return
tion, I believe, to carry on the printing Dr. Marshman has it in contempla of the Psalms and New Testament together; and we have lately increased our supply of men in the department." 50