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case fell out of his loosened zone. I was so close at his heels, that he could not recover it; and jumping over the tent-ropes, - which, doubtless, the rogue calculated would trip me up, --- he ran towards the road. I was in such a fury, that, forgetting my bare feet, I gave chase, vociferating lustily, 'Choor! choor!' (thief! thief!) but was soon brought up by some sharp stones, just in time to see my rascal, by the faint light of the moon through the thick foliage overhead, jump upon a horse standing unheld near the road, and dash down the path at full speed, his black blanket flying in the wind. What would I have given for my double-barrelled Joe at that moment! As he and his steed went clattering along the rocky forestroad, I thought of the black huntsman of the Hartz, or the erl-king! Returning to my tent, I solaced myself by abusing my servants, who were just rubbing their eyes and stirring themselves, and by threatening the terrified sepoy sentry with a court-martial. My trunks at night were always placed outside the tent, under the sentry's eye; the robber, therefore, must have made his entry on the opposite side, and he must have been an adept in his vocation, as four or fiv: servants were sleeping between the khanauts. The poor devil did not get much booty for his trouble, having only secured a razor, a pot of pomatum (which will serve to lubricate his person for his next exploit),* and the candlesticks, which, on closer inspection, will prove to him the truth of the axiom, that all is not gold that glitters,' nor even silver. : ... The next morning, on relating my adventure, I was told I was fortunate in having escaped cold steel; and many comfortable instances were recited, of the robbed being stabbed in attempting to secure the robber.” – Vol. 1. p. 165.
A few days afterwards, a brother officer was brought home having marvellously escaped from the very jaws of a tiger. He was shooting in a jungle, the reputation of which would be deemed evil or good according to the taste of its frequenters, for it abounded in wild beasts; and he had just fired both barrels at a deer, when a tiger sprung from a thicket and knocked him down. Fortunately, the animal, instead of seizing the sportman’s, head, caught in his mouth the gun which he was carrying on his shoulder; and finding the morsel somewhat tough, he relinquished it and bounded
The officer was much torn on the shoulders and breast, one cheek was pierced through, he found the fragment of a shivered tiger-tooth in his waistcoat pocket, and the barrel of his gun was distinctly marked by the whole range of tusks which had embraced it. Nevertheless, Captain Mundy, unappalled, was once more in the field a few days afterwards. A cub and its mother soon filled his bag, and a second cub was obliged to be knocked on the head after one of the party had failed to take it alive, by dismounting from bis elephant and receiving the little fury's charge with no other weapon than his mountain-dagger.t
Captain Mundy's tour in the Surmour mountains will be read with great interest; the difficulties which he encountered, and the
* Indian thieves oil their naked bodies to render their seizure difficult.
+" In his accounts of Indian hunting," says another reviewer," with which the volumes abound, and which are truly excellent, Captain Mundy, gives full sway to his buoyant spirit and hilarity; and as the animal pursued is not the timid hare or the paltry fox, but generally the cruel, destructive, and formidable tiger, and as there is both adventure and danger, we can frequently follow him in these hunts with great interest. The following is his account of the sagacity of an elephant in a lion-hunt:
good humor with which he overcame them, are related with much spirit and vivacity. But we prefer offering our readers one or two specimens of living manners. The first shall be Anglo-Indian, the second, native. One of the most distinguished corps of irregular cavalry in Hindústan is commanded by Colonel Skinner, who served with high reputation under Lords Lake and Hastings, and was enrolled C. B. for is uct at the siege of Bhurtpore. He is described as an amiable man and a gallant soldier, who has seen forty years of very chequered adventures; and who, in his youth, was partizan of more than one native Power.
“In this Cossack-like life he was joined by a near relation, — since dead, - who was as valiant a warrior as himself; but he was a man of wild and ungoverned passions, and the last scene of his life was Othello exaggerated! Having suspected his wife, a native lady, of infidelity to his bed, he surrendered himself to the bloody suggestions of the green-eyed monster; murdered her and her two female attendants, and concluded the tragedy by blowing out his own brains. His passion for the sex, and extravagance in expense knew no bounds ; of which addictions the following · anecdote, related to me this day, affords no bad instance.
“Being present at a grand entertainment given by some native prince at Delhi, he became desperately épris of a young and beautiful nantchgirl, a slave of the prince's wife; and at the close of the fête he seized her by force, and carried her off to lansi. Being pursued by some troops from Delhi, he shut himself in his house, which was soon surrounded by a force that rendered resistance hopeless; wiien, rather than yield up his charmer, he offered to purchase her for her weight in silver. The bargain was struck, the scales produced, and the maiden being weighed against rupees, the ravisher retained his prize." — Vol. 1. pp. 341 - 343.
The Begum Sumroo, of whom we shall next speak, if her lot had been cast in Russia, might have rivalled the Empress Catherine.
“ The history of her life, if properly known, would (according to Colonel Skinner, and others who have had opportunities of hearing of, and witnessing her exploits,) form a series of scenes, such as, perhaps, no other female could have gone through.
“ The above mentioned officer has often, during his service with the Mahrattas, seen her, then a beautiful young woman, leading on her troops
"A lion had charged my friend's elephant, and he, having wounded the lion, was in the act of leaning forward in order to fire another shot, when the front of the howdah (elephant's castle) suddenly gave way, and he was precipitated over the head of the elephant into the very jaws of the furious beast. The lion, though severely hurt, immediately seized him, and would doubtless shortly have put a fatal termination to the conflict, had not the elephant, urged by the mahout (the driver, who sits on the elephant's neck), stepped forward, though greatly alarmed, and grasping in her trunk the top of a young tree, bent it down hard across the loins of the lion, and thus forced the tortured animal to quit his hold! My friend's life was thus preserved, but his arm was broken in two places, and he was severely clawed on the breast and shoulders. The lion was afterwards slain by the other sportsmen who came up.'"
to the attack in person, and displaying, in the midst of carnage, the greatest intrepidity and presence of mind. The Begum has been twice married, and both her husbands were Europeans. Her appellation of Sumroo’is a corruption of the French word Sombre, the nom de guerre of her first lord, Remaud, who bought her when a young and handsome dancing-girl ; married, and converted her to the Roman Catholic religion. Her second husband, — named Le Vassu, - was an independent, soving adventurer, a sort of land pirate ; became powerful in his own right, if right it can be called, and possessed a considerable army. It is of this man that the following anecdote is related, which is wondrous strange - if it be true;' it was the closing scene of his life, and the first in which our heroine played any very distinguished part. I have said that her husband had become possessed of wealth, power, and a numerous army; of these his ambitious wife coveted the undivided possession, and she thus accomplished her purpose.
“A mutinous disposition, on the subject of pay, having manifested itself among Le Vassu's body-guard, the Begum, then about twenty-five, exag- . gerated the danger to her husband, and got intelligence conveyed to him that the rebels had formed a plan to seize and confine him, and to dishonor his wife. They, consequently, arranged to escape together from the fury of the soldiery; and at night started secretly from their palace in palankeens, with only a few devoted guards and attendants. The whole of the following scene was projected by the ambitious and bloody-minded lady. Towards morning the attendants, in great alarm, announced that they were pursued; and our heroine, in well-feigned despair, vowed that, if their escort was overcome and the palankeens stopped, she would stab herself to the heart. The devoted husband, as she expected, swore he would not survive her. Soon after, the pretended rebels came up, and after a short skirinish, drove back the attendants, and forced the bearers to put down the palankeens. At this instant Le Vassu heard a scream, and his wife's female slave rushed up to him, bearing a shawl drenched in blood, and exclaiming that her mistress had stabbed herself to death. The husband, true to his vow, instantly seized a pistol, and blew out his own brains. No sooner did the wily lady hear the welcome report, than she started from her palankeen, and, for the first time exposing herself to the gaze of men, claimed homage from the soldiery. This, her beauty, and promises of speedy payment of arrears, soon obtained for her; and she assumed, in due form, the reins of governinent.
“ Well knowing, however, that so inconsiderable a state as her's could not exist long in those troublesome times without some formidable ally, she prudently threw herself under the protection of the Company, who confirmed her in the possession, with the condition that it should revert to the English government after her death. The old lady seems disposed to make the most of her life-lease. Her revenue is, I believe, one hundred thousand pounds sterling, and she has amassed considerable treasures. I never heard how her other husband was disposed of, but we will, in charity, suppose that he died a natural death. His tomb is at Agra.
“ During her long life, many acts of inhuman cruelty towards her dependents have transpired; one of which is thus narrated:- The Begum, having discovered a slave-girl in an intrigue, condemned her to be buried alive. This cruel sentence was carried into execution; and the fate of the beautiful victim having excited strong feelings of compassion, the old tigress, to preclude all chance of a rescue, ordered her carpet to be spread over the vault, and smoked her houkal, and slept on the spot; thus making assurance doubly sure." — Vol. 1. pp. 370-374.
Captain Mundy pointedly affirms, respecting the Cholera, that
“ he never heard even so much as the possibility of its contagion “canvassed.” Mrs. Meer Hassan Ali expresses herself to the same purpose, but more intelligibly, when, in speaking of the close attendance paid to the sick, and the rigid observance of the ordinary duties to the dead, which the Mussulmauns never omit in these cases, she says, “No fears were ever entertained, nor did I “ ever hear an opinion expressed among them, that it had been or “ could be conveyed from one person to another.” Abstemiousness is the great Mussulmaun remedy; and Mrs. Meer Hassan Ali administered with success a medicine, the character of which may be readily understood when we name brandy, oil of peppermint, and black pepper, to be the principal ingredients. Native children generally escaped the attack, and she never heard an instance of an infant being in the slightest degree visited by the malady. Saffron to the amount of twelve grains, moistened with rose-water (a very favorite vehicle) is used with great benefit for the relief of the sickness which accompanies this melancholy disease.
We cannot part from Captain Mundy without expressing the pleasure which we have derived from one minor characteristic of his pages, the keen remembrance of early associations with which they are imbued. And, we may add, that in spite of a little occasional exuberance, Captain Mundy's overflowing animal spirits never in a single passage betray him into a violation of strict de
The pages of Mrs. Meer Hassan Ali herself are more grave, but pure as they are, they are not more pure than those of the young and rattling Aid-de-Camp.
[Principally from “ The British Critic, No. 23."']
[The article, which is the foundation of the following, is a review of Mr. Babbage's work as it first appeared in “ The Encyclopædia Metropolitana ” We bare given the title of the separate publication, which is enlarged and improved ; and, omitting a part of the review, have furnished some additional extracts. Edd.] Art. IX. - On the Economy of Machinery and Manufactures. By
CHARLES BABBAGE, Esq., A. M., Lucasian Professor of Mathematics in the University of Cambridge, and Member of several Academies. * London : C. Knight. 12mo.
In reviewing Mr. Babbage's work, we can do little more than condense into a narrow compass some of the extraordinary facts which he mentions, and allow him to display the merits of his style in others by extracting his own words.
[* Republished by Messrs. Carey & Lea, Philadelphia, 12mo. We have before us a very beautiful copy of the London edition on large paper, a present from the author to Professor Farrar.)
The three chief advantages derived from Machinery and Manufactures may be represented by “the addition which they make to human power,
the economy of human time, – and the con“ version of substances, apparently the most common and the most “ worthless, into valuable products," and of these benefits some short, but striking illustrations, are offered by Mr. Babbage. The addition to human power may be perceived in an experiment which M. Redelet has noticed in his work Sur l'Art de Bâtir.
" A block of squared stone was taken for the subject of experiment, weighing 1080 lbs.
lbs. 1. Weight of stone
1080 2. In order to drag this stone along the floor of the quarry roughly chiselled, it required a force equal to
758 3. The same stone dragged over a foor of planks required 652 4. The same stone placed on a platform of wood, and dragged over a floor of planks, required
606 5. After soaping the two surfaces of wood which slid
over each other it required
182 6. The same stone was now placed upon rollers of three inches diameter, when it required to put it in motion along the
34 7. To drag it by these rollers over a wooden floor required 28 8. When the stone was mounted on a wooden platform, and
the same rollers placed between that and a plank floor, it
22 “From this experiment it results, that the force necessary to move a stone along the smoothed floor of its quarry is nearly two thirds of its weight; to move it along a wooden floor, three-Afths; by wood upon wood, five nintiis; if the wooden surfaces are soaped, one-sixth; if rollers are used on the floor of the quarry, it requires one-thirtysecond part of the weight; if they roll over wood, one-fortieth ; and if they roll between wood, one-fiftieth of its weight."
The economy of time is exhibited in a recent improvement, made within twelve years, in the mounting of a glazier's diamond. According to the old systein, even after a diligently served apprenticeship, many a journeyman was unable to acquire the nice art of finding the precise angle at which the diamond would cut, and afterwards of continuing to guide it at the proper inclination. All the time expended, and the glass destroyed, in learning that knack, may now be saved by a very simple contrivance adjusted to the tool itself. Thirdly, the value of seemingly worthless materials is demonstrated in the metempsychosis undergone by defunct saucepans, kettles, and coal-skuttles.
“These have not yet completed their useful course; the less corroded parts are cut into strips, punched with small holes, and varnished with a coarse black varnish, for the use of the trunk-maker, who protects the edges and angles of his boxes with them; the remainder are conveyed to the manufacturing chemists in the out-skirts of the town, who employ