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A'titaurus, a mountain of Cappadocia, which, running out from the Taurus to the north-east, terminates in the inland parts, Strabo; reaching to the Euphrates, Ptolemy; in which are many deep and narrow valleys or defiles, Strabo, Ptolemy.

Antitestaeum.:. See Belerium.

Astiom, Livy; Antia, Dionylius Halicarnaslaeus; a city of the Vollci, Livy; situate on the Tuscan Sea, yet without a harbour, because they had a neighbouring hamlet, called Ceno, with a harbour, Strabo. The Romans gained their first reputation in naval affairs against the Antiatrs; part of whose ships they conveyed into the arsenal of Rome, and part they burnt, and with their beaks, or rostra, adorned the pulpit, erected in the Forum, thence called Rostra, Livy, Florus. Several colonies were successively sent thither, Livy, Tacitus. The epithet is Ar.tiajiai,/iniunfis,Antiatinus,and An. '.■at, atis , the people Antiates. Here stood a famous temple of Fortune, Horace. Addison fays, there were two Fortunae worlhipped at Antium. The birth-place of Caligula and Nero, Sueton. But according to Pliny, the Ambiatinus Vicus was the birth-place of Caligula. See Aubiatinvs. It is now extinct, but the name still remains in the Capo d'Anzo.

Astoeci, Achilles Tatius; are people co the earth, in the fame meridian, but in opposite parallels, and equidistant from the equator; and the fame with the Antichlhones, Achilla Tatius.

Axtona, Tacitus; a river of Britain, which Camden supposes to be a faulty reading for A-vuona, or Auj<ma, (the Avon) which fee.

Astonacum, Anlonnacum, or Anturt sacun, a town of the Treveri, Ammian; now AnJernacli, below Coblentz. E. Long. 70 5', Lat. 500

Antonia, a citadel of Jerusalem, the origin of which we have in Jose, phas; v.ho says, that Hyrcanus, the first high priest of that name, built Baris near the temple, a house with turrets, where he generally resided, ilcrod afterwards made it stronger,

for the security and defence of (he temple, and in honour of Marc Antony, who then commanded in the ■ east, called it Antonia. It was very extensive,could accommodate a Ro. man legion; from it there was a full view ot the temple.

Antoninopolis, a city of Mesopotamia, on the Tigris, built by Antonine, Ammian.

Antonnacum. See Antonacum.

Antro, Antrim, onis, a town of Thessaly, on the Euripus, Strabo 5 purchased by Philip of Macedon, Demosthenes; was formerly subject to Pi otesilaus; from Antron to Thermopylae, rte kingdom of Achilles extended. Out A>7{»>o;, a hidden rock in the sea, a proverbial saying on matters of great importance.

Antros, a small island in the mouth of the Garonne, Mela.

Antunnacum. See Antonacum.

Anubincara, a city of Taprobane, Ptolemy.

Anunea. SeeHANUNEA.

AnurogrAmmum, a town of the island Taprob3ne, Ptolemy.

An x A, a town of Calabria. See CalLipolis.

Anxantium, a town of the Marsi, in Italy, said to be Ci-vita a"Antia | whence the people are called Anxantini, Pliny.

Anxanum, a city of the Ferentani in Italy, Ptolemy; now Lanciano: the people Anxanenses, Pliny. E. Long, 150 »5', Lat. 42' 20'.

Anxur, a city of the Volsci, Pliny, Livy; in Latinm, called Tarracina, by the Greeks and Latins: now Terracina; situate on an eminence, Livy, Horace, Sil. Italicus. Anxuras, a citizen of Anxur, Livy. And the epithet, Anxurus, a name of Jupiter, worlhipped without a beard at Anxur, Virgil. Though others read Axurus, or Axyrus, without a razor. E. Long. 14* 5', Lat. 410 18'.

Anydros, a small islanj near Ephefus, Pliny.

Anysis, a city of Egypt, Herodotus, Stephanus. - ■

Anytios, a Nomos of Egypt, Herodotus.

Anzabas, a river of Assyria, Ammian.

I Anzkta,

ANZETA.a city of Armenia the greater, Ptolemy.

Anzitene. See Azetene.

Aobriga. See Abobrica.

Aonia, a mountainous tract of Boeotia; an appellation, however, extended to the whole of it, Paufanias. The people are called Aones. The epithet is Aonius. The Muses, Ainides.

AoRur, a town of Bactria, Arrian.

Aornos, a very high rock of India, and hence the appellation, as exceeding the flight of any bird ; at the

. foot of which runs the Indus j the rock was taken by Alexander, or rather abandoned by the enemy, Curtius, Arrian. Strabo places it near the springs of the Indus. Also a place in Thefprotia, where, oracular answers were given, Paufanias: and a lake whose vapour was deadly, Pliny: and also a lake near Tartessus; and another between Puteoliand Baiae. See Avernus.

Aorsi, Strabo; a people of Sarmatia Afiatica, dwelling on theTanais.

Aorus, the ancient name of Eleutherae, an inland town of Crete, Stephanus.

Aous. See Aeas.

Apabartice, or Afavartice, a town ofParthia, Ptolemy.

Apabarticene, or Apervarticene, a district of Parthia, so called from Apabrtice, Ifidorus Characenus.

APAE5ANTUS. SeeAPESAS.

Apaesus, a city of Troas, between Lampfacus and Parium, called also Paesus, Homer, Strabo.

Apamea, or Apamia, a city of Bithynia, formerly called Myrlea, from Myrlus, general of the Colophonians; destroyed by Philip, father of Perseus, and given to his ally Prufias, who re-built it, and called it Apamea, from the name of his queen Apama, Strabo: Stephanus. fays, that Nicomedes Epiphanes, son of Prusias, called it after his mother, and that it had its ancient name from Myrlea, an Amazon. The Romans led a colony thither, Strabo; called Colonia Apamtna, Pliny, Appian. The gentilitious name is Apamaeus, and Apamenus, Trajan in a letter to Pliny. Another Apatipea, called Cibotos, of Phrygia, at some distance from the Meander, Agathodaemon; but by a coin of

Tiberius, on the Meander. The coins vary in spelling Cibotos, some having an omicron, and others an omega; which last is approved by Salmasius, as denoting an ark, this city being the repository and magazine of all sorts of commodities, and the greatest staple in Asia, next to Ephesos, Strabo: situate on the Marsyas, which runs through the city, and afterwards into the Meander, Id. The name is from Apame, mother of Antiochut Soter, the founder, and the daughter of Artabazus, Id. The rise, or at least, the encreafe of Apamea, was owing to the ruins of Celenae. The inhabitants are called Apatiuenfis, Tacitus. A third on the confines of Parthia and Media, surnamed Raphane, Strabo, Pliny. A fourth Apamea,a town of Meiene, an island in the Tigris, Pliny, Ammian: where a branch of the Euphrates, called the Royal River, falls into th< Tigris, Ptolemy. A fifth in Me. sopotamia, on the other side th< Euphrates, opposite to Zeugma, or this side, both founded by Sciences and joined by a bridge, from whict the latter takes its name, Pliny Isidor. Characenus. A sixth Apa mt a also in Syria, below the con fluence of the Orontesand Marsyas a strong city, and situate in a pe ninlula, formed by the Orontes am a lake; was a place of such plenty that Seleucus, the founder of it there maintained five hundred ele phants, calling it after Apama, hi consort, Strabo. Apamea' was als the ancient name of Pella, in th Decapolis.

Apamene, the country round Apn mea, of Syria, Ptolemy.

Apamessis Coxventus; the thir Convenlus Juridicus, or assizes, hel at Apamea Cibotos, Pliny.

Apamenus Lacus, a lake near A pamea of Syria, Strabo.

Apamia. See Apamea.

Aparctias, a wind blowing froi the north, Pliny.

Aparni, Strabo; a branch of ti Daae; called Farm, Ptolemy.

Apate. See Siby.

Apaturum, a temple of Venus, j Phanagoria, a town on the Bo porus Cimmerius. Because Veni wai said to have by guile killed the giants, by means of Hercules, Strabo; desolated in Pliny's time. Apavartice. See Apabartice.

APAYART1CENE. SceAPABARTICENE

Apeauros, a mountain in Peloponnesus, Polybius.

Apeliotes, or ApheRotes, a wind blowing from the fun, or east, Pliny.

Apbnestae, a town of Apulia, near the promontory Garganuc, Strabo; unknown to others. Now Vitfit, E. Long. 170 49', Lat. +1° 54'.

Apekminus, now the Apennines a mountain, or ridge of mountains, running thro' the middle of Italy, from north-west to south-east for seven hundred miles, in the form of a crescent, Pliny 5 beginning at the Alps in Liguria, or the Riviera di Genoa, and terminating at the strait of Messina, or at Reggio, and the promontory Leucopetra, and sepa rating, as by a back or ridge, the Adriatic from the Tuscan Sea, Pliny, Strabo, Ptolemy, Polybius, Vitruvius. This mountain, though high, is greatly Ihort of the height of the Alps. Its name is Celtic, signifying a high mountain.

APE(.A,a town of Galatia, Antonine.

Aperantia, a town of Aetolia, at the foot of mount Pindus, Polybius, Livy.

Aperethes, a town of Arcadia, Pausanias.

Aperopia, an island on the coast of Argos, Pausanias.

Apirrae, Ptolemy; Apyrae, Pliny; a town of Lycia, betweeen Patara and the mouth of the river Limyns. Now said to be Phinica.

Apesas, orApefus, Aptfantus, Pliny; Af&eseastus, Plutarch; a mountain of Peloponnesus, in the territory of Argos, near the lake Lerna,- Statins. From this mountain Jupiter was called Aptsantius, Stephanus.

Apetva, a town of Baetica, not far from Corduba, Strabo.

Apeaca, the name of a place in Syria, situate between Heliopolis and Byblus, near Lebanon, Zosimus; infamous for a temple of Venus, called Aptteitis, near which was a lake, round which fire usually burst forth, aDd its waters were so heavy that bodies floated on them. The temple was destroyed by Constan

tine, as being a school of inconti-
nence, Eusebius. The name is of
Syriac origin, signifying embraces.

Aphannae, an oblcure place in Sicily; hence the proverb, Ad Aphannas, concerning things obscure, / Stephanus.

Aphar. See Saphar.

Aphara, a town in the tribe of Ben-
jamin, Joshua.

Aphas, a river of Molosliain Epirus,
Pliny.

Aphek, a town in the tribe of Ma-
nasseh; another in the tribe of Ju-
dah; and a third in the tribe of
After, Joshua; where the Philis-
tines encampctl against Israel, 1 Sam.
and where Benhadad, king of Syria,
was vanquished, 1 Kings, x.

Apheliotes. See Apeliotes.

Aphetae, a town and port of Mag-
nesia in Thessaly, on the north sides
of the Sinus Pagasaeus ; from which
the Argonauts (et fail, which is the
reason of the name, Strabo.

Apheterion, a port on the Ganges,
Ptolemy.

Aphiona, Pausanias; Aphydna, Stra-
bo; and Aphidtiat, Herodotus; one
of the Ar/mi, or hamlets of Attica,
of the tribe Ptolemais, Hesychius;
where Theseus is said to have kept
Helena, from which Castor and
Pollux delivered her, Herodotus,
Sirabo, Pausanias. In an inscrip-
tion in Spon, Aftta* ; Aphidnienfis,
is the gentilitious name.

Aphkeum, a town of Phrygia, Ste-
phanus.

Aphormium, a lake of Thespiae in
Boeotia, Stephanus.

Aphphadana, a town of Mesopota-
mia, Ptolemy.

Aphrodisius, an inland city osCaria, called the metropolis, Ptolemy, Stephanus; said by Suidas to have been called Ninoe. The citizens, Aphrodifienses Liberi, Pliny, Tacitus. Another of Cilicia, Ptolemy; so called from the worship and a tenfple of Venus; the promontory and town of Venus, next the island Cyprus, Pliny. A third of Thrace, to the north of the isthmus of the Chersonefus; an open town, till strongly fortified by Justinian, Procopius.

Aphrodisias, an island on the coast of Carniania, Pliny; sacred to Ve« 'I » nus, nus, 'Arrian. Another island on the ccost of Cyrene, with a road for (liips, Scylax; called Lnea, or the island of Venus, Ptolemy.

Aphrodisium, a town of Cyprus

. where the island runs narrowing or tapering to the east; to the nor;h of, and distant seventy stadia from, Salamis, Strabo. Another ApkroJifium of Africa Propria, at the promontory of Mercury, a temple of Venus, Ptolemy. A third, a colony of Numidia, Ptolemy: supposed to be a mistake, for a promontory or temple of Venus. A fourth Aphrodisium, or temple of Venus, on a promontory of the Pyrenees, separating Gaul from Spain, sometimes called simply, Venus Py renaea, Pliny, Strabo. A fifth, Aphredifium of Latium, Mela; extinct in Pliny's time.

Aphroditia, a small district ofLaconica, Thucydides.

Aphroditopolis, atown of Egypt, in the Delta, in the Nomos Leontopolites, to the north-east of Athribis, a town situate on the branch of the Nile, called Athribiticus, Strabo, Stephanus. Another to the east of the island Heraclea, towards Arabia, in the Nomos called Aphroditopolites, Strabo, Ptolemy.

Aphydna. SeeAPHiDNA.

Aphvtis, a town of the Chersonesus, called Pallare, in Macedonia, Pliny. Famous for an oracle of Apollo. The inhabitants are called Aphytaei, Stephanus; who pay no less worship to Jupiter Ammon than those of Africa do, Pausanias.

Apia, an ancient name of Peloponnesus, Pliny; (being before called Aegialca) from Apius, a king of Sicyon.

Apia. See Appia.

Apidanus, a river of Theflaly, Pausanias, with a north-east slow course; till it mixes with the Enipeus, by which it i< carried into the Peneus, Lucan, Ovid; rising in mount Bromius, it washes Gomphi and Pharsalus: now called EpiJem.

Apilocarium, a town of Lusitania, Phlegon Trallianus.

Apina, or Apinae, a town of Apulia, built by Diomed s, as was also Tricae, Pliny. Apinae and tricae is a proverbial faying for things trifling, i \

and of no value, Martial: and Apinarii was the appellation for trifiei s or buffoons, Trebellius Pollio.

Apiola, or Apiolae, a city of Italy, taken by Tarquin; with the spoils of which he began building the capitol, Pliny, Stephanus.

Apis, a town of Marmarica, famous for the superstition of the Egyptians; whose kingdom extended so far to the west, Pliny, Scylax.

Apobatana, the metropolis of Media, and where the kings kept their treasure, Isidorus Characenus : supposed to be the same with Ecbatana.

Apobathra, a place near Sestos, Strabo; the landing place where Xerxes's (hip was frozen, and stuck in the ice, Eustathius.

Apocopa, a town of Ethiopia, on she Red Sea, Ptqlemy : called a promontory by Arrian; also a bay of the Red Sea, Marcianus Heracleota.

Apocopi, mountains of India intra Gangem, nearer the Indus, Ptolemy.

Apollinares Aquae, in Etruria; a place distant three miles from Castrum Novum, on the coast, towards the land side, Itinerary.

Apollinis Archecetae Ara. See Archegetae.

Apollinis Arx, near the cave of the Sybil, in Campania, Virgil. Now Area Felice.

Apollinis Libystini Templum, near Pachynum, a promontory of Sicily, where Apollo was religiously worsliipped: and henre the Libyans, landing with a fleet at that promontory, were struck by Apollo with pestilence and sudden death, Macrobius.

Apollinis Templum, in Thrace, in the territory of the Aenii, Livy. Another in Lycia, on the Sinus Myiiensis, Aelian.

Apollinis Urbs Magna,called also Apolhnopolis, and Apollonis Superior, Itinerary; a city of Egypt, in the Nomos Hermonthites in the Thebais, Ptolemy, Strabo. The inhabitants are called ApoUinopolitae, great enemies to the crocodile, which they take in nets, and kill, Strabo, Aelian.

Apollinis Urbs Parva,. called also Apollonos, a city of Egypt, in' the Nomos Homos Coptitej, to the south of Coptos, towards the Red Sea, Strabo; called also Inferior, Stephan us, Ptolemy.

Apollinis Promontorium, Pliny, Ptolemy; a promontory in Africa Propria, opposite to Sardinia, near Utica; called Apollonium Strabo. Another in Mauretania Caesariensis, Pliny.

Apollo, put for Apollo's temple, Virgil.

Apollonia, atownof Aetolia,Livy. Another of Assyria, beyond the river Gorgos, Ftolemy; between Babylon and Sula, Stephanus; of Greek original, as appears from the name. A third of Caria, at the Lambanus, either a river or a mountain, Ptolemy. The inhabitants are called Apolioniatae, Pliny. In the Notitia it is called Apollonia:, ados. A fourth of Chalcidite, in Macedonia, which arose in the place of Acrothoon, a town on mount Athos; the inhabitants were called Macrobii, longlired, Mela. A fifth of Crete, near Cnossns, Stephanus; formerly called EUuthcria. A sixth, called also Afollcmias, a port of Cyrene, Strabo. A seventh on the Adriatic, on the coast of Illyria, distant sixty stadia from the sea, and ten from the riverAoos ; built by the Corinthians andCorcy reans.ld .Famous for learn ing, and thither Augustus was sent by his great uncle Caesar, by the mother. The inhabitants are called Apoi/oniatat,and Apolloniates; Cicero, Livy, Caesar. An eighth os Mygdonia, in Macedonia, between Amph'.polis and Thessalonica, Luke, Antonine. A ninth of Palestine, on the sea, Josephus; between Caefsrea and Joppa, Ptolsmy, Pliny. It must have had its name from the Macedonian kings of Syria, or of Erypt, who long disputed that seacoast. A tenth of Pilidia, to the south-west of Antiochia, Ptolemy; near Amblada, to the noYth of which it lies; it was formerly called Mordiaeum, Stephanus. An eleventh in Mysia, on the Rhyndacus, Stephanus, Coins. Situate on a lake called Apollonian;, Strabo. A twelfth of Sicily, near Hatus and Cnlacta, Diodorus; Civitas Apol

loniensis, Cicero. A thirteenth of

Syria, in Coelesyria, Stephanus; but where is not laid. A fourteenth of Thrace, a colony of the Milesian?, from which Lucullus took away a colossus of Apollo, and placed it in the Capitol; the greatest part of the town was situate in a small illand on the Euxine, in which was a temple of Apollo, Strabo. Pliny fays the colossus was thirty cubits high, and cost five hundred talents. There was also an Apollonia at mount Parn.issus, near Delphi, Stephanus. Troezen was formerly called Apollonia, id.

Apolloniatis, a district of Assyria, about the city Apollonia, Polybius, Ptolemy : also a lake in Mysia, Strabo. See Apollonia. Apollonidka, a town of Lydia, mentioned on the base of Tiberius'* colossus; called Apollotis; midway between Pergamusand Sardes, Strabo, Cicero. The gentilitious name is Apdlonidenfts, Cicero; Apollonidienfes, Pliny.

Apollonium, thepromontory which Ihuts to the west the bay on which Cat thageandUticaaresituate.Strabo.

Apollonopolis. See Apollinis Urbs Magna.

Apollonos, (Polis understood) See Apollivjus Urbs Parva.

Apollonos Hieron, a town of Lydia, so called from a temple of Apollo. The gentilitious name is Apollonojhierilac, Pliny.

Aponiana, an island near Lilybeum, of Sicily, Hirtius.

Aponus, a hamlet near Patavium, with warm baths; the waters were reckoned prophetic, Sueton; and good in diseases, and hence the appellation. The birth-place of Livy, Martial. Now, Abana. E. Long. io°, Lat. 45» 15'.

Aporidis Come, a hamlet of Phrygia, Livy.

Ap P A ,a town of Arabia Felix.Ptolemy.

Appha, a town of Parthia, Ptolemy.

Apphadana. See Aphphadana.

Apphana, an island in the Persian Gulf, Ptolemy.

Apphar, a town of Mauretania Caesariensis, between the rivers Chinalaph and Cartennus, Ptolemy.

Appia, or Apia, a town of Phrygia, Magna. The gentilitious name, Appiani, Cicero, Pliny.

Appia

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