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He was

Hugh Latimer was no common and when the Bishop of Glou

Nature had gifted him cester, galled by his comments, with great acuteness, and with ventured a sarcasm on his learning,

vigorous and impressive, Latimer repelled the taunt in the though coarse and excursive elo following indignant rebuke of the quence. The singular conscien- mean insolence of his oppressor. tiousness and intrepidity of his “ Lo! you look for learning at my character, made him a fearless and lands, which have gone so long to the formidable monitor to courtiers, school of oblivion, making the bare and even to kings, while his po- prison, without book, or pen and ink;

my library, keeping me so long in pular manner and evangelical and now you let me loose to come and spirit rendered him especially ac- answer to articles. You deal with me ceptable and useful to the common

as though two were appointed to fight for people. It was in this that Lati- life and death, and over-night, the one mer excelled. He was no deep and hath good counsel given him how to

through friends and favour is cherished, divine, he had no fertility of ima- encounter with his enemy. The other, gination, his language was little in. for envy, or lack of friends, all the whole debted to the refinements of classic night is set in the stocks. In the mornspeech, but he was a shrewd and ing when they shall meet, the one is in

strength and lusty; the other stiff in his observant man, skilled in human limbs, and almost dead for feebleness. nature, and in the most effective Think you, that to run this man through methods of fixing attention, and with a spear is not a goodly victory?”– assailing the conscience.

pp. lxxvii, lxxviii. a powerful disputant, not permit- Hugh Latimer was born in ting himself to be entangled in the year 1470, at Thurcaston, in the “ endless mazes” of scholastic the county of Leicester. His wrangling, but dealing in “ active parents and their circumstances, practice,” he broke at once through he has himself described in his his antagonist's guard, and “whipt first sermon preached before Ed- . him from his foining fence.” ward the Sixth. There was a quickness in his per

“ My father was a yeoman, and had ceptions, and an intense energy in

no lands of his own, only hc had a farm

of two or three pounds by the year, at his mind, that supplied the place the utmost, and hereupon he tilled so of merely artificial qualities, and much as kept half a dozen men. He had gave him a great advantage in off- walk for an hundred sheep; and my

He was hand disputations or addresses, mother milked thirty kine.

able, and did find the king a harness, and he seldom appears to more with himself and his horse, whilst he advantage, than on occasions when

caine to the place that he should receive he is evidently most unprepared. the king's wages. I can remember that At his last interrogatory he dis- 1 buckled his harness, when he went to

He kept me played, though in his eighty-fifth school, or elsc I had not been able to year, the same firm and collected have preached before the king's maspirit, and the same skill in gain- jesty now. He married my sisters with ing the weather-gage of his op

five pounds, or twenty nobles a piece ; ponent, which had distinguished and fear of God. He kept hospitality

so that he brought them up in godliness him throughout life. Alone and for his poor neighbours; and some unfriended, with the presiding alms he gave to the poor. And all this bishops before him in all the he did of the said farm ; whereas he that pomp of their sacerdotal and ju

now hath it pays sixteen pounds by the dicial office, his behaviour exhi. thing for his Prince, for bimself, nor for

year, or more, and is not able to do any bited a fine exemplar of Christian his children, or give a cup of drink to heroism. He reproved with stern the poor."--pp. 79, 80. contempt the glosses of the Ro- The younger Latimer was premanists, as mutilations of Scrip- pared for College, by a regular ture, and“ clipping of God's coin,” course of tuition at the Grammar

to

School of Leicester, and in 1484, which occur in these volumes. In matriculated at Cambridge. During answer to the question of the text, his long residence in that Univer- Who art thou? He replies, “a sity, he distinguished himself as a Christian man,” and then proceeds zealous and bigoted papist, and

as follows: in a latin oration, delivered in

" Well, now it is come to this point, 1515, on the occasion of taking - that we be Christian men, Christian his

egree of B. D., before the women; I pray you what doth Christ heads of houses and the fellows, tian woman ? Christ requireth nothing

require of a Christian man, or of a Chrishe distinguished himself by a ve- else of a Christian man or woman, but hement attack on Melanchthon. that he will observe his rule. Bor likeHe refers to this in his first ser- wise as he is a good Augustine Friar, mon on the Lord's prayer, preached

that keepeth well St. Augustine's rule, in the

so he is a good Christian man that keepyear 1552.

eth well Christ's rule. “ Master Bilney, or rather Saint Bil

“ Now then, what is Christ's rule ? ney, that suffered death for God's word

Christ's rule consisteth in many things, sake, the same Bilney was the instru

as in the commandments, and the works ment whereby God called me to know

of mercy, and so forth. And because I ledge, for I may thank him, next to God, cannot declare Christ's rule unto you at for that knowledge that I have in the

one time, as it ought to be done, I will word of God. For I was as obstinate a

apply myself according to your custom Papist as any was in England, insomuch,

at this time of Christmas, I will as I that when I should be made Batchelor said, declare unto you Christ's rule, but

And of Divinity, my whole oration went

that shall be in Christ's cards. against Philip Melanchthon, and against where you are wont to celebrate Christhis opinions. Bilney heard me at that mas in playing at cards, I intend with time, and perceived that I was zealous God's grace to deal unto you Christ's without knowledge; he came to me

cards, wherein you shall perceive Christ's afterward in my study, and desired me

rule. The game that we will play at, for God's sake to hear his confession :

shall be the Triumph, which, if it be I did so. And to say the very truth,

well played at, he that dealeth shall win; by his confession, I learned more than

the players shall likewise win, and the before in many years.

So from that standers and lookers upon shall do the time forward, I began to smell the

same; insomuch that there is no man word of God, and forsook the school-doc- that is willing to play at this Triumph tors and such fooleries."-pp.326,327. with these cards, but they shall be all

winners, and no losers."--pp. 908, 909. This happy intercourse with Bilney, commenced in 1523, and

The first card which he pro. was made the instrument of that

duces is from Matthew v. 22, and mighty change which transformed he plays it in the following deLatimer from a blind and bigoted

cided manner. Romanist, into an enlightened and « These evil disposed affections and zealous Protestant. Nothing inti- sensualities in us are always contrary to midated by the opposition which

the rule of our salvation. What shall he was compelled to encounter, these Turks, and to subdue them? It

we do now, or imagine, to thrust down he avowed and enforced his con

is a great ignominy and shame for a victions with his characteristic Christian man to be bound and subject boldness. About 1529, he was to a Turk: nay, it shall not be so, we appointed to preach the Advent

will first cast a trump in their way, and

play with them at cards who shall have sermons before the University, and

the better, let us play therefore on this he took a singular method of at- fashion with this card. Whensoever it tracting the attention of his hearers. shall happen these foul passions and From John i. 19., he contrives,

Turks to rise in our stomachs against we cannot say with much dex- kind words, injuries, or wrongs, which

our brother, or neighbour, either for unterity, to bring in an allusion to a

they have done unto us, contrary to onr game of cards then in fashion, the mind, straightways let us call unto our Triumph or Trump,, and carries it remembrance, and speak this question

únto ourselves, “ Who art thou?” The on to the end of the two discourses,

answer is, I am a Christian man. Then

further we must say to onrselves, “ What were in like condition : thuis doing, I requireth Christ of a Christian man?” sny, such men kill wittingly their chil. Now turn up your trump, your heart dren and servants, and shall go to hell (hearts is trump, as I said before) and for so doing ; but also their fathers and cast your trump, your heart, on this moters, wasters and dames, shall bear card, and upon this card you shall learn them com any for so suffering. Wherewhat Christ requireth of a Christian man, fore I exhort all true Christian men and not to be angry, nor moved to ire against women to give good example unto your his neighbour, in mind, countenance, nor children and servants, and suffer not otherways, by word or deed. Then take them by silence to offend : every man up this card with your heart, and lay must be in his own house, according to them together; that done, you have won St. Augustine's mind, Å Bishop, not the game of the Turk, whereby you have alonely giving good example, but teache defaced and overcome by true and lawful according to it, rebuke and punislı vice, play : but alas for pity, the Rhodes are

not suffering your children and servants won and overcome by these false 'Turks, to forget the laws of God: you ought to the strong castle Faith is decayed, so that

see them have their belief, to know the I fear it is almost impossible to win it commandinents of God, to keep their holy again,

days, not to lose their time in idleness; if “The great occasion of the loss of this they do so, you shall all suffer pain for it, Rhodes is by reason that Christian men

if God be true of his saying, as there is do so daily kill their own nation, that the no doubt thereof: and so you may pervery true member of Christianity is de- ceive that there be many one that break cayed . which murder and killing one of this card, “ Thou shalt not kill," and another, is increased especially two ways, playeth therewith oftentimes at the blind to the utter undoing of Christendom, that trump, whereby they be no winners, but is to say, by example and silence. By great losers; but who be they now-aexample as thus : when the father, days that can clear themselves of these the mother, the lord, the lady, the mas

manifest murders used to their children ter, the dame, be themselves overcome

and servants ? I think not the contrary, with these Turks, they be, continual but that many have these two ways slain swearers, adulterers, disposers to malice, their own children unto their damnation, never in patience, and so forsooth in all

were not the great mercy of God ready to other vices : think you not when the help them when they repent thereof." father, the mother, the master, the dame,

pp. 914--917. be disposed unto vice or impatience, but that their children and servants shall incline and be disposed to the same. No We do not, certainly, mean to doubt, as the child shall take disposition cite this as a specimen of extraornatural of his father and mother, so shall dinary excellence, or even as an the servants apply unto the vices of their masters and dames ; if the heads be false example of Latimer's best manner, in their faculties and crafts, it is no

but this style of preaching was marvel if the children, servants, and ap- well suited to his audience, and prentices do joy therein: this is a great far more intelligible to them in its and shameful manner of killing Christian allusions, than it is to general masters, and the dames, shall not alonely readers of the present day. These kill themselves, but all theirs, and all sermons, produced an extraorthat belongeth unto them, and so this dinary effect. way is a great number of Christian lineage murdered and spoiled The

“It would ask a long discourse," second manner of killing is silence. By says Fox, ( Acls and Monuments, silence also is a great number of Chris- 3d vol. p. 379, ed. 1684), to detian men slain; which is on this fashion clare what a stir there was in master and dame of themselves be well Cambridge, upon this preaching of disposed to live according to the law of M. Latimer. Belike Satan began God, yet they may kill their children to feel himself and his kingdom and servants in suffering them to do evil to be touched too near, and there before their own faces, and do not use fore thought it time to look about fences; the master seeth bis servant or him, and to make out his men of apprentice take more of his neighbour arms, than the King's laws, or the order of his faculty doth admit him, or he suffered

First came out the Prior of the him to take more of his neighbour than Black Friers, called Buckneham, be bimself would be content to pay if he otherwise surnamed Domine labia, who thinking to make a great frier brought out, to the number hand against Mr. Latimer, about of five, to prove his purpose.". the same time of Christmas, when Latimer was an overmatch for Mr. Latimer brought forth his Buckenham, both in argument and cards to deface, belike, the doings in buffoonery, and took an opporof the other, broughtouthis Christ- tunity of assailing the friar with mas Dice, casting there to his audi- such power of sarcasm, as fairly ence cinque and quater, meaning to drive him out of the field. Disby the cinque, five places in the appointed of success in this mode New Testament, and the four of conflict, his enemies prevailed Doctors by the quater ; by which on Wolsey to interfere, and he his cinque quater, he would prove, appointed a commission to exathat it was not expedient the mine Bilney and Latimer, who Scripture to be in English, lest were persuaded to recant. The the ignorant and vulgar sort, former retired to Norfolk, where through the occasion thereof, he retracted his recantation, and might haply be brought in dan- on the 19th of August, 1531, was ger to leave their vocation, or else brought to the stake. In the to run into some inconvenience: mean time, King Henry was preas for example,

paring not only to throw off the “ The plowman when he heareth supremacy of Rome, but to place this in the Gospel, No man that himself at the head of the English layeth his hand on the plough and church, and Latimer distinguished looketh back, is meet for the king- himself as an advocate of that dom of God; might peradventure, strange tenet. He was, consehearing this, cease from his plough. quently, introduced at Court in Likewise the baker, when he hears 1533, preached with great apthat a little leaven corrupteth a plause, and was presented to a whole lump of dough, may per- living. Here he was in his elehaps leave our bread unleavened, ment, and distinguished himself and so our bodies shall be unsea- as a conscientious pastor and use soned. Also the simple man, ful preacher. It was while ens when he heareth in the Gospel, gaged in these duties, that he If thine

eye

offend thee, pluck it wrote the celebrated letter to out, and cast it from thee, may Henry, which may be seen at make himself blind, and so fill length in Fox, and which we the world full of beggars. These, should but injure by mutilation. with other more, this clerkly

(To be continued.)

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The Bible Catechism, arranged in Scripture instraction. They must

Forty Divisions : all the Answers to have cost the author much thought the Questions being in the exact and pains in the compilation and Words of Scripture. By W. F. arrangement, and it is an addiLloyd. Price 2s. London: Offor, tional recommendation, that while 1822.

he has largely illustrated the great The Abridged Bible Catechism.-Price truths of evangelical religion, he Fourpence.

has judiciously avoided unnecessary

interference with points of unimWe have been uncommonly pleased portant variance. We quite agree with these catechetical manuals of with him respecting the peculiar Cong. Mag. No. 68.

3 S

are

adaptation of the plain and ner- the Vicarage. An additional interest vous language used in the English is given to the last subject by its so version of the Bible,” to the under- close connection with the history of standings of the young.

" Its sim- those excellent men, John Newton ple, dignified, forcible, and venera- and John Scott. It is but justice ble style," he justly observes, to Mr. Storer to state, that though " render it a most appropriate some of these subjects were enmedium for the communication of graved and published soon after religious instruction,” and we are Cowper's death, yet these persuaded that the form in which from new drawings, which exhibit the leading features of the Sacred the subjecis in a varied point of Records are here exhibited will be view; and we must add, that, in found, altogether, a most useful picturesque effect and neatness of auxiliary in the work of religious execution, they appear to us much education, nor would its occasional superior to the former series, and use as a vade mecum be without will convey to the minds of Cowper's advantage to persons considerably admirers a very pleasing idea of advanced beyond the early stages those scenes over which they have of acquisition.

in imagination so frequently roved. A slight alteration in the wording The sixty pages of letter-press of some of the questions, would which accompany the engravings, make them more consecutive. are occupied by a preface-a short

memoir of the poet's life, and suit

able explanations of the plates, The Rural Walks of Cowper ; displayed

illustrative of various passages in u Series of Views near Olney, quoted from the Task and other Bucks, representing the Scenery

poems. A neatly engraved fac exemplified in his poems, with simile of Cowper's hand writing Descriptive Sketches, and a Memoir adds much to the interest of this

little volume. of the Poet's Life. By James Storer. Demy 18mo.5s.-Sherwood, Neely,

There is a singular blunder at and Jones, 1822.

page 46, where the writer is cor

recting Cowper's mistake in calling At a period when the arts are en- Poplars “our favourite Elms," and ployed by some to illustrate and yet, by were inadvertence, he congive increasing fascination to poetry, firms the error by saying, which must pollute the minds and scenery about these Elms, errodeprave the morals of the rising neously called Poplars by the poet." generation, it becomes the friends We ought to add, that there are of religion to patronize those artists, larger editions of this work to bind who, by the pencil and the graver, up with the varied editions of Cowseek to embellish the works of such per's works. of our poets as have embodied sound principles and right feelings in elegant and impassioned verse.

The unassuming work before us The Teacher's Farewell, intended as a is designed to illustrate the poems parting Gift to the Elder Scholars

whose virtues formed the on leaving the Sunday School. 12mo. magic of his song," and contains 28. 60.- London: Westley, 1822. fifteen elegant little views of interesting oljects in Olney or its The design of this book is good, vicivity, which are either celebrated and its execution respectable; it by Cowper in his poems, or are illus- would, however, have been more trative of his history, viz.--Yardley appropriate to the class of readers Oak-The Peasant's Nest-The Rustic for which it seems to have been exBridge-View from the Alcove--The elusively intended, if greater regard Avenue Monumental Urn in the bad been paid to simplicity in its Wilderness-Weston Lodge - Weston composition. For young persons Hall-The Elms--The_Shrubbery, in general, we think it likely to Town of Olney and Bridge - The prove useful, as a well written and Market Place, with Cowper's Resi- attractive manual of judicious coundence Cowper's Summer House and sel and admonition.

in The

of one

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