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proportion of new and valuable bitants, among whom are 500 matter. He writes with manly priests, 100 of whom can neither simplicity, mixed with consider read nor write !"-Ithaca, able humour; he never annoys barren and picturesque as in the us with that miserable and mis- days of Ulysses"-Corfu-Joanplaced affectation of fine writing, nina, where they saw Ali Pacha, which disfigures many of our and“ bathed in the Styx, among popular narratives; his style is 'water-snakes, efts, leeches, and always clear, frequently energetic; toads"-Corinth-Athens-Maraand what in these days of char- thon, as of yore, a damp plain, latanism is high praise—we have fruitful in glorious recollections, never met with a work more com- and intermittent fevers. -Conpletely free from all symptoms of stantinople-Troy, where, as they book-making. But the most gra- anchored, occurred the following tifying peculiarity of these vo- circumstances. lumes is, to us at least, their dis

«« There is a wounded Greek, Sir, tinct and unequivocal recognition alongside, wishing to speak with you, of religious principle; it is most was the first sound that met my ears. refreshing, amid the infidelity be. The call was instantly obeyed, 1 sprung trayed by some, and the indiffer- bark that bore him on the sea, and saw ence manifested by others, to meet

a fine young man in the bloom of life with decided language, on points suffering from a gunshot wound of eight of the highest importance, in the months' standing, that had fractured the production of a man of ability, right

ilium. A portion of the bone oc

anterior superior spinous process of the learning, and character.

cupied the orifice of the wound, and, The first chapter, under the adhering by a slight attachment, kept up modest title of is departure from a constant discharge, with much constiSouthampton-arrival at Alexan- tutional irritation. Having removed the andria,” carries the reader a very dressed it, and gave him some applica:

splinter from the wound, I cleaned and hasty, but graphically described tions, and directions how to manage it tour to Gibraltar-Malta, with in future. His trusty companion laid its 5000 priests, keeping“hundreds hold of a beautiful lamb that lay beside

him in the boat, and handed it on board of bells in perpetual motion"

as a compensation for my trouble. I rea Syracuse and its 2000 ecclesiastics, monstrated against receiving any acwho strut about with pale faces, knowledgment, but the Greek was decocked liats, and tight small termined, and rowing off, left it behind. clothes, in bands of fifty, to work lirius had often done ten times more

I dare say the men Machaon and Podamiracles, and tithe fish as they are

without being so well requited for their thrown from the net”-Messina pains. The sailors petted the lamb : he -Naples, where, on the Marino, ate biscuit, and drank grog, and was

named John of Troy."-pp. 10, 11. the traveller “ will be reminded of the religion of the place, by From Troy, after touching at the flames of hell, brimful of different islands, the

voyagers human beings, painted on the sailed for Rhodes-Cyprus-Siwalls, and the sepulchral tones of don-St. Jean d'Acre-Alexan. the hawker sounding in his ears, dria. Of this ruined capital, some 'a horrible letter from purga- interesting notices are given, and tory ;'” and where he “ will see

the dreary prospect of the surpimps at every corner, priests in rounding scenery is thus slightly every café," miracle-mongers in but distinctly sketched. the cathedral of St. Januarius, and will hear sound sense and learn- “Impatient to explore the venerable ing from the lips of the bishop of ground, we landed at an early hour on

the morning of the 8th, and having Puzzuoli”-Palermo-Zante,

passed through the Khan, where a herd island containing “36,000 inha- of hungry camels were baiting after

an

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their fatigues, we mounted our asses, dence, and embarked in a djerm
passed without the gate of the city, and for Rosetta, where, after passing
entered immediately on the field of ruins. the surf and sands of the Bogaz,
Before us, in the centre of the scene,
enlivened by a few spreading palms, they entered the Nile.
stood a Greek and a Capuchin Convent,
a buffalo turning a water wheel, a round without any brackish intermixture; but

- The water is immediately fresh,
column on our right, and a tall obelisk
on our left; but excepting these, all was

the overflowing stream being then at its height alternating with hollow, mound height, was deeply impregnated with rising over mound, with here and there mud; that, however did not deter the the end of a beautiful column, or the thirsty mariners from drinking of it proangle of an enormous stone cropping

fusely. If I were to live five hundred out, to break the continuity of the years I shall never forget the eagerness drifted sand unconsolidated by aught of with which they let down and pulled up vegetable growth.”—pp. 13, 14.

the pitcher, and swigged off its contents,

whistling and smacking their fingers, Dr. Richardson forcibly points and calling out.tayeep, tayeep, good, out the absurdity of neglecting the good,' as if bidding defiance to the diligent examination of the ruins whole world to produce such another, of Alexandria, and recommends by their example, tasted also of the

draught. Most of the party, induced that the Egyptian antiquary should far-famed waters, and having tasted, make this the starting-point of pronounced them of the finest relish, his researches. As the spot where notwithstanding the pollution of clay

and mud with which they were contamiEgypt and Greece were in com- nated ; a decision which we never had munication with each other, and occasion to revoke during the whole where the symbolic characters of time of our stay in Egypt, or even since. the first were transferred to the The water in Albania is good; but the rich and widely spread language world.”—p. 33.

water of the Nile is the finest in the of the latter, “ this is the place to search for the key that will un

At Rosetta, they embarked on lock the hidden mysteries of the board two Maashes, large boats hieroglyphics.” Industry and skill with cabins and lettine sails. have been long employed, with They were found, says Dr. Richbut imperfect results, in the ardson,“ upon the whole extremely effort to subdue the difficulties of agreeable, and provided with a the sacred language ; among the sufficient number of bugs to rubbish of Alexandria it is pos

åmuse us during the night, when sible that some monumental re

we closed our eyes upon the cord may exist, which might scenes that cheered and delighted yield the requisite information; us during the day.” We may yet there it does not seem to have mention as an instance of the

pahitherto been thought expedient to tient and persevering labour emsearch. We join with Dr. R. in ployed in the Egyptian structures, the hope that some future adven- that one of them, a monolithic turer will give his attention and temple, "twenty-one cubits long, labour to the examination of the fourteen broad, and eight high," ruins of Alexandria, and that his without reckoning the time conexertions may be successful in the sumed in hewing, excavating, "discovery of an interpreting al- and finishing its enormous block, phabet of the hieroglyphics.” employed two thousand men for After a short stay here, the party, three years to bring it down from consisting of Lord and Lady the island of Elephantina, at the Belmore, their family and ser- extremity of Egypt, a distance of vants, with Dr. Richardson and between 600 and 700 miles.” Capt. Corry, of the Navy, quitted Cairo has been too often described, their comfortable accommodations (seldom, however, better than by on board the vessel which had Dr. R.,) to allow us any space for hitherto been their travelling resi- abstract, but the following spe

ad

cimen of summary justice must was favorable for the production of vernot be passed over.

dure, and that our climate was not quite

so foggy and wet as he had imagined. “One of our party mentioned to me that he saw an officer of justice walk mitting that you may have some green

• Well,' pursued his Highness, into two shops, and take out two men,

sward in England, it can only last for a and tuck them up by the necks cach over his own door, and let them hang there all the rest of it, you are covered with

few months in the year ; for, during till they were dead, and till the sun went down. The offence he did not learn ; snow,' scarcely finding a word to exbut the summary proceeding struck him press it, which necessarily destroys all with horror. I was afterwards informed verdure.' Then, without waiting for a that this is the manner in which the reply, he gave a voluntary shiver, wrapt

himself up in his beniss, and added, with laws of Egypt punish extortion, light weight, or selling goods at an exor

a hearty laugh, that he thought the clibitant profit. The officer of justice is land still : thus, to the no small enter

mate of Egypt better than that of Engnamed Awali el Cadi, or first officer of tainment of his audience, making a tolerthe Cadi. The punishment for light able retreat from the dilemma in which bread is to put the baker into his own he had got involved.”—pp. 99, 100. oven, which is performed by the same friend of the public above mentioned a punishment which humanity would “ He next talked of his Lordship's forbid us to record, did not the evidence intended voyage up the Nile ; for which of creditable witnesses compel us to re- he politely offered to render every possiceive it as truth."-p. 84.

ble facility; cautioning him at the same In an interview with the vice- time to keep a sharp look out among the

Arabs, who, he believed, would not take patriarch of the Copts, the latter

any thing from him or any of the party, admitted that the attendants on by violence, but that they woull certhe church service were provided tainly steal if they found an opportunity neither with Bibles nor Prayer- of doing it without the risk of detection.

He then related a number of anecdotes books, but seemed to consider it of the petty larcenies of that most thievquite sufficient that they had been ish race ; some of which were by no accustomed from infancy to repeat means without contrivance or dexterity. the responses from memory. The But the one which seemed to amuse

both himself and his friends the most, state of religion among

these

was that of a traveller, who, when eating unenlightened Christians is such his dinner, laid down his spoon to reach as might be expected from the for a piece of bread, and by the time negligence and half-heartedness of that he brought back his hand, the spoon their teachers. A visit to Ma

was away; the knife and fork soon shared

the same fate, and the unfortunate trahomed Ali, the Pacha of Egypt, veller was at last reduced to the sad negives a favourable idea of the cessity of tearing his meat, and lifting it lively and acute mind of that emi- with his fingers'and thumb like the Arabs

themselves. nent chief.

Many people were near,

but no one saw the theft committed ; “ His Highness next adverted to the and all search for the recovery of the prospect before him, the Nile, the grain. property was in vain. In order to covered fields, and the pyramids of prove to his Highness that the natives of Gheesa, the bright sun, the cloudless Europe had some idea of pilfering, as sky, and remarked with a certain trium- well as the Arabs of Egypt, the interphant humor on bis lip, that England preter was requested to relate to him the offered no such prospect to the eye of story of the comical squire, who had his the spectator. It was admitted that dapple stolen from between his legs, England had no pyramids, palm-trees, while he slept on its back, the robber ordhourra; but that her scenery was having gently undone the fastenings, of the richest and choicest description. and propped up the saddle with sticks, “0," he said, “ he meant as to the that the slumbering rider might continue verdure, that England did not possess to enjoy his seat and his nap, while the any thing equal to that.' 'O yes, yes,' watchful thief mounted and made off was instantly called out, and repeated with his pony. Thus, in his merciful by every Englishman in the room; and compassion, judging it a double sin to much finer might have been added with deprive him of his horse and his sleep at equal truth. How can that be,' he the same time. The substitution of a shortly rejoined, “ seeing you are steeped wooden horse for a living pony would in fog and rain for three quarters of the not have been so bad in modern times. year?' This he was given to understand This anecdote was quite new, and quite to the taste of the Pasha ; and the inter- by the guards in the Franks' quarters, preter throwing considerable humor into

and being carried before the Pasha, was the narration, it produced its full effect beheaded next morning, with the most both upon his risible faculties, and those marked abhorrence of the crime which of the audience. We now took leave of he had committed.”—pp. 104, 105. the Viceroy, leaving him in the greatest good huinor; he said we might go every where, and see every thing we wished,

At the age of forty, Mahomed and that he hoped to have the pleasure

Ali could neither read nor write; of seeing us again.”-pp. 101, 102. since then he has mastered those The Pasha is about forty eight he has done inuch, and could he

keys to knowledge. For Egypt years

of

age, somewhat under the middle height, slender, and sallow.

be convinced, that instead of being Like all successful adventurers in

himself the great manufacturer, a country where there is no here. tradesman, and merchant of his ditary nobility, he rose from the government, he would be richer ranks, obtained a command in the and more powerful by allowing army sent against the Mamalukes,

freedom to commerce, he might and on their expulsion, rose to the give wealth and happiness to his highest rank in the army, and people. The last part of the arfinally was placed in his present gument, indeed, he would be slow

to comprehend; in Turkey, the ment is oppressive, from ignorance enjoyments of the many, never of the true nature of financial re

enter into the calculations of the gulation; but he is a man of one; but we should think that, vigorous and enlightened mind, like the Pasha of Egypt might be

even on this difficult point, a man and apparently with much less

found not inaccessible to a more than the average Turkish portion of perfidious cruelty. His firme enlightened estimate of his own

interest. ness and equity in punishing the excesses of his troops have been

The pyramids afford Dr. Richproductive of the most beneficial

ardson an opportunity for some effects.

good description and much inte

resting discussion, into which we “ The last outrage of the soldiery that he had occasion to punish, was for

must decline following him. Few the murder of a fine young woman, the

of the Egyptian edifices are better daughter of the Swedish consul in Cairo. known than these, and we shall This young lady was returning from the content ourselves with referring our bath in the afternoon, in company with readers to the volumes before us her mother. Her elegant appearance, fully displayed in the European costume,

for ample details concerning their attracted the regards of a soldier, who dimensions, construction, arrangemade up to her, and addressed her in ment, and history. Returning to language which it was not convenient Cairo, Dr. R. found his friend, for her to hear, and to which, accord

the lamented Burckhardt, wasting ingly, she made no reply, but continued her walk. The soldier repeated his rapidly under the effects of fatal words, which met with a similar disre- disease. He soon after fell in gard. Provoked at her indifference, and

the prime of life, just as he had determined to be heard, he pulled out his pistol, and instantly shot her through completed his arrangements for the heart. The unfortunate young wo

setting out with the first caravan, man sunk down in immediate death, on his grand expedition to the inand the assassin turned round in a

terior of Africa, for which he had hellish exultation to enjoy the applause been about nine years in making of his infamous associates ; but his triumph was of short duration, being preparation.” In October 1817, almost immediately arrested by the jani- the travellers set out on their exzary of the English Consul-general, a pedition into Upper Egypt. At Chaldean by birth, from whom he escaped by knocking him down with his Osyout they were courteously repistol, but was afterwards apprehended ceived by the Defterdar Bey, a

man learned among the Turks, do; they two must be onc crab, to suit inasmuch as he was able to refer the system of wise philosophers. The

next line on the side of the luminous to a map, and once undertook to globe contains three boats ; are they also correct the drawing of " one of freighted with genii ? One of them conthe best European artists now in tains a cow; what sort of a genius is Egypt.” He invited his visitors she ?”—pp. 196, 197. to be present at a review of his Contempt is the only treatment cavalry, during which he exhibited due to these offences against right great personal address in the use feeling and common sense. Perof the spear and musquet on horse- versions the most gross, and inback. We regret, that the length ferences the most unauthorised, of the very spirited description of are the weapons which the enemies this scene, renders it inconvenient of Christianity feel themselves for us to transcribe it. The stay justified in employing, and the of the vessels at Dendera enabled only effectual method of exposing Dr. Richardson to examine with the weakness and the malignity attention the celebrated Zodiac, of their warfare, is by thus assailwhich, with other similar repre- ing them on their own ground. sentations in the same country, We regret that it is impracticable, has afforded so much imaginary from the nature of their contents, triumph to the sceptics of France, to furnish a satisfactory abstract on account of their supposed esta- of this chapter, and of the followblishment of a period of astronomi- ing, on the deities of the ancient cal calculation, far anterior to the Egyptians. In connection with creation of the world in the Mosaic the monstrous absurdities of Pagan chronology. His analysis of this worship, it is emphatically obinteresting relic is minute, humo- served by Dr. Richardson, that rous, and conclusive as to the fact, “ There is no opinion so absurd, but that it is no“ Zodiac at all.” will find, and has found, abettors in

“ First of all, the number of signs is philosophy'; and there is no object, incomplete. The advocates for the

however inonstrous, but has been made zodiacal interpretation acknowledge this, the object of adoration by a crafty and - there is no crab.. Oh,'but says one,

designing priesthood. When mankind • here is a bird stuck in a funnel ; we

once allow themselves to deviate from will call it a sceptre, and suppose him a

the worship of the pure and spiritual crab.' • No,' says another, that will Being, the high and lofty One who innot do. But here are two beetles in a

habiteth eternity, and endeavour to corner, one on each hand; let us take

bound by lines, Him who knows no them, and suppose that they are the old limits of time or space, and to repreoriginal beetles made crabs' by an error sent, by sensible signs, Him who is inof transcription. This is a new method visible, and who, if he could be seen by of ratiocination ; and we confess it is the human eye, or comprehended by the somewhat difficult to comprehend the human mind, would neither be infinite process by which the philosopher con

nor eternal, and consequently not God, cludes that a bonnetted bird in a funnel; bounds of their extravagance and folly.”

no human calculation can prescribe the or two beetles in the corners, are equal to one crab. Besides, the beetles are

-pp. 213, 214. not in the compartments of signs, but in

The tomb discovered and exthose of boats, which are interpreted to plored by Belzoni, is described by contain thirty-six decans, or astrological Dr. Richardson, whose remarks genii, though they have on board fortyfive personages, which, neither in them- on its ornaments, and suggestions selves nor in their insignia, are any way for its further investigation, merit different from the figures that we meet the attention of the future tra in the sculpture both throughout this veller. The decorations of the and the other temples. Besides, the two half-boats, and the whole boat with grottoes of Eleithias, exhibited an the serpent springing from the budding agreeable change from the tirelotus, or the three boats in the second some recurrence of human sacri. yow, are not mentioned by them at all. fices and semi-brutal deities; they But if the figures in the boats be genii, consisted of domestic and agriculwhy are not the beetles, being in the same line, genii too: No, that will not tural representations, in which the

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