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Aucvcla, an inland town of the territory of Syrtis, Ptolemy.
Amunclae. See Amyclas.
Ihvuvii. See Amorium.
Amyca. See Auuca.
Auycae Campus. See Amu Ca.
Amyci. See Amyclj.
Auvci Poitus, a place in Pontus, famous for the slaughter of Amycas, king of the Bebryces, Pliny.
Amyclae, Amanclae, or jlmutlat, a town of Italy, which formerly stood a little way from Tarracina, on the Tuscan lea, destroyed by serpents, Pliny; abounding in vipers, whose bite is mortal, Solinus: a colony from Amyclae in Laconica. Servius, explaining tacit is Jmjclis in Virgil, fays, that being a Laconian colony, who followed ihe doctrine of Pythagoras, from which they were called Tacili, and abstaining from killing animals, they were destroyed by a number of serpents, which bred in the neighbouring marines; he adds another explanation; viz. that the city being often disturbed by false alarms of an enemy, a law was made, that none ftould dare to give any alarm; and thus it was taken by surprize, Silt us Palicus, Lucilius. Hence the epithet, Amjelanus, and Jmuclanus, Tacitus; and Amyclaeus, Virgil.
A'jyclae, a town of Laconica, Homer; twenty stadia from Lacedaeroon to' the south, towards the sea, beautifully laid out in orchards; hence the epithet strides in Statius. Famous for a temple of Apollo, fro.n which it was called jipotltneac, . U. The place of abede of Lcda, mother of the Dioscuri and Helena, and hence the denomination Letatet, id. It was also called Tir-' tricae, from the austere discipline of the Pythagoreans, id. and Iherap-; «u«, Martial, fiom the neigh- | bouring town Therapnae. Jlmyelams, an epi:het of Apollo, who bad a temple at Amyclae.
Autclaeum, a town and port of Crete, Stephanus j mentioned by no other author.
Amvcli, or Amyci Portui, a port of Bitbynia, Piiny; called Daphne, Arrun; on the Bosporus Thracius, to the north of Chalcedon i msn
tioned by Virgil. Now called La
Amyooh, a town of Macedonia, id the territory of Paconia, on the river Axius, from which auxiliaries were sent to Troy, Homer, Juvenal.
Ami Mm, Stephanus; a people ofE
Amymone, or Amimene, a fountain and river of Peloponnesus, running thiough the country of Argia iota> the lake Lerna, Ovid.
Amyntae, Stephanus; a people of Thesprotia, a district of Epirus.
Amyntae Recncm, the kingdom of Amyntas, who was secretary t» Deiotarus, tetrarch of Galatia, general of his army, and was afterwards king: at the battle of Phi. lippi, he joined M. Brutus but went over from him to Antony and Cleopatra i and after Deiotaruss death, Antony made him prince of Galatia, with part of Lycaonia and Pamphilia, Dio Caflius; and granted him the title and dignity of king, Appian i he afterwards quitted Antony and joined Augustus.
AMYRGiu.M,aplainof the Sacae, Stephanus.
Amyricus Campus, a place inThet saly, Polybius.
Amyrus, a town of Thessaly, Stephanus; also a small river os Thessaly, mentioned by Valerius Flaccus.
Am Ystis, a river of India, falling into the Ganges, Arrian.
Ahythao.ni*, a part ofElis, socalled from Amythaon.a great warrior, and excellent physician, father of Melampus, Virgil, Tibullus.
Amyzoh, a town of Caria, in Asia Minor, Pliny, Ptolemy; of which nothing farther is known; now Mefi, between Magnesia and Alabanda, thirty miles to the east of the Egean Sea.
Ana. See Anas.
An Ab, the name of a city or mountain in Judea, Joshua.
An A Bis, a town of Hispania Tarraconensis, Ptolemy; situate at the foot of mount Edulius; now Igualada, a town of Catalonia, on the river Noya, nine Spanish leagues to the north of Tarragona.
Anabucis, a town of the territory tory of Syrtis, Peutinger's map.
An Abum, Anabon, Ptolemy; a town on the Danube; now Ntuheusel, in Upper Hungary. E. Long. i8° 12', Lat. 4.8" 25'. Also a district of Aria, in Asia, Isidor. Characenus.'
Anabura, a town of Phrygia, Ptolemy. Another of Pilidia, Strabo, Livy.
Anace, a town of Achaia, Stepbanus.
Anacium, a mountain in Attica, on which stood a temple of the Dios curi, who were called Anaces, Phavorinus, Polyaenus ; and hence the appellation.
Anacole, an island of the Egean Sea, Antonine.
AnActoria,Pliny; Axaflorium,Thucydides, Strabo, &c. now Voniz.za, a town of Acarnania, distant forty stadia from Actium, Strabo; who places it in a peninsula, and calls it the port of the new city Nicopolis. Thucydides places it at the very mouth of the Sinus Ambracius: a colony from Corinth, Stephanus. The people called Anafiorii, Thucydides; the epithet, Axadorius, as Anactorius Ager, Anaclorius Sinus, the fame with the Ambracius. Also the ancient name of the territory of Miletus, Pausanias.
Anactorium, Herodotus, a temple of Ceres in Eleusine.
Am Aba, a town of Caria, on the west fide, over-against the island Samos, Thucydides : the people Anaeitae, id. Anaei, Stephanus.
Anagnia, atown of Latium, capital of the Hernici, Livy, Pliny, Virgil; which, after a faint resistance, submitting to the Romans, was admitted to the freedom of the city, yet without the right of suffrage, Livy. It was afterwards a colony of Drusus Caesar, and walled round, and its territory assigned to the veterans, Frontinus. Here Antony married Cleopatra, and divorced Octavia. Now Anagni, thirty-fix miles to the east of Rome. The people are called Anagnini, Livy; and Anagnitae, Diodorus. E. Long.
13°45'. I-at. 4**Anagyris, or Anagyrus, the name of a place in Attica, of the tribe Erechtheis, where a fetid plant, called Anagyris, Diofcorides, Pliny,
grew 5n great plenty, Stephanus j1 and the more it was handled the stronger it smelted: hence CcmmoI'ere Anagyrin, or Anagyrum, is to bring a misfortune on one's self, Aristophanes.
Anaharath, a city of the tribe of Ilsachar, Jolhua.
Anaitica Regio, a district of Armenia the Greater, so called from Anaitis, a goddess worsliipped by the Armenian", with impure rites of intemperance and prostitution, Strabo.
Analiba, a town of Armenia the Less, Ptolemy.
Analitae, Pliny; a people of Arabia Felix.
An Amis, a river of Carmania, Arrian : 'called AnJanis by otheis, which fee.
Anaon, a port on the Mediterranean, between Monaco and Nice, Antonine.
An Apauomenos, a fountain of Dodona, whose waters failed at noon, and hence the appellation, after which, till midnight, it filled again and ran over, and though extinguishing burning bodies plunged into it, yet kindled them when held over it, Pliny.
Anaphe, an island spontaneously emerging out of the Cretan sea, neai Tlicra, Pliny, Strabo. Now callec Nanjio. It breeds 110 serpents, So linns. Its name is from the sud den appearance of the new moon tc the Argonauts in a storm, Apollo nius. Anaphaeus, an epithet os' A polio, who was worsliipped there Anafhaei, the people, who facri fked to Apollo with mutual taunt and derision, Conon the historian.
Anaphlystus, a hamlet of Attica Herodotus, Pausanias; and of th tribe Antiochis, Stephanus: nea it stood a temple of Pan, and an other of Venus Colias, and there th' wreck of the Persian sleet, afte the fight of Salamis, was thrown 01 more, Strabo.
Anapus, a small river of Ulyria, ru:i ning by Lislus, on the borders o Macedonia, towards the sea-coast ten stadia from the city of Stratos Thucydides.
Anapus, a river of Sicily, now Alseo which rising in the Val di Neto
fall falls into the Portus Magnus, to the south of Syracuse, running from west to cast, Thucydides, Theocritus, JLivy, &c. The appellation is Phœnician, denoting a grape, in which the country about the river abounded, Theocritus.
Asasiacak, Strabo; A/iariaci, Pliny; a people inhabiting on the east side of the Caspian.
An Akismuxdi Promontorium, a promontory in the island Taprobane, Ptolemy: called also AndraJummnJi.
An Ahum, a town of Armenia Major,
Pxoiemy. Anartes, Caesar; Anarti, Ptolemy;
a people of Dacia, situate on the Ti
Asarus, a town of Galatia, Ptolemy.
As As, Strabo; Ana, Ptolemy; a river of Spain, rising in the territory of I.aminium, of the Hither Spain, and now spreading into lakes, again restraining its waters, or, burrowing itself entirely in the earth, is pleased often to re appear; it pours into the Atlantic, Pliny; now Gua•fava, rising in the south-east of New Castile, in a district commonly called Cam po de Montiel, not far from the mountain Consuegra, from the lakes, called las Lagunas de Cuadiana, and then it is called Rio Reydera, and, after a course of six leagues, burying itself in the earth for a league, it then rises up attain from three lakes, called las Ojss de GuaJiana, near the village Villa Harta, five leagues to the north cf Calatrava, and directs its course westward through New Castile, by MedeJin, Meiida, and Badajox, where it begins to bend its course southwards, between Portugal and Andalusia, falling into the bay of Cadiz, near Ayamonte.
Asassus, or Anaxus, a river in the territory of Venice, Pliny; now the Pia-ve, which riling from the mountains, of Tyrol, not far from the borders of Carinthia, runs from cortti to south, through the territories of Cadorino, Belluno, Feltre, anri,after running from west to east, through Trevigi, falls into the Adriaric, thirteen miles to the southeast of Venice.
AnAsus, or Anisus; now the Ens, a river of Germany, more famous in the lower age than ;n the ancient; which rising on the borders of the territory ot Saltzburg, then separating Upper Stiiia from Upper Austria, and walhiii;; the town of Ens, fall?, at the distance of a mile, below it, into the Danube, in a course from south to north.
An At Han, or Anattion, a citadel of Mesopotamia, surrounded by the Euphrates, Ammir.n.
Anatko, a town of the island Profopitis, in the Nile, wh'cli Megabazus, the Persian, joined to the continent, Thucydides. Also an island in the Euphrates of four stadia, Isidorus Cliaracenus. Libanius calls it a peninsula.
Anathoth, a hamlet of Palestine, very near Jerusalem, Josephus; about three miles and a half to the north; its ruins are still to be seen. The birth place of the prophet Jeremiah, and one of the Levitical towns in the tribe cf Benj imin.
Anatu.ia, Pliny, a town of Gallia Narboncnsis, now St. Giles, between, Aries and Nismes, about a league distant from the Klione.
Anatilii, Fliry, Ptolemy; a people • of Gallia Narbonensis; occupying what is now called la Camargue, in Provence.
Anatis, Pliny, Solinus; a river of Mauretania Tingitana, now the Zilia, in the kingdom of Fez, falling into the Atlantic, a little below the town of Zilia.
Anatolia. See Natolia.
Anava, or Anaya, a town of Phrygia, between Celaenae and Coloffae, Herodotus.
Anaudoma, a town of the Syenitae, Pliny.
Anaurus, a river of Thessaly, rising in mount Pelion, and falling into the Egean sea, at Pagasae, Callimachus, Lucan. Now il Hume di Demetriada.
Anaxus. See Anassus.
Anakarbus, Pliny; /Inazarba, Stephanus; a town of Cilicia, now AinZarba, on the river Pyramus, the birth-place of Dioscoi ides, and. of the port Oppian It was sometimes called Caejarea, in honour H either either of Augustus or of Tiberius. The inhabitants are called Anazarbeni, Pliny; and on coins Anazarbeis, after the Greek idiom. Under Justinian it was destroyed by a dreadful earthquake.
Ancalites, Caesar; a people of Britain, conjectured to be those on the hills about Henley on the Thames, over-against \yindsor, Camden.
Anchesmus, Pausanias, a mountain of Attica, on which stood the image of Jupiter Anchesmius.
Anchiale, Straboj Anc/iiales, Pliny; Anckialos, Arrian; an ancient city of Cilicia, said by some to have been built by Sardanapalus, Strabo; at a small distance from the sea, and hence the name; where was a monument, setting forth, that Sardanapalus, son of Anacyndaraxis, built Anchiale and Tarsus on the fame day: this is repeated by Athenaeus, Arrian, Stephanus, &c. Though Stephanus prefers the opinion of Atlienodorus, a native of the place, namely, that the place was built by Anchiale, the daughter of Japetus; which is also confirmed by the grammarian Diodorus, and by king Ptolemy. Arrian adds, that from the compass and foundation of the walls, it may be easily conjectured to have been a considerable city. The river, that runs by, is called Anchialeus, Stephanus.
Anchialus, a town of Thrace, Ptolemy; now Anchialo, with a port at the mouth of the river Erginus, on the Euxine, Pliny.
Anchisae Portus. See Onchis
Anchisia, or Anchisus, a mountain of Arcadia, at whose foot was the monument of Anchises, whom some will have buried there, Pausanias.
Anchoa, or Anchoe, Strabo; a place where the river Cephissus buries itself for some distance in the earth, and again rises near Larymna of Locris, after which it falls into the sea.
AnCiaN A, or Antiana, a town of Upper Pannonia, Peutinger's map.
Ancobarites, one of the divisions of Mesopotamia, lying along the Euphrates, Ptolemy.
A.ncok, otis, a port of Pontus, so called from its situation, bctwoen
promontories, forming an elbow, Ptolemy, Arrian, Ancon, Strabo; A/iccna, Cicero, Caesar; the reason of the appellation is the fame as in the preceding article, Mela; and it is still called Ancona. It was a Greek city, built by the Syracusians, who fled the tyranny of Dionysius, Strabo; which is the reason of its being called a Doric city, Juvenal. Situate in the territory of the Piceni.onthe Adriatic, with a noble harbour, built by Trajan.
Ancorarius, a mountain of Mauretania, near the citadel ofTingis, Ammian.
ANCORARUM URBS, AyxvfSf UoXlt, a
city in theNomos Aphroditopolites, towards the Red Sea; so called because there was in the neighbourhood a stone quarry, in which they hewed stone anchors, Ptolemy; before iron anchors came to be used, The gentilitious name is Aneyrofolites, Stephanus.
Ancork, Stephanus; the ancient name of Nicaea, the capital of Bithynh a colony of the Bottiaei, a peopl; ofThrace, Pliny.
Ancrina, Ptolemy, a town of Sicily which Cluverius supposes to be I faulty reading for Ancyrina, and thi last, for Anc Vrae, which lee.
Ancylium, a town of Sicily, bu where situate is unknown, Cluve rius: the inhabitants Ancylii, o Ancylienses.
Ancyra, a town of Phrygia Magna Ptolemy ; of the district of Abafitis so called from Aba/a, a town pro bably of that name, Strabo.
Ancyra, the capital ofGalatia, Li vy, Pliny, Ptolemy; at no grea distance from the river Halys, Livy said to be built by Midas, king o Phrygia, and to take its name froi; an anchor found there, Pausania: It was greatly improved by Augui tus, deemed the lecond founder o it, as appears from the Marmor An cyranum. It i« now called Angur, or Enguri. E. Long. 330, Lat. 41 20'.
Ancyrae, Diodorus Siculus; a tow of Sicily, to the west of Agrigen turn, on the river Halycus, abov Heiaclea, which stood at its mouth one pf the five cities which rcmaii
ed firm to the Carthaginians, id. Akcyrion, a town of Italy, Stephanos.
Ancyron, a town of Egypt, Stephanus.
Akda, a town of Africa, Polybius.
Andabalis, a town of Cappadocia, Antonine.
Asdaca, or Andraca, a town of India intra Gangem, which surrendered to Alexander, Arrian.
Andakia, a town of Arcadia, in Peloponnesus, Strabo; of Messenia, Pausanias, Stephanus; which I a It will have Messenia itself to be so called.
Akdaxis, a river of Carmania, Ptolemy, Pliny; Anamis, Arrian j running south-west into the Persian Gulf,at the promontory Armozum. Andanius, Strabo. Now probably the T. nJoie, Baudrand.
Akoanum, a town of Caria, Stephanus.
AkD/tBA, a town of Dalmatia, An
Asdaiistus, a town of the Pelagonts, in Macedonia, Ptolemy; the people Andarifienes, Pliny.
Akdatis, a town of Ethiopia, on the Bsnks of the Nile, Pliny.
Asdautosium, a town of Pannonia Superior, Ptolemy.
A.fDEC Avi, Tacitus; Andega-vi, Pliny; Andes, Caesar ; Audi, Lucan; a people of Gallia Celtica, having the Turones to the east, the Namnetes to the west, the Pictones to the south, and the Aulerc! Coenomani to the north : now Anjou.
AnDecRit;:.:. See Andetrium.
AndEgaVi, or Andega-vus, a town of Gallia Celtica, Pliny, Ptolemy; now Algiers- Called Andecavi, Tacitus. See Juliomacus. W. Long. 30', Lat. 47° 30'.
As Deo A vi, a people of Gaul. See
Asdera, a town of Mysia, Strabo Anderina, the epithet of the mother of the gods.
Asderedon, Andcridum, Ptolemy; Andtritum, Peutinger; capWal of the Gabali, now extinct in the Gevaudan, a territory of Langucdoc, in the south of France.
Asderica, a town of the Susiana, Herodotus.
Anderidum, and Anderitvm. See
Andes, and Andi, a people of Gaul. See Andecavi.
Andes, turn, a hamlet of Mantua in Italy, the birth-place of Virgil. Hence the epithet, Andinus, Silius Italicus. Now called Pietola, two miles to the west of Mantua.
Andetrium, A/idretium, Strabo; An. decrium, or Andrecium, Ptolemy; an inland town of Dalmatia. The genuine name is Andetrium, Inscription: and thus Pliny calls it; Strabo, a strong place; and Dio Cassius, Anderium; situate near Salonae, on a naturally strong and inaccessible rock, surrounded with deep vallies, with rapid'torrents; from which it appears to be the citadel now called Cliffa. E. Long. 17" 46', Lat,
Andium, one of the islands between Gaul and Britain, Itinerary.
Andomadunum, Andamatunum, Ptolemy; and Anttmatunum, Antonine; Ci-vitas Lingonvm, Tacitus; a city of Gallia Belgica: now Langres in
, Champagne, situate on an eminence (which seems to justify the termination dunum) on the borders of Burgundy, at the springs of the Marne. Tacitus calls an inhabitant, Lingon. E. Long. 5" zz', Lat. 480.
Andomatis, a river of India, which runs into the Ganges, Arrian.
Andomatunum. See AndomaduNum.
Andraca, a town of Cappadocia, Ptolemy; to the north, on the borders of Gahtia. Also a town in India intra Gangem, on the other side the Choaspes, Arrian.
Andrapa, a town of Paphlagonia, which is also called Neoclaudiopolis, Ptolemy ; to the south-eallof mount Olgasis. ^ _ .
Andrapana, a town of jndia intra Gangem, Ptolemy.
Andrasimundi. See AnarismunDi.
Andrecium, 7 - A
Andretium, \ SeeANI
Andria, a town of Phrygia, Pliny; another of Elis, and a third of Macedonia, Stephanus.
Andriaca, a town of Media, another a maritime town of Lycia.PtO' leiny; now G or ante: a third of Thrace, on the Euxine, Strabo; now called Gatapoli, Castaldus.
Andriclus, a mountain of Cilicia, H z Strabo s