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very thankful(as I had good reason) they drew back likewise. The for the abundant civilities which Doctor not knowing what to make I had already received, for which of this, inquired the reason, upon I knew not how to make them a which, finding that he was an suitable return. He told me they English minister, they told him, had determined to present me “they supposed he was going to with a diploma for a Doctorate, sign their bairns with the sign of and begged my acceptance of it, the cross.'"-Wilson's Dissenting I replied, that if they would give Churches, Vol. 4, p. 80. Dissenme a diploma of a Master of Arts, ter's Magazine, 1794. p. 57. I should not refuse it; but as for In 1715, Dr. Calamy was apany thing farther, I earnestly de- pointed one of the executors to sired it might be waved ; and the will of the celebrated Dr. that for this reason, among several Daniel Williams, and this trust he others mentioned, that it would performed with much fidelity, look like affectation and singularity having the principal management in me to accept of the title pro- in the ultimate arrangement of the posed, when so many that were property, and in the purchasing every way my superiors went with and regulating the situation chosen out it. He signified in return, that for the valuable library in Red he found it was designed by other Cross Street. academies in N. Britain, when I In the year 1718, during the made them a visit, to express their warm disputes concerning the respect in that way, and that Trinity, which caused the meeting they of Edinburgh were willing of the Dissenting ministers at and desirous to be the first;' that Salter's Hall, in the year folI could hardly escape it at other lowing, Dr. Cdid not places; that they should take it espouse the cause of either party, as an affront if I refused their on account of their mutual intemkindness; and that the method perance; though in his judgment they had agreed on would prevent he was decidedly opposed to the any charge of affectation and sin- Arian heresy, and published a gularity, for that they would work on that subject, which prosend a diploma for a doctor's dea cured for him the thanks of segree to Mr. Daniel Williams, and veral dignitaries and bishops of Mr. Joshua Oldfield. As things the Establishment, and a gratuity stood, my refusing the offer of fifty pounds from George the would have been counted a great First, to whom it was dedicated piece of rudeness, and so I sub- and presented by the author. mitted. And it was the same af- He died June 3, 1732, in the terwards at Glasgow.”

sixtieth year of his age, having honour was also conferred on him been twice married, and leaving at Aberdeen.

six children. Mr. Daniel Mayo The following circumstance is preached his funeral sermon on said to have occurred during the 2 Cor. iv. 7, from which the folDoctor's tour in Scotland. “ Be- lowing character of Dr. Calamy is ing desired to preach in extracted. “Though in his childof the churches there, several hood he was apprehended to be women brought their children, as of a weakly constitution of body, usual, to be baptized. When he being subject to frequent returns offered to take the first of these of fevers and agués, yet that was infants in his arms, which it seems (by the blessing of God) afterwas not then customary in that wards firm and strong, otherwise country, the mother drew back. he could not have gone through On offering the same to the rest, so much study, which is a weariness

The same



to the flesh, and so much other and the distressed, and was by labour and service as he performed, many assisted to do this in a denor have endured so much and so gree, which otherwise he would long those indispositions which at not have been able ; he was senlength removed him out of this sibly touched with the great hard, world.

ships of many of his brethren in “ He had a clear head, a strong the country, and their widows and memory, and sound judgment, orphans; and no man showed a and by hard study arrived to a greater regard and kindness to considerable degree in the most young ministers and students in useful learning; he was all his divinity. days indefatigable in study and “ He was a judicious and welllabour; God had blessed him with studied divine, a very serious, a pious disposition from his child- practical, and acceptable preacher. hood, and he was thankful for the He had the art of managing a benefit of a religious education; controversy well, but would never at the age of sixteen, by the advice engage in disputes of a trivial naof his tutor, he received the Lord's ture, or of mere speculation : his Supper.

first care was about that part of He hada regard to piety towards Christ's flock which the God, and a great value for revealed Holy Ghost had made him an religion, believing in and being overseer, but had the concerns of thankful for the way of life and many other churches often upon salvation by Jesus Christ, de- his heart and hands. clared in the Gospel ; at the “ God blessed his labours with same tiine many moral virtues good success in several remarkable shined brightly in him before instances. those who knew him; in him we Though his last illness was of might see a good example of filial long continuance, attended with duty in the constant respect and threatening circumstances, yet (as kindness he showed to his mother is very common in such cases) he as long as she lived, (his father did not apprehend his death to be dying when he was young,) and so near as indeed it

was ;

however of conjugal love and parental ten- (as he told me), God had given derness and care. He was candid him considerable time to prepare and generous in his temper, of a for death, and he trusted he was public spirit, a great lover and ready.

There was

constant promoter of peace, and of uni- calmness and easiness on his mind versal benevolence.

with respect to another world, a “He thought truth and peace firm faith in the gospel method of to appear best when joined toge- salvation, and good hope through ther; and though a dissenter grace ; he was ever inclined to from the Established Church in thankfulness, without distrust or judgment, and upon principle, complaint, and comforted several after the most mutual deliberation, in distress, that came to visit him yet he was of a catholic spirit, in his confinement. A few days without narrowness, bitterness, before his death he plainly apprewrath, clamour, and evil speaking, hended that his end was near, and and other such like fruits of the did in a particular manner pray

he was a kind and faithful for a blessing on his wife and chilfriend, ready to do all good offices, dren that were about him, and and in particular would give mild then took his leave of them, and and seasonable reproofs as there hardly ever had the use of his was occasion. He was glad of reason afterwards." any opportunity to help the poor There was something remark



able in the last sermon he had ever we are tracing in our imaginations permission to preach in his Master's the sufferings of these confessors, cause, for being on the eve of a that counted not their lives dear departure for Bath on the renew- to them, so that they might finish ing of his health, having taken their course with joy, we are connotes, that “ for nigh twenty-nine strained to exclaim,

May I die years, he had been preaching the the death of the righteous, and Gospel here at Westminster, and may my last end be like his.” could with safety take up St.

DR, CALAMY'S WORKS. Paul's words, and say as he, Acts

1. Funeral Sermon for Mr. Stevens. xx. 27, “I have not shunned to

4to. 1694. declare unto you all the counsel of 2. Discourse on Vows. 8vo. 1694, reGod;' he added, “ Were I as. printed 1704. sured that this was the last sermon

3. Funeral Sermon on Mrs. Williams, I should ever preach to you, I

wife of Rev. Dr. Williams. 1698.

4. Sermon to the Reformation of Manknow not any better subject I

ners Society. 12mo. '1699. could fasten on, than Romans 5. Divine Mercy Exalted. 1702. xvi. 24. · The grace of our Lord 6. Defence of Nonconformity. Part I. Jesus Christ be, with

8vo. 1703.

7. Ditto, Part II. 8vo. 1704. Amen.'"

8. Ditto, Part III. 8vo. 1705. In his doctrinal opinions, Dr. 9. Caveat against New Prophets. 1707-8. Calamy appears to have been a 10. Funeral Sermon on Mr. Sylvester. moderate Calvinist, equally dis


11. Funeral Sermon on Mrs. Lewis. tant from Arminian pride and

1707-8. Antinomian licenticusness; and 12. Funeral Sermon on Mr. Watts. sided on the controverted points 1707-8. with Howe, Dr. Williams, Bates, 13. Sermon at Salter's Hall. 1708. Alsop, Quick, and the greater part

14. Inspiration of the Old and New Tes

taments. 1710. of his contemporaneous dissenting 15. Comfort and Counsel to Protestant brethren.

Dissenters. 1712. Dr. Calamy's style may be con

16. Prudence of the Serpent and Innosidered a model of chasteness; it is

cence of the Dove. Sermon, 1713.

17. Obadiah's Character, 1713. at once easy and elegant: strength 18. An Abridgment of Mr. Baxter's of diction, without a superfluity of History. Second Edition. 1713. epithet, an accurate medium be

With, tween the terseness and quaint 19. Account of the Ejected and Silenced

Ministers. 1713. figure of the puritan age, and the 20. Seasonableness of Religious Societies. cold and insipid diction of the Sermon. 1714. succeeding times. There is occa- 21. God's Concern for his Glory in the

British Isles. 3 Sermons. 1715. sionally a vein of irony that diverts

22. Principles and Practice of Moderate the imagination; but in pathos and

Nonconformists with respect to unaffected simplicity he is almost Ordination exemplified. Sermon unrivalled. His account of the and Charge, 8vo. 1716. ejected ministers has merited for 23. Sober Mindedness recommended.

Sermon. 1717. him the triumph of literary renown,

24. Repeal of the Act against occasional whether we consider the labour

Conformity considered. 8vo. of gathering the materials, or the 1717. beauty and majesty of the struc- 25. Letter to M. A. Deacon Echard.

8vo. 1718. ture he has reared with them.

26. Church and Dissenters cumpared in With a happy art he has

Persecution. Svo. 1719. accurately displayed his subject, 27. Discontented Complaints proved that we even cease for a moment. unreasonable. 1720. to think we are reading of those

28. Charge at Ordination. 1720-21.

29. Thirteen Sermons on the Trinity. worthies, but consider them as

1722. embodied to our view, and while 30. Ministry of Dissenters vindicated.


1724. And in 2d edition, a Let- 34. Funeral Sermon for Mr. Sheffield. ter to the Author of a Pamphlet,

1725-6. &c. &c. &c.

35. Funeral Sermon for Mr. Bennett. 31. Memoirs of Rey. John Howe. 8vo.

1725-6. 1724.

36. Continuation of Ejected and Silenced 32. Word of God the Young Man's Best Ministers. 2 vols. 8vo. 1727.

Directory. Sermon. 1725. 37. Funeral Sermon for Mr. John Mot33. Charge to Mr. William Hunt. 1725.

tershed. 1728.



religious conferences."


period, in the reign of Charles II. The human mind, when exerted

says the same historian, in answer rationally and accountably, is im- to those who branded the general pelled by motives, which, deter, religion of that day with the name mining the will, excite to action. of hypocrisy,

one may venture Motives alone, it is true, can never challenge these declaimers to decide the quality of actions, as produce any period of time since good or bad, independently of the Reformation, wherein there divine authority; yet they are of was less open profaneness and imthe highest moral importance, as piety, and more of the spirit as they may turn to man's destruc- well as appearance of religion. tion what would otherwise pro- The lusts of men were laid under mote his welfare and felịcity; and a visible restraint. Better laws certainly they determine the grand were never made against vice, or question of sincerity or hypocrisy more vigorously executed. Drunk. in those who bear the name of

enness, fornication, profane swearJesus Christ.

ing, and every kind of debauchery, In our day and nation, religious were justly deemed infamous, and profession is so increasingly com- universally discountenanced ---- a mon, as in a manner to have be- bankrupt had a mark of infamy come fashionable. This is not upon him that he could never altogether a new scene, notwithstanding the surprise it occasions

Though such a fashion as the to many; the same appeared, pro- above be in the highest degree bably, on an equal, if not superior laudable, when the work is really scale, allowing for the difference in the heart, and though any thing in population, in the days of of the Gospel infinitely surpasses Charles I., and his successor the utmost pretensions of infidelity; Cromwell, who each

surely we should not become proimpulse. to the realm. NEALE fessors, for fashion's sake through says, “ Religion was the fashion of the mere power of general examthe age ;

assembly was often

ple. “ Have any of the rulers or turned into a house of prayer, and of the Pharisees believed on him?" hardly a week passed without

was long since a question with solemn fasting and humiliation in such as dared not to follow Christ several of the churches of London

on principles unshackled by huand Westminster; the laws against man influencé. Supposing Great profaneness were carefully exe- Britain suddenly and unexpectedly cuted. Most of the common sol

metamorphosed into a Popish, or diers were religious and orderly, and when released from duty,

* History of the Puritans, edited by spent their time in prayer and Mr. Parsons. Vol. 2d. p. 114, 153, 476.

wipe off.” *

gave a moral

an infidel kingdom, such religion. a desire to please, as also from ists would run great hazard of filial reverence, will not dare to being carried away with the vex a religious parent by open stream, to perish in the deluge. neglect of duty. This should It is the unavoidable tendency greatly encourage the work of and consequence of all established family religion ; at the same time, religions, to lead by example, or let parents carefully watch the by power, rather than principle, early profession of their chilwhen they have gradually acquired dren, lest it should result from such an ascendancy, as to give a mere moral suasion, combined moral character and aspect to with a parental authority, exwhole empires.

erted without suspicion of its If national example be thus becoming an exclusive or ruling operative, much more may reli- motive. gious profession be expected to “ The form of godliness" has result sometimes from the delight- frequently, I fear, been assumed ful associations of private friend- from a love for distinction, and ship, and the allurements of social the impulse of vain ambition. connexions at large. Courtesy, These were the Alpha and Omega and the laws of highly cultivated of the Scribes and Pharisees, society, forbid that a man should and of Simon Magus; and in not go with his friend “to the more modern ages, the founders house of God in company,” espe- of many ephemeral religions have cially if, at the time, there be been stimulated by an expectation some unusual attraction; and a of public notice and applause. wish to oblige, or to avoid offence, From whatever cause arising, it is has brought many within the visi- not now days of yore, ble church. Literary characters, that a profession of religion meets mechanics, commercial-men, and with the general scorn of mankind, persons in common life, often rejecting it as “ the off-scouring think and act alike in religion, of all things.” It places persons through the mere power of asso- on an eminence, pointing them ciation;

and it is owing to this, out to the eye of observation, and among many more important as ambition often becomes a mascauses, that in great manufactur- ter-passion, no wonder that many ing districts, the Gospel meets should feel “the burning fever of with general acceptance, for amidst renown," and assume, from a love a large intimate connexion, follow- of distinction, that which, above ing the same worldly pursuits, it all things, should promote humiis difficult to stand alone, even in lity and self-abasement. the cause of iniquity, and a dis- In all commercial nations, a belief of the truth.

man's self-interest and worldly The ties of filial affection bind prosperity have ever been consimany to a religious profession. dered, by unsanctified minds, as Where parents have long laboured their summum bonum. Their inand prayed for their unconverted fluence is incalculable, nothing offspring; where their exhorta- being left untried to accomplish tions have been forcible and in these sordid ends. The power of cessant; where they have tra- commercial maxims, manners, povailed in birth till Christ was formed licy, and management in religion in them ;" children must feel this is too glaring not to be seen and influence, and if vice have not felt. Owing to these, and simiawfully hardened their heart, they lar influences, many conduct their must act accordingly. Many Christianity on the very principles yield implicit obedience, and from of commerce, exhibiting the acute

as in so

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