Obrazy na stronie

It is to the discredit of human November of the same year, Lord temper that this catholic plan was Glenorchy died, bequeathing to found impracticable. Mr. Walker his wife every thing over which expressed his decided disapproba- he had a disposing power. tion of the scheme, and “ his de- father, Lord Breadalbane, behaved termination to give her no aidl.” in the most kind and liberal Dr. Webster, however, one of the manner to the widow, who took ministers of the Tolbooth Church, up her residence with him, at the a man of considerable talent, "po- Abbey of Holyroodh House. Lady lished manners, and fascinating Glenorchy was now at the age

of conversation,” though“ an avowed thirty, with the uncontrolled com, Calvinist of the higher class,” gave mand of a considerable fortune, her his cordial assistance. The at liberty to pursue her plans for Sabbath services were intended the promotion of religious truth. to be conducted by Presbyterians The chapel, since distinguished and Episcopalians, while one day by her name at Edinburgh, was in the week was supplied by completed at her expence; she preachers in connexion with Mr. built or repaired another at StrathWesley. In 1770, Lady Gle- fillan, and maintained two Misnorchy became personally ac- sionary preachers in the Highlands quainted with that eminent inan, of Scotland. “Lady Glencrchy's and the following observations chapel at Edinburgh, is a plain occur in her diary for May in that but substantial stone building, year.

commodiously fitted up to hold This morning the Rev. Dr. Webster two thousand people, and when and Mr. Wesley met at my house, and very crowded may hold more.” had a long conversation together. They It was at first supplied by clergyagreed on all doctrines on which they

men of the Scotch kirk, and by spoke, except those of God's decrees, predestination, and the saints' persever: Dissenting ministers from Engance, which Mr. Wesley does not hold. land, but when it became expeAfter Mr. Wesley was gone, Dr. Webster dient to appoint a settled pastor, told me in a fair and candid manner considerable difficulties presented wherein he disapproved of Mr. Wesley's

themselves. sentiments. I must (according to the

The late excellent light I now have, and always have had, Mr. Grove preached to the congreever since the Lord was pleased to gation for some time, but when awaken me), agree with Dr. Webster. his final settlement was proposed, Nevertheless I hope Mr. Wesley is a

it was found that the rigid system child of God. He has been an instruinent in his hands of saving souls; of the Scotch establishment, and as such I honour him, and will counte- his Dissenting principles, rendered nance his preachers. I have heard hiin

a coalition impossible. Mr. Sheriff, preach thrice; and I should have been

who officiated for some time, junk better pleased had he preached more of Christ, and less of himself. I did not

under the infirmities of his coristi. find his words come with power to ny tution ; “his last days and hours own soul. I desire to bless God for

were those of a man of God, full þaving enabled me in some measure this day to be faithful to the convictions of of faith and peace.” We extract his Spirit. O, that I may daily receive from Lady G.'s diary, her pious more strength and courage, to be ac- improvement of this event. counted a fool for Christ's sake.”

Saturday, June 13, 1778.--Yesterday

at nine o'clock, it pleased God to take In 1771, the Rev. Richard de to himself my very dear friend and pasCourcy, became minister of St. tor, Mr. Sheriff. He was enabled on Mary's chapel, which had been Thursday, to speak froin ten in the opened for public worship by morning till near ten at night, almost

without intermission, to the praise of Lady Glenorchy, on the plan to glorious grace. He gave me many oxwhich we have just adverted. In hortations, and said, "submit, it is the

pp. 156.

[ocr errors]

Lord's doing; we shall live together scribing the Confession and For. with him for ever ; he has saved me ;

mula, was admitted to communion he will save you, my dear friend. His last words were all is well. The Lord

with the Presbytery of Edinburgh. most wonderfully supported me during

Lady Glenorchy's constitution the last two days and nights of his life, does not appear to have been, at enabling me to attend him during that

any time, a very strong one, and time, without weariness. I felt uncommon power to believe and acquiesce in during her childhood, she seems the Lord's will. He is now with his

to have been subject to frequent God. O that his lying words may make attacks of disease. She died at a suitable impression on my heart ; may Edinburg, on the 17th July,

The scene; may I listen to the voice of God 1786, at the age of 45.* through him, and persevere in his work

effects of her last attack were to the end. May I give up all for Christ, such as to produce a languor and and bear all his dispensations with pa- heaviness, which gave little opportience. May I see my friend in glory, and be for ever with the Lord. Amen,

tunity for much



expresand Amen.

sion, but the calmness and tran“ Subbuth, June 14.—This day I was quillity of her mind was unabated, enabled to attend public worship, after ' and showed the strong support of which, I visited the place where Mr.

Christian principle. The simple Sheriff was to be laid. These words came with much force to my remem

phrase which she was heard to brance, his flesh shall rest in hope-sown utter—"Well, if this be dying, it in weakness,--raised in power! After- is the pleasantest thing imagin. wards I was present at the chesting, able!” speaks volumes; it shows and I was supported wonderfully through how well she was prepared, how the whole ceremony; and at the evening sermon at the Barnton chapel, I was ena- thoroughly her mind was settled bled to believe that all was well.”

Death to her was After an unsuccessful applica

but the closing scene of a life spent tion had been made to the Rev. in the fear and service of God, in John Clayton, now of the Weigh the faith and love of the Gospel, House, Dr. Jones, who had been and the mercy which had guided

and sustained her through many a previously on terms of friendship with Lady Glenorchy, became mi trial, did not leave her to struggle nister of the chapel, and, on sub- hopelessly with the last.

and made up.

* The last melancholy services, due Dwight's Travels in New England to the dead, are not in Scotland left to

and New York. undertakers and their attendants;- The body is washed and swathed, and laid out ( Continued from page 209.) by the sick nurse, or servants, of the Dr. Dwight is a thorough Amehousehold. When it is to be put into the coffin, the relations, and most intimate rican, and though we like him the friends, to whom affection and respect are

better for his hearty nationality, intended to be shewn, are invited to at


it places us under the necestend as witnesses. The performance of sity of receiving some of his this duty is done by the nearest relations, with great solemnity, and profound si

statements with a little caution, lence. This office being perförmed, if not from the slightest ques. a clergyman is present, which is often tioning of the pure character of the case, he closes the solemnity by ap- the man, but from a long and propriate prayer, and this is called the chesting.

extensive observation of the effects When the company invited to the produced by the extenuating or funeral are collected, immediately before exaggerating medium, through carrying out the corpse to the grave, a which facts are viewed by innoclergyman also offers a suitable prayer ; and this is the only religious funeral service used in Scotland, excepting by * The inscription on Lady G.'s funeral those of the Episcopal church.--pp. 428, tablet, has July 13, as the date of her 429.

death, and states her ayc at 13.

cent or even laudable prejudice. examination for admission be Many of his narratives are, of smartly pushed in the direction course, derived from private au- indicated by the works cited as thorities, and it was to be expected affording the required tests, the that family attachment and per- students must bring with them to sonal friendship would give a fa- the College, a very respectable vourable colouring to the repre. portion of attainment. The syssentation. Enough, however, will tem of government is of a "paremain, after every deduction, to rental character.”. shew the high standard of morals “ Whenever the faculty are satisfied, which, though we fear that it is that any student is guilty of those infedescending on the scale, has hi- rior trespasses against the laws of the therto distinguished the Northern college, or of morality, which in their States. Valour and piety were

consequences involve desertion of study,

and disorderly or dissolute conduct; the their distinguishing qualities in the student, after proper attempts have been earlier stages of their liistory, and made to reform him by private remon, we trust that they will never

strance, is solemnly admonished that he

is in danger. If he continues unredesert the principles of their noble formed, he is admonished a secord time, ancestors. Wealth will bring and his conduct made known to his parent luxury, and luxury corruption of or guardian ;, that he may unite bis manners, but we have confidence efforts with those of the faculty

for the that the blessing of God and the still persists in his vicious courses, he is

rcformation of the youth. If the youth outpourings of his Spirit, will sent home, and cannot be re-admitted always be abundant on a race so

without a vote of the faculty. gloriously descended.

“ This scheme of government has been A minute account is given by is more efficacious than the former, more

found to unite in it every advantage. It Dr. Dwight of the educational acceptable to the students, and more apestablishment at Newhaven, over proved by the public. So far as I know which he presided. Yale College it is, however, singular.”—Vol. I. p. 180. was founded by charter, in 1701, The annual expense of tuition though it took its name from that is under eight pounds. of an early benefactor, several

“Upwards of two hundred youths years subsequent. Donations in

are in this seminary continually receive money, land, and books, have ing benefits from the efficacy of a modebeen, at different periods, received rate sum, for the real value of which from the State Legislature, and from millions would be a cheap price. There different individuals in America

is not a legislature, a court, a congre

gation, a town-meeting, nor even a fireand Europe. The College Corpo- side, which, however, insensible of the ration is partly secular, and partly fact, does not share in these benefits. clerical ; the

Froin this fountain Aow, circuitously governor, lieutenantgovernor, and six senior council- laws of the state and its whole juris

indeed, but really and ultimately, the lors of the State of Connecticut, prudence ; the rules which form its happy are ex-officio members of the first society, and the doctrines and precepts class, while the president and ten

which are inculcated in its churches. fellows, all clergymen, form the He, therefore, who is a benefactor to an

institution of this nature, becomes a belatter division. The consequences nefactor to his country, and to all the of this arrangement are said to generations by which it will hereafter be have been beneficial. The library

inhabited. ---Vol. I. p. 175. and philosophical apparatus of the The Rev. Thomas Hooker“ was College are described as extremely one of that small number of men, valuable. The course of educa- who are destined by Providence tion, though, we think, defective to have an important and benein some respects, and somewhat volent (beneficial) influence on objectionable in others, seems on the affairs of mankind.” He was the whole, judicious; and, if the born in England, 1586, and ob


tained a fellowship in Emmanuel for the well-being of the State, College, Cambridge. He was early when its rulers and legislators the subject of a saving change, openly: avow their obedience to and maintained through life, a the supremacy of the divine law. high and consistent character. In the old penal code of this coHaving joined the emigrants to lony, idolatry, witchcraft, blasNew England, he became the phemy, adultery, man stealing, guide and director of the infant 'cursing or smiting father or colony of Hartford. He is fre- mother, unless where the child quently styled “the father of had been grossly neglected in his Connecticut, and the father of the education, or provoked by cruelty, churches in Connecticut.

or forced to strike in self-defence," “ The following anecdote, transmitted stubbornness and rebellion in chilamong his descendants, is in several par- dren, were among the offences puticulars strongly expressive of his cha- nished with death. The modern racter. In the latter part of autumn, Mr. Hooker, being suddenly awakened law, is of a milder cast, but by an unusual noise, thought he heard a adultery with a married woman person in his cellar. He immediately is punished in both parties by árose, dressed himself, and went silently whipping, branding the letter A to the foot of the cellar stairs. There he saw a man, with a candle in his hand,

on the forehead, and wearing a taking pork out of the barrel. When halter about the neck on the outhe had taken out the last piece, side of their garments, during Mr. Hooker, accosting him pleasantly, their abode in the State.” Imsaid, “ Neighbour, you act unfairly; prisonment in this part of the you ought to leave a part for me." Thunderstruck at being detected, espe

Union, seems to be unusually cially at being detected by so awful a witness, the culprit fell at his feet, condeinned himself for his wickedness, and

“ Newgate prison is the public gaol

and workhouse of the state. is situimplored his pardon. Mr. Hooker cheerfully forgave him, and concealed his

ated in the township of Granby, on the

range of Mount Tom, about twelve or crime, but forced him to carry half the

fourteen miles from Hartford. It is pork to his own house.”—Vol. 1. p. 206.

composed of two parts; a cavern and a The constitution of the state of building on its mouth. The cavern is Connecticut, is detailed and dis- the work of human industry, employed cussed at some length ; but even

in collecting copper ore ; and was dug

and blown out many years since. AI if we had felt it expedient to enter the healthy prisoners among the gross on the statements and conside- criminals are contined in the cavern. rations which would be indispen- Those of inferior guilt are kept in the sable to a correct representation, upper prison, according to the

discretion of the overseers."'_Vol. p.

246. we should be deterred by a note, inserted by the publisher, from

.“ There are two advantages attending which we learin, that " in the year the terror with which it is regarderl.

this prison; its safety from escapes, and 1818, the State adopted a new

The apprehension of being contined constitution.” We are sorry to under ground, and the almost absolute find that the latter editions of the despair of making an escape, have provolume of the laws, omit the de- bably had a serious influence to prevent

the crimes for which its gloomy recesses claration, prefixed to it in former furnish the reward.”—Vol. I. 246, 247. times, that “if any law of the State shall be found to contradict

Harvard, or Cambridge College, the law of Goil, it shall be null is described less minutely than and void of course. The advo- the institution over which the cates for the omission would


author himself presided. The bably plead that the provision was original terms of admission were implied; it may be so, but we such as, we suspect, would remust prefer its express and solemn duce the successful candidates for recognition. It augurs happily matriculation, to a number very

easily reckoned up. They were, prevalent among the Bostonians, “that the student should be able are excellent, and we regret we to read any classical author into can only spare room for the folEnglish, should readily make and lowing fragment. Describing the speak true Latin, and should write situation of a fashionably trained, it in verse as well as prose.” Of romance-reading female, he procourse they have been virtually ceedsabrogated, and are, probably, now as much too low, as they degree a season of suffering and sorrow.

“ Besides, this life is always in some might be primarily too high. In what manner can our heroine en« The greatest disadvantage under

counter either ? To patience and forti

tude, she has from her infancy been a which this seminary labours, is the prox.

stranger. With religion she is unacimity of Boston." The allurements of quainted.' Principles, such as religionthis metropolis have often become too

approves, she has none. This world has powerfully seductive to be resisted by daily blasted all her expectations : with the gay, and sometimes even by the

the future world she has not begun a grave youths, who assemble here for connection. Between the Bible and their education. Since the erection of novels there is a gulph fixed, which few West Boston bridge, the distance be

novel readers are willing to pass. The tween these towns is reduced from five

consciousness of virtue, the dignified to little more than three miles. This pleasure of having performed our duty, fact, as I have been informed by the go

the serene remembrance of an useful life, vernors of the university, has rendered

the hope of an interest in the Redeemer, the evil alludeci to still greater. The

and the promise of a glorious inheritance bustle and splendour of a large commer- in the favour of God, are never found in cial town are necessarily hostile to study; novels; and of course have never been Theatres, particularly, can scarcely fail found by her. A weary, distressed, beof fascinating the mind at so early a

wildered voyager amid the billows of afperiod of life. At the same time, the fiction, she looks around her in vain, to opulence and liberality of the capital find a pilot, a pole-star, or a shore.' hare often supplied the pecuniary Vol. 1. pp. 476, 477. wants of this institution, and through the correspondence, extensively main- The Rev. Habijah Weld, uptained between Boston and Great Britain, wards of fifty years pastor of the have been derived to it, from that country; church and congregation in Attlemany important benefactions."-Vol. I.

borough, a township apparently But we must absolutely force about thirty miles from Boston,

obtains an honotırable mention in our way out of the first volume,

these volumes. though Boston lies in our path ;

His patrimony we cannot, however, turn from purchased for him a farm of sethat city, till we have cited, with venty acres, he had a salary of 220 out comment, but with most

dollars, and

a parsonage lot painful feelings, the following pas- and a little pasture.” He had

which furnished him with wood sage.

fifteen children, four of whom died “ During one hundred and forty years,

young Boston was probably more distinguished for religion than any city of the same os This numerous family he educated size in the world. An important change with the means which have been menhas, however, within a period of no great tioned, in a manner superior to what is length, taken place in the religious opi usually found in similar circumstances, nions of the Bostonians. Before this entertained much company in a style of period, moderate Calvinism very gene- genuine hospitality, and was always prerally prevailed. At the present time, pared to contribute to the necessities of Unitarianism appears to be the predomi- others. nating system. It is believed, that nei- “ For the regulation of his domestic ther ministers nor people have had any concerns, Mr. Weld prescribed to himr:ason to congratulate themselves on this self and his family a fixed system of rules, change."-Vol. I. p. 470.

which were invariably observed, and con

tributed not a little to the pleasantness The observations on the showy and prosperity of his life. His children, superficial kind of education, labourers, and servants, submitted to

p. 446.

« PoprzedniaDalej »