Obrazy na stronie

town is simply called Alba, without any epithet.

Alba Urgaon, Antonine; Urgao, Pliny; a town of Spain, near Cortduba, in Andalusia; called Munitipium Albense Urgaonense, Inscrip- . tion of Augustus's age; in another of Adrian's, Urgavonense.

AtBANA, Ptolemy5 a sea-port town of Albania, on the Caspian sea, between the rivers Casius and Albanus; now called Bachu, or Bachy, {giving name to the Caspian sea, namely Mar de Bachu. E. Long. Lat. 4o».

Albani. 6ee Albakopolis.

Albania, a country of Asia, bounded on the west by Iberia, on the east fey the Caspian sea, on the north by the Montes Caucasii and Ceraunii, Vvhich are a part of Caucasus, on the south by Armenia, and the river Cyrus, Strabo, Ptolemy; now callfed Servan, or SAinvan.

Albaniae PORTAE, Ai A*£a»'ai ItuXai,

defiles or straits in mount Caucasus, which give entrance into Albania, Ptolemy.

Albanopolis, a place mentioned only by Ptolemy, together with the Albani, a people on the confines of


Albanum Pompeii, and bomfiam, two villas, near the spot where Alba Longa stood, situate on the Via Appia, Cicero, Tacitus.

Albanus, a river erf Albania, running from west to east, into the 'Caspian sea, at Albana, Ptolemy.

Albanus Lacus, Propertius 5 now l.a^o Albano, or it Candoljo, twelve miles to the south-east of Rome.

Albanus Mons, Horade, now called Monte Albano, sixteen miles from Rome, near where Alba Lcnga stood.

Albanus Mons, (o the north, of Istria, called Albius by Strabo; the extremity of the Alps, which, together with the mountains to the east, joining it, called Moates Bebii, separates the farther Liburnia and Dalmatia from Panndnia.

Albaitcvsta,? See Alba JfELVTO

Albenses, i •rum. , Albki. See Albioece.

Albic A, or Mix, icis, or igif, b town in the west of Languedoc, the capital of the Albigcois, now Albj, on

the river Tarn, Notitia Urlnum Galliae.

AlbicnvHV\t,Albingaunum, or at fuH length, Albium bigaunum, now Albenga, situate in the west of the ter^ ritory of Genoa, at the mouth of the river Cente, Strabo, Pliny. E> Long. 8" 4-6', Lat. 4+° 10'.

Albinia, how Albegna, a rivulet ill Italy, in the south-east of the duchy of Tuscany, which runs into the Tuscan sea, through the territory of, and not far from, Orbitello.

Albintemelium, Albintimilhim, Tacitus; or at full length, Mbium Intemelium, Pliny, Strabo; now Vintimiglia, situate in the south-'weft of the territory os Genoa, near the borders of the county of Nice, with, a port on the Mediterranean, at the mouth of the rivulet Rotta, almost about half-way between Monaco and S. Rerao. E. Long. 70 40', Lat. 43° I?'

Albioece, or Alebece, Pliny, Strabo; otherwise called Reii •Afolliuares, from their superstitious worship of Apollo, also Civitas Reienfium, now Riex. in Provence* about eighteen leagues to the north-east of Toulon, on the north side of the rivulet Verdon: was originally a Roman colony, Inscription. It is sometimes written Regium. The people called Albki, Caesar. E. Long, i", Lat. 43'* »o'

Albion, /', Pliny; Albio, oriis, Ptoleiny, Agatbemerus; a name of the ifland of Britain. Th'e Caledonians or Highlanders call Scotland in general Aibin, which denotes a high mountainous country, without extending the appellation to the whole 'of the ifland. See Britannia and Caledonia.

Albis, Lucan; noTir the Elbi, which divided ancient Germany in the middle, and was the boundary cf the ancient geography ofGermany* so far as that country Svas known to the Romans 5 all beyond, they owned to be uncertain, no Roman* except Drusos and Tiberius, having penetrated so far as the Elb*. In the year "of the building of the city seven hundred and forty fours or about lix years before Christ* Domitius Ahenobarbus,crofling the river with a few, merited the ornament* merits of a triumph: so glorious was it reckoned at Rome to have attempted the pafl'age. In the following age, however, the river, that before occupied the middle of ancient Germany, became its boundary to the north, from the irruptions of the Sarmatae, who possefled themselves of the Tranfalbin Germany. The Elbe rises in the borders of Silesia, out of the Risenberg, runs through Bohemia, Mifhia, Upper Saxony, Anhalt, Magdeburg, Brandenburg. Dannebcrg, LauenWrg, Holstein, and, after being swelled by many other rivers, and pj'Jing by Hamburg and Gluckstadt, falls into 'the German, or North sea, to both which places the river is navigable by large vessels. Albium Incaunum. See Alein


Albium Istemelium. SccalbinTeuelivm. *

Albius Moss, the last of the Alps, on the borders of Pannonia, at the foot of which dwelt the Japodes, or Japydes, Strabo.

Albix. See Albiga.

Albcla, Virgil, Livy; the ancient name of the river Tiber in Italy; so called from the whiteness of its water. Another Mbula, called Albulatet, Pliny; a river of the Piceni, in Aprurium, running into the Adriatic, between Asculum and Interstnna. A third in the territory of Tibur, Martial; according to Strabo good in wounds.

Album Littus, Strabo, Ptolemy 5 a pUce so called of Marmarica, on the Mediterranean.

Aliusea Sylva, and Albunevtsons, Virgil, Horace; a wood and fountain, near the city TibuT, and the the river Anio, now called Albuna, as Tibullus in his time called it.

Aliuikus, Virgil; a mountain of Lucania, on the river Silarus, or Sltr, to the north of Paestum; a port also called Portui /Itburnus, six miles from the first Tabernae, and mentioned by Lucilius.

A-eus Pacus, Plutarch; a place between Berytus and Sidon, where Antony with his men waited for Cleopatra.

Anus Portvs, a port of the Red iea, oa the side of Egypt, Ptolemy.

Albus Vicus, a sea port of the Nabataei, in Arabia Felix, on the Red Sea. Arrian, in his Periplus. calli it a citadel, distant from Berenice of Egypt a fail of two or three days to the east: not to be confounded with the Portus Albus of Ptolemy, on the Egyptian side of the Red Sea. ,.

Alcathoe, a name of Megarae, in Achaia, Ovid.

Alces, a river of Bithynia, Pliny.

Alchabur, the Arabic name of a river of Mesopotamia, the fame with Chaboras. See Aborras.

Alchione, a inouutain of Macedonia, Pliny.

Alcimoennis, Ptolemy ; Samulccoenil, Peutingcr; a town of Vindelicia, on the Danube, which some suppose to be Vim, or that Ulm now stands where that town formerly stood. E. Long. io°, Lat. 480.

Alcmania, an inland town of Caria, otherwise called Heraclea, Stephanus.

Alcyone, a town of Thessaly, on the Maliac bay, Pliny.

Alcyonium Stagnum, a lake in the territory of Corinth, whose depth was unfathomable, and in vain attempted to be discovered by Nero: through this lake Bacchus is said to have descended to hell, to bring back Semele, Pausanias.

Alduabis, a river of Celtic Gaul, which rising from mount Jura, separating the Sequani from the Helvetii, and running through the county of Burgundy, or the Franche Comjte, environs almost on every side the city of Besancon; and running by Dole, falls into the Saone near Chalone. In Caesar it is called Aldunfdubis; in Ptolemy, Dubis: now le Deux.

Ale A, a town of Arcadia, the ruins of which were seen near Tegea, distant about ten stadia, Pausanias. Hence Alaea is a surname of Minerva, "whole temple alone remained standing inStrabo's time.

Alebece, a town of Gaul. See AlBioece.

Aleius Campus, Homer, Strabo, Pliny ;a plain in Cilicia, on this fide the river Pyramus,near the mountain Chimera, famous for Belleropbon's wandering and perishing there, afF ter ter being thrown off Pegasus; which is the reason ot" the appellation. Al Em An i A, or AUemania, a more modern name of Germany, and not known before the time of the Ahtonines, and then \iscd but for a part. After the Marcomanni and their allies had removed from the Rhine, a rabble, or collection of people from all parts of Gaul,as the term Alemanni denotes, prompted either by levity or poverty, occupied the Agri, called Decumates by Tacitus, because they held them on a tithe; now supposed to be the duchy of Wirtemburg. Such appear to be the small beginnings or Al:mania, which was in after-times greatly enlarged; but at that time still considered as a distinct part; for Caracalla, who conquered the Alemanni, assumed the surname both of Alemannicus and Germanicus.

ALeon, a river of Ionia, in Asia, Piiny. See Ales.

ALERrA, Alalia, or Alar'ia, a town of Corsica, situate near the middle of the call side of the island, on an eminence, near the mouth of the river Kotanus, mentioned by Ptolemy; built by the Phocaeans, Diodorus Siculus; afterwards Sylla led

'a colony thither; now in ruins, and called Aleria Diflrulta.

Ai Es, a river of Ionia in Asia, Pausanias; running by the city of Colophon, supposed to be the Alton of Pliny.

Ales, a riverof Italy. See Alex..

Alesa, Alas/a, or Halcfa, a town os Sicily, on the Tuscan sen, built, according to Piodorus Siculus, by Archonides, of Herbita in the second yearof theninty-fourth Olympiad, or four hundred and three years before Christ; situate on an eminence, about a mile from the sea, now in ruins. It enjoyed immunity from taxes under the Romans, Diodorus, Cicero. 'Hie inhabitants were called Halefi-.ii, Cicero, Pliny; also Aie/mi, and AlaeJini. Solinus mentions an extraordinary fountain in the territory of Alesia, which, at the found of the flute, seemed to heave and dance, as if pleased with the music: but this is a circumstance not mentioned by any other author.

Alista, called Altxia by Livy and others, a town of the Mandubii, a people of Celtic Gaul, situate, according to Caesar, on a very high hill, whose foot was warned on two sides by two rivers, The town was of such antiquity, that Diodorus Siculus relates, it was built by Hercules. It is supposed to be the city of Ali/l, in the duchy of Burgundy not far from Dijon.

A Les Jni, Strabo; people on the Persian gulf.

Alesium, a town of Peloponnesus,


Alesius, a town of Elis, Stephnnus. A.lso a mountain of Arcadia, not far from Mantinea, Pausanias.

Alestes, a rivulet of Hispania Tarraennensis, Strabo; now et Rio Gretones, which rises in mount Spmus, to the north of Bracara Augusta, by which it runs and falls into the Avus, a larger river, and both together into the Atlantic Ocean, at Abobrica.

Ales us, Alaefus, or Halestii, Columella; a river of Sicily, now the Fittineo, running between Cepbaloedium and Halefa, into the Tuscan sea.

Aleta, a town of Illyria, Ptolemy j whether the same with Alata, u matter of doubt.

Aleta. See Aletcm,

Aletjum, Ptolemy; a town of" Calabria, now Leccie, between Brun. dusium and Hydrus, at the distance of seven miles from the Adriatic, E. Long, Ij*. Lat. 40° 32'.

Aletrium, See Alatrium.

Aletum, or Aletr., Notitia Imperii a town of Celtic Gaul, now extinct from its ruins arose St. Malo, ir Brittany, at the distance of a mile Its ruins are called Guich AUth ir the British.

Alex, or Ha lex, now Alter, a rivei of the Brutii, or Calabria Ultra falling into the Sicilian sea, betwcei the promonforiesRhegium and Her cules, Dionylius Periegetes. It seem to be the Ales of Theocritus.

Alexandrea, Ovid, Strabo; a moun tain of Myfia.on the seacoalt, form ing a part of mount Ida, wher Paris or Alexander gave judgnaen on the thiee goddesses.

Axexanoreum, a citadel situate o the north borders of Judea, buil on an eminence by Alexander Janna:us, the father of Hyrcanus and Aristohulus; but the particular spot doei not appear from Joscphus, who mentions it.

Alexandri Arae, a place at the south bend of theTanaisin SarmatiaEuropaea, Ptolemy.

Alexandri Castra, a town of the district called Ammoniaca, in, or bordering on, Marmarica, Ptolemy.

Alexandri Columnae, a place whichPtolemy fays was situate at the foot of mount ihppicus in Sarmatia Asiatics, though Alexander had never been in those parts.

Alexandri Issula, an island in the Persian Gulf, called afterwards Aracia, Ptolemy.

Alexandri Portus, a sea port town of Gedrosia.to the welt of the mouth of the Indus, Arrian.

Alexandria, a principal city of Egypt, called x$yr«, Athenaeus; the feat of the kings of the family of the Lagidae, or Ptolemies, built by Alexander the Great, on the Mediterranean, twelve miles to the west of that mouth of the Nile, called Canopicum, near the lake Mareotis j the staple not only for merchandize, bat for all the Greek arts and sciences. Josephus makes it thirty stadia in length, and no less than ten stadia in breadth, and next to Rome the greatest city. The royal palace was enlarged and adorned by almost every succeeding prince, agreeably situated towards the sea, and divided into two parts or members ; one of which was called the Museum, or place of resort for learned men, which had a peripatus, or walks, and an exbedra, or place of retirement for conversation, so called from the seats it was furnished with. The library consisting of seven hundred thousand volumes, was begun to be collected by Ptolemy Philadelphu*, and completed to the above number by his successors; but is Caesar's expedition into Egypt, «ii unhappily destroyed by fire, Aramian. Another part of the palace was called the Soma, containing the royal sepulchres. It had two ports, the one at the island Pharos, which was large, and after«

wards divided into several others: another on the lake Mareotis. 7 he temple of Serapis was in nothing short of the grandeur and magnificence of the Capitol at Rome, Dionysius Periegetes. The city at this day lies for the greater part in ruins, yet is much frequented by European ships, on account of the commodiousnesi of its harbour. Alexandrinus, the epithet; Alexandria -vita ctque licentia, the character of the. Alexandrians, Caesar. Alexandria, a city of Arachosia, called also Alexandropolis, on the river Arachotus, Stephanus, Jsidorus Characenus. Another Alexandria in Gedrosia, built by Leonnatus, by order of Alexander, Pliny. A third Alexandria in Aria, situate at the lake Arias, Ptolemy; but according to Pliny built by Alexander on the river Arius. A fourth in the Bactriana, Pliny. A fifth Alexandria, an inland town of Carmania, Pliny, Ptolemy, Ammian. A sixth Alexandria, or Alexandropolis, in the Sogdiana, Ifidorus Characenus. A seventh in India, at the confluence of the Acesines and Indus, Arrian. An eighth near the Sinus Issicus, on the confines of Syria and Cilicia, now Scanderoon, the port town to Aleppo. E. Long. 37°, Lat. 360 15'. A ninth Alexandria of Margiana, which being demolished by the barbarians, was rebuilt by Antiochus, the Ion of Seleucus, and called Antiochia of Syria, Pliny; watered by the river Margus, which is divided into several channels, for the purposes of watering the country, which is called Zotale. The city was seventy stadia in circuit, according to Pliny; who adds, that after the defeat of Crassus, the captives were conveyed to this place by Orodes, the king of the Partisans. A tenth, of the Oxiana, built on the Oxus by Alexander, on the confines of Bactria, Pliny. An eleventh, built by Alexander at the foot of mount Paropamisus, which was called Caucasus, Pliny, Arrian. A twelfth Alexandria in Trpas, called also Treat and Antigonia, Pliny. A thirteenth, on the Iaxartes, the boundary of Alexander's victories towards ScyF z thia, tliia, and the last that he built on that side.

Alexandrina Regio, this territory extended between the lake Mareotis and the Canopic mouth of the Nile, called by Ptolemy, the Homos of the district of the Alexandrians, the chief town of which was Hermopolit, not including Alexandria, which was the head of all the Nomi of the territory.

Alf.xandropolis. See AlexanDria in the Sogdiana.

Alfaterna, the last town of Campania, beyond Vesuvius, Diodorusj the fame with Ntueria, which fee. The inhabitants Alfaterni, Pliny.

Algab^ a maritime town of Tuscany, situate between the river Minio and Centumcellae, Itinerary; so called, according to Holstenius's observation, because the whole sea-coast is

• there covered with the sea-weed, called Alga.

Alcidum, a mountain with a grove, - a town and an extent of country, so called, in Latium, Strabo, Livy, Eutropius, Horace; distant from

• Rome, according to Holstenius, a very intelligent observer of that country, eighteen miles. Mguius the epithet, Ovid; and AlgMenfis, Pliny.

Aliacmon, or Haliarmoti, a river, which rising in the country of the Penestae, in Greek Illyricum, from the mountains called Cainbumi, runs by Lyncestis and Emathia on the south, and then turning east, falls.at Pydna into the Thermaic bay, and separates Macedonia properly so called, from TheMaly, Caesar, Livy. Claudian calls it Anagmon; a very rapid and headlong river, which does a great deal of mischief to the inhabitants, Clau'dian.

Aliae, islands in the Adulic bay, Pliny; called Eliae, Strabo.

Aliacmon. See Aliacmon.

Aliartum, a town of Boeotia, taken by M. Lucretius, Livy.

Aliartus. See Haliartus.

Alibaca, a town of the Pentapolis, or Cyrenaica, in Africa, Ptolemy.

A Lie Adr A, a town of Media, Ptolemy.

Alicanu*, Halicanum, Hilicanum, Htclitanum,* town ot PannoniaSupe

rior.situate on the ri ver Murus, near where it tails into the Drive, Antonine j by the Itinerary numbers, now Rackeljburg, in Austria: and therefore i luverius thinks the true reading is Rac/i:a/ium. E. Long. i6< i6', Lat.4.70 8'. Alichorda, a town of Bactria, Ptolemy.

Alicis, a town ofLaconica, Diodorus, Strabo. /

Alifa, Ahpha, and ' Allifae, Livy, Horace, Strabo; a town ot Samniurn, now fdift, in the Terra di Lavoro, in the kingdom of Naples, near the river Vulturnus, in a plain at the foot of theApennine; but now ruinous and desolate. The inhabitant* are called Æifani, Pliny.

Alimela, a district of Lycia, Stephanus. •

Alimne, a town ofPhrygia, Livy.

Alinda, an inland town of Caria, Ptolemy; near Mylasa, and Stratonicia. /jlinda, orum, Arrian. The inhabitants are called sJlwJienJes, Pliny.

Alindoea,' a town of Macedonia, Stephanus.

Ai.ione. Ste Alone.

Alipha. See Alifa.

ALiPHERA.a town of Arcadia, which, according to Polybius, being lituate on a very lleep eminence, on tlie Test side of the Alpheus, had a citadel and a brass statue of Minerva, very different in form and magnitude from all others. The inhabitants are called Aliphcraei, Pliny.

Ai.isarna, a town of Troas, Stephanus.

ALiscA,atown of Pannonia Inferior, Antoninej now stlmaz, a town of Hungary on the Danube, seven miles from Buda.

Alisincum, a place of Celtic Gaul, on the Loire, Antonine; called alto Aiuat lSifmcae, and perhaps better Lanconeae; now bourbon Laney, a town of the duchy of Burgundy, on the Loire, on the borders of the Bourbonnois, Sanson. E. Long. 3" 36', Lat. +6" 33'.

Aliso, a river os Germany, Tacitus; rising in the duchy of Westphalia, near Almen, and running through the territory of Paderborn, it falls, not far from Paderborn, into the Lippe. Also a town of German}' 'Tacitus

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