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^uislies between the Arii and Ariasi: Parthia, he fays, has the Arii to the east, Carmaniaand theAriani to the south: from which it is conjectured, the Ariani extended' farther than the Arii, and comprised the Gedrosii and the Drangae. Arrian has only Aria and Arii, and is silent about Ariana: but Strabo gives more extensive bounds to Ariana than to Aria, without particularly defining them; only in general fays, Ariana begins from India, and quotes Eratosthenes; who fays, Arania is bounded by the Indus on the east, on the south by the Great Sea, by Paropamifus on the north, and by the mountains, quite to Portae Cafpiae, on the welt by the fame boundaries by which Parthia is separated from Media; Carmania, from Paraetacene and Persia: and thus Ariana is extremely extensive.
Asia has its limits thus described by Ptolemy; on the north some parts of Margiana and Bactriana; on tie east the Paropamisidae; on the south the Drangiana: and Strabo fays, the Arii adjoin to the Paropamisidae on the west. The name is differently written, with or without a diphthong, Areia, or Aria, Areii, or Arii, Aria, ae, or Aria, oTubi ; and the gentilitious name, either Arii, or Arieus, Stephanus.
Aha, called Ariafolis, Strabo: now Herat, in Choralan, set down in an ancient map as situate on the river Arias, which probably gave name to the country Aria; Arrian calls the river Areios; Pliny, Arius; Ammian, Arias: now Heri, which runs by Alexandria, a town built by AUxander, Pliny; also called Alexandria s-irion, or Ariorum. One of the fountains or springs in Paropamifus, the other in the Sariphi, mountains of Margiana, and in its course it forms a l ike, called Arios; in s:-.ch a manner as if the river were swallowed up by it, Ptolemy.
Auaca, a town of Margiana, near 'he Oxus, Ptolemy.
Aiiacae, Ptolemy; a people of Scylliia intra Imaum, on the river Jaxirtes, on the confines of Sogdiana.
An Ace, a maritime district of the
Sadini, a people of the Hither India, Ptolemy. Ariacos, a town of Mysia, or Troas, Pliny.
Arialbinum, a town of the Rauraci, neighbours to the Helvetii, Peutinger; in Antonine's Itinerary, written Artalbinum, a»d placed in the territory of the Rauraci; supposed by some to be Mulhaufen; Basil, by Cluverius.
Arialdunum, a town of Spain, Pliny.
Ariamazae Petra, or Arimasis, from the name of the occupier; a rock in the Sogdiana, thirty Itadia in height, and an hundred and fifty in compass, extremely steep, and with a narrow passage to it; which. Ariamazes, of Sogdiana, occupied with thirty thousand men, Curtius; called also Oxi Petra, because near the river Oxus; taken by Alexander, Strabo.,
Ariana, an extensive country, comprising Paropamifus, Arachosia, Drangiana, and Gedrosia, if we suppose it to reach to the sea. See Aria.
Ariarathira, Ptolemy; a city os Cappadocia, so called from the name of the king its founder. But the more genuine appellation seems to be Ariarathia, Itinerary.
Arias, a river. See Aria. .
AriasPe, Ptolemy; a town of the Drangiana, near mount Becius. Ariafpae, the people, Arrian ; Agrialp ae, Curtius; called Euergetae, by Cyrus, because they joined him in his Scythian expedition, Strabo, Arrian, Curtius.
Ariassus, Ptolemy; a town ofPisidia, thought to be the fame with Arajfui.
Arica, one of the islands between Gaul and Britain, Itinerary; but which is not so easy to determine: supposed to be the Sari.
Aricada, a town of Drangiana, Ptolemy.
Aricia, a town of Latium, at the foot of the Mons Albanus, in a hollow bottom, Strabo; on the Via Appia, an hundred and sixty Itadia from Rome, id. an hundred and twenty, Dionyf. Halicnrn. sixteen miles to the east, Antonine: -famous for iy scallions, or leeks, Martial, i C'olumel'a: CohimetU: called Nemoralis, Ovid, Lucian, Martial; from the Nemus Aricinum: the adjoining eminence was the haunt of beggars, Martial, Juvenal, Persius. The people. Aricini; the epithet, Aricinus. Now /' Arietta,
Aricinum Nemus, or Lucus Dianas Aricinae, adjoining to Aricia, Strabo, Ovid, Statius. Here Orestes, by the advice of the oracle, consecrated the image of Diana Taurica.
AEICONIUM, a town of the Silures, Antonine: now Hereford, Cnmdcn. W Long, i" Lat. «»• 6'.
Ariel, the name of a place, Isaiah; taken for Jerusalem, in which was the altar of burnt offering. In Ezekiel it signifies the altar.
Arietis Frons, or Criu Metopon, a two fold promontory; one in the south west of Crete, Dionysius; now il Capo trio: another in the south of the Taurica Cherfonesus, oppo lite to the promontory Carambus of Paphlagonia, id.
Arigaeum, Arrian J a town of the Hither India, which Alexander found deserted and burnt.
Arimantos, a village in the inland parts of Cyrene, P:olemy.
Arimanum, a city on the other side the Jordan, Josephus ; supposed to be corrupted for Arimalha: one of the cities of refuge in the tribe of Gad, Moles, Joshua.
Arimaspi, Pliny; a people of Sarmatia Eurcpca, to the south of the Mouses Kiphaei; said by Mela to liave but one eye; a fable broached by Aristeas Proconnelius, according to Herodotus.
Aruiara, a town of Syria, on the Euphrates, Ptolemy.
Aruhtiia. See Arimanum.
Arj.mathea, a toun of Judea, Evangelists; thought to be the fame with Ramatha, i Sam. i. and thus in the tribe of Ephiaim, Wells.
Arimi, mountains of Syria, Strabo. also a people inhabiting Mysia Combuita, id.
As-IMINUM, a town of Umbria, or Uomaena, at the mouth of the Ariniinus, on the Gulf of Venice. The seizing on it by Caesar gave rife to the civil war. Now tailed Rimini. E. Long. 130 30', Lat 44" S'.
Ariminus, a river of Uœbria, Fes
tus, Pliny; rising in the Apennin* and falling with an easterly course into the Gulf of Venice, at Ariminum.
Arinianum, a colony settled by Janus, on the river Am us, Ca to : now Ari%nano.
Ariola, a town of Gallia Belgica, Antonine; situate between Kheims and Toul, as appears by the Itinerary.
Ariona, a river of IHyricum, Scylax: now Ombla, falling into the port of Gravofa, near Ragusa.
Aripa, Ptolemy; a town of Mauretania Caesariensis.
Arippara, a town of the Hither India, Ptolemy.
Aris, a river of Meflenia, running by Thurium, near the borders of Laconica, Pausanias.
Arisabium, an inland town of the Hither India, Ptolemy.
Arisba, a town of the island Lesbos, Herodotus. Another^r^Ja ofTroas, on the continent, in the territory, and to the south east of Abydos, Polybius. The rendezvous of Alexander'l army, after the passage of the Hellespont, Arrian; a colony of the Mitylenians, Stephan us; taken and plundered by Achilles, Virgil. The residence of Axylus, celebrated by Homer for his hospitality, which gained him the character of friend of mankind.
Arisbus, a river of Thrace, Stephanus; of Troas, Strabo.
Ariseria, a town in the north of the territory of Cyrrhus, in Syria, Ptolemy.
Aristaeum, a town situate on the summit of mount Haemus, in Thrace, Pliny; built by Ariliaeui, son of Apollo, Diodorus1 Siculus. Pliny seems to describe it as extinct in his time.
Ariterae, one of the islands on the coast of Argia, Pausanias.
Aristibus, a river of Paeonia, a district between Macedonia and Thrace, Polyaenus.
Aristobathka, a town of the Hither India, Ptolemy.
Ariston Autae, the dock or arsenal of Pellene, in Acbaia, Pausanias.
Aritium, a town of Lusitania, Ptolemy; Ariiium Practorium, Antonine) on the right, or north side
of of tbe Tagus, thirty-eight rarles to the north of Ulisipo. Now Benattentc, a hamlet of Portugal, in Estramadura.
Amus, a river and lake of Aria, which fee.
Alii'5A, or Ariufius Campus, a district of the island Chios, famous for excellent wine, Strabo. Armisia Una, Virgil, by metathesis; also Pliny: of Poenician original, Harrsfli jits, the mountain ot the capital wine, Bochart. Ar La, a citadel of the Partisans, Strabo.
Arlape, a town of N'oricunr, Itinerary; situate at the confluence of the Arias e, commonly called ErUtph, into the Danube: now called ErU, a hamlet of Lower Austria, on the Danube.
Aj.ua, a place in Judea, called also Herma, and Horma, southwards in the tribe of Simeon, Joshua.
.^R MAC A l IS,a riverof Babylon, Abydenus; called Fcjfa Regia, the Royal Trench, or Cut, Poly hi us; the Royal River, Ptolemy; Armalchar, Pliny j Vaarmalcha, Ammian; which is the true reading, literally the king's river, a factitious channel, or cut, made by Nebuchadanosor, and a horn or branch of the Euphrates, Abydenus. The Euphrates naturally divides into two channels, one passing through Babylon, the other through Seleucia, and then falls into the Tigris: the factitious channel between these two is the Royal River; which mixes with the Tigris, a great deal lower down than Seleucia, at Apamea, Ptolemy.
Ahmactica, or HarmaSlica, a town of Iberia, on the confines of the Moschi, Ptolemy; which many suppose to be the Harmajlis of Pliny.
Aiuacara, a town of the Hither. Iudi3, Ptclemy.
AtUACfDDON, the name of a place in the Apocalypje, which is to be the scene of a future gieat battle.
AiMALCHAR. See ARM AC ALES.
AmAMfcNTARitwi, a public building of the Romans, on the Rhine, to the north of Leyden, of which there is no other testimony than an inscription, Scriveiius Antiiiuiiat. ftiut. But both dui'veiius and
Junius, in their Hist. Batav. place* this Armamentarium on the sea-shore, and make it the (ame with the Arx Eritannica, whose foundation, on everv ebb of flood, is plainly seen, and they suppose the stone with the inscription, to have been taken from those ruins. Though others, and those older writers, affirm, it was turned up by the plough, near the Praetorium Agrippinae, now Roomlrurg, in the territory of Leyden, and consequently, that the Armamentarium must have been con* tiguous.
Armathaim, Septuagint, the fame with Ramah, which fee.
Armaviara, a town of Armenia Major, Ptolemy.
Armauria, a town of Armenia Major, Stephanus; between the springs of the Araxes, and tbe lake Lichnites.
Ar Max A, a town of Cappadocia, Antonine.
Armenk, or Armina, a hamlet of Paphlagonia, Ptolemy; with a harbour, Strabo; large, MartiantM Heracleota; a Greek town, Scylax; in some Greek MSS. with an aspiration, Harmrne; in all, both Greek and Roman, the middle e short j in Xenophon alone, long; a town of the Sinopenses. The inhabitants encompassed it with a wall, because of the coldness of the place, imagining by that means to render it warmer. But this proving ineffectual, gave rife to the proverb, Armcnen muro angere, used to express some egregious folly.
Armenia, in general, Pliny; having Albania and Iberia to the north, from the Caspian Sea to Trapezus, is divided into the Greater, which runs eastward to the Caspian Sea: and into the Less, lying to the west of the Greater, separated from it by the Euphrates, Strabo. Called Great and Little, Greeks; Greater and Less, Romans. Tbe originaf name is Harmini, Bochart; confirmed by Jonathan's paraphrase, and by Symmachu3"s translation of Amos, iv. 3.
Armenia Major, bounded on the south by mount Taurus, separating it from Mesopotamia; on the ealt by Media and Atropatia; on the nerth north by Iberia and Albania; on the west by Armenia Minor, the Montes Paryadres, by some os the nations of Pont us, and by the Euphrates, Strabo: Ptolemy mentions to the west the Montes Moschici; on the east a part of the Caspian Sea, from the mouth of the Cyrus; especially that adjoining to the mouth of the Araxes. But the part which Ptolemy places between the channels of both rivers, before they fall into the sea, and which, towards their mouth, extends southwards a little, Strabo allots to Albania, under the name of Caspiana; but Ptolemy to Armenia. Armenia is divided in the middle by the Antitaurus; and is now called Turcomama. Armenia Minor, to the west of the Major, with the Euphrates running between, Strabo; its limits are differently determined by different authors ; divided in the middle by the Antitaurus, and now called Madulia.
Armenita, and Arnina, Itinerary; a river of Tuscany, which runs with a south course, through the duchy of Castro, into the Tuscan Sea: now i called Fiore.
Armenium, a town of ThefTaly, situate between Pherae and LarifTa; which gave birth to Armenus, one of Jason's companions in the Argonautic expedition, who gave name to Armenia, Mythology.
Armenius Mons, a mountain of Armenia Major, Dionysius; near the confines of Iberia, from which the river Phafis takes its rife; called MoschUus Mons, Ptolemy.
Armiana, a town of Parthia, Ptole-
Armina. See Armene.
Armorica, 7 _ ._,
A „..„.. . t See Aremorica.
Armosata, Polybius, Coin; a cify
middle, between the Euphrates and Tigris, Polybius, Ptolemy; and from this situation some have been induced to place it in Mesopotamia ■ but Pliny assigns it to Armenia. Ptolemy and Tacitus call it rjamofata, the former a town, the latter a citadel in Armenia Major. Thegentilitious name is rmofateni, Coin. E. Long. 44° 55', Lat. 38° 30'.
Armoza, or Harmozia, a town in Cai mania, at the mouth ot the Anamis, which falls into the Persian Gulf, Airian; Armuza, Ptolemy; and from this the neighbouring island, and a small kingdom, take the modern name of Ormus. E. Long 56° 17', Lat. 27° ^o1.
Ar M o zo N ,or Harmozon,a promontory ofCarmania, Strabo; at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, so narrow there, as to open a view to Arabia Felix, Eratosthenes.
Armua, a river of Numidia, Pliny; supposed to be the same with the Rubricatus of Ptolemy; running into the Mediterranean, between Hippo Regius and Tabraca.
Armuza. See Armoza.
Arna, Ptolemy, Sil. Italian, a town ofUmbria, on this side the Apennine, near the Tiber, over-againlt Perusia, now Civitelia d'Arno: The gentilitious name jirnates, Pliny.
Arne, a town of the Phthiotis, a district in ThefTaly, near the Sinus Maliacus, Pliny. Another of Boeotia, situate on an eminence, Strabo, Homer, Nonnus; afterwards called Chatmr.ta, Pausanias. Also the name of a fountain, in the territory of Mantinea, in Arcadia; so called from the flocks of lambs feeding round it, Pausanias. jlrne, DiodorusSiculus; one of the ancient names of Boeotia, Antonine.
Arnina, Antonine; a river of Tuscany. See Armenita.
Arnissa, Thucydides, a town of Macedonia, in the district of Paeonia, between the rivers Axius and Erigon, to the north-west of the Sinus Thermaicus.
Ap Non, a brook running between the borders of the Moabites and Ammonites on the other fide Jordan, Moles, Joshua 1 Joscplius calls it a river, rising on the borders of AArabia,af>d at length falling into the Dead Sea. It is a: Iso called the river I of Gad, as appears i Sam. xXv. 5. compared with » Kings x. Arnvs, a very rapid river of Tuscany, Rutilius, Stiabo, &c. which h divides, and in its course washes Florence and Fife; rising in the Apennine, to the east of Florence, near a village, called S. Maria delle Gratie, on the borders of Romagna, fifteen miles to the welt of the sources of the Tiber; and then turning southward towards Arretiam, it is there encreased by the lakes of the Clanis, after which it runs westward, dividing Florence into two parts, and at length washing Pisa, falls, eight miles below it, into the Tuscan Sea. Aroa. See Aroe. Aroania, mountains in Arcadia,beyond Nonacris, with a cave where the daughters of Proetos, during their fit of madness, by concealed, Pausanias. Aroanius, a river of Arcadia, called also Olbimt, which produces a kind of vocal fisti; but this Pausanias denies, having continued a whole day upon its banks, without observing any such thing. Arocha, a river Of the Bruttii,Pliny; falling intQ the Golfo d's Sqtiilaci: now called Crocha, Holstenius. As.ce, or Area, ib called from rhe agriculture taught by Triptolemus; the ancient name ofPatrae, in Acbaia, Pausanias. Aroer, a town on the other side Jordan, belonging- to the Moabites, Ob the Arnon, over-againft Rabba, in the lot of the tribe of Qad, Moles, Joshua. Another Aroer in the territory of Damascus, fsaiah. Aiolus, a town pf Btfaltia in'Macedonia, Pliny, Ptolemy. Aromata, urn, a town of Lydia, famoos for its generous wines? and hence the appellation, Strabo. Also the name of a trading town; and promontory of Ethiopia, at the termination of the* Sinus Avalices of the Red Sea, Arria.-i. AtouATOPHORUs, Strafr-o; the fouth part of Arabia Frfix, or the country of the Sabaci, thus culled. Arosap£s, a river of Ariana, Piiny. Aaosrs. See Araxes.
A&PEstis, a river of Thrace, falling into the Hebrus, Appian
Ari-i, a town of Apulia. See^ Arc/os* Hippium of Italy. Arpdnij tho people, Pliny; Arpi/ii, Livy.
Arpina, atoWn of Elis, Sttpha'nui.
Aapinum, a town of she Volsci, a1 little to the east of the confluence; of the rivers Liris and Fibrenus, in the Terra di Lavoro; now decayed, but retaining the anCient name. The native place of Ciceri), and of G. Marius, Salloft. Arpheai, dt'ut the' geritilitiOus naine, Cicero, LU vvj as also the epithet, as fundui ArpmaSfCictTo. The poets use Ar* piniis, as Chartae Arpinde, the writings of Cicero, Martial.
ARPOiNUM, a fown'of Magn'a Gra'e* cia, in Italy, Drodor. Siculus.
Arracillum1. See Ar'aci'ilvi^. ,.
ArtRA'dfi, an inland town of Arabit"
Deserta, Ptolemy. . Arr*afa, a town of Assyria", Ptolemy.
A(1.'rapachitis; a district of AflyriaV
bordering on Armenia, Ptolemy. "rretium, Cicero, CaeYar;' Arrhe* (turn, Ptolem'y; Urtit ArrhttiMrUttii Polybiusj one of the twelve ancient tov/ns of Tuscany,' rrear th'e Ami*' and Clarrrs; situate in a pleasant valley. The inhabitants, Artitinlf whom*Pliny snakes thi eefotd, namely Ptttres, Fidentri, and Julichses^ and whom Harduin'supposes to 1)6 distinct and separate iri situation y but Holstenius,distinct only in name j and thoirgh conjoifred* colonies/ each seems to have managed" their own affairs distinctly, and separately j as appears by ant inscription1 produced by rfermolau3: in all in-' seriptioris, and in ancieiit authors/ always written with a rr. NoW Arezzo, forty-two' miles east 6f Florence. E. Long. Ij° 18', Lat. 4j
Arrhent^as, an island' of Poritusy Arrian.
Arribanvium, a town pf Moefia Suv pericry Ptolemy.. Now Wus.ilirnfi LatiuS.
AttituSlijM, Itinerary; Aritlium, Peutingerj a town of Moesta Inferior,, towards the mouth of the Danube.
Arsa, a town of Baetica in Spairiy near the Anas, to the east; of Julia* • M Restitut*}