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E S S A Y

Human Understanding.

Written by JOHN LOCKE, Gent.

THE TWENTY-FIRST EDITION.

TO WHICH ARE NOW ADDED,

LONDON:

Printed for J. Johnson, W. J. and J. Richardson, W. Otridge and Son,

F. C. and J. Rivington, D. Ogilvy and Son, Leigh and Sotheby,
T. Payne, G. Robinson, W. Lowndes, R. Faulder, J. Walker, Vernor
and Hood, Darton and Harvey, G. Wilkie and J. Robinson, C. Law,
J. White, Longman and Co., Cadell and Davies, and J. Mawman;

By Bye and Law, St. John's Square, Clerkenwell.

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3. Communication bywords,

civil or philosophical. 4. Theimperfection of words

is the doubtfulness of their

signification. 5. Causes of their imperfec

tion. 6. The names of mixed modes

doubtful : first, because the ideas they stand for,

are so complex. 7. Secondly, because they

have no standards. 8. Propriety not a sufficient

remedy. 9. The way of learning these

names contributes also to

their doubtfulness. 10. Hence unavoidable obscu.

rity in ancient authors, ii. Names of substances, of

douðtful signification. 12. Names of substances re.

ferred, first, to real essen.

ces, that cannot be known. 13, 14. Secondly, to co-existing

qualities, which

known but imperfectly. 15. With this imperfection

they may serve for civil, but not well for philoso

phical use. 16. Instance, liquor of the

nerves. 17. Instance, gold. 18. The names of simple ideas,

the least doubtful.

are

Τ Η Ε

C ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S

OF THE

ESSAY on HUMAN UNDERSTANDING continued.

BOOK III.

OF WORDS.

CHAP. VII.

Of particles. SECT.

1. Particles connect parts, or

whole sentences together. 2. In them consists the art

of well speaking. 3, 4. They show what relation

the mind gives to its own

thoughts.
5. Instance in But.
6. This matter but lightly

touched here,

CH A P. VIII.
Of abstract and concrete terms.
SECT.

1. Abstract terms not pre

dicable one of another,

and why.
2. They show the difference

of our ideas.

CH A: P. IX.
Of the imperfection of words.
SECT.

1. Words are used for re.

cording and communicat.

ing our thoughts.
2. Any words will serve for

recording,

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19. And

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