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k the other epithet, as Seipio Afri

Lfuca Carthacinienms, or Propria, the inhabitants of this country are called by the Greeks 'k^h. Ptolemy extends it from the river Ampsaga, in Numidia, to the Cyrenaica, by which means it contains Numidia, the territory of Carthage, and the Tripolitana. Pliny extends Africa Propria from the river Tusca, the boundary of Numidia on the east, to the river Triton, or to the bay of the Less Syrtis, consisting of two parts, the Zeugitana, and Byiicium i and this was properly the Carthaginian territory. '.fuca Interior, is divided by Ptolemy into two parts; namely, Libya Interior, and Aethiopia be\ond Egypt. The former lies westward, whose line of demarcation to the east Ptolemy draws through Damis, a town en the borders of the Marmarica and Cyrenaica. In this part the principal nations were the Getuli, Garamantes, Nigritae, and the Helperii, or western Aethiopes. The other part he has ranged to the south of Marmarica and Egypt- ^n D°th parts he has disposed the several people in such a ntenner, as not at all, or but doubtfully to fix their boundaries; nor indeed could he, considering the little knowledge he mult have had of such remote parts. Africa Propria. See Carthaci

Siessis. As Riccs, a wind blowing between

(oath and weft, Virgil, Horace. Acabeki, Ptolemy; a people in the sooth of Arabia Deserta, near the mountains of Arabia Felix. Acamea, or Agamia, a promontory

and port near Troy, Stephan. Agamede, the name of a place near Pyrrha, in the island of Lesbos, Srephanus. The calling it a place denote* that the town is extinct. Acamemnoms Fontes, springs in

near Smyrna, Philostratus. Acamia. See Ac Am Fa. AoAkf! Vm, now Gheme, a town in the territory osNovaria, near the river SefSa. The inhabitants are called .irat.'in. as appears from an ancient inscription. AoAsfCA, a town of Mesopotamia, Ptolemy; little known.

Acsamzua, a town of Media, Pliny. Aganippe, a fountain ofBoeotia, at mount Helicon, on the borders, between Phocis and Boeotia, sacred to the Muses, and running into the river Permessus, Pliny, Pausanias; Ovid seems to make Aganippe and Hippocrene the fame. Solinus more truly distinguishes them, and ascribes the blending them to poetical licence. Aganzaga, a town of Media, but

little known, Ptolemy. Agar, a town of Africa Propria,

mentioned by Hirtius. Acara, a town of the Phylitae inrra Gangem, Ptolemy; Sanlon supposes it to be the modern Agra. E. Long. 76', Lat. 25°. Agaruni. See Hagareni. Ac Ar R A, a town of the Snsiana, to the south of Susa, on, or near the river Eulaeus, Ptolemy. Acarum, a town of theAgareni, in Arabia, which Trajan dismantled, Dio Cassius. Agarus, a river of Sarmatia Europea, Ptolemy; called Sagaris by Ovjd, and by others Hypanis, and falls into the Palus Maeotis. AcAsus, a port of Apulia, Pliny; situate between the promontory Garganus, and the river Cerbalus, now called Porto Greco. Another Agajsus, Pliny; Agaffa, ae; Agaffae, arum, Livy; a town of Macedonia; Agejsuj, StephanuS; of Thrace; or on the borders of both. Agatha, an island in the Meditera* nean, between the mouth of the Rhone and the Pyrenees, Ptolemy, Pliny; now joined to the continent by a mole, and called Maguelone. Agatha, or Agathe, a town built by the Mastilians, Strabo, Pliny; now Agde, in Lower L'anguedoc, to the east of Narbonne, on the rivulet Erault. E. Long. 1" 20', Lat. 43° »5'

Acathoclis Insulae, two islands in the Indian Ocean, to the south of the Red Sea, Ptolemy.

Agathonis Insula, an island in the Red Sea, next to Egypt, Ptolemy.

AcAthopolis, a town of Gallta Narbonenfii. Ptolemy; now MontpeU lier, in the south-east of Languedoc, on an eminence at the river Lez. E. Long. 3» 50', Lat. +}" 37. £ x Ac*.

Aoathvssa, the island Telos in the sea of Rhodes, so called by Callimachus, Pliny; adjoining to Triopion, a promontory of Caria,, Herodotus.

Ac ATHYRNA, Or AgOthyrUUm, -dg*

thyrsa, Polybius; Agathyrsum, Strabo; a town of bicily, now S. Marco, as old as the war of Troy, being built by Agathyrnus, son of Aeolus, on an eminence. The gentilitious name is Agathyrnfuus, or according to the Roman idiom, Agatkyrnen/is. Acathvrsi, Mela; the some with the Hamaxobii, from their living in wains; a people both of Asia and Europe, a branch of the Sarmatae, gay and sblendid in their dress, and fond of all the, finery of a woman, Herodotus; living together in perfect amity, without envy or rancour, id.

Agavi, Homer; a people of Scythia, of the greatest innocence of manners, and living in simplicity, without the cares of riches.

Ac Azac A, a town near the mountain Paropamifus, apart of mount Taurus, Ammian.

Acbatana. SeeEcBATANA.

Agdestis, or Agdijlis, a mountain of Phrygia, near Peflinus, Pausanias,

Agelqcvm, a town of Britain on the Trent, supposed to be Axholm; but by Camden, Littleborough, and the true appellation to be Segelocum

Acendicum, the chief town of the Senones, Liber Notitiaruiu; now Sens, situate where the Vanne runs into the Yonne, on the borders of the Gatinois. E. Long. 3° J3'j l*t48° %'.

Agennum. SeeAciNNUM.

Acer Campanus. See Capva.

Acer Picenus, Cicero, Sallust, Livy; and sometimes Picenum, Caesar,

. Piiuy; a territory of Italy, to the soutli-east of Umbria, reaching from the Apepnine to the Adriatic. The people are called Picenlet, Cicero, Livy; distinct from the Picentini on the Tuscan Sea, though called by Greek writers ntusm'TM. This name is said to be from the bird Picas, under whose conduct they removed from the Sabines, of whom they were a colony, Stephanus.

Acesinates, Pliny j a people of

Gaul, neighbours to the Pictones.

Agessus. SeeAcAsvs.

Acidos, a town of Cyprus, Strabo.

Ac Inn A, a town of Iberia, on the borders of Colchis, Ptolemy.

Aginnum, a town of the Nkiobriges, or of Aquitania Secunda, Ptolemy, Antonine; no,w Agen, near the Ga-, ronne, on the borders of Gafcony. Called Agennum in the Liber Notitiarum. E. Long. 30', Lat. 44.* »o».

AotsvMBA, a district of Libya Interior, according to Agathemerus, situate to the south-east of the Aethiopes Anthropophagi; the parallel passing through which, at 16" to the south of the equator, was the outmost extent of the knowledge of the ancients to the south, Ptolemy.

Agla, a hamlet of Judea, ten miles from Eleutheropolis, in the road to Gaza.

Aglaon, a fountain in Aulis, Hesy* cl.ius.

Agmonia. See Acmonia

Agna, a river of Mauretania Tingitana, Ptoleray.

Aon Ices, or Agnicis, a river falling into the Tigris, Piiny.

Acni Cqrnv, a low and sandy promontory of Egypt, between, twa mouths of the Nile, namely, tb,e BolLutinumandSebennyticum., Stra-i bo.

AcNONfA, a town of Thrace, buUt by Agnon, the Athenian general, Thucydides; near Amphipolfs, Stephanus.

Agonams Circus, now La Piaxza Nanjona, a long, large, beautiful street in the heart of Rome, adorned with fountains, and the obelisk of Caracalla; still retaining the form, of that circus; the reason of the name Agonalts is either unknown or doubtful; Ovid seems to derive it from the Agones, or solemn, games, there celebrated; supposed to have been the Ludi Apollinares, or AQifici, instituted by Augustus; whence the circus was called Afoliinaris; alfa Alczandrinus, from the emperor Alexander Severus, who either enclosed or repaired the circus.

Agonensis Porta. See Collins,

Agoranis, a river of India, falling into the Ganges, Arrian.

Agra, a town of the Susiana, Ptole

1

lay. Also a place in Boeotia, where therivtr Ilyssus rises, from which Diana takes the name Agraea, Pau(anias.

Agradatvs, a river of Persia, Strata.

Aceae, arum, Pausanias; a place 'near Athens, on the other side the Dissut.

Agraei, Ptolemy; a people of Arabia Descita, to the west of the Ausitae.

ACRAGA9. SeeACRAGAS.

Acuaxi, a town of Babylonia, Pliny. Acre, a town of Lydia, Stephanus. Agrei, Pljny; a people of Arabia Felix.

Acriaxes, a river of Thrace, on this fide Rbodope, Stephanus; from which the neighbouring people were called Agriant, Strabo; Agraei, Herodotus.

Acit, Strabo; a people situate on the east fide of the Palus Maeotis.

Act] Decumates. See DecumaTes.

ACRIASPAE, SeeARIASPE.
ACRICENTI PORTUS, 1 g -

Emporium f Car.

- I 1M UM, J ■

Acrilivm, a town of Bithynia, near raounr Olympus, Ptolemy. £. Long. !»• jo', Lat. 41° 40'.

Acrinium, a town of Aetolia, situate between the Achelous and Eyenus, northwards, Polybius.

Agrippekses. See Ubii.

Acrippeum, or Agrippias, Anthedon in Judea, so called because rehuilt by Herod, who was also called Agrippa

Asrippinae Praetorium, a town en the Rhine, in the island of Batavia, Peunnger.

ASRIPPINA COLONfA UBIORUM,

Pliny, Suetonius; now Cologne, so calleid from Agrippina, the daughter of Germanicus, and mother of Jiero, who had a colony sent thither R her request by the emperor Claudius, to honour the place of her birth. It is also called C.olonia Agripfiwv/f/.iituate on the Rhine.E.Long. 7* 56', Lat. 50" 55'. Acus, A town of Carmania, stole

■jr.

Acrszala, a town of Galatia, Ptolemy.

AcROftRA, or Allicira, a town of

Aeolia, in Asia Minor, afterward! called Attalia, from Attalus Phil*delphus, who rebuilt it, Stephanus y reckoned among the towns of Paruphylia, Strabo.

Agrospi, a town on the banks of the Nile, in the Ethiopia beyond, Egypt, Pliny.

Ac uBhsi, the fame with Agabeni.

AcuNTUM.a town of Rhaetia, Pliny; now Deblock, a hamlet of the county of Tyrol, on the river Riencz, at the foot of the Alps, Cluveiius.

Acurium, Ptolemy; or Agyrium, Pliny j a town of Sicily, in the Val di Demona, near the river Symaethus, the people were called Populuf Agyrincnjit by Cicero; Agyrinus by Pliny. It was the birth-place of Diodorus Siculus, as he testifies, him-: self; but he calls it Argyrium, as if js now called $. Filippo d'Argirone, which modern name seems to con-r firm, that Argyrium is the true reading.

Agyllae, the ancient name of Caere, founded by the Pelasgi, from Thessaly, Pliny, Strabo j a town of Etruria, formerly large, and celebrated for its riches and power, Strabo, Virgil; but in Strabo's time fallen to decay, now called CVrvftere. See Caere.

Acyrium. See Acurium.

Aheloth, Jerome; the sarne with Ailana, which fee.

A(, a town in Judea, to the north of Jericho, called 'aaw by Joseuhus, and the inhabitants Ainatae.

Aialon, a town of the tribe of Dan, one of the I.evitical. Another in the tribe of Benjamin, in whose yalley Joshua commanded the moon, to stand still, being then in her decrease, and consequently to be seen at the same time wi;h {he sun, Joshua.

Ailana, Ailath, or Ahehlh, a town of Arabia Petraea, situate near the Sinus Elanites of the Red Sea. It is also called Elath, and Eloth, Stephanus, Strabo, Moses. The fame with Elana.

AilA Nit Es Sinus, or Aelanites, a bay qf the Red Sea, so denominated, from Ailana, Diodor. Sic.

Ailath. Stse Ailana.

Aipolis, a town of Babylonia? where

1*^9 were springs of bitumen, Isidor. Characenus. Aisacus, a river of Rhaetia, called Atagis, Strabo; which falls into the Athesis, after being swelled by the Byrrhus.

Akrabbim. See Adscensus ScorPionis.

Alaba, a town of the Celtiberia, in Spain, Ptolemy. Now Altrva.

Alabanda, at, a town of Caria, near the Meander, situate beneath eminences resembling afles with packsaddles, which gave rife to the jest; and between Amyzo to the vyest, and Stratonice to the east. Under the Romans they enjoyed Affises, or a convention of jurisdiction, by Pliny reckoned the fourth in order; hence the proverb in Stephanus, expressing their happiness. Livy uses it plurally, Alabanda, orum, as also Juvenal. It was built by Alabandus, whom therefore they deemed a god. The people were called yllabandi, Alabandensei, Cicero j and Alabandeis, after the Greek manner, in coins of Augustus and Claudius; they were also called Alabandeni, Livy.

AlAbAstra, a town of Phrygia, Stephanus.

Alabastrorum Urbs, a town of Egypt, to the west of Cynopolis, Ptolemy.

Alabastrum, a mountain in Egypt, Pliny.

Alabastrus, a river of Troas, running from mount Ida, Pliny.

Al Abater, a promontory of Carmania, in the bay of Paragon, Ptolemy.

Alabis, Alabo, or Alabus, a river of Sicily, Diodorus, Ptolemy, Sil. Italicus; running with a north-east course, and falling into the Sicilian lea at Megara, now called the Gantaro, Cluverius.

Alabo, onis, or Alabum, a town, supposed to have stood on the banks of the Alabis; but in what particular spot, or on which side of the river, does not appear, much less the time when.

Alabuntis. See Alapuntis.

Alabus. See Alabis.

Ala Flaviana, a name of Vienna.

See Vikdobona.
Alaea Minerva. See Alea.

Alaesa. See Alesa.

Alaesus. SeeALESus.

Alaconia, afreetowu of the Lacedaemonians, Pausan.

Alalcomenae, a town in the terri-tory of Deuriopus, in the north of Macedonia, between the river Axius and Erigon, Strabo.

Alalcomenae, Paufanias; and Alalcomenium, Stephanus; a town, Strabo; a hamlet, Paufanias; in Boeotia, on the lake Copais, between Haliartus and Coronea; famous for a temple of Minerva; hence her epithet, Homer; the place derives its name from Alalcomenes, the foster-father of Minerva, Paufanias.

Alalcomenae, a town of Ithaca, denominated from that of Boeotia, Plutarch. With a temple of Minerva, hence the epithet, Alalcomeneis, given that goddess, Homer.

Alalia. See Alkria.

Alalis, a town of the Palmyrene, near the Euphrates, Ptolemy.

Al Am At A, a town of the Palmyrene, near the Euphrates, Ptolemy.

Al Am us, a town of Albania, Ptolemy.

Alan A, a town of Ethiopia, beyond Egypt, Pliny.

Alander, a river of Phrygia, Livy.

Al Am A, the country of the Alani, a people to the north of the Palus Maeotis, situate along the Tanais, Josephus; having the Khoxolani to the west; descendants of the Alani; in an ancient inscription they are joined with the Bastarnæ and Daci.

Alaniticus Sinus. See AelaniTicus.

Ala Nova, a town of the Higher Pannonia, between Vindobona and Carnuntum, Itinerary.

Alantonis, a town of Spain, eight miles from Pampclona, Antonine.

Al An us, a river of Scythia; also a mountain of Sarmatia, Stephanus.

Alapuntis, Alabuntis, or Alabsvs, a town of Gallia Narbonensis, Antonine; now Talart, a hamlet in the south of Dauphine, not far fro in the borders of Provence, on the river Durance. Others take it for Ventavon; or for Alamon, ruins near Ventavon.

Alaria. SeeALERiA.

Alas, a district of Attica, near the Jaxa Carystia, or marble quarries,

of Carystus, Euripides. Alasi, a town of the Garamantes,

taken by Corn. Balbus, Pliny. Al At A, Ptolemy; a town of Arabia

Deserta. Another of Dalmatia, An

tonine.

AlATA CASTRA, n«{»T« cpalovihl,

Ptolemy; a town to the south of the Acstuarium Bodotriae, or Frith of Forth; supposed to be Edinburgh. It was anciently called Edenodunum, Buchanan; which seems to be confirmed by its Celtic appellation; namely Dune Aidan; that is, the Dune, eminence, or citadel of Aidan, the proprietor. Burg is Saxon, answering to Dune in the Celtic. W. Long. i» 46', Lat. 56° 7'.

Aiatrium, or Aletrium, now Alatrt, in the east of the Campania di Roma, on the borders of Lavoro, and to the north of Abruzzo ultra. The inhabitants are called Alatriasto, Livy; and Aletrinates, Pliny.

Alauna, a town of the Damnii in Britain, commonly supposed to be Allaway; but Whitlie, Camden.

Aladna, Alaunium, Antonine; a town of the Unelli, or the Contantin in the north-west of Normandy, near where Cherbourg now stands.

Alaunus, Ptolemy; a river of Britain, whose mouth is near the Me of Wight.

Alatona, Ptolemy; a town of the Vafcones in Spain.

Aiazia, the name of a town, Srrabo; of wbirh Hecataeus fays, that at this town the river Rhymus, running through the plain of Mygdonia from the west, out of the lake of Dascylitis, falls into the Rhyndacui, a river of Phrygia, but that then the town was desolate.

Auzon, a river of Albania, which separates it from Iberia, and Tuning from north to south, falls into the Cyrus at (Mica, Ptolemy, Pliny.

Aisa, Atlaba, or Allama, Antonine; a river of Sicily, with a south, west course, falling into the African Sea, at Heraclea.

All*, a river os Spain, Pliny; asterwards called Tezerui, now the Ter, mnning in the east of Catalonia, from the Pyrenees, not far from the i&ouotainCani^o, through the town

of Girona j some miles after, to the north of the promontory Palasugel, it falls into the Mediterranean.

Alba, a town of the Marsi in Italy, Pliny; situate on the north-side of the Lacus Fucinus, still retaining; its name. The inhabitant* were called Albani, and Albenfts.

Alba Helviorum, or Albaugujla, Pliny, Ptolemy; afterwards called Vivarium, now Phoiers,in the southeast of Languedoc, on the Rhone. In the lower age the inhabitants were called Albenfes, and their city, Ci-vitas Albenfium, in the Notitia Galliae. E. Long. 4" 45', Lat. 44* so'

Alba Julia, now Wcijsenburg, a towa of Transylvania, on the river Marisius, or Merisch, to the west of Hermanstat, supposed to be called Alba Julia, after Julia Domna, the mother of Caracalla. There are, however, several inscriptions found at or near Weiflenburg, which bear Col. Aput. that is Colonia Apulevfis, without the least mention of Alba Julia, though inscribed after Caracalla's time. Add, that Ulpian, reciting the colonies of Dacia, calls this colony Apulenfis, and neither Alba nor Julia. Whence there is a suspicion, that Alba Julia is a corruption of Apulum. It was alfa called Apulum August um. E. Long. »5°, Lat. 46° 4&.

Alba Longa, a colony from Lavinium, in Latium, established by Ascanius, the son of Aeneas, at the foot of the Mons Albanus.: called Alba, from a white sow farrowing on that spot thirty white pigs, interpreted thirty years after which a city should be theie built, Fropertius; with the epithet Longa, from its length. It was the royal residence, till the building of Rome, as was foretold by Anchiles, Virgil; . destroyed by Tullus Hostilius, all but the fane or Temple, Srrabo.

Alba Pompeia, on the river Ceba, now Ccva, in Liguiia, the birthplace of the emperor Pertinax; a colony either established at first, or re-estabhihed by Pompey, after having been before settled by Seipio. The inhabitants were called Alptvses Fonts ciani. At this day the

town

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