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Cross, Osborn, settlement of accounts of......366 || Leadbetter, D., payment to................370 | Pilcher, Josiah P., payment to.........

...370 . . . D.

1 Leonie, The, register to issue to the Prentice un- || Poindexter, George, claim of, to be audited and

der the name of.......................366 1 paid.................. Dade, Mrs. A. M., pension of..............369 Lomax, Elizabeth V., pension of..366, 369, 370 | Prentice, The, name of, changed to Leonie...366 Darling, Nathan H., pension of.............372 Lynch, John A., payment to widow of., ....368 | Price, Captain, payment of company of, for serviDe Neufville, John, and son, payment to heir of,

M. 373

ces in Florida.........................369 .

Price, William J., land confirmed to.........372 Dubuque, Iowa, grant of land to.

MacKay, Sarah D., pension of.............368 | Public Landssee Lands. Dudley, Thomas P., pension of...

Maltby, Jasper A., land warrant to issue to...37 Public Printer, settlement of certain accounts of,73 E.

Matthews, Charles S., payment to..........367 || Queen of Dundee, The, register to issue 10, under

May, of Baltimore, register to issue to the Brazil the name of Kate Wheeler... ........365 Elliot, Asenath M., pension of...

1 Packet, under the name of .............370 | Quinney, John W., payment to.. El Paraguay, the name of the Roger Williams, McFarland, William, land released to heirs of, land granted lo.......

...367 changed to.................. ........372


.. .R. Evans, Mrs. Anna C. D., payment to.......373 McKee, Colonel William R., payment to widow . F.

and children of........................367 Reily, Barbara, to be paid arrears of pension of

grant of land to children of................367 William Reily.......................368 Fanny, The, register to issue to, under the name McLaughlin, Benjamin, payment to........368 Renner, Mary B., claim of, as administratrix of of the Golden Mirror........

McNeil, Mrs. E. A., arrears of pension of Gene Daniel Renner, to be audited and paid...367 Farrar, Margaret, payment of claim of.......368 ral John McNeil, to be paid to..........366 Riley, General Bennett, seulement of account Fawns, James A., settlement of accounts of..365 | Millar, John, registers to issue to vessels of.:369

of...............................333 Forest City, The, name of, changed to Bay City, ! Miller, Henry, pension of..................372 Roberts, Benjamin, S., payment to..........370

Monroe, Elizabeth, pension of..............372 Roger Williams, The, name of, changed to El ParaFrémont, John C., to be indemnified against a suii, Morehead, Joseph, payment to guardians of..369 || guay...... ............... .......312 370 Moss, Matthew, adjustment of account of...373


N. - a. Gardiner, Frances P., pension of............367

Sackett's Harbor and Ellisburg Railroad, right of
Noel, Thomas, settlement of accounts of.....367
Garnett, Alexander Y. P., payment to.....

way granted to........
Norton, Betsey, pension of.................372

.... . .............365

Savannah, (Georgia) site of Oglethorpe Barracks Georgetown and Catoctin Railroad, grant of right of way to............


· granted to......... 70

Shade, Jacob, Jr., pension of........ ....370 Glynn, James, settlement of accounts of ..

Ogden, C. A., payment to..................370 Simons, Maurice K., pension of............368 Gibson, Robert, pension of.......


Oglethorpe Barracks, site of, surrendered to Sa Sisters of the Visitation, &c., incorporated...370 Golden Mirror, l'he, register to issue 10......368

vannah...............................373 Smith, Gilman, pension of.......... Goldsborough, L. M., payment to....... .370

Olmstead, Moses, pension of...............371 Smith, George P., released from a bond......369 Guion, E. P., payment to............... .368

Ontario, The, name of, changed to Carrier Pig payment to.............................369 H.

geon.................................372 pay of................................369 Ozias, John, payment to.....

Smith, J. L., payment to...................370 367 Hall, James, payment to.....

Smith, Philo, payment to..................366 Hayden, Catharine P., payment to... 370

... P.;

Southern Michigan Railroad, payment to....373 Herring, Gardiner, pension of........

Pearson, Mary, pension of... Huffington, John, payment to .......

Sowards, Rosanna, pension of...... ...........372

Spaulding, Harlow, payment to......... Pensions of Hughes, Cornelius, pension of......

...371 Armistead, Elizabeth.......

Speiden, William, allowance to.............366 Hutchinson, Thompson, to be paid arrears of

Baden, Frances E........

Stafford, Abigail, payment to...............367 pension of Thomas Hutchinson........367

Baury, Mary.ii........


317 St. Louis, &c., Railroad, right of way granted Bedient, William .......

.368 Belknap, Ann C.....

Storer, Jacob J., payment to................367 Jenkins, James H., payment to.

Bennett, B. B.,.....

Suarez, Captain, payment to company of, for ser.......371 Johnson, Joseph, pension of......

Box, Edward...

.370 vices in Florida.......................369 Jones, Elizabeth, payment to, for arrears of pen

Capers, Jim.......!

Sullivan, John T., payment to..............366 sion of John Carr ............. .367 Carr, John..i..iiii..

Swayze, C. L., location of Choclaw scrip, by, ap. ... K.

Click, Henry.......!

.371 proved...............................368 Cobb, Ursula E....

371 Sykes, John J., payment 10................366 Kate Wheeler, register to issue to... ....... Craig, Elizabeth.....

T. Kerbaugh, John, pension of ..............

Dade, A. M..........................

Darling, Nathan H......


Taylor, Maria, title of, confirmed ..........372 Dudley, Thomas Pi....core..

Thompson, Mary W., pension of...........369 Lacon, .William, claim of, to be audited and paid,

Elliott, Asenath M......

.368 Todd, Bernard, payment to representatives of, 368 Gardener, Frances P.....

c . v. Lands, Public, acts respecting, in favor ofm

Gibson, Robert.......... Alcott, S. S........

Herring, Gardner


Van Brunt, G. J., payment to...............370 Allegheny Valley Railroad......

Hughes, Cornelius........

.371 Visitation, Sisters of the, incorporated.......370 Belleview.......... .. .... .......... .368 Hutchinson, Thompson...


W. Burlington..........****


Johnson, Joseph... Chelsea ..... .370 Jones, Elizabeth...

Waln, S. Morris, duties to be refunded to....371 Lånds, Public, act respecting, in favor of

Kerbaugh, John..

...368 | Washington, The, relief of widowe and children of ? Cleveland, &c., Railroad.moove...

. ...,360
Lomax, E. V.v...078.

...366, 369 those lost in........... ............367 i Dubuque. i ovo.

Mackay, Sarah D.

....368 | Wells, Edmund, land warrant to issue to.....372 in Georgetown, &c., Railroad....

McNeil, Elizabeth

...366 Wells, Sally, land warrant to issue to.........372 Maltby, Jasper A.............

Miller, Henry....

ry....................... .372 Wells, William H., land warrant to jasye to, 372 - McFarland, William...d..

· Monroe, Elizabeth.


Weston, Nathan, Jr., payment to..... ..367 McKee, Colonel W, R. .367 Norton, Betsey..

..372 Wigg, William Hazzard, settlement of claims Price, William G.. ..372 Olmstead, Moses...

.372 Quinney, John W..

Pearson, Mary.......

337 Wilcoxon, Joseph M., land entries of, confirm*** Sackett's Harbor, &c.

Shade, Jacob, Jr....

...ed V ...................368 St. Louis, &c., Railroad .... 369 Simons, Maurice K.......

.368 Williams, John, pension of...,, Swayze, C.L....,

Smith, Gilman..........

...372 ||. Wingate, Jeremiah, land title of, confirmed...368 Taylor, Maria.........

Sowards, Rosanna.. . ..............369

Wood, Charles, payment to...............367 wells, Edmund.........

.372 Thomson, Mary W..... .................369 || Woodward, Mary, pension of..............372 Wells, Sally. ..

Williams, John..........

.369.) Worth, Margaret L., pension of...........366 1. Wells, William H.......

Woodward, Mary.....

.. .

'Y. Wilcoxon, Joseph M..........

Worth, Margaret L... Wingate, Maria.. ..368 || Young, Jacob.............

...367 | Young, Jacob, pension of.................367

...371 ...371 ...371


.366 .370


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320 CONG..... 20 Sess.

Message of the President.

NEW SERIES.......No. 1.

This is the first pumber of the Appendix to the Con

within nine or ten years have been excluded from gressional Globe for the second seesion of the Thirty Second

presumptive ground for such prohibition, has been Congress. It will contain all the Messages of the President

waters to which they had free access for twenty made the subject of a serious remonstrance at Maof the United States, the Reports of the Executive Depart five years after the negotiation of the treaty. In drid; and I have no reason to doubt that due respect meuts, aud all the speeches of Members of Congress with 1845 this exclusion was relaxed so far as concerns held by them for revision. All the Laws that may be

will be paid by the Government of her Catholic passed during the session will be published in the same form,

the Bay of Fundy, but the just and liberal inten. Majesty to the representations which our Minister so that they may be bound up with the Congressional Globe

tion of the Home Government, in compliance with || has been instructed to make on the subject. and Appendix.

what we think the true construction of the conven It is but justice to the Captain General to add, Subscription price of the Congressional Globe and Ap

tion, to open all the other outer bays to our fish that his conduct toward the steamers employed pendix and the Laws for this session, (payable in advance,) $3 00.

ermen, was abandoned, in consequence of the op to carry the mails of the United States to Havana A sufficient number of copies will be printed to supply position of the colonies. Notwithstanding this, has, with the exceptions above alluded to, been all who may subscribe before the 15th of January.

ihe United States have, since the Bay of Fundy marked with kindness and liberality, and indicates was reopened to our fishermen, in 1845, pursued no general purpose of interfering with the com

the most liberal course toward the colonial fishing MESSAGE

mercial correspondence and intercourse between interests. By the revenue law of 1846, the duties the Island and this country. OF THE

on colonial fish entering our ports were very greatly Early in the present year official notes were rePRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.

reduced, and by the warehousing act it is allowed il ceived from the Ministers of France and England, to be entered in bond without payment of duty. inviting the Government of the United States to

In this way colonial fish has acquired the monop- become a party with Great Britain and France to Fellow-Citizens of the Senate

oly of the export trade in our market, and is en a tripartite convention, in virtue of which the and of the House of Representatives: tering to some extent into the home consumption. three Powers should severally and collectively The brief space which has elapsed since the These facts were among those which increased the disclaim, now and for the future, all intention to close of your last session has been marked by no sensibility of our fishing interest, at the movement obtain possession of the Island of Cuba, and extraordinary political event. The quadrennial | in question.

should bind themselves to discountenance all atelection of Chief Magistrate has passed off with These circumstances, and the incidents above tempts to that effect on the part of any Power or less than the usual excitement. However indi- | alluded to, have led me to think the moment favor individual whatever. This invitation has been viduals and parties may have been disappointed able for a reconsideration of the entire subject of respectfully declined, for reasons which it would in the result, it is nevertheless a subject of national the fisheries, on the coasts of the British Provinces, occupy too much space in this communication to congratulation that the choice has been effected by with a view to place them upon a more liberal state in detail, but which led me to think that the the independent suffrages of a free people, undis-footing of reciprocal privilege. A willingness to proposed measure would be of doubtful constituturbed by those influences which in other coun meet us in some arrangement of this kind is un- tionality, impolitic, and unavailing. I have, howtries have too often affected the purity of popular derstood to exist on the part of Great Britain, i ever, in common with several of my predecessors, elections.

with a desire on her part to include in one compre- || directed the Ministers of France and England to Our grateful thanks are due to an All-merciful hensive settlement, as well this subject as the com be assured that the United States entertain no Providence, not only for staying the pestilence ! mercial intercourse between the United States and designs against Cuba; but that, on the contrary, which in different forms has desolated some of the British Provinces. I have thought that what I should regard its incorporation into the Union our cities, but for crowning the labors of the hus ever arrangements may be made on these two sub at the present time as fraught with serious peril, bandman with an abundant harvest, and the na-jects, it is expedient that they should be embraced Were this Island comparatively destitute of intion generally with the blessings of peace and in separate conventions. The illness and death habitants, or occupied by a kindred race, I should prosperity.

of the late Secretary of State prevented the com regard it, if voluntarily ceded by Spain, as a most Within a few weeks the public mind has been mencement of the contemplated negotiation. Pains desirable acquisition. But, under existing circumdeeply atfected by the death of Daniel Webster, have been taken to collect the information required stances, I should look upon its incorporation into filling at his decease the office of Secretary of State. for the details of such an arrangement. The sub our Union as a very hazardous measure. It would His associates in the Executive Government have ject is attended with considerable difficulty. If it bring into the Confederacy a population of a difsincerely sympathized with his family and the is found practicable to come to an agreement mu. ferent national stock, speaking a different language, public generally on this mournful occasion. His || tually acceptable to the two parties, conventions and not likely to harmonize with the other memcommanding talents, his great political and pro may be concluded in the course of the present bers. It would probably affect, in a prejudicial fessional eminence, his well-tried patriotism, and winter. The control of Congress over all the pro manner, the industrial interests of the South; and his long and faithful services, in the most import- || visions of such an arrangement, affecting the rev it might revive those conflicts of opinion between ant public trusts, have caused his death to be enue, will of course be reserved.

the different sections of the country, which lately lamented throughout the country, and have earned The affairs of Cuba formed a prominent topic in shook the Union to its center, and which have for him a lasting place in our history.

my last annual message. They remain in an un been so happily compromised. In the course of the last summer considerable easy condition, and a feeling of alarm and irrita The rejection by the Mexican Congress of the * anxiety was caused for a short time by an official tion on the part of the Cuban authorities appears convention which had been concluded between intimation from the Government of Great Britain to exist. This feeling has interfered with the reg that Republic and the United ates, for the prothat orders had been given for the protection of ular commercial intercourse between the United tection of a transit way across the Isthmus of Tethe fisheries upon the coasts of the British Prov States and the Island, and led to some acts of huantepec, and of the interests of those citizens of inces in North America against the alleged en which we have a right to complain. But the Cap- | the United States who had become proprietors of croachments of the fishing vessels of the United tain General of Cuba is clothed with no power to the rights which Mexico had conferred on one of States and France. The shortness of this notice treat with foreign Governments, nor is he in any her own citizens in regard to that transit, has and the season of the year seemed to make it a degree under the control of the Spanish Minister thrown a serious obstacle in the way of the attainmatter of urgent imporiance. It was at first ap at Washington. Any communication which he ment of a very desirable national object. I am prehended that an increased naval force had been may hold with an agent of a foreign Power is in- still willing to hope that the differences on the subordered to the fishing grounds to carry into effect formal and matter of courtesy. Anxious to put ject which exist, or may hereafter arise, between the British interpretation of those provisions in the an end to the existing inconveniences, (which ihe Governments, will be amicably adjusted. This convention of 1818, in reference to the true intent seemed to rest on a misconception,) I directed the subject, however, has already engaged the attenof which the two Governments differ. It was soon newly-appointed Minister to Mexico to visit Ha tion of the Senate of the United States, and rediscovered that such was not the design of Great vana, on his way to Vera Cruz. He was respect- quires no further comment in this communication. Britain, and satisfactory explanations of the real fully received by the Captain General, who con The settlement of the question respecting the objects of the measure have been given both here ferred with him freely on the recent occurrences; port of San Juan de Nicaragua, and of the controand in London.

but no permanent arrangement was effected. versy between the Republics of Costa Rica and The unadjusted difference, however, between In the mean time, the refusal of the Captain Gen- | Nicaragua, in regard to their boundaries, was conthe two Governments as to the interpretation of eral to allow passengers and the mail to be landed | sidered indispensable to the commencement of the the first article of the convention of 1818 is still a in certain cases, for a reason which does not fur- ship-canal between the two oceans, which was the matter of importance. American fishing vessels | nish, in the opinion of this Government even a good ll subject of the convention between the United


320 CONG..... 20 Sess.

Message of the President.

SENATE & Ho. OF Reps.

equally enjoyed they all the other maritime povers Without repenting unter arguments contained in

States and Great Britain of the 19th of April, 1850. unfortunate countrymen who from time to time and fifty-six thousand five hundred and forty-seven Accordingly, a proposition for the same purposes, suffer shipwreck on the coasts of the eastern seas dollars and forty-nine cents, ($2,456,547 49,) and addressed to the two Governments in that quarter, are entitled to protection. Besides these specific the surplus in the Treasury will continue to be. and to the Mosquito Indians, was agreed to in objects, the general prosperity of our States on the applied to that object, whenever the stock can be April last by the Secretary of State and the Minis Pacific requires that an attempt should be made to procured within the limits, as to price, authorized ter of her Britannic Majesty. Besides the wish to open the opposite regions of Asia to a mutually || by law. aid in reconciling the differences of the two Rt beneficial intercourse. It is obvious that this The value of foreign merchandise imported publics, I engaged in the negotiation from a desire | attempt could be made by no Power to so great during the last fiscal year was two hundred and to place the great work of a sbip-canal between the advantage as by the United States, whose consti seven millions two hundred and forty thousand one two oceans under one jurisdiction, and to establish tutional system excludes every idea of distant col- | hundred and one dollars, ($207,240,101;) and the the important port of San Juan de Nicaragua un onial dependencies. I have accordingly been led value of domestic productions exported was one der the government of a civilized Power. The to order an appropriate naval force to Japan, under hundred and forty-nine millions eight hundred proposition in question was assented to by Costa the command of a discreet and intelligent officer of and sixty-one thousand nine hundred and eleveit Rica and the Mosquito Indians. It has not proved the highest rank known to our service. He is | dollars, ($149,861,911,) besides seventeen millions equally acceptable to Nicaragua; but it is to be instructed to endeavor to obtain from the Gov two hundred and four thousand and tweniy-six hoped that the further negotiations on the subject ernment of that country some relaxation of the dollars ($17,204,026) of foreign merchandise exwhich are in train will be carried on in that spirit inhospitable and anti-social system which it has ported; making the aggregate of the entire exports ofconciliation and compromise which ought always pursued for about two centuries. He has been one hundred and sixty-seven millions sixty-five to prevail on such occasions, and that they will directed particularly to remonstrate, in the strong. thousand nine hundred and thirty-seven dollars, lead to a satisfactory result.

est language, against the cruel treatment to which ($167,065,937;) exclusive of the above there was I have the satisfaction to inform you that the our shipwrecked mariners have often been sub exported forty-two millions five hundred and sevExecutive Government of Venezuela has acknowl jected, and to insist that they shall be treated with en thousand two hundred and eighty-five dollars edged some claims of citizens of the United States, humanity. He is instrucied, however, at the ($12,507,285) in specie; and imporied from forwhich have for many years past been urged by our same time, to give that Government the amplest eign poris five millions two hundred and sixtyChargé d'Affaires at Caraccas. It is hoped that assurances that the objects of the United States are two thousand six hundred and forty-three dollars, the same sense of justice will actuate the Congress such, and such only, as I have indicated, and that | ($5,262,643.) of that Republic in providing the means for their the expedition is friendly and peaceful. Notwith In my first annual message to Congress I called payment.

standing the jealousy with which the Governments your attention to what seemed to me some defects The recent revolution in Buenos Ayres and the of Eastern Asia regard all overtures from foreign in the present tariff, and recommended such modConfederated States having opened the prospect of ers, I am not without hopes of a beneficial result ifications as in my judgment were best adapted to an improved state of things in that quarter, the of the expedition. Should it be crowned with suc remedy its evils and promote the prosperity of the Governments of Great Britain and France deter cess, the advantages will not be confined to the country. Nothing has since occurred to change mined to negotiate with the Chief of the new Con- | United States, but, as in the case of China, will be my views on this important question. federacy for the free access of their commerce to the extensive countries watered by the tributaries I have much satisfaction in stating that in all the my former message, in favor of discriminating, of the La Plata; and they gave a friendly notice steps preparatory to this expedition, the Govern- || protective duties, I deem it my duty to call your of this purpose to the United States, that we might, ment of the United States has been materially aided attention to one or two other considerations affectif we thought proper, pursue the same course. In by the good offices of the King of the Netherlands, | ing this subject. The first is, the effect of large compliance with this invitation, our Minister at the only European Power having any commercial | importations of foreign goods upon our currency. Rio Janeiro and our Chargé d'Affaires at Buenos relations with Japan.

Most of the gold of California, as fast as it is Ayres have been fully authorized to conclude trea In passing from this survey of our foreign rela coined, finds its way directly to Europe, in payties with the newly-organized Confederation, or tions, I invite the attention of Congress to the ment for goods purchased. In the second place, the States composing it. The delays which have condition of that department of the Government as our manufacturing establishments are broken taken place in the formation of the new Govern to which this branch of the public business is in down by competition with foreigners, the capital ment have as yet prevented the execution of those trusted. Our intercourse with foreign Powers has invested in them is lost, thousands of honest and instructions; but there is every reason to hope of late years greatly increased, both in conse industrious citizens are thrown out of employment, that these vast countries will be eventually opened quence of our own growth and the introduction and the farmer to that extent is deprived of a home to our commerce.

of many new States into the family of nations. market for the sale of his surplus produce. In A treaty of commerce has been concluded be. In this way the Department of State has become the third place, the destruction of our manufactween the United States and the Oriental Republic overburdened. It has, by the recent establish tures leaves the foreigner without competition in of Uruguay, which will be laid before the Senate. ment of the Department of the Interior, been re our market, and he consequently raises the price Should this convention go into operation, it will lieved of some portion of the domestic business. of the article sent here for sale, as is now seen in open to the commercial enterprise of our citizens a If the residue of the business of that kind, such the increased cost of iron imported from England. country of great extent and unsurpassed in natu as the distribution of Congressional documents, | The prosperity and wealth of every nation must ral resources, but from which foreign nations have the keeping, publishing, and distribution of the depend upon its productive industry. The farmer hitherto been almost wholly excluded.

laws of the United States, the execution of the is stimulated to exertion by finding a ready marThe correspondence of the late Secretary of copyright law, the subject of reprieves and par- ket for his surplus products, and benefited by being State with the Peruvian Chargé d'Affaires relative dons, and some other subjects relating to interior able to exchange them, without loss of time or exto the Lobos Islands was communicated to Con administration, should be transferred from the pense of transportation, for the manufactures which gress toward the close of the last session. Since Department of State, it would unquestionably be his comfort or convenience requires. This is althat time, on further investigation of the subject, for the benefit of the public service. I would ways done to the best advantage where a portion the doubts which had been entertained of the title also suggest that the building appropriated to the of the community in which he lives is engaged in of Peru to those Islands have been removed; and State Department is not fire-proof; that there is other pursuits. But most manufactures require I have deemed it just that the temporary wrong reason to think there are defects in its construc an amount of capital, and a practical skill, which which had been unintentionally done her, from tion, and that the archives of the Government in cannot be commanded, unless they be protected want of information, should be repaired by an charge of the Department, with the precious col for a time from ruinous competition from abroad. unreserved acknowledgment of her sovereignty, lections of the manuscript papers of Washington, Hence the necessity of laying those duties upon

I have the satisfaction to inform you that the Jefferson, Hamilton, Madison, and Monroe, are imported goods which the Constitution authorizes course pursued by Peru has been creditable to the exposed to destruction by fire. A similar remark for revenue, in such a manner as to protect and liberality of her Government. Before it was known may be made of the buildings appropriated to the encourage the labor of our own citizens. Duties, by her that her title would be acknowledged at War and Navy Departments.

however, should not be fixed at a rate so high as Washington, her Minister of Foreign Affairs had The condition of the Treasury is exhibited in to exclude the foreign article, but should be so authorized our Chargé d'Affaires at Lima to an the annual report from that Department.

graduated as to enable the domestic manufacturer nounce to the American vessels which had gone The cash receipts into the Treasury for the fiscal fairly, to compete with the foreigner in our own to the Lobos for guano, that the Peruvian Gov year ending the 30th June last, exclusive of trust markets; and by this competition to reduce the ernment was willing to freight them on its own funds, were forty-nine millions seven hundred and price of the manufactured article to the consumer

This intention has been carried into twenty-eightthousand three hundred and eighty-six to the lowest rate at which it can be produced. effect by the Peruvian Minister here, by an ar dollars and eighty-nine cents, ($49,728,386 89,) This policy would place the mechanic by the side rangement which is believed to be advantageous and the expenditures for the same period, likewise of the farmer, create a mutual interchange of their to the parties in interest.

exclusive of trust funds, were forty-six millions respective commodities, and thus stimulate the Our settlements on the shores of the Pacific have seven thousand eight hundred and ninety-six dol- || industry of the whole country, and render us inalready given a great extension, and in some re lars and twenty cents, ($46,007,896 20;) of which dependent of foreign nations for the supplies respects a new direction, to our commerce in that nine millions four hundred and fifty-five thousand quired by the habits or necessities of the people. ocean. A direct and rapidly-increasing intercourse | eight hundred and filteen dollars and eighty-three Another question, wholly independent of prohas sprung up with Eastern Asia. The waters of cents ($9,455,815 83) was on account of the prin- | tection, presents itself; and that is, whether the the Northern Pacific, even into the Arctic sea, ! cipal and interest of the public debt, including the duties levied should be upon the value of the article have of late years been frequented by our whale last installment of the indemnity to Mexico, under at the place of shipment, or, where it is practicamen. The application of steam to the general the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, leaving a balance ! ble, a specific duty, graduated according to quanpurposes of navigation is becoming daily more of $14,632,136 37 in ihe Treasury on the first day tity, as ascertained by weight or measure. Allour common, and makes it desirable to obtain fuel and of July last. Since this latter period, further pur duties are at present ad valorem. A certain per other necessary supplies at convenient points on the chases of the principal of the public debt have been centage is levied on the price of the goods at the route between Asia and our Pacific shores. Our made to the extent of two millions four hundred port of shipment in a foreign country. Most com


320 Cong.....2n Sess.

Message of the President.

SENATE & Ho. of Reps.

mercial nations have found it indispensable, for the ished object of the Government, and it is one to point agreed on by the Commissioners as "the purpose of preventing fraud and perjury, to make which my attention has been steadily directed. point where it strikes the southern boundary of ihe duties specific whenever the article is of such a Admonished by past experience of the difficulty New Mexico" 10 a point one hundred and thirtyuniform value in weight or measure as to justify and cost of the attempt to remove them by mili five miles below Eagle Pass, which is about two such a duty. Legislation should never encourage | tary force, resort has been had to conciliatory thirds of the distance along the course of the river dishonesty, or crime. It is impossible that the rev measures. By the invitation of the Commissioner to its mouth. enue officers at the port where the goods are en of Indian Affairs several of the principal chiess The appropriation which was made at the last tered and the duties paid, should know with cer recently visited Washington, and whilst here ac session of Congress for the continuation of the tainty what they cost in the foreign country. Yet knowledged, in writing, the obligation of their tribe survey is subject to the following proviso: the law requires that they should levy the duty ac to remove with the least possible delay. Late Provided, That no part of this appropriation cording to such cost. They are therefore com advices from the special agent of the Government 'shall be used or expended until it shall be made pelled to resort to very unsatisfactory evidence to represent that they adhere to their promise, and satisfactorily to appear to the Presideñt of the ascertain what that cost was. They take the in that a council of their people has been called to • United States that the southern boundary of New voice of the importer, attested by his oath, as the make their preliminary arrangements. A general Mexico is not established by the commissioner best evidence oi which the nature of the case ad- emigration may therefore be confidently expected and surveyor of the United States further norih mits. But every one must see that the invoice at an early day.

of the town called • Paso' than the same is laid may be fabricated, and the oath by which it is The report from the General Land Office shows down in Disturnell's map, which is added to the supported false, by reason of which the dishonest increased activity in its operations. The survey treaty." importer pays a part only of the duties which are of the northern boundary of Iowa has been com My attention was drawn to this subject by a paid by the honest one, and thus indirectly re pleted with unexampled dispatch. Within the last report from the Department of the Interior, which ceives from the Treasury of the United States a year 9,822,953 acres of public land have been sur reviewed all the facts of the case, and submitted reward for his fraud and perjury. The reports of || veyed, and 5,032,463 acres brought into market. for my decision the question whether, under existthe Secretary of the Treasury, heretofore made on In the last fiscal year there were

ing circumstances, any part of the appropriation this subject, show conclusively that these frauds sold...

1,553,071' acres. could be lawfully used or expended for the further have been practiced to a great extent. The tend Located with bounty land war

prosecution of the work. After a careful considency is to destroy that high moral character for



eration of the subject, I came to the conclusion that which our merchants have long been distinguished; Located with other certificates.. 115,682

it could not, and so informed the head of that De. to defraud the Government of its revenue; to break

partment. Orders were immediately issued by him down the honest importer by a dishonest compe Making a total of...

4,870,067 io the commissioner and surveyor io make no furtition; and, finally, io transfer the business of im In addition, there were

ther requisitions on the Department, as they could portation to foreign and irresponsible agents, to the Reported under swamp land

not be paid, and to discontinue all operations on, great detriment of our own citizens. I therefore



the southern line of New Mexico. " But as the again most earnestly recommend the adoption of For internal improvements, rail

Department had no exact information as to the specific duties, wherever it is practicable, or a home roads, &c. ......

3,025,920 amount of provisions and money which remained valuation, to prevent these frauds.

unexpended in the hands of the commissioner and I would also again call your attention to the Making an aggregate of.......13,115,175 surveyor, it was lest discretionary with them to fact that the present tariff in some cases imposes a Being an increase in the amount of lands sold continue the survey down the Rio Grande as far higher duty upon the raw material imported, than and located under land warrants of 569,220 acres as the means at their disposal would enable them, upon the article manufactured from it; the conse over the previous year.

or at once to disband the Commission. A special quence of which is, that the duty operates to the The whole amount thus sold, located under land

messenger has since arrived from the officer in encouragement of the foreigner and the discour warrants, reported under swamp land grants, and charge of the survey on the river, with information agement of our own citizens.

selected for internal improvements, exceeds that that the funds subject to his control were exhaustFor full and detailed information in regard to of the previous year by 3,342,372 acres; and che ed, and that the officers and others employed in the the general condition of our Indian affairs, I re sales would, without doubt, have been much larger service were destitute alike of the means of prosespectfully refer you to the report of the Secretary but for the extensive reservations for railroads incuting the work and of returning to their homes. of the Interior and the accompanying documents. Missouri, Mississippi, and Alabama.

The object of the proviso was doubtless to arrest The Senate not having thought proper to ratify For the quarter ending 30th September, 1852, the survey of the southern and western lines

of the treaties which had been negotiated with the there were sold....

243,255 acres. New Mexico, in regard to which different opinions tribes of Indians in California and Oregon, our re Located with bounty land warrants 1,387,116 have been expressed; for it is hardly to be supposed lations with them have been left in a very unsatis Located with other certificates... 15,649 that there could be any objection to that part of factory condition.

Reported under swamp land grants 2,485,233 the line which extends along the channel of the In other parts of our territory particular districts

Rio Grande. But the terms of the law are so of country have been set apart for the exclusive | Making an aggregate for the quar

broad as to forbid the use of any part of the money occupation of the Indians, and their right to the

ter of...

.4,131,253 for the prosecution of the work, or even for the lands within those limits has been acknowledged Much the larger portion of the labor of arrang. | payment, to the officers and agents, of the arrearand respected. But in California and Oregon there | ing and classifying the returns of the last census ages of pay which are justly due to them. has been no recognition by the Government of the has been finished, and it will now devolve upon I earnestly invite your prompt attention to this exclusive right of the Indians to any part of the Congress to make the necessary provision for the subject, and recommend' a modification of the country. They are therefore mere tenants at publication of the results in such form as shall be terms of the proviso, so as to enable the Departsufferance, and liable to be driven from place to deemed best. The apportionment of representa ment to use as much of the appropriation as will place, at the pleasure of the whites.

tion, on the basis of the new census, has been be necessary to discharge the existing obligations The treaties which have been rejected proposed made by the Secretary of the Interior, in conform of the Government, and to complete the survey of to remedy this evil by allotting to the differentity with the provisions of law relating to that the Rio Grande to its mouth. tribes districts of country suitable to their habits || subject, and the recent elections have been made It will also be proper to make further provision of life, and sufficient for their support. This pro in accordance with it.

by law for the fulfillment of our treaty with Mexvision, more than any other, it is believed, led to I commend to your favorable regard the sugges- ico, for running and marking the residue of the their rejection; and as no substitute for it has been

tion contained in the report of the Secretary of boundary line between the two countries. adopted by Congress, it has not been deemed ad. the Interior, that provision be made by law for the Permit me to invite your particular attention to visable to altempe to enter into new treaties of a publication and distribution, periodically, of an the interests of the District of Colombia, which permanent character, although no effort has been analytical digest of all the patents which have are confided by the Constitution to your peculiar spared by temporary arrangements to preserve been, or may hereafter be, granted for useful in care. friendly relations with them.

ventions and discoveries, with such descriptions Among the measures which seem to me of the If it be the desire of Congress to remove them and illustrations as may be necessary to present greatest importance to its prosperity, are the infrom the country altogether, or to assign to them an intelligible view of their nature and operation. || troduction of a copious supply of water into the particular districts more remote from the settle The cost of such publication could easily be de- city of Washington, and the construction of suitments of the whites, it will be proper to set apart frayed out of the patent fund; and I am per able bridges across the Potomac, to replace those by law the territory which they are to occupy, and suaded that it could be applied to no object more which were destroyed by high water in the early to provide the means necessary for removing them acceptable to inventors, and beneficial to the public part of the present year. to it. Justice alike to our own citizens and to the at large.

At the last session of Congress an appropriaIndians requires the prompt action of Congress on An appropriation of $100,000 having been made tion was made to defray the cost of the surveys this suhject.

at the last session for the purchase of a suitable necessary for determining the best means of afThe amendments proposed by the Senate, to site, and for the erection, furnishing, and fitting || fording an unfailing supply of good and wholethe treaties which were negotiated with the Sioux up of an Asylum for the Insane of the District of some water. Some progress has been made in Indians of Minnesota, have been submitted to the Columbia, and of the Army and Navy of the the survey, and as soon as it is completed the tribes who were parties to them, and have re United States, the proper measures have been result will be laid before you. ceived their assent. A large tract of valuable ter adopted to carry this beneficent purpose into effect. Further appropriations will also be necessary ritory has thus been opened for settlement and By the latest ad vices from the Mexican Bound- | for grading and paving the streéts and avenues, cultivation, and all danger of collision with these ary Commission, it appears that the survey of the and inclosing and embellishing the public grounds powerful and warlike bands has been happily re river Gila, from its confluence with the Colorado within the city of Washington. moved.

to its supposed intersection with the western line I commend all these objects, together with the The removal of the remnant of the tribe of Sem of New Mexico, has been completed. The survey I charitable institutions of the District, to your fainole Indians from Florida has long been a cher of the Rio Grande has also been finished from the Il vorable regard.

32D CONG.....2p Sess.

Message of the President.

SENATE & Ho. of Reps.

Every effort has been made to protect our fron- suggestions of which I ask your approval. It Your attention is respectfully called to the report tier, and that of the adjoining Mexican States, || exhibits an unusual degree of activity in the oper of the Postmaster General for the detailed operafrom the incursions of the Indian tribes. Of about ations of the Department during the past year. tion of his Department during the last fiscal year, eleven thousand men of which the Army is com The preparations for the Japan expedition, to from which it will be seen that the receipts from posed, nearly eight thousand are employed in the which I have already alluded; the arrangements postages for that time were less by $1,431,696 defense of the newly-acquired territory, (includ made for the exploration and survey of the China ihan for the preceding fiscal year, being a decrease ing Texas,) and of emigrants proceeding thereto, Seas, the Northern Pacific, and Behring's Straits; l of about 23 per cent. I am gratified to say that these efforts have been the incipient measures taken towards a reconnois This diminution is attributable to the reduction unusually successful. With the exception of sance of the Continent of Africa eastward of Libe- || in the rates of postage made by the act of March some partial outbreaks in California and Oregon, || ria; the preparation for an early examination of 3, 1851, which reduction took effect at the comand occasional depredations on a portion of the the tributaries of the river La Plata, which a recent mencement of the last fiscal year. Rio Grande, owing, it is believed, to the disturbed | decree of the Provisional Chief of the Argentine Although in its operation during the last year state of that border region, the inroads of the In- | Confederation has opened to navigation; all these the act referred to has not fulfilled the predictions dians have been effectually restrained.

enterprises, and the means by which they are pro of its friends by increasing the correspondence of Experience has shown, however, that whenever || posed to be accomplished, have commanded my the country in proportion to the reduction of post'the two races are brought into contact, collisions full approbation, and I have no doubt will be pro age, I should nevertheless question the policy of will inevitably occur. To prevent these collisions ductive of most useful results.

returning to higher rates. Experience warrants the United States have generally set apart por Two officers of the Navy were heretofore in- | the expectation that as the community becomes tions of their territory for the exclusive occupa structed to explore the whole extent of the Ama- | accustomed to cheap postage, correspondence will tion of the Indian tribes. A difficulty occurs, zon river, from the confines of Peru to its mouth. increase. It is believed that from this cause, and however, in the application of this policy to Texas. The return of one of them has placed in the pos from the rapid growth of the country in populaBy the terms of the compact by which that State | session of the Government an interesting and tion and business, the receipts of the Department was admitted into the Union, she retained the valuable account of the character and resources of must ultimately exceed its expenses, and that the ownership of all the vacant lands within her lim a country abounding in the materials of commerce,

country may safely rely upon the continuance of its. The government of that State, it is under and which, if opened to the industry of the world, the present cheap rate of postage. stood, has assigned no portion of her territory to will prove an inexhaustible fund of wealth. The In former messages I have, among other things, the Indians; but as fast as her settlements advance report of this exploration will be communicated to respectfully recommended to the consideration of lays it off into counties, and proceeds to survey you as soon as it is completed.

Congress the propriety and necessity of further and sell it. This policy manifestly tends, not Among other subjects offered to your notice by legislation for the protection and punishment of only to alarm and irritate the Indians, but to com the Secretary of the Navy, I select for special foreign consuls residing in the United States; to pel them to resort to'plunder for subsistence. It commendation, in view of its connection with the revive with certain modifications the act of 10ch also deprives this Government of that influence interests of the Nav the plan submitted by him | March, 1838, to restrain unlawful military expeand control over them without which no durable for the establishment of a permanent corps of sea- ditions against the inhabitants of conterminous peace can ever exist between them and the whites. men, and the suggestions he has presented for the States or Territories; for the preservation and proI trust, therefore, that a due regard for her own reorganization of the Naval Academy.

tection from mutilation or theft of the papers, interests, apart from considerations of humanity In reference to the first of these, I take occasion records, and archives of the nation; for authorizing and justice, will induce that State to assign a to say that I think it will greatly improve the the surplus revenue to be applied to the payment small portion of her vast domain for the provis- efficiency of the service, and that'l regard it as of the public debt in advance of the time when it ional occupancy of the small remnants of tribes still more entitled to fayor for the salutary influ- will become due; for the establishment of land within her borders, subject of course to her own ence it must exert upon the naval discipline, now offices for the sale of the public lands in California ership and eventual jurisdiction. If she should greatly disturbed by the increasing spirit of in- and the Territory of Oregon; for the construction fail to do this, the fulfillment of our treaty stipu- subordination, resulting from our present system. of a road from the Mississippi valley to the Pacific lations with Mexico, and our duty to the Indians | The plan proposed for the organization of the ocean; for the establishment of a Bureau of Agrithemselves, will, it is feared, berome a subject of seamen furnishes a judicious substitute for the culture for the promotion of that interest, perhaps serious embarrassment to the Government." It is | law of September, 1850, abolishing corporal pun- | the most important in the country; for the prevenhoped, however, that a timely and just provision | ishment, and satisfactorily sustains the policy of tion of frauds upon the Government in applications by Texas may avert this evil.

that act, under conditions well adapted io main- || for pensions and bounty lands; for the establishNo appropriations for fortifications were made tain the authority of command and the order and ment of a uniform fee bill, prescribing a specific at the last two sessions of Congress. The cause of security of our ships. It is believed that any compensation for every service required of clerks, this omission is, probably, to be found in a grow change which proposes permanently to dispense district attorneys, and marshals; for authorizing ing belief that the system of fortifications adopted with ihis mode

of punishment, should be preceded an additional regiment of mounted men, for the dein 1816, and heretofore acted on, requires revision by a system of enlistment which shall supply the fense of our frontiers against the Indians, and for

The subject certainly deserves full and careful Navy with seamen of the most meritorious class, fulfilling our treaty stipulations with Mexico to investigation; but it should not be delayed longer whose good deportment and pride of character defend her citizens against the Indians with equal than can be avoided. In the mean time there are may preclude all occasion for a resort to penalties diligence and energy as our own;" for determining certain works which have been commenced-some of a harsh or degrading nature. The safety of a the relative rank between the naval and civil officers of them nearly completed-designed to protect || ship and her crew is often dependent upon imme in our public ships, and between the officers of the our principal sea-poris, from Boston to New Or diate obedience to a command, and the authority | Army and Navy in the various grades of each; for Jeans, and a few other important points. In re to enforce it must be equally ready. The arrest reorganizing the naval establishment by fixing the gard to the necessity for these works, it is believed t of a refractory seaman, in such moments, not number of officers in each grade, and providing for that little difference of opinion exists among mili- | only deprives the ship of indispensable aid, but a retired list upon reduced pay of those unfit for tary men. I therefore recommend that the appro- imposes a necessity for double service on others active duty; for prescribing and regulating punishpriations necessary to prosecute them be made. whose fidelity to their duties may be relied upon ments in the Navy; for the appointment of a com

I invite your attention to the remarks on this in such an emergency. The exposure to this mission to revise the public statutes of the United subject, and on others connected with his Depart- increased and arduous labor, since the passage of States, by arranging them in order, supplying ment, contained in the accompanying report of the the act of 1850, has already had, to a most deficiencies, correcting incongruities, simplifying Secretary of War.

observable and injurious extent, the effect of pre- their language, and reporting them to Congress for Measures have been taken to carry into effect venting the enlistment of the best seamen in the its final action ; and for the establishment of a the law of the last session making provision for Navy. The plan now suggested is designed to commission to adjudicate and settle private claims the improvement of certain rivers and harbors, promote a condition of service in which this ob- | against the United States. I am noi aware, howand it is believed that the arrangements made forjection will no longer exist. The details of this ever, that any of these subjects have been finally that purpose will combine efficiency with econo- plan may be established in great part, if not acted upon by Congress. Without repeating the my. Owing chiefly to the advanced season when altogether, by the Executive, under the authority reasons for legislation on these subjects which the act was passed, little has yet been done in of existing laws; but I have thought it proper, in have been assigned in former messages, I respectregard to many of the works beyond making the accordance with the suggestion of the Secretary fully recommend them again to your favorable connecessary preparations. With respect to a few of the Navy, to submit it to your approval. sideration. of the improvements, the sums already appropria The establishment of a corps of apprentices for I think it due to the several Executive Departted will suffice to complete them, but most of them the Navy, or boys to be enlisted until they be- | ments of this Government, to bear testimony to will require additional appropriations. I trust come of age, and to be employed under such reg- the efficiency and integrity with which they are that these appropriations will be made, and that ulations as the Navy Department may devise, as conducted. 'With all the careful superintendence this wise and beneficent policy, so auspiciously re- || proposed in the report, 1 cordially approve and which it is possible for the heads of those Departsumed, will be continued. Great care should be commend to your consideration; and I also con ments to exercise, still the due administration and taken, however, to commence no work which is cur in the suggestion that this system for the early | guardianship of the public money must very much not of sufficient importance to the commerce of the training of seamen may be most usefully ingrafted | depend on the vigilance, intelligence, and "fidelity country to be viewed as national in its character. upon the service of our merchant-marine. of the subordinate officers and clerks, and espeBut works which have been commenced should The other proposition of the report to which I || cially on those intrusted with the settlement and not be discontinued until completed, as otherwise have referred-the reorganization of the Naval adjustment of claims and accounts. I am gratified the sums expended will, in most cases, be lost. Academy, recommend to your attention as a to believe that they have generally performed their

The report from the Navy Department will in- project worthy of your encouragement and sup- duties faithfully and well. They are appointed to form you of the prosperous condition of the branch port. The valuable services already rendered by guard the approaches to the public Treasury, and of the public service committed to its charge. It this institution entitle it to the continuance of your they occupy positions that expose them to all the presents to your consideration many topics and Il fostering care.

temptations and seductions which the cupidity of

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