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TUE

OR,

PIRONS IN PROSE AND VERSE,

FROM THE

BEST WRITERS;

DESIGNED TO ASSIST YOUNG PERSONS

TO READ WITH PROPRIETY AND EFFECT

IMPROVE THEIR LANGUAGE AND SENTIMENTS; AND

TO INCULCATE THE MOST IMPORTANT

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MANY selections of excellent matter have been made for the benefit o young persons. Performances of this kind are of so great utility, that fresh productions of them, and new attempts to improve the young mind, will scarcely be deemed superfluous, if the writer makes his compilation instructive and interesting, and sufficiently distinct from others.

The présent work, as the title expresses, aims at the attainment of three objects: to improve youth in the art of reading; to meliorate their language and sentiments ; and to inculcate some of the most important principles of piety and virtue.

The pieces selected, not only give exercise to a great variety of emotions, and the correspondent tones and variations of voice, but contain sentences and members of sentences, which are diversified, proportioned, and pointed with accuracy. Exercises of this nature are, it is presunied, sell calculated to teach youth to read with propriety and effect. A selection of sentences, in which variety and proportion, with exact punctuation, have been carefully observed, in all their parts as well as with respect to one another, will pre bably have a much greater effect, in properly teaching the art of reading, than is commonly imagined. In such constructions, every thing is accommodated to the understanding and the voice; and the cominon diffculties in learning to read well are obviated. When the learner has

acquired a habit of reading such sentences, with justness and facility, he will readiły apply that habit, and the improvements he has made, to sentences more complicated and irregular, and of a construction entirely different.

The language of the pieces chosen for this collection has been carefully regarded. "Purity, propriety, perspicuity, and, in many instances, elegance of diction, distinguish them. They are extracted from the works of the most correct and elegant writers. From the sources whence the sentiments are drawn, the reader may expect to find them connected and regular, sufficiently important and impressive, and divested of every thing that is either trite or eccentric. The frequent perusal of such composition naturally lends to infuse a taste for this species of excellence, and to produce a habit of thinks ing, and of coinposing, with judgment and accuracy.*

That this collection may also serve the purpose of promoting piety and vistue, the Compiler has introduced many extracts, which place religion in the most amiable light; and which recommend a great variety of moral duties, by the excellence of their nature, and the happy effects they produce. These subjects are exhibited in a style and manner which are calculated to arrest the attention of youth ; and to make strong and durable impressions on their mindst

The Compiler has been careful to avoid every expression and sentiment, that might gratify a corrupt mind, or, in the least degree, offend the eye or ear of innocence. This he conceives to be peculiarly incumbent on every person

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* The learner, in his progress through this volume and the Sequel to it, will meet with numerous instanees of composition, in strict conformity to the rules for promoting perspicuous and elegant writing, coritained in the Appendix to the Author's English Grammar. By occasionally examining this conformity, he will be confirmed In the utility of those rules; and be enabled to apply them with case and dexterity.

It is proper further to observe, that the Reader and the Sequel, besides teaching 10 read accurately, and inculcating many important sentiments, may be considered an auxiliarios to the Author's English Grammar; as practical illustrations of the inci ples and rules contained in that work.

f In somo of the pieces, the Compiler has made a few alterations, chiefly verbal, to * Auk them the better to the design of his work.

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who writes for the benefit of youth. It would indeed be a great and hapm improvement in education, if no writings were allowed to come under their notice, but such as are perfectly innocent; and if on all proper occasions, they were cncouraged to peruse those which tend to inspire a due reverence for virtue, and an abhorrence of vice, as well as to animate them with sentiments of piety and goodness. Such impressions deeply engraven on thedr

minds, and connected with all their atlaipments, could scarcely fail of attend Sing them through life, and of producing a solidity of principle and charac

ter, that would be able to resist the danger arising from future intercourse with the world. to The Author has endeavoured to relieve the grave and serious parts of his

collection, by the occasional admission of pieces which amuse as well as instruct. If, however, any of his readers should think it contains too great a portion of the fornier, it may be some apology to observe, that in the existing publications designed for the perusal of young persons, the preponderance is greatly on the side of gay and amusing productions. Too much attention nay

be paid to this medium of improvement. When the imagination, of youth on especially, is much entertained, the sober dictates of the understauding are

regardea with indifference; and the influence of good affections is either feeoble, or trapsient. A temperate use of such entertainment seems therefore pas requisite, to afford proper scope for the operations of the understanding and Is the heart. muu The reader will perceive, that the Compiler has been solicitious to recomun mend to young persons, the perusal of the sacred Scriptures, by interspersing

through his work some of the most beautiful and interesting passages of those bra invaluable writings. To excite an early taste and veneration for this great

rule of life, is a point of so high importance, as to warrant the attempt to probiote it on every proper occasion.

a. To improve the young mind, and to afford some assistance to tutors, in the si arduous and important work of education, were the motives which led to this the production. If the Author should be so successful as to accomplish those - ends, even in a small degree, he will hink that his time and pains have been 7 well employed, and will deem! ply rewarded.

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