J.D. van der Waals: on the continuity of the gaseous and liquid states
The centre-piece of this book is an English translation of the Leiden thesis of 1873 of J.D. van der Waals, of which the original version must be the most cited and least read of any thesis in physical science. In an introductory essay the editor has put this work in the context of its time and explained why it is still of value to physicists and chemists working in statistical mechanics, on phase transitions and on the properties of liquids. The thesis is followed by a translation of Van der Waals first great paper on the theory of liquid mixtures, which is also frequently quoted, but which has not hitherto been available.
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The kinetic theory in the history of physics
The thesis of 1873
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Akad Amsterdam approximation atoms attractive forces Boltzmann calculation carbon dioxide Chem Clausius co-existing phases components consider constant critical exponents critical point critical temperature curve denotes distance equal equilibrium expansion experimental experiments exponents expression external fluid free energy function gases given hard spheres heat integral intermolecular forces intermolecular potential Ising model isotherm J.A. Barker J.C. Maxwell J.D. Bernal J.L. Lebowitz J.S. Rowlinson Joule Kamerlingh Onnes kinetic energy Laplace later lattice lattice theories layer Leiden Lennard-Jones Lennard-Jones potential liquid M.E. Fisher mean-field molecules motion obtained parameters particles Philos Phys Physics plait potential energy Proc quantity R.H. Fowler Rayleigh Regnault reprinted in Scientific Scientific Papers statistical mechanics substance surface tension tangent plane term theory thermodynamic thesis Thomson Trans translation tricritical point vapour pressure virial coefficient volume Waals Weten Widom Zeit zero