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that we sometimes see in gardens, inasmuch as they are transcripts where the prevailing green of na- of the original idea of beauty, ture is completely sacrificed to existing in the Divine mind. And the garish tints of an artificial and · if, amid the desolation of the fall, exaggerated bloom. If we look and the barrenness of a world abroad on the hues so exquisitely withered by the curse, we can still blended in the tapestry which a trace so much of loveliness and divine hand has thrown over the grandeur, how glorious must it all fertile earth; the verdure not have been when it came forth overpowered but enriched by the fresh from its Maker's hand, unbright blossoms which sprinkle it defaced by sin. with snow, and gold, and azure,

HORTULENSIS. we shall lose our relish for the overcharged style which Aings

BIBLICAL CRITICISM. around the garniture of gay co

REPLY TO K. ON GENESIS xxviii. lours, with as little design or discrimination as is to be found in

- (To the Editors.) the field of the kaleidoscope. Writ must feel delighted at the

of That is a miserably depraved taste which can prefer glitter to beauty,

improvements in Scripture critishow to substance, bustle to tran- cism, which have been made quillity, the petty deteriorations of within the course of the last man's" fancy to the perfection and half century: and gratitude is due harmony of the divine inventions. to every person who corrects an

“A garden," in the often-re. error, amends a mistranslation, peated language of Lord Bacon, rectifies a mistake, removes " is the purest of all human plea- misapprehension," or brings the sures." It is a relic of our first word of truth any nearer to the estate; it breathes of paradise ; it standard of grammatical accuracy comes down to us as a kind of or verbal purity. legacy from our first parents,

I am ready to acknowledge that bringing with it “airs from hea. I look with a lenient eye on such ven.' On this subject the highest attempts, when well meant, even imaginations have delighted to when they seem to fall short;. I dwell. The groves of the Hespe

am not one of those who dread rides were the glowing vision of that the credibility of divine truth ancient bards; Homer has given

will thus be weakened-it will, it a brief but bright sketch of the must stand; and one jot or tittle gardens of Alcinous; and Milton of it will not fail. I was at first has placed his human characters

inclined to allow, that

your correamid scenes of unequalled beauty. spondent K.* had cleared Genesis But that man is deeply to be pitied, xxviii. from “a misapprehension,” who can behold nothing more in but on looking at the subject the rich clothing of the flower, or

again, I find myself compelled to the gay plumage of the insect that hold by the opinion of the “old lights upon its petals, than an

preachers." object of transient pleasure or

I admit, that “ to illustrate any scientific observation. They offer subject with fanciful, rather than

is us a higher lesson than any which Scriptural representations," are learnt in human schools, and wrong, and however much I might they should teach us to go deeper bé disposed to draw matter from than externals for the objects and

the unprotected circumstances in the causes of our admiration. Let which Jacob is supposed to be us not forget that, beautiful as

placed-sleeping in the open airthese things are, they are so, only * In the Number for Júly.

text says,

without a human hand to help of human footsteps, far less a him, a human face to smile on city. In fact, I should consider him, or a human voice to soothe nuts as a sure sign of the distance him under his banishment: how- of city. ever much I might be disposed Again, was it wonderful to to think the dream amplified, and sleep in the open air in a country its importance increased, by Jacob's like Judea ; and in the patriarchal situation, with the earth as his ages-when houses were little couch, and the vast expanse as his used, men “dwelling in tents,” canopy-however much it might the transition was not great—How seem to add to all the scenery of often did Jacob do so afterwards? the subject; still I would consider' Gen. xxxi. 40. How long did it unsafe to hold all this under an David wander without a city to illusion, and if K. had proved that dwell in? Yea, Saul the king Jacob did not sleep in the open slept in the open air, without either air, his point would have been the conveniency of a caravansara gained. Will he forgive me, or inn. In the days of our blessed when I say, he has not yet proved Lord, the shepherds spent the night it? and I shall proceed to examine with their flocks-he himself spent what he has brought forward as nights on a mountain in prayer. evidence for his opinion.

In the cold frosty region of ScotHe appeals to the text: the land, where snows lie deep, not a

" he lighted upon a cer- century ago, a Highland Chieftain, tain place;" will he point out, in with his party, would have slept all the Bible, this expression used in the woods ; # and in Greenland for arriving at a city, and sleeping and Labrador they construct snowin an inn. It would hardly do houses when overtaken by a for any village in England or storm. Scotland. Why did not the nar- The lions and savage beasts rator say at once, that Jacob came were not such a terror to Jacob as to Luz ? From this name, K. they would be to K.: there was affirms, that it was known as a courage enough in David, when å town before Jacob slept there. youth, to attack them; from many Is he yet to learn, that both in allusions in Scripture, they seem sacred and profane history, there to have been common-- what is are towns called by their names in common is not so much dreaded. anticipation?* Did he never hear Ask the Rev. John Campbell, the of this very thing being urged by African traveller, he will tell unbelievers against the genuine- you of “wild beasts and wilder ness of sacred story?+ It is no men;" still he slept in South Africa proof that there was a city in under the sky. Jacob's time, though there had Jacob

was,

it
may

be, never a been a Luz built where Jacob day's journey from home before, called the name of the place or perhaps not in that direction; Bethel. As little proof of a city there were then no road-books, can be derived from the name itineraries, stage-coaches, or turnimplying that almonds or nuts pike roads; he was no traveller, he grew there; these grow sponta- was not even a hunter, like his neously, and if K. had been where brother; he was a "plain man I have been, he would find nuts dwelling in tents." where there is hardly any trace It is probable there was an inn

or caravansara there;"_it is pro

bable there was not probabilities Hebron..

Dick on the Inspiration of the Scriptures,

Kaimes' Sketchesi

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are not proofs ; if there were, it agrees with K. that Jacob lodged was very odd that Jacob set up his there. stone bolster for a pillar, and

Deodati. anointed it, and returned back to presso all' citta di Luz, non it in after times. Even in a cara- essendovi potuto entrar dentro.” vansara, empty and unfurnished as I fear, Gentlemen, I tire you, they are, no man would think of and shall tire your readers, but if erecting a pillar as a memoria). I have differed from K., I hope

Having thus briefly touched on I have assigned some grounds for K.'s arguments, and I think shown so doing.--I am, Gentlemen, your their weakness, I shall conclude most obedient servant, by giving the opinion of three W- F

A. writers in corroboration of my July 17, 1823. view of the question.

Josephus the Jew says, -“ iter faciebat per Chananæam:

ON MR. EWING'S ETYMOLOGY OF cumque simultatem haberet cum

βαπτω. . ea gente, nolebat ad quenquam

(To the Editors.) divertere, sed sub dio quiescebat, GENTLEMEN, - Your poptismal lapide vice pulvini capiti subjecto," article in the last number gratified I quote from the Latin version, and amused me; gratified me by having no other copy at hand: those portions which exemplified here a reason is assigned why the ability and Christian temper Jacob would not lodge in a city, of the reviewer, and amused me had there been one.

by its grave advocacy of a whimJohn Calvin.

sical hypothesis. Allow me first « Paucis autem verbis admonet ts say that I am, though by no Moses quam

durum ac laboriosum means a pædopoptist, a very desancto viro iter fuerit ad longam cided pædobaptist, and that I have distantiam: cui etiam additur altera read with much pleasure the subcircumstantia quod humi sub dio stantial portions of Mr. Ewing's cubuit, sine comite sine hospitio.- little volume; and then permit me Quæritur unde oleum sancto viro to indulge in a few further obserin solitudine. Qui respondent, .vations. ab urbe vicina fuisse emptum, I am very willing to give all longe meo judicio falluntur. Locus possible license to etymologists; enim tunc vacuus incolis fuit." it is my delight to stand by and Calvin is of opinion that Luz was look on, while they turn words not then built. Indeed, thirty and syllables topsyturvy, and treat years afterwards, Jacob set up an

letters with as little ceremony as altar when he came back with a the Parisian gendarmes do the relarge family, with flocks and fractory members of the French herds; all these could not lodge legislative body. Les consonnes in a caravansara, nor would he sont peu de chose, et les voyelles ever dream of building an altar vont pour rien, is the most convethere. It was there he buried nient rule imaginable ; it enabled Rachel's nurse, not in the city the learned Menage to derive chez burying-grounds, but under an from apud, and it has now metempoak. Strange, if there was a city - sychosized Baptism into Poptism. there at that time.

I have however three trifling obI shall quote one commentator jections to this last exercise of the more, who, though he differs from legitimate canon just cited. In Calvin, in supposing that Luz was the first place, it migh:, if carried then a city, yet by no means to its fair limits, make rather CONG. MAG, No. 70,

3 X

-is a

aukward work with certain parts new doctrine of divorce, and obof Scripture which may as well be ject most decidedly to the disconleft to the old-fashioned system of jugation of long-lived consonants interpretation. Secondly, I can from vowels to which they have not, with the utmost exertion of been wedded for some odd thoumy modicum of intellect, find out sands of

years. what is to be gained by the new There is much substantial matter etymology. And lastly, if I were in Mr. Ewing's book; his obserin a humour for buffoonery, and vations on Campbell are excellent; your Magazine the proper place to and I hope that, in a second exhibit antics in, I think I could edition, he will fairly dismiss his hit upon an equally satisfactory etymologies, and if they are worth etymon, which should give to the any thing, let them occupy their Baptists at least as great an advan. proper place in a new recension of tage as any that they can possibly his valuable lexicon. lose by this new species of verbal After all, Gentlemen, cui bono and literal Rosycrucianism. all this chaffering about the pri

Mr. Ewing-with whom I had mary meaning of the word Bartw, once the gratification of spending when the real question concerns two or three very pleasant hours the secondary and theological im

man whose talents and port of its derivation? This is a learning are as unquestionable as point, as it appears to me, scarcely his piety and excellent temper, within the cognizance of any

other and towards whom I should feel authority, than the fair interpretait at my own peril, if I ventured tion of Scripture statement and on a syllable bordering on disre- reasoning. spect; but he must really excuse It is hardly necessary for me to me, if, when he requests me to disclaim any disrespectful feeling

accustom my ears” to such words towards the Reviewer. He has as Popto-Poptizo, and a long a right to his own opinion, the kyrielle of similar barbarisms, I more complete, inasmuch as he is reply, that my ears are not quite evidently a man who does not pliable enough for such a purpose. pin his faith on the verba magistri; My tympanum is only accustomed but as I rather think that the to vibrate to such sounds as those current of general sentiment runs of Bapto-Baptizo, and their deri- strongly against the new system vatives, and I cannot in the small- of derivation, I feel anxious that est degree comprehend how these

some intimation of this should arbitrary mutations, and fanciful appear in your pages. His introresemblances, are to aid us in find- ductory remarks are excellent; ing our way through the “ high- they are as justly discriminative as ways and by-ways” of a contro- they are admirably expressed, versy which will agitate, and I and it were much to be wished fear divide, the Christian world, that points of equal importance till the very dawn of the Millen

were always set forth, with the nium.

same happy mixture of firmness Our ground is strong, do not and liberality. let us weaken it-do not let us Pentonville.

J. R. give any room for the imputation that we are dissatisfied with the ABBE DU BOIS, VERSUS CHRIS. actual state of the argument, by

TIANITY. hunting out remote coincidences,

(To the Editors.), and building Bryantine hypotheses GENTLEMEN, — Whoever asserts on syllabic bases. I dislike this and attempts to prove that the religion of Christ is unable to pro- shall attend to his sentiments rather mote the design of its founder, and than his words. that human prejudice and vice Not only is the Abbé opposed can frustrate the gracious purposes to missions, but he strongly obof Jehovah, may, without injustice, jects to the circulation of the word be considered as opposed to Chris- of God, and concludes, that it is a tianity.

most unlikely thing that the Bible The Abbé Du Bois, formerly a will ever be received by the natives Romish Missionary in India, in a as a divine revelation. He obrecent publication, has made this jects, as a chief difficulty, the attempt, by trying to show that accounts which it contains of the Christianity can never succeed in offering of different kinds of aniIndia, and that it is in vain to em- mals in sacrifice. The statement ploy any farther means to intro- of the offerings under the law duce the Christian religion among would so shock the nerves of the the natives. Bibles he considers tender-hearted Hindoo, that he as by no means calculated to do any would instantly throw down the good, and missionaries, he affirms, book with disgust and horrorhad much better remain in Europe. The slaughter of thousands of aniSuch are the sentiments of this mals which it mentions as having Roman Catholic priest, and though been offered to God at the dedicawe need not fear that any injury tion of Solomon's temple, would will result from his book-either instantly lead him to view God as to the cause of missions or religion the abettor of cruelty and sin. in general, yet it may be proper to Need I say any thing to show notice it. You have not, indeed, the gross absurdity and childishconsidered it as of sufficient impor- ness of such a reason, as urged tance to'occupy a niche in your against the reception of the Bible. reviewing department. Still a few I can hardly believe that the wriremarks, in the form of an Essay, ter meant what he said. What may enable some of your readers, are these prejudices of the Hindoos who have not seen the volume, in favour of animal life, compared to form an estimate of the objections with the prejudices of men in all which are now made against evan- countries in favour of sin? Aye, gelizing India. Some periodicals or even of the Hindoos themselves of a certain character have spoken in favour of the grossest obof it with approbation, and though scenities, and which the Abbé the religious public pay no defer- himself, in a former work, has deence to their authority, it may be tailed with the most disgusting desirable to expose some of the minuteness? Can that word of more prominent errors of the book, truth, which grappled with and and the miserable and helpless triumphantly overcame the most state to which the opposers. of inveterate prejudices of Jews and Christian missions must be reduced, Gentiles, though sanctioned by the before they could welcome a pro- usage of ages, fail before the preduction which, to say the least of judices of the inhabitants of India. it, discovers the most unaccount- Another reason which the Abbé able ignorance of that religion, states, as rendering the cause of which the writer went from Christianity in India hopeless, is, Europe to India professedly to that there is not now above one promulgate.

third of the number of Christians As I must necessarily limit my- that existed 70 years ago, and that self to some of his principal reasons the number is daily decreasing. for concluding that the attempt It would be no loss to India, or to christianize India is vain, I to Christianity, if this third also

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