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Short and Plain Discourses for the rangement simple and impressive.

Use of Families. By the Rev. His sentiments are evangelical, Thomas Knowles, B. A. In though his doctrinal views appear, three volumes. 12mo. 13s. 6d. in some degree, to differ from our 1822. Simpkin and Marshall.


At the same time, we think MR. Knowles is advantageously that he might have gone deeper · known as the author of a small into the Gospel scheme, without volume entitled “Satan's Devices any danger of leaving his hearers Exposed,” and the present public behind him; the most sublime cation will sustain his character peculiarities of the Christian faith as a pious and useful writer. These may be set in the clearest and sermons are fifty-four in number, strongest light, in the most eleand will, on the whole, be found mentary language, and it is of to answer the intention of the the greatest importance that they author. We question, however, should be universally understood. whether Mr. Knowles has not, in In the fifth sermon of the first vosome degree, been misled by his lume, from 1 Corinthians i. 30, 31. anxiety to make himself intelligi- we find the following passage. ble to the entire fainily circle, • 2. Christ is made unto us righteand that in the endeavour to ac- ousness.' commodate himself “ to the capa

«•It is written, there is none righteous,

no not one; there is none that undercity of servants in general,” he standeth ; there is none that seeketh afmay have failed in conveying to ter God. They are all gone out of the them the instruction which they way; they are altogether becoine filthy; might be found capable of receiv

there is none that doeth good, no, not ing and comprehending. There one. All mankind, by reason of sin,

are guilty before God, and under the is a wide interval between “plain- curse and condemnation of his holy law. ness" and superficiality, and we Wherefore, beca sinners had lost are not satisfied that Mr. K. has their power to keep the law of God, and

to fulfil it in thought, word, and deed; been always successful in main

God took compassion upon them, and taining the separation. The most

sent his Son from heaven to fulfil it for profound views in theology may them : that, by his sufferings, they might be 'conveyed in the simplest lan- be pardoned ; and, by his righteousness,

they might be justified. He hath set guage; in fact, they are best so

him forth to be a propitiation, through conveyed. Their proper dress is faith in his blood ; to declare his rightethe most unadorned and transpa- ousness for the remission of sins that rent phrase, and. when they are are past; that God might be just, and arrayed in the garb of abstruse

the justifier of him that believeth in

Jesus.' and philosophical terms, they give “ If, therefore, we.would be justified a three-fold trouble and vexation. in the sight of God, we must seek for First, there is the awkward neces- this happiness through the merits and sity for understanding them; then

atonement of his only-begotten Son.

At the same time that we are convinced there is the irksome task of trans

of our own sinfulness and unworthiness, lating them; and thirdly, there is we must believe, that through the worthe extreme annoyance of finding, thiness of Christ, God both can and will in' nine cases out of ten, that you

receive us to mercy. If we come to him have been giving yourself all this

in humble penitence, pleading the merits

of his Son's blood and righteousness, labour merely to extract from a he will not cast us out. He will be very tough shell, the kernel of a gracious unto us, and show us his salva


tion. very common place truth.

And thus, • being justified by tain acute theologians of the nor

faith, we shall have peace with God, thern school are chargeable with rejoice in hope of that glory, which he

through our Lord Jesus Christ;' and this affectation. From this de- hath promised to them that love him.” fect, Mr. Knowles is completely -pp. 72–74. free, his style is clear, and his ar- This is good as far as it goes,

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" the sacra

but considered as a statement of Jesus Christ, and it eternally dwells in the great Scripture doctrine of jus- him, and is only to be pleaded by faith, tification, it is very far from being though it be not our own originally, yet

Ly a poor creature. But our holiness, either explicit or complete. We it is our own inherently, it dwells in us : regret exceedingly that our limits this is the distinction that the apostle forbid us to insert a few extracts makes, Phil. iii. 9. "That I may be

found in him, not having my own righteon this important point from the

ousness, which is of the law, but that writings of Traill. We can only which is through the faith of Christ, the venture on a short section from righteousness which is of God by faith." his admirable discussion of the --Sermon Sixth, from 1 Peter i. 1, 2, question-" wherein do justifica- Nothing can be more clearly, tion and sanctification differ?"

simply, vigorously stated than the " Justification is an act of God's doctrine of this passage ; let it be grace upon the account of the righteous- compared with the preceding exness of another, but sanctification is a work of God, infusing a righteousness trate our preceding remarks.

tract, and it will strikingly illusinto us; now there is a great difference between these two; for the one is by

We had marked a passage or imputation, the other by infusion. In two in the sermon on justification the sentence of God pro- ment” for comment; and there are ceeds this way; the righteousness that

a few other expressions that we Christ wrought out by his life and death, and the obedience that he paid to the feel some inclination to sift ; but law of God, is reckoned to the guilty we abstain. Mr. Knowles has sinner for his absolution; so that when evidently been actuated by an unafa sinner comes to stand at God's bar, fected intention to do good, there when the question is asked, Hath not this man broken the law of God? Yes, is no display, no affectation in his saith God; yes, saith the conscience of work, it is substantially valuable, the poor sinner, I have broken it innu- and we will have no quarrel with merable ways : And doth not the law it for minor defects. We shall condemn thee to die for thy transgressions? Yes, saith the man ; yes, saith

extract the following as the law of God, the law knows nothing specimen. Describing the effects more but this; • The soul_that sinneth of faith, Mr. K. observes, that the must die.'

Well then, but is there no believer hope in this case ? Yes, and gospel grace reveals this hope; there is one " Will love Christ above all things. that took sin on him, and died for our « « We love him,' says the Apostle sins, and his righteousness is reckoned John, because he first loved us.' The for the poor sinner's justification ; and soul which is brought into a state of thus we are absolved. We are absolved salvation, through faith in the obedience in justification by God's reckoning on and atonement of Christ, cannot but our account, on our behalf, and for our love the author of his happiness. He advantage, what Christ hath done and will reflect upon his humbling himself suffered for us; but in sanctification the to take our nature-his poverty and Spirit of God infuses a holiness into the hardships, his sorrows and his sufferings, soul. I do not say, he infuses a righte- his agony in the garden, and his death ousness; for I would fain have these

upon the cross—and he will feel astowords, righteousness and holiness, better nished at the love which brought his distinguished than generally they are. Redeemer from heaven to save mankind Righteousness and holiness are, in this at so dear a rate. He will look also case, to be kept vastly asunder. All upon himself, and consider how ignorant righteousness is without us; our holi- he once was of the way of salvationness is within us, it is our own; the how careless about his soul-how sinful apostle plainly makes that distinction, and how wretched; and yet he knew it Phil. ji 9. • Not having mine own not. He will then think, how the Spirit righteousness :' it is our own, not origi- of God strove with him, to convince pally, but our own inherently; not our lim of sin, and put him in mind of his own 80 as to be of our own working, danger. How he brought him at last to but our own because it is indwelling in deep repentance, and led him to Jesus,

But our righteousness is neither as the refuge and safety of his soul. our own originally nor inherently ; it is Such reflections as these, together neither wrought out by us, nor doth it with the blessedness which he now endwell in us; but it is wrought out by joys in the knowledge of Christ as his

a fair



all-sufficient Saviour, and the firm hope our scientific knowledge of those which he has of an inheritance in heaven, cause him to love Christ above all things.

interesting regions, yet he has, And he can appeal to him, with David, unavoidably, left much in the simplicity and affection of his plored; many chasms occur in our soul, — whom have I in heaven but documents, and ample space is still thee ; and there is none upon earth that left for enterprize and observation. I desire besides thee.' And this love will show itself by a steady resistance of

The feelings which arise in sin, and a faithful performance of all the mind, at the recollection of God's commands.”-pp. 1904-192. past and actual circumstances,

are of a mixed kind.

Spain Travels in New England and Nen sent forth its emissaries, not to


carry the arts of peace, York. By Timothy Dright, comforts of civilization, and the S.T.D. L. L. D., late Presia blessings of the Gospel, but to dent of Yale College ; Author of impose a double slavery, the Theology explained and defended, chains of political and of religious In four Volumes, Maps and vassalage, the manacles of avarice Portrait. 8vo. price £2. 28.

and ambition, on the natives of London: Baynes, 1828.

the Western continent. The CaThe American continent presents tholic colonists of America carried an object of most interesting con- in their hands, not the Bible and templation, to all classes of per- the olive branch, but the missa! sons accustomed to reflection and and the sword; they marched investigation. The traveller and with an ample furniture of arms, the political economist, the mer- of priests, and of craving and chant and the man of piety, will desperate adventurers ; but the find in its productions, its aspect smallest provision for ameliorating and climate, its natural, commer

the condition of the vanquished cial, and social advantages and de- was far from the thoughts of the ficiences, a wide field for exami- men whose lips overflowed with nation and inquiry. As yet, hypocritical expressions of anxhowever, our materials are imper- iety for the eternal welfare of fect. The southern division has, those on whose present happiness indeed, been explored, through they were mercilessly trampling: part of its extent, by the enlight. Instead of mild, and gradual, and ened and indefatigable Humboldt; persuasive instruction, the Misand valuable, though detached, il- sionaries of Rome gave them the lustration of its former and recent dungeon and the stake. state, may be obtained from Compare with this gloomy picsources of various merit and au- ture, the gratifying circumstances thenticity. But the true cha- which attended the settlement of racter and derivation of its abo- North America, by Englishmen riginal tribes, their government, and Protestants. Something of manners, numbers, and civiliza. harshness and fanaticism might tion, still remain involved in still cling to men, stung by opmuch obscurity. And though the pression and persecution, and accomplished Prussian has given exiled from their own,

their ample and most interesting de- native land;" a character of sternscriptions of the sublime scenery of ness and severity might blend itself the Andes, as well as large details with their religious feelings and and able reasonings connected habits, but they were the servants with the former state, the present of the living God, their commucondition, and the future prospects nion was on high, and their habiof Spanish America; though, in tual converse savoured of their part, he has given a new aspect to spiritual frame. Compare the re

sults. Scarcely any but disastrous inheritance of industry, valour, circumstances stain the annals of and religion, to their children ; the South civil wars perpe- and to this day their descendants tuated despotism, attended with are the strength and ornament of an utter absence of intellectual the United States. In 1810, and gospel light-imperfect cul- 'New England and New York contivation-a thin and scattered po- tained a free white population pulation. Turn to the North, of 2,386,201 ; occupying, with and there we shall contemplate insignificant exceptions, “in a a different scene—free institutions solid column, a territory of less -an admirable social system than 100,000 square miles,” while religious liberty-a war of subju- the remaining three-fifths of the gation resolutely sustained and white population of the Union victoriously terminated—a rapidly are spread, in the Southern and increasing and improving people Western States, over a space of agriculture flourishing - know- more than a million of square ledge and piety, we trust, spread- miles. Of the slave population, ing in all directions.

The tri- amounting to the fearful sum of umph of religious principle is, 1,191,364, only 15,435 belonged here, abundantly evident, but we to the two Northern States. In have a yet stronger evidence of commerce and manufactures their its success.

South, and part of superiority is equally decided. North, America were conquered, European travellers are very im• ravaged, crushed under foot, by perfectly qualified for doing justice the civilized Romanist ; the En- to the people of North America. glish Protestant carried to its They mistake curiosity for impernorthern regions, the liberal feel- tinence, and rude accommodations ings and habits of his own free fo poverty and churlishness ; country, released from a double whereas the first is an invariable thrall, the civil and religious ty- character of a scattered population, ranny of Rome. Here we have and the latter a necessary consestrong ground of exultation, that quence of peculiar circumstances, popery is thus identified with quite consistent with competence darkness and misery, Protes- and comfort. Mail coaches, posttantism with light and happiness. chaises, and travelling-chariots, But we have yet higher cause for imply not merely opulence, but a triumph when, dismissing this dense population, and habits of part of the contrast, we are ena- impatient speculation or luxubled to point out the nobler in- rious self-indulgence. The merfluence of evangelical sentiment, chant who has risked his tens of even when compared with the ad- thousands, on a rise or fall in the mirable effects of Protestantism in price of cotton, or whose merits general profession. The states cantile character depends on winds, of New England, and the neigh- and tides, and currents, will throw bouring tracts, were originally himself into a vehicle, which settled by colonists of a decidedly whirls him along M‘Adam's roads religious cast; they were diligent, at the rate of twelve miles an hour, conscientious, converted men; they chiding the tardy movements were lovers of freedom, and their which fail to“ annihilate both space attachment to it had brought them and time.” The listless and unto the Transatlantic wilderness, occupied. man of wealth, studious which they peopled, and cultivated, only of his ease, emerges from his and enriched with commerce, and well cushioned carriage, to the made glorious with liberty and sofas and down-beds of his fagodliness. They transmitted the vourite and fashionable hotel. In America, there are, no doubt, many of them have laid themplenty of speculators, but not selves open to serious animadenough, as yet, to patronize the version by their misrepresentaBristol or Liverpool mail. She tions. can, we dare say, boast a large Under these circumstances we crop of idlers too, but they lack were much gratified by the appearprescription and advancement ; ance of the highly interesting they have not had their indolence volumes before us; the production transmitted from generation to of a man who, though certainly generation, with the halls and not without his national prejudices, manors of their forefathers, and was incapable of any thing apthey have not yet learnt to make proaching to intentional perversion the most of it. Hence travelling of facts. Dr. Dwight describes in America and in England are with the utmost simplicity, but things as perfectly distinct as the with singular distinctness, the go-cart of the infant, the velo- scenes and circumstances which cipede which amuses the child of came within his cognizance, and larger growth, and the garden- he has brought together a large chair that enables the invalid to and valuable mass of miscellaneous enjoy the delights of air and information, the more agreeable, motion, along the greensward or although not quite so easily availthe gravel walk. The American able, from the familiar and dismounts his horse, or shoulders his cursive way in which it is comhavresack, and sets out on his jour. municated. In 1774, while a tutor ney of a thousand miles, certain that in Yale College, the Doctor's he shall find wholesome food, with severe application to study brought sufficient shelter, on the road, and on a dangerous illness, from the never dreams of being fastidious. effects of which he only recovered respecting his accommodation. by a long course of unreinitted The European, travelling in Ken- exercise.” In 1795, having been tucky or Alabama, dismounts chosen president of the same instifrom his hackney, weary and out tution, an office requiring uninterof temper ;-neither boots, norrupted mental exercise, he deter-, waiter, nor hostler, nor chamber- mined on devoting the vacation maid, nor landlord, come trooping seasons, particularly the six weeks' at his call; the newspaper is not

recess in autumn, to a regular forthcoming, no separate apart- course of travelling." During ment is at his honour's service; these tours he kept a journal, there is nothing to be had but with a view to the possibility of substantial eatables and drink- ultimate publication. ables, plenty and cheap, with the

“ An inhabitant of Europe, and not usual appurtenances of an hostelry, improbably an inhabitant of the United all of the same homely description ; States, after reading this recital, may and it only remains that he should naturally ask, what could induce me to take these good things quietly and tries, in which none of these advantages

write a book of travels concerning counthankfully. This he does not

are found? My reasons were these. chuse to do, and because he finds “ The subject is to a considerable exit quite useless, as well as rather tent new. Nor have the books, pubunsafe, to give himself airs on the lished by foreign travellers, divested it spot, he indemnifies himself by is new to my countrymen. To foreigners

of this character. In a great measure it venting his spleen against every most of it is absolutely unknown. thing American, when he returns “ The scene is a novelty in the hishome. As their contrasts

tory of man. The colonization of a greater, English travellers are

wilderness by civilized men, where a re

gular government, mild manners, arts, much the most splenetic, and learning, science, and Christianity have

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