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tracted from Atuacua, Caesor j anciently a large and famous city of the Tungri, now a small and incon • fiderable village, called Tongereit, in the bifboprick of Liege, to the northwest of the city of Liege, in the territory of Haspengow, on the rivulet Jeclcer, that loon after falls into the Maefe. E. Long. 50 n', Lat. 55s,
Aduas. See Addua.
Aduaticj, Caesar; Atuatici, JJio; a people of Belgica, descenJents of the Cimbri and Teutoni, they were neighbours to the Nervii, Dio CasCus; and byCaefat's account thought to have been situate between the Menapii, the Eburones, and Nervii; that is, on the borders of Flanders, and in a part of Brabant and Hainanlt.
Aa Victoriolas, Antonine j a place three miles from Modena, in the Via Aemilia.
ADULA, a mountain in Rhætia, or the country of the Grisons, part of the Alps, Ptolemy; in which ate the fountains of the Rhine; now St. Cidkards. The parts of which are, 1. Crifpaltberg, from which springs tbe Fore Rhine. *. The Vogelsberg, irom which the Hinder Rhine flows, j. Mount Furck, from which the Rhone rises and runsthroughFrance; acd the Ticinus, or Tesin, through Italy. 4. Mount Grimsel, where the Aar and Russ having their springs, run through Swiflerland isdfail into the Rhine.
Asl'le. or Adults, a town of Egypt, built by fugitive flaves, distant from tii port on the Red Sea twenty stadia. Pliny calls the inhabitants AduBae. The epithet is either AdulitaBcs, as hjonimentum Adulttanum, or the pompous inscription of the statae of Ptolemy Euergetes, published by Leo AlUtius at Rome in 1631, »d to be found in Spon and The»>not; or Adulicus, as Adulicus Sinus, apart of the Red Sea.
Aswilam. See Adollam.
Asbxa, a river of Persia, which rises n the Sufiana, and falls into the river Eulaeus, PJiny.
Abersi Portus, Notitia; a port of Britain, now Edtringtrn, in the county ofSussex, Camden.
Aia, a town of Colchis, on the Phi
sis, fifteen miles from the sea, Pliny. Also an ifland in the mouth of tHsi Phafis.
Aeanteium, the tomb of Ajax in Troas, near the Rhe(ean promontory, Strabo.
Aeaea, or Atari, the ifland of Circe, which, before the marshes were, drained, was that which was called, Prcmontqrtum Circeium, Virgil. See Ogycja.
Aeapolis, a town of Colchis, but dislereatly written, Ptolemy.
Aeas, Scylax, a river of Eptrus in Greece, called also Aous, Strabo j which rising in mount Pindus, running wish a north-west course by Apollonia, faljs into the Adriatic; famous for the defeat of king Philip of Macedonia by the Rorn'ans. The Apollor.ians praying aid of the Epidamnians, were answered ; ¥°4 have Aeas, or Ajax, apply to him, playing upon the name of the river.
Aeas, a mountain ofEgypt, near the Red Sea, Pliny, Ptolemy.
Aebura, Livy, a to\vn of Spain, in Estremadura, on the river Guadiana, to the west of Merida, now called TalcrJcrQ. W. Long. 70 15', Lat. 38° 40'.
Aecae, or Aecana, Itineraries; a town, of the Hirpini in Italy ,eiglitepn miles distant from Equotuticum. The inhabitants Accani. It is now called Trcja, in the Capitartato of Naples. E. Long. i6« 5', Lat. 415 17'.
Aeculauum, Ptolemy, Appian; a town of the Hirpini in Italy, at the; foot of the Apennin, to the east of Abellinum, contracted Aec\anum, situate between Beneventum and Tarentum. The inhabitants are? called 4eculatii by Pliny; and Acclan* enses, in an ancient inscription, Gruter; the town is now called Fri* cento, Cluverius; forty three miles east of Naples. E, Long. 159 38', Lat. 4.10 15.'.
Aedepsuji}, or Atdiffum, a town of Eubcea, to the north of Chalcis, famous for its hot waters, called those of Hercules, Strabo, Plinyt Stephan us.
Aedes Sacra, Romans; the rtams for a stiucture appropriated to the vyor'lhip of some god, but uuaugUD 'rated, rated, or not consecrated by the augurs, A. Gelljus.
Aedessa, Ptolemy; or Edejsa, Justin, &c. a town of Macedonia, near Gordynia, it was the ancient residence of the kings, before Philip, the son of Amyntas, removed it to Pella, but continued to be the royal burying place; it was also called Aegae, or Aegaea. Acdijsaeus the epithet, Livy, E. Long. ii° 14', Lat. **" 18'.
Aedipsum See Aedepsum.
Ae;>pnia, Scylax; or Aedoms Insula, Ptolemy; an island on the coast of RJirmorica, o.er-against Paliurus.
Aedui, ( æl'ar, Ptolemy, Dio, Mela; Edui, Strabo, Plutarch; Hedui, Pliny; a people of Gnllia Celtica, in an alliance of an old standing with the Romans, Plutarch, Tacitus; of whom much and frequent mention is made. From inscriptions, the true writing is Aedui; situate between the Dubis and the Araris, Strabo; a powerful people, Cæsar. Supposed To have occupied the greater pait of the dukedom of Burgundy.
Aegades. See Aegates.
Aegae, a town of Aeolia, in Asia Minor,called Acgaeae by Herodotus, lying to the noith of Cyme. The inhabitants are called 'My*a~c, by Herodotus and Polybius; 'AiyiiTc by Xenophcn ; and Aegeatae by Tacitus
Aegae, a maritime town of Cilicia, called Aegaeae, Strabo; with a station or road for ships: whither Apollonius Tyanaeus went to study under Euxenes, the Pythagoiean, after having before studied at Tarsus. It is now extinct.
Aegae, a town of the island Fuboea, mentioned by Homer. HznzzAcgaeus a name of Neptune.
Aegae,or Aegaea,t\\e name of Aedessa, so called from the following adventure; Caranus, the fiistkingof Macedonia, beinsr; ordered by the oracle to seek out a scttlenv nt in Macedonia, under the conduct of a fl..»k of goars, surprised^ tlie town of Aedeli.i, during a thick fog and rainy weather, in following the go-its, that fled from the rain j which goats ever at'rer, in all his military expeditions, he caused al
ways to precede his standard; an in memory of this he called Aede fa Aegaea, and his people AegeaJai And hence probably, in the pro phet Daniel, the he-goat is th symbol of the king of Macedon.
Aegae, a town os Achaia Propria, si tuate on the river Crathis, men tioned by Homer.
Aegaea, a town of Mauretania Cat sariensis, Ptolemy, in other respeaEi unknown. Two other towns c this name are mentioned by Strabc the one near mount Amanus in Sy ria, and the other in the territor of Laconica.
Aegaeum Mare, now the Archipeh. go,i part of the Mediterranean,scpr rating Europe from Alia and Afric: washing on the one hand Greece an Macedonia, on the other, Caria an Ionia. The origin of the name greatly disputed. FeRus advano three opinions, one, that it is i called from the many islands thert in, at a distance appearing like I many goats: another, becao Aegaea, queen of the Amazons pt rilhed in it:'a third opinion is, b; cause Aegaeus, the father of Th< feus threw himself headlong into i Pliny is of opinion, that it was i called from a rock called Aex, J-i lembling a goat, that sudden! emerged out of the sea betwee Tenos and Chios: but Strabo suj pnscs it to be lo called from Aega a town of Euboea: others agaii from its boisterous swelling wave which the Dorians call 'Aiyjf, < goats, from their (kipping or frill nig. And there are others wh derive the name from the riv< Aegos Pot amos.
Aegagees, a mountain of Asia, .N cander.
Aegaleum, or Aegaleus, a mount a i of Messenia, Strabo. A mountai also of Attica, over-againstSalamii Herodot. Thucyd.
Aecara, a town of Lydia, Ptolemy otherwise unknown; unless it t Aegae, or Aegaeae of Aeolia.
Aegates, or Aegades, three illanc near Sicily, called also Aegusae, ovt. against the promontory of Lilyba: 11m; where the Romans, und< Lutatius Catnlus, put a period | the tii U Punic war.
Aigesta, a town of Sicily, the fame with Acesta. The inhabitants were called Aegrstaei, and Aer;eflani. Its ruins are to be seen near a village called Barbara, in the vale of Maura.
A1CESTAKA3 Aquae, hot baths, abont a mile to the north of Aegesta.
Aegestasum Emporium, Strabo; StgeflaiznruK. Emporium, Ptolemy; Ctuare on the sea Ihore, at the wooth of the Simois; now Cajlel a Mar, Cluverius.
Aegeta, a town of Moesia Superior, Antonine.
Aegiae, a hamlet ofLaconica, Pauianias; supposed to be the 'Avyitdi I.-itimc of Homer.
AlGfALEA, the first and original appellation of Peloponnesus, Apollodorus.
Aegialeus, Pliny; a mountain of Attica, written Aigaleos by Thucydides; situate on the right, as you go from Oenoe to Acharnae.
Aigiali, nun:, Strabo, Stephanus; the ancient name of Sicyon, which ■fee: so called from one of its ancient kings, Eusebius.
Asgialos, Strabo; a tract ofPaphlagonia, with a cognominal village, near the promontory Carambis, on the Euxine, mentioned by Homer; other copies, according to Strabo, read Cobialci. Another Argialcs, Stephanus ; a tract on the coalt, as the term denotes, lying between Sicyon and Buprafiuni, in Peloponnesus.
AtGida, Pliny; now Capo d*]ftria, the principal town in the north part of the territory of Iltria, situate in a little island, joined to the land by a bridge- In an inscription, Gruter, it is called Argidn Jnfula. E. Long. H* to, Lat. 4.5* 50. It was afterward* called Justimptlit, after the emperor Justinus. Reinesiui suspects tlie inscription as being an trcpofture
Atr.iLiA. or S.igyla,, an island between Peloponnesus and Crete, Stephanus, Mela, Diooyf. Perieg.
Aegilienses, Strabo; one of the Ashenian as.or boroughs, from Atrtiia, a borough of the tribe An tiochis, Stephanus.
Ai^ilips, Strabo; a town of Acaramit; a piace also in Epirus, Ho
rhir; it it corruptly written /UgU
Aegilium, said to be a vicious reading for Igilium, which fee.
Aegilodes, Pliny; a bay of Laconica.
Aecilos, the Greek name of the island Capraria, which see.
Aecimurus, Strabo; Aegimorus, Pliny; an island in the bay of Carthage, about thirty miles distant from that city, Livy; no* the Galetta: this island being; afterwards funk in the sea, two of its rocks remained above water, which were called Arae, and mentioned by Virgil, because the Romans and Carthagians entered into an agreement or league, to settle their mutual boundaries at these rocks.
Aegina, Strabo; now Engia,3n island in the Saronic Bay, or Bay of Engia, twenty miles distant from the Piraeeus, formerly vying with Athens for naval power, and at the sea-fight of Salamin disputing the palm of victory with the Athenians. It was the country and kingdom of Aeacus.who called it Aegina, from his mother's name, it being before called Oenopia, Ovid The inhabitants were called^/fi«/«r,and Aeginenses. The Athenians made a decree to cut off the thumbs of all such as were fit for sea service. The Greeks had a common temple in Aegina. The foil was gleby underneath, but rocky on the surface; yet yielding plenty of bailey. The Aeginetae applied tocommerce.and were the first who coined money, called tiSftiTt*a 'Ayna~o. Hence Aeginctkum aes, formerly in great repute. The inhabitants were called Myrm'tdones, or a nation of ants, from their great application to agriculture. ♦
Akgina, the name of a town of the island Aegina, situate in the southwelt part of it, Srtplianus.
Aeoinetes, a river of Paphlagoni.i, with a hamlet of the fame name, Stephanus. .
Aectnium, a town of Thessaly, tothe south-west of mount Pierius, Tliny; but S-rabo places it bordering on Stymphaea.
Aeoira, Polybius; a town of Achaia Propria, formerly called Hypere/Sa, D » situate fetuate on steep and inaccessible eminences, in that part of Peloponnesus, which is warned by the bay of Corinth, between Aegium and Sicyon j it facts Parnassus, and the places on the opposite more, and is distant seven stadia from the sea. The inhabitants were called Atgiratae, and also Aegaei, being a colony from Aegae. They had a dock, called also Aegira, from which to the town there were twelve stadia, Pausanias.
Aegira, the ancient name of the island Lesbos, Pliny.
Aeciroessa, a town ofAetolia, Herodotus.
Aegirum, a town of Lesoos, between Methymna and Mitylene, Strabo.
Aecirusa, or Aegijihena,a, or Aegisthena, orum, a city in the mountainous part of Megaris, next Boeotia, to the north-east, built by the
. Megarians, Pausanias. 'aecisus, or Argijfus, Aegypsus, or Aegyfus, a town of Moesia Inferior, Ovid; naturally strong, and recovered by the Romans from the Thracians, according to Ovid; aud hence Aegifos seems to be the true reading.
Aegithallus, Diodorus Siculus; a promontory and Citadel of Sicily, between Drepanum and the Emporium Aegistanum, afterwards callZed Acelhis; corruptly written Atgilharsos, in Ptolemy; situate near mount Eryx, and now called Capo
. di Santo Tcoiora, Cluverius.
Aegiti'um, Thucydides; a town of Aetclia, whose particular scite is uncertain; but distant from the sea about ten miles.
Aegium, Polybius; a town of Achaia Propria, five miles from the place where Helice stood, and famous for 'the council of the Acheans, which usually met there; uncertain whether from the dignity, or commodious situation of the place. It was also famous for the worship of 'Op*jp/iiec Zi«, Conventional Jupiter, and Of Panacheean Cera. The territory of Aegium was watered by two rivers, viz. the Fhoenix and Meganitas. rhe epithet is Aegienfis. Theie is a coin in the cabinet of the king of Prussia, with the inscription Ain, and the figure of a tortoise, whic h
is the-symbol of Peloponnesus, and1 leaves no doubt as to the plac* where it was struck. Aegones, Polybius i a people of the
Gallia Cispadana, towards Adria. Aegos Potamos, Aegos Flumen, Nepos; Alycs tSmitA, Diodorus Siculus, a river in the Thracian Chersonesus, falling with a south-east course into the Hellespont, to the north of" Sestos; also a town, station, or road for (hips, at its mouth j and yet it is doubted which it is of all these; where the Athenians, under Conon, through the fault of his collegue, Isocrates, received so fatal a blow from the Lacedemonians, under Lysander, in a sea engagement, as cost them their liberty and their all. Here, according t» Pliny, a large stone was (hewn of a burnt colour, which Anaxagoras the Clazomenian foretold was to fall from the fun.
Aeoosthena. See Aecirusa.
Aecusa, one of the islands of the Aerates, which fee.
Aegusa. See Aethusa.
Aegusæ, so called from Aegusa, one of the islands. See Aegates.
Aecvla. See Aegilia.
Aegypsus, or Aegyfus. See AeciSus.
Aegyptus, now Egypt, by some referred to Africa, by others to Asia, and by others again made an intermediate part, called Mizraim in Hebrew, dually, to express the two general divisions ofEgypt intoHigher and Lower. It lies to the south of Palestine, with Arabia on the east, the delarts of Barca, Lybis, Numidia, and the kingdom of Nubia to the west, and on the north it is bounded by the Mediterranean, on the south by Ethiopia. Its name Aegyptus is by some supposed to be from »U, terra, and Coptos, a principal town of theThebais. The ancients, according to Strabo, confined the name E%ypt, to the part! watered and overflowed by the Nilc on each side itsrbanks. It is divides into the Higher and Lower, con li dertd with respect to the course ol the Nile. Ptolemy divides it intc three pair*; namely, Delta, Heptanomis.and Thebais. Egypt vvas fa moui for its fertility, owing to th< overflowing of the Nile, Virgil, ant there therefore called thepublicgraharyos the world. According to Proclus, in Tirnzus, it sometimes rained in the lower Etjypt, near the sea, but not in the Higher. The Egyptians were remarkable for cunning and address, hence the proverb, Anui wxixftt f4i»«'«t 'Ai)itflii. They were also calWl 'Ax-^i", from their earning their bread as porters, and tOmBtftfn, from acts of the lowest drudgery, or works of mere labour and toil, for instance compiling dictionaries j and hence the proverbial faying, concerning troublesome and impertinent people, 'o t Jx ipm' «> »J* i«■n» "AiyjTTiC. The Egyptians, according to Curtius, were a vainglorious, fickle, and inconstant people, fond of innovations, and extremely seditious and passionate; which, Suetonius fays, made Caesar scrupulous of reducing Egypt to a province; lest a violent governor should give occasion to the native levity, and seditious disposition of the people to break out into act. They were, however, generally esteemed an ingenious and learned people.
Aegts, a town of Laconica, Stephan.
Aegysus. See Aecisus.
Azlana, Josephus; or Elana; Ada, Strabo; the more ancient name, the Ailalh, or Elath of Moses; a town of Arabia Petraea, situate on a bay of the Red Sea, called from it Adamites, Ptolemy; Elarrites, and ElanitU-us, Pliny; the inhabitants are called Atlanltde. •
Ailia Adriasa, the fame with Zama in Numidia, so called from a colony of Adrian; as appears from an inscription in Gruter.
Aelia Capitolina, or Capitolia,]eruialero, & called, because the emperor Adrian settled a colony there, calling it Aelia, after hi» own name, with a prohibition for Jews, but a permission for Christians to settle: he adorned it with many public buildings, and with a temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, as appears from tbe epithet. Jt was not built cm the »ery spot on which Jerusalem stood, but near it. E. Long. 34°, Lat.
Aim Pons, one of the fortresses near the wall or rampart, or, in the
words of the Notitia, through the line of the hither wall; built as is thought, by Adrian. Now Porteland, Camden, in Northumberland, between Newcastle and Morpeth. A£LiNUMPRÆTORiuM,appears,from coins found on the spot, to have stood near Adriani Forum, so called from Aelius, Adrian's first name. Aelius Pons, now ;/ Ponte S. Angeh, a stone bridge at Rome, over the Tyber, which leads to the Burgo and Vatican from the city, along Adrian's mole, built by the emperor Adrian. Aemathia SeeEMATHiA. Aemilia Fossa, a trench or cut between Parma and Placentia, made by Aemilius. Scaurus.which was navigable, executed to drain the marshes, Strabo. Aemilia Via, a road laid out by Aemilius Lepidus, to join the Flaminia, from Placentia ,to Ariminum, Livy; which in latter ages gave name to the circumjacent country. But Strabo fays, that it was carried on from Ariminum, where the Flaminia ended, to Bononia, and thence toAquileia. There is another Via Aemilia laid out by Aemilius Scaurus, which carries through Pisa: and Luna, to Sabata, and thence to Dertona, Strabo. Aemiliana Castra, Ptolemy; a town in Spain, near the springs of the Guadiana, in the south east of New Castile. Aemiliani Tropæum, a trophy raised of white stone by FabiusMaximus Aemilianus, after defeating th« Gauls, at the confluence of thelscre and Rhone,near the Ccvennes, Strabo.
Aemilius Pons, called Sublicius, because originally of wood, but afterwards of marble; a bridge across the Tyber at Rome, about six hundred feet from mount Palatine.
Aeminium, Pliny, Ptolemy; a town of Portugal, on the river Monda, now Mondego, supposed to be Coimbia. W. Long. 90 5', Lat. 4.00 16'.
Aemodae, Mela, Pliny; iflands on, the north side of Britain, seven in number.
Aemona, Pliny; a colony or town of the Upper Pannonia, supposed