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to be Laubach, in Carinthia. E. Long. 14.° 40', Lat. 46" *8'.
Aemonia, a province of Macedon, which was also called Thessaly, Horace, Pliny; hence Aemonius, the epithet, Ovid.
Aenaria, an illand in tlie hay of Cumae.or over-agninstCumae in Italy, Pliny. It is also called Inarime, Virgil; and now Ifchia. Scarce three miles distant from the coast, and the promontory Miscnus to the West; twenty miles in compass; called Pithecufa by the Greeks. It is one of the Oenotrides; and fenced round by very high rocks, as to be inaccessible but on one fide: it was formerly famous for its earthen ware.
Aenarium, a grove in Achaia, near Olenus, sacred to Jupiter, where the Acheans used to meet in council, Strabo.
Aenea, or Aenia, now Mane astro, a town of Macedonia, fifteen miles to the south-east of Thelsalonica, near the head of the Sinus Thermncius, in the province of'Emathia; said to have been built by Aeneas. The ThelTalonians performed a yearly sacrifice at Aenea, according to Livy, who calls the inhabitants Aeneates.
Aeneia, afterwards called Janiculum, which fee. Dionys. Halicarn.
Aenesippa, Ptolemy ; called AeneJipasta, Strabo; an illand in the Mediterranean, near the coast of Marmarica.
AenesisphYra, a port cf Marmarica, Ptolemy j but a promontory, Stiabo. It may be both.
Aeneum. See Aenus.
Aeni Insula, an island of Arabia Felix, in the Red Sea, Ptolemy.
Aeni Pons, uncertain whether there was any town or hamlet near this bridge, called the Lower, to dis. tinguilh it from the Higher, now called Ir.fpruck, which is of later date. The latter in Noricum and the former in Vindelicia, where now stands Oetingen.
Aenia. See Aenea.
Aenia, a town of the Perrhebi, near the Achelous. The inhabitants were called Aeniancs, and Acnienfes, Pliny.
Aenius, a river of the Perrhebi, Stephanus.
Aennum, Pliny; a town and port of Egvpt, on the Red Sea, otherwise called Philoteris, Stephan. Mela; and Phihlera, Strabo, Ptolemy; from the name of the sister of Ptoiemy Philadelphus. Mela writes Aennum.
Aenon, Evangelists ; a town ofSamaria, near Salim, where John baptized, eight miles to the south of Scythopolis, near Jordan, on this fide.
Aenora, a city of Libumia, called by Plinv Civitas Prafini, the reason of which is unknown; also Enona, and is now called Nona; an the Adriatic, by which it is for the greater part surrounded; over-against the ill ind Gifi'a, from which it is distant four miles to the welt. E. Long. 16*, Lat. i8».
Aenos, a town of Thrace. SeeAENus.
Aenus, Tacitus; now the Inn, a river of Germany, which, rising in the country of the Grifbns, o&t of the Alps, in the district called Go'ttts-haus-punt, runs through the Grisons, the county of Tyrol, the duchy cf Bavaria, and through Passed into the Danube.
Aenus, Strabo; a mountain in the illand Cephalenia, on whose top stood a temple of Jupiter, called hence Aene/rus.
Aenus, Livy; Aenos, or Aenum; now Eno, a town of Thrace, situate on the east most mouth of the Hebrus, which has two mouths; arid said to be built by the Cumeans: was a free town, in which stood the tomb of Polydorus, Pliny; Aenius is the epithet. Here the brother of Cato Uticensis died, and was honoured with a monument of marble in the forum of the Ænii, Plutarch ; called Aensi, Stcphanus; Livy fays that the town was otherwise called A/jynihus.
Aeoliae Insulae, now I/ole di Lipari, scvtn islands, situate between Sicily and Italy, Strabo, Diodorus Siculus, Mela; so called from Aeolus, who reigned there about tlie time of the Trojan war. The Greek s call the n Hephaestiades.-3.nA the Koreans, I'uLuniair, fiom their fiery eruptions. eruptions. They are also called Liparaeorum Insulac, from the principal island Lipara. Dionylius Periegetes calls them ruaUi, because circumnavigable. Aeoiis, Thucydides , the ancient name of CalyJon, which fee. Rather the name of a country, so called from Æolus, son of Hellen; who reigning in the parts bordering on Thefsaly, called the people Aedensts, Apollodorus, Diodorus Sicu
Aeoiis, or Ac-la, a country of the Hiiber Asia, settled by colonies of Aeolian Greeks: taken at large, it comprehends all Troas, alid the coast of the Hellespont to the Propontis, because in those parts there were several Aeolian colonies: more ftrict'y, it is situate between Troas to the north, and Ionia to the louth. The pccole arc called Atoles, or JfJii.
Aeolium Mare, a part of the Egean Sea, walhing Acolis; called also Myfium, from Mysia. Now called, G&L* di Smirna.
Aipea, or A-ft .j a town of MefTenia, in Strabo's time called Thuria, situate on an eminence, whence its name, near Plieræ; one of the seven towns which Agamemnon promised Achilles, Homer; there is another cf the fame name in Laconica, a third in Crete, and a fourth in Cyprus, on the liver Clarius, afterwards called Soft, Plutarch, Stephanus.
AEpr, Homer; a town belonging to Nestor, not far from Thryon, a town of Eiis, raised on an eminence, whence the appellation. The epithet is Aepytius, Statiu*.
AiPvrjos Tvmbos, the tomb of Aepytos, son of Eiatus, near the mountain Cyllene in Arcadia, mentioned by Homer.
AiqvAKA Juca, mountains of Picenum, in the kingdom of Naples, now called Montana di Sorrento, denominated from the town Aequa. which beiugdellioyed, was replaced by Vicus, now ir'uo dt Sorrento; called also JUtjuaaa, Sil. Italicuj.
AlQL'l, Livy, Eiorus; jii<ju:coli, O*ul, >ueton; Aeqiu'umi, Pliny; A,efatetlts, Virgil; Acquicus, Livy; jSffttum&i, Sil. Jtil.-us , the ejjj
thet; a people of Latium, hut not properly Latins, having invaded the Latin territory, Livy, before Rome reduced the neighbouring nations under her power, from which time, all those of Latiurn were reckoned Latins.
Equimelium, a place in Rome, where stood the house of Spurius Meiius, who, by largesses corrupting the people, affected the supreme power: refusing to appear before the dictator Cincjnnatus, he was stain by Servilius Ahala, master of the horse, his house was razed to the ground, and the spot on which it stood was called Area Aequimelii, Livy.
AEquiNOCTiUM, a town of the Higher Pannonia, or Austria, Itinerary} situate between Vindobona and Carnuimjm, supposed to be Vifchmuni, near the confluence of the Visch with the Danube.
Aeqjuum, a town and colony of Dalniatia, to the north-east of Salona, Ptolemy, and inscription.
Aeræ, a town of Macedonia; an. other of Ionia, and a third on the Hellespont, Stephanus.
Aeria, or Eeria, the ancient name of Egypt; the Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, fays, that not only Thessaly, but Egypt was called 'Hiji'a, by the Greeks, which Eusebius also confirms: and hence Apollinarius, in his translation of the hundred and fourteenth Psalm, uses it for Egypt. Hesychius applies this name to Ethiopia.
Aeria, a town of the Cavari, or territory of Avignon, supposed now to be extinct. Strabo fays it was so tailed from its airy situation, as standing on an eminence.
Aeria, the ancient name of the island Thasus, Pliny.
Aermon. See Iifrmon.
Aeropus, a nicuntain of Chaonia, Livy.
Aesa, a town of Thrace, near Pallenc, Stephanus.
Aesacee, the name of a mountain, mentioned by Homer.
Aesar, or Atfarus, Strabo, Theocritus; a river of Magna Gratcia, running through Croton, into the lea, with a poJi at its mouth. Now the Ejaro.
Aesaris, or duser, Pliny; now the Scrchio, a river of Tuscany, which rising from the Apennin, in the borders of Modena. runs through Carftgnana, and the territory of Lucca, by the city of Lucca, into the Tuscan Sea
Aesculapii Nemus, Strabo; aplace situate between Berytus and Sidon, in Phoenicia.
Aesepus, Homer, Strabo, Ptolemy; a river of Mysia in Asia, rising from mount Ida, near the springs of the Granicus, and running into the Projjontis, between the mouths of the Granicus to the west, and the Tarfius to the east. At this river, Homer, according to Strabo, seems to terminate the country of Mysia, and begin that of Troy.
Aesernia, Strabo, Efernia, Pliny; now Iscrn'ta, a town of the Samnites, a little way from the left, or south bank of tlie Vulturnus. The inhabitants were called Aesernini, their territory Agcr Aesern'mus, E. Long. ij» 15', Lat. 41" 36'.
Aesica, in the Notitia; a hamlet in Cumberland; Hethei by, according to Camden.
Aesis, Strabo,' Pliny; a river separating Umbria from the Picenum, now called EJino; has its springs in the Apennin, towards Umbria, then turning north, waters the town Aesis, and falls into the Adriatic between Ancona and Sencgallia. , The town and river had their name from Aesis, who reigned there, Sil. ltalicus.
Aesis, a town and colony of Umbria,
Aesisium, Ptolemy, a town of Um-
Aesius, a river on the borders of Bithynia, Pliny; possibly the fame with the Aesepus.
Aesola, Atfula, Horace; Aesulum, Paterculus; a colony of Latium, settled about twenty-three years after the commencement of the first Punic war, situate probably between Tibur and Prameste, The people jUsolani, Pliny. 'Aesona, now 'jesona, or Jejfona, a town of Catalonia, m Spain, situate
between the Sicoris and Nucarlaj
Aesonenfis the epithet, Inscriptions. Aescjuilinus Mons. See AEscjyiLiae.
Aestii, Tacitus; a German people, beyond the Vistula, in Sai inatiaEuropea, dwelling along the south-east side of the Baltic.
Aestraeum, a town of Macedonia, Ptolemy. The people called Arstrac'i.
Aesula, and Aesuluii. bee Aeso
Aes Yetae Ty Mbus, the tomb of Aefyetes, an eminence near Troy^ from which Polites, the son ot Priam, surveyed the Greeks, Homer.
Aesyma, a town of Thrace, Stephan. Also a town ot Ti oas, Helychius.
Aesymnium, a monument erected to the memory of the heroes by Ac. symnuB the Megarian; who, consulting the oracle in what manner the Megateans might be most happily governed, was answered, Jf they held consultation with the more numerous; whom lie taking for the dead, built the said monument, and a senate-house, that took within its compass the monument; imagining that thus, the dead would assist at their consultations, Pausania*.
Aesitae, Ptolemy; which Bochart reads Aufitae, See Au§iti».
Aetara, a town of Numidia, of which nothing but its name is known, called Apart in Agathodaemon's map.
Aethalia, by the Greeks; llua by the Romans, Virgil; now Elba, retaining something of its ancient name, llua; an island on the coast of Etruria, in cbmpass an hundred miles, abounding in iron, as Elba still does. Stephanus calls it Aetkate. The port of Aethalia was called Argoui, Diod. Sicul.
Aethalia, an appellation of the island Lemnos, Polybius.
Aethaloeis Torrens, a brook in. the south of Troas, near Hamaxitus, Strabo,
Aethea, one of the hundred cities of Laconica, Stephan.
Aetheria, Ethiopia, anciently so called, and the Ethiopians, Aetherii, Pliny, Strabo.
AfTiiicts, Stephanus; a people of
Epirus, Epirus, situate between Athamania ind Tymphaea.
Litkiupe, the ancient name of the island Ltsjos, PJiny. Ethiopia, beyond Egypt) a country better known to the ancients, than that in Libya, or on the Atlantic, a distinction used by Homer. The people of which lift were called Aethiofet Hespen. Whether Chus is the Scripture nime for Aethiopia is disputed; Be chart maintains that it denotes Arabia. The ancients comprised Chaldea tinder the name Aethiopia 4 Strabo fays, that some called Phœnicia Aethiopia; Aethicus, the cosinographer, places also the bead of the Tigris in Aethiopia. The inhabitants of Sagri, or Zagri, a mountain on the other fide the Tigris, Hesychius makes a nation of Ethiopians. And the inhabitants of the Sufiana were anciently reckoned among the Ethiopians. Mtmnnn, who came from Sulae, to Ike assistance of Priam, is called by Heiod, king of the Ethiopians, mentioned also by Virgil. It is to te observed that the Greek geographers called all themore southerly people, -of whom they knew little or nothing, Aeth'topes. AiTHioprci Mohtzs, mountains running along the west fide of the Nile, Ptolemy.
A:THro»icus Si (tots comprises the Arabic -Gulf, and the ocean south*vds, -which bounds the east-side of Africa, -called also Sinus Indicus, because extending to India.
iiTHiorruia, Stephanus; a district of Lydia on rhe Hyllus, from Which Dianais called Aethiopia.
AtTHau, Pliny-; the ancient name toth of Thalbs and Rhodes.
kTBBs*., Pliny; an island on she coafcof Africa Propria; by others loUtd Jeguja.
■fiTimin, a town df Macedonia, riokmy; -called Athenaeum, Livy; Mv the city of Tricca, on the borders of Thessaly. dSow Etinc. "T,», a volcano, or burning moUny in Sicily, a name it still retains, though now otherwise called Monte Cik/b. It rungs over the city Ca''»», and all the adjoining sea coast 10 tbc call.; ij famous for its great
extent and fiery eruptions, and so* being anciently the habitation of the Cyclops. The appellation Aetna is supposed to be from A\qx, to burn, as in the Itineraries it is writtei ■Aethna; Bochart derives it from Uttuna, a furnace, or Aetuna, darkness. Pindar was the first who <de-seribed its eruptions, calling it the pillar of heaven from its height; i's figure is round, with a gradual ascent to its top, lying detached and separate from any other mountain* in the Vallis Hemorenfis, now -Pal & Demona\ a hundred miles in compass at the foot; from which to the top, is a distance-of between twenty and thirty miles, so that it must be upwards of eight miles in height. The upper parts of the mountain, according to Strabo, are naked and bare', covered with ashes, and in winter with snow, nor without snow in summer; and subject to great changes from the devastation of the fire, which is sometimescollected into one crater, or bason, at other times divided into several parts,now sending forth streamsof liquid fire, again flame and smoke, and lometimes large burning masses; all which must necessarily be attended with great changes in'the bowels of the mountain, and with the opening of several fiery mouths on the surface. On the top there is a large level plain, about twenty stadia in compass, surrounded with a ridge of ashes, of the height of a wall-, and in the middle of the plain an •eminence of an ash colour, over "which stands a pillar of cloud, rising to the height of two hundred feet; and this is the crater. In the night the flashes emitted from its top, and in the day-time the smoke and darkness are plainly observable. Solinus fays, that on the tdp of mount Aetna, which is sacred to Vulcan, there are two hiatuses, called crateres, through which a vapour or steam boras forth, preceded by a noise, ■protractedly bellowing in the -bowels of the mountain; previous to 'which the balls of fire never make'their appearance. During the 'eruptions the territory of Catana is covered deep with ashes, which, though troublesome while '£ emitting. emitting, yet serve greatly to fertilize it, according to Strabo. As to the several eruptions of mount Aetna, Diodorus Siculus relates, that before the war of Troy, and the arrival of the Siculi in Italy, the Sicani occupied the whole of the island; but that Aetna in several places discharging fiery currents, or lavas, obliged them to remove to the west of the island. Thucydides mentions an eruption, which happened in the spring of the second year of the eighty eighth Olympiad, or in the year four hundred and twenty-eight before Christ, fifty years after a preceding eruption; and that in all there happened three eruptions, from the time Sicily came to be inhabited by the Greeks. The prospect from mount Aetna is extensive, affording a full view of the island, yet greatly diminished in apparent extent; with a very distant view of Italy, quite to the mountains of Naples. E. Long. J5% Lat. 380.
Aetna, a town on the south-side of the mountain of that name, just where it begins to rife, formerly called Inefia; it stood near the town of Centuripæ; and the inhabitants called Aetnenses, served as guides to, and entertained persons who wanted to go up the mountain. Attntcus the epithet, as Aetnæus Venator denotes a sorry huntsman, Aetnteus Cantharus, a large one, and Aetuaut is the surname of Vulcan.
Aetolia, a small district of Greece, reaching along the river Achelous, to the strait or Dardanelles of the Corinthian bay, or to the Locri Ozolae: these are the boundaries of Aetolia in general ■ there was a twofold Aetolia, according to Strabo; namely the old, and the superadded: the old he limits by theAchelous, down to the sea-coast of CaJydon, by which the Evenus runs, and from this river eastwards, to Maupactum and Eupalium, the superadded Aetolia. Aetolia, according to Stephanus, was anciently called Hjanthis; who thus characterizes the Aetolians, a craving, unsociable,impudent people; whence some suppose they had their name,
Aetulia, a part of Armenia Minor called by Ptolemy, Actulane.
Aex, a rocky island in the Egean Sea between Tenedos and Chios, hav ing at a distance the resemblance 01 a goat, whence the name. Fron* this island Pliny fays the Egean Sea took its appellation. It is also tht name of a town of the Marsi in Italy.
Aexone, one of the Aj^oi, or villx ges of Attica. The inhabitant! Aexones, or Aexontnses, remarkablt for their dicacity and malevolen virulence; so that Alfmnsr&u, de notes an intolerable biting disposi tion, Stephan.
Aezica, apart of Thrace so called Stephanus.
Affile, a town of Latium, still re taining its old name; situate in th mountains between Sublaqueur and Anagnia. Agilanus, the genti litious name, Inscription.
Afflianus MoNS,amountain whic hangs over Tyber on the east side known from an ancient inscription adduced by Holstenius; which mer tions, that a branch of the Aqu Claudia was derived from the foe of this mountain to Rome.
Africa, one of the three great div sions of the world, according to tl ancients, to all appearance a narr posterior to Homer; by the Greel called "Hm&w, or continents; th Geminus calls them /utp, or Parte as the Romans also did. It w called Libya by the Greeks, ar bounded on the north by the M diterranean, by the ocean on tl west, south, and east, and by tl Red Sea and the isthmus; thous some made the Nile the boundary the east. It was divided intoEgy Marmarica, Cyrene, Africa Pr pria, Mauretania, Libya Interic and Ethiopia. Bochart derives t appellation from a Punic wor which signifies ears of corn, to tl note its fertility. But may we nc with Eratosthenes, suppose, that tl three greater divisions of the wot took their names from particul cognominal districts contained them! A/er denotes an African; also an epithet, as Armcntarim sljt Virg. Afra Aw, Herat. Ajricai.