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furnishing the world with slaves, Ocero, Horace. The Cappadocians paid a yearly tribute of fifteen bandied horses, and two thousand males to the Persians, Strabo. CapffJax, eii, Horace, Stepbanus; the gentilitious name. AKo the name of an obscure river, from which Cappadocia takes its name, Pliny. Cappadacus, and Cappadoca, at, are other gentilitious forms, Martial, Columella. The people were anciently called Syri, Herodotus, and Ltucojyrt, Strabo. On the extinction of the royal family, the Romans, in consideration of the ancient league and friendship subsisting between them, allowed them the enjoyment of their liberty; which they refused to accept of, alledging that they could not bear it, and therefore demanded a king; the Romans, in admiration of a people who spurned at liberty, permitted them to choole a king from among themselves. They were one cf the three bad Kappa's, the Cretans and Cilicians being the other two; which was afterwards applied to the three Cornelii, Sylla, Cinna, and Lentulus: of this country were Strabo and Pausanias. Cappara. See Capara. Capkaria, Pliny; an island twelve miles from the Balearis Major, or Majorca; dangerous for (hipping, id. Now Cabrera, to the south os, and not f3r from Majorca. Also one of the Insulae Fortunatae, abounding in large lizards, Pliny. A third of Italy, nearer Corsica, called also Caprafia,\'iiro; from its wild goats, id. and Aegiloi, by the Greeks, Pliny.
Caprasia, Peutinger; Cafra/iae, arum, Antonine; a town of the Bruttii, eight miles above the river Crathis.
C.APR Asi Ae, arum, Pliny ; one of the mouths of the Tadus, or Po, to the north of that called the Padusa, the southmost mouth.
Capreae, arum, an island in the Tuscan Sea, overagainlt Surrentum, Dio; belonging to the Neapolitans, but exchanged with Augustus for Pithecufa, and adorned with splendid buildings by that
prince, Strabo: afterwards the retreat of Tiberius, accessible at one small beach only, on every other "side surrounded with very steep rocks of a prodigious height, without a beach, Tacitus, Suetonins; where he continued seven years, till his death, Plutarch : the scene of his infamous debaucheries, Suetonius; forty miles in compass, Pliny. The ancient inhabitants were the Teleboae, Tacitus, Virgil; famous for its great number of quails, which resort thither twice a year: now Capri. E. Long. 140 Is', Lat. 40" 34.'. There stood a pharos on this island, which, a few days before the death of Tiberius, was overthrown by an earthquake, Suetonius.
Capreae PALUs,amarstialittle way out of the city of Rome, towards the sea, where Romulus is said to have disappeared in a whirlwind, Cicero, Livy, Ovid, Plutarch; though supposed to have been murdered by the senators for his tyranny.
Capri Portus, Mela; situate between the Strymon and mount Athos.
Capri A, Strabo; alargelake ofPamphylia; forty stadia from the river Celtrus..
Caprianus, Dlodorus Siculus; a mountain of Sicily, near Heraclea.
CapriLi A, Festus; the name of the district adjoining to the Capreae Palus.
CaPrus, Strabo; Caper, Pliny ; a river of Phrygia Major, falling into the Meander at Laodicea. Another Caprut of Assyria, Ptolemy, Polybius; running into the Tigris, between Ninus and Seleucia: a name imposed by the Greeks, from the cognominal river in Phrygia.
Capsa, Sallust; a large and strong town of Numidia, situate amid it vast desarts, waste, uncultivated, without water, and full of serpents: there Jugurtha kept his treasure, Strabo. Capstnfis the people, Sallust. Different from Ptolemy's Capfa, situate in Byzacium* Another Capsa, Ptolemy, Pliny; in Libya Interior, near the iprings of the Bagrada.
Capua, a very ancient city of Campania, Paterculus; the head or capita! of its district, and all the circumjacent towns; and thence the appellation, Strabo, Florus. But Livy from Capys, a general of the Samnitcs, who took it from the Tuscans: or, as he adds, which is nearer the truth, from Campus, or the champaign level country, confirmed by Pliny: so that the words of Florus and Strabo are a bare al luflon, not a genuine etymon. In the Punic war, because it received Hannibal within its walls, it was reduced to a prefectuce; but recovered its ancient rights in the consulate of Caesar, at the end of an hundred and fifty-two years, Paterculus. The plenty and agreeableness of the place made it the mistress of pleasure, Livy; fatal to Hannibal, id. Campanus, the gentilitious name, I.ivy; Capuanus, Greeks. Still called Capua, a cuy of Lavoro in Naples, on the Voltorno/ E. Long. 15* ii', Lat. 4.19 10'. Capua nus, or Campanus Ager, the territory of Capua, made tributary by the ancient Komans foi the exigencies of the state, Suetonius.
Caracates, Tacitus? a people of Belgica, next the Tribocci, and Vangiones. Some MSS. read Cae racates, and Ceracatts.
Caracca, Ptolemy; a town of the Carpetani, in the Hither Spain: Characmati, the people, Plutarch.
CaRAceN 1, or Caraaai. See SamNITES.
Caralis, is, Strabo, Mela; Carafes, sum, Livy; among the noblest and most ancient towns of Sardinia, and the capital thereof. Caraiitanus the epithet; as Caralitanum Protnontorium, Pliny; and Caraiitanus Sinus, Ptolemy. Now Cagliari, on a bay of the Mediterranean, in the south of the island. E. Long. 90 12', Lat. 39° 7'.
Carambis, Strabo, Pliny; a promontory of Paphlagonia, running out a vast way into the Euxine, and as it were dividing it into two seas 5 opposite to the Criu-Metopon, on the Sarmatic,or opposite side, which runs to meet it.
Caranitis, Strabo; a district of Armenia Major,' westward, towards Armenia Minor.
Carantokus. See Canentelus.
Car Anus, Strabo; Carnus, Artemidorus; Came, which last fee.
Caranusca, Peutinger; a town of Belgica, situate between the Mediomatrici and Treveri; for which; Cluverius reads $aranusca\ which he interprets Saarburg, in Lorrain.
Caratae, Ptolemy; a people of Sogdiana, a branch of the Sacae, situate along the river Jaxartes.
Carbania, Mela; a small island in the Sinus Pisanus, on the coast of Etruria.
Carbas, Vetruvius; the south-west wind.
Carbia, Antonine; a town on the west side of Sardinia, the Portus Coracodes. *
Carbonaria Fossa, Pliny; one of the mouths of the Po; now called Porto di Goro, Cluverius.
Carbrusa, Pliny; a desert island near the Cberlbnesus of Thrace.
Carcar, Jerome, Karkor, Judges; a town in the extremity of the tribe of Gad, or at the beginning of the Arabes Scenitae: at this place Gideon quelled the Midianites.
Carc A so,s»j;, CiesRr;Carcasum,P\\nyi Carcajfo, and Carcasto, lower writers; a town of Gallia Narbonensis,on theAtax. Still called Carcajsone, is Languedoc, on the Aude. E. Long. 2° 5', Lat. 45° 10'.
Carcathiocerta, capital of Sophene, a dill: ict of Armenia Major, situate towards the Tigris, Strabo, Pliny.
Carchemis. See Cercusium.
Carchesia, one of the Cyclades, otherwise called Amorgos, Stephanus.
Carchi, Polybius; a people of Media.
Carcina, Mela, Ptolemy; Carcinitis, Herodotus; a town of Sarmaiia Europaea, above the mouth of the Hypacarls: and on a bay, called Sinus Carcinites, Mela. Now Goijo di Kigropoli, on the weft of the Crimea.
Carcines, Pliny; a river of the Bruttii.
Carcinum, Mela; a town of th« Bruttii, on the Sinus Scylacensy near the Carcines: also a promontory of Maena Graecia, the longest in Italy, Pliny.
Carcoma, Ptolemy; a town of Mau
ret&nia Caesariensis, situate between the Promontorium Apollinis and Cartenna.
Carcuvium, Antonine; a town of the Hither Spain, situate between Emerita and Caeiaraugusta.
Ordaces, Polybius, Arrian; a people of Asia; but according to Strabo, Ncpos, a body of military men among the Persians, taking their name from plundering and violence, resembling the Cossacs and other irregular troops of the moderns. They were brought up io a hardy manner, to fit them for their course of life. 1
Cardalena, Pliny; a district of Arabia Felix.
Cardamene, Ptolemy; Cardamitie, Pliny; one of the islands in the Arabian Gulf, over-against Meroe.
Cardam Tla, Strabo; a town oFMessenia, situate on a steep rock, near Pharae; under the dominion of Agamemnon, Homer : Herodotus calls it a town of Laconics: Ptolemy places it among the inland towns.
Cardava, Pliny ; an inland town of the Sabaei, in Arabia Felix.
Caidi A, Herodotus, Demosthenes; 2a ancient town in the isthmus of the Chersonesus of Thrace, the country of Eumenes, Nepos; destroyed by Lysimachus, who built in room of it, Lyfimachia, Paufanias. Ctrdianus the gentilitious name, Nepos. The name Cardia is from the rtssmblance to a heart, Solinus.
Caedises Mondi, the four cardinal points of the world, north, south, east, weft, . Homer, Pliny, Ovid. Sometimes restrained to what the Greeks call Poles, two in number, north and south'.
Cardiuchii Montes, thesamewith the Gtrdyaei, which see.
Carduchi, Xenophon; a people on the Tigris, in the confines of Armenia and Assyria; a very warlike people, inhabiting the mountains, and refusing subjection to the kings of Media, against whom these last marched numerous armie*, which ill perilhed through the ruggedness of the cointry and inclemency of the sley.
Cauksej. See Cares, a town of Spain,
Carentiki, Pliny; a people of Iraly, neighbours to the Farentani.
Carborum Regio, Pliny; a district of the Hither India, situate on the Sinus Colchicus.
CAREruLA,Ptolemy; a town of Mauretania Caesariensis, situate between, the Promontorium Apollinis and Cartenna.
Cares, Pliny; a town of the Hither Spain, four leagues from Pompelon. Carenses, the people. Now Puente dt la Reyna, in Navarre.' W. Long. i° 40', Lat. 4.3° 5'.
Cares, the people. SeeCARiA.
Caresa, Pliny; an island in the Egean sea, over-against Attica.
Caresenia, Strabo; a small mountanous district of Mysia, adjoining; to Dardarya.
Caresus, Homer; a river of Mysia, warning Caresenia ; of which, Pliny^ says, there was no trace remaining in- his time. Also a town of the ifland Cea, Ptolemy.
Caretha, Pliny; the ancient name of Dionysia, an ijland near Lycia.
Caria, btrabo, Mela; a country of the Hither Asia; whose limits are" extended by some, while they are contracted by others; Mela, Pliny, extend the maritime Caria from Jasus and Halicarnaflus, to Calynda, and the borders of Lycia; Strabo admitting the first boundary ; in the, other towards Lycia, excluding the continent of the Rhodii, whose limits is the town Daedala. The inland Caria Ptolemy extends to the Meander and beyond. Car, Cariates, Cariatis, Carifa, and Caris, the gentilitious names, Stephanus; Cairo, Homer; Carius, the epithet, id. Caricus, Herodotus. In Cart periculum, -a proverbial faying on a thing exposed to danger, but of no great value. The Lares being the Swiss of those days, were hired and placed in the front of the battle, Cicero. Cum Care Cariffa, the behaviour of clowns. The Caret came originally from the islands to the continent, being formerly subject to Minos, and called Leleges: this the Cretins afiirm, and the Cares deny, making themselves Aborigine. They are of a common original with the Mysi arid Lydi, having a common temple, of a very ancient standing, at Melassa, a
town of Caria, called Jovii Carii Delubrum, Herodotus. Homer calls the Carians, barbarians in language.
Caria, Livy; Carii, Stephanus; a town of the Phrygia Pacatiana, furnamed HjJrela.
Caria, Mela, Arrian; a part of Thrace on the Euxine, the coun try round which was called Caiia in Thrace.
Cariata, Strabo; a town of the Bactriana, destroyed by Alexander,
* and where Calilthenes was seized and laid in chains.
Cariath, Joshua xviii. a town in the tribe of Benjamin.
Cariathaim. See Kiriathaim.
Cariath-arba. See Hebron.
Cariath-sepher. See Debir.
Caillae, Sil. Jralicus; Cerilli, Strabo; a town of the Bruttii, near the river Laus, next Lucania; which suffered much in the Punic war; but which was still extant in the time of the author of an ancient Itinerary.
Carinae, Virgil, Horace; the name of a street in Kome; 1b called, because at the head of the Via Sacra, Varro.
Caris, Stephsnus; a name of the island Cos. Also a town of Phrygia, id. the same with Caria.
Caris, or Carus, a river running through the Bituriges, in Celtic Gaul, with a north west course, into ohe Ligeris; more noted in the lower age: now called the Chtr.
Carisja, Pliny; a town of the Conventus Gaditanus, in the Farther Spain, on the Baetis.
Carihacum, Antonine; a town of Belgpca. Now Cre/sy, in Picardy; famous in later ages for the victory of Edward III. over the French. E. Long, z", Lat. 500 id.
Carissa, Ptolemy; a town of Galatia, situate 011 the Halys, above Claudiopolis.
Caristum, or Caryjlum, Livy; a town of Liguria, in the territory of the Statiellates: now extinct; unless its remains be the hamlet Carso, on the road from Genoa to Dei tona.
Carith. SeeCRiTH. Carman A, Ptolemy, Ammian; an inland town, aud* the metropolis, of
Carmania; situate northwards^near the limits of Carmania Deserta and Drangiana. Now Kerman. E.Long. j6° jo1, Lat. 300. 'Also the name of an island. Scccarminna. Carmana. Scccarminna. Carmania, a country of Asia, to the east of Persia, having Paithia to the north, Gedrosia to the east, to the south the Persian Gulf, or Sea in part, and in part the Indian; called the Carmanian Sea, As athemerus: distinguished into Larmar.ui Deserla, and Carmania Propria, the former lying tothe (outhor Parthia, and to the south of that, the Propria, quite to the sea, Pioleray, Agatbemerus. Its name is from the Syriac, Carma, signifying a vine, for which that country is famous, yielding clusters three feet long, Strabo. Carmami, or Carmani, Stephanus, the people. Now Kerman, or Carimania, a province of modern Persia. CarMel, Joshua, Samuel; a town in the Wilderness of Maon.on the west of the south extremity of the Dead Sea, in the tribe of Judah; where Nabal had a farm, and hence called the Carmelite: the town seated on a high mountain; ten miles to the south of Hebron, Jerome. » Carmelus, Joseph Us; a mountain in Galilee, on the Mediterranean, planted with olives and vines, Jerome. On it stood a cognominil town, formerly calfed Ecbatar.c, Pliny. Here Cambyses, king 01 Persia died; to whom the oraci< foretold, Ecbatana should be fatal which he understood of the Ecbata ma in Media, Herodotus. The va riety in settling its situation, wit! respect to the same place, is Owids to its great extent. Josephus fays it was an hundred and twenty sta dia, or fifteen miles to the south o Ptolemais. Carmentalis, Ovid, Virgil; one c the gates of Rome, built by Romu Jus, and called from Carnienta, mo ther of Evander 1 also SceUratt hecause at that the three hundra Fabii went out, who were slain b; the Veii, in the battle at the Cre mera, Dio Casfius. It stood to th left of the temple of Janus, Livy. Carminianensis-.saltus, a fort; beyond the Apenine, near Alerium slmost over-against L^ipia, in Ca-, labi is; there a town Hood, calie.l Cwrminianum, the name not altogether lost at this day; mentioned in theNotitia Imperil, together with a procurator of the privy purse, in Apulia aud Calabria, or the Saltus Carminianenjis. Whence it appears, fays Holstenius, that the place, with its territory, was formerly the private patrimony of the emperors.
Carminka, Ptolemy; Carmaiia, Srephanus; an island in the Indian Ocean; Ib called from the Carmar.i.
Carmylesius, Strabo; a small town of Lycia, lying in a deep valley or bottom, between mount Cragus to the east, and Anticragus to the west.
Carnk, Piiny, Stephanus; a town of Syria, on the borders of Phoenicia and Seleucis. Carnites, ac, the gentilitious name, Lycophron j the fame with Caranui, and Camus.
Ca Ski, Livy, Pliny; an Alpine people of the Transpadana, extending siom the Alpes Carnicae to the Adriatic, bounded on the west by the Tibventus, on the east by the Formio. The country now, called Carnida.
Cirnus, until, Livy, Ptolemy; Carsunlum, Pliny; a town ot Pannonia Superior, on the right or south side of the Danube, at the confluence of the Morava, to the ealt of Vienna. Now the village S. Ptircntl, Baudrand.
Carnutes, Livy, Caesar; Carmiti, Pliny; Carnutini, Plutarch; Caruutae, Ptolemy; a people of Gallia Celtica, extending from the Ligeris to the Sequana. Now the Chartrain.
CisKUTUM, See Autricum.
Carocotimum, Antonine; a town of Gallia Btlgica ; which Viy the distances of the Itinerary,is thought to be Have Jc Grace; a port-town of Normandy. E. Long. 17', Lat. ♦9° 3o'.
Carpasia, Strabo, Ptolemv; CarpaJam, Pliny; a town of Cyprus, situate on the north side, built by Pygmalion, Hellanicus; withapoit, Srrabo,
Carpates, at, Ptolemy; Alpes Dastttrxicac, Peutinger; a range of mountains, running out between
Poland, Hungary, and Transylvania; from these mountains, as from their ancient feat, the Carpi, of the lower age; Carpiani, Ptolemy; a Transistrian people,-are thought to take their name. Now called the Carpathian Mountains. Carpat,hium Mare, Horace, Ovid; the sea that washes the island Carpathus.
C-ARPATHUS, Pliny, Strabo, Homer; an island on the coait of Alia, two hunrired'stadia in compass, Strabo; an hundr ed in length, Scylax; its name is said to he from its situation on the coast of Caria; its distance from Rhodes to the south-west is an hundred stadia. Capati.ii, the inhabitants. Coin. Carpathium Mare, Horace; more famous than the island. Carpalhuts Leporem, denotes an inconsiderate action, that proves very hurtful; hares introduced into the island multiplied I'o salt as to destroy all the corn. Now called Scarpanta.
Carpella, Ptolemy; a promontory of Cat mania, at the mouth of the Sinus Periicus.
Carpentoracte, Piiny; a town of the Cavares, in GaiIia Narbonenfis. Now Carpentras, a-city of Avignon, in Provence. E. Long, j* 12', Lat. 44° 'o'.
Carpetani, Livy, Piiny; a people of the Hither Spain, on the Tagus, neighbours to the Arevaci 1 Carpetania, their country: whether the fame with the Carpejii of Livy is doi.btful.
Carpiani, Ptolemy; Carpi, lower age ; a branch of the Boltarnae, occupyinsr the Mons Cupatts; hence called Bastarnicat Alpes, which run out between Poland and Hungary.
Carpi?, Ptolemy, Ammian; a town of the Lower Pannonia, on the Danube, to the north of Aquincum, and twenty-one miles from Salva, 'Itinerary. C'upi, Nctitia; Siipi, Antonine.
Ca RPI5, Ptolemy ; Carpi, orum, Pliny; a town of Afiica Propria, to the north east of Tunis, and east of Carthage.
CARRA. Stephnniu; a river of Mesopotamia; which, whether "he same with, or another river running into the Chibo;*, on which Y - stood