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Calynda. SeeCAMNDA.

Calvpsus Insula, Pliny; an island in the Sinus Scylaceus, opposite to the Piomontorium Lacinium of the Bruttii, thought to be Homer's O gjg'a, Hefychius.

Cam Lodunum, a town of the Trinobantes, the first Roman colony in Britain, of veterans, under the emperor»Claudius, Coin, Inscription, Tacitus. From the Itineraries it appears to have stood where now Maiden stands. It continued to be an open place under the Romans; a place of pleasure rather than ftrenpUi; yet not unadorned with splendid works, as a theatre and a ttmple of Claudius : which the Britons considered as badges of slavery, and which gave rife to several seditions and commotions, Tacitus. It stands on a bay of the sea, at the mouth os the Chelmer, in the county of Essex; the modern name is curtailed from the ancient.

Camantium, Athenaeus; one of the seven cities of the Hither Asia, •which Cyrus gave to his friend Pitharchus.

Camara, a town of the island Crete, Camarcus, or Camarenfis the gentilitious name, Stephanus. Anciently called Laws, as appears by a table, or instrument of a league entered into between the cities Camara and Dius, discovered by Francesco Molini, a noble Venetian, when consul in Crete; and which is confirmed by Xenio, a writer on the affairs of Crete, quoted by Stephanus. Also a mart town of the Hither India, to- the north of the promontory Cory, Arrian.

Camaracum, the capital of the Nervii, a people of Gallia Belgica, Antonine, Peutinger; before whose time no mention was made of it. Now Cambray, capital of the Cambrefis, in Fiench Flanders. E. Long. 3° 15', Lat. 5o° 15'.

Camarina, Ptolemy, Pliny; a city of Sicily, built by the Syracusans, Thucydides, Strabo; on an eminence, on the lea, in the south of Sicily, to the west of the promontory Pachynum, between two rivers, the Hipparh and Qui a*. Of

so famous a city nothing ifo« t6* mains but its name, and ancienr walls, a mile and a half in compass, with the slight remains of houses: Now called Camarana. CamarincuiT Thucydides, the gentilitious name; Camarint, Suidas.

Camarina Palus, Virgil; a marsh or lake, near the city Camarina, and from which it took its name, Scholiast on Pindar. In a time of drought, the stench of tiie lake produced a.pestilence; upon which the inhabitants consulted the oracle, whether they should not quite drain it; the oracle dissuaded them: they notwithstanding drained it, and opened a way for their enemies to come and plunder their city: hence the proverb, AV miroeas Camarintm, that is, not to remove one evil to bring on a greater. Now Lago di Camarana, situate in a beautiful plain, under the very walls of Camarina, and of a triangular {ormr Cluverius.

Camarinum. See Camerinom.

Camars, tit, the ancient name of* Clusmm, Livy; which fee.

Cambericum, Ptolemy; the third mouth of the Ganges, reckoning from the west.

Cambes, Cambete, Antonine, Peutinger; a town of the Rauraci, in Belgica. Now Kems, in the territory of Basil.

Cambodunvm, Itinerary; a town of theBrigantes, in Britain; now in ruins, near Almonbury, in Yorkshire. Westchester, Talbot. Also a town of Vindelicia, on the Cambus: now Kempt en, in Suabia.

Gambolectri, Pliny; a people of Gallia Narbonensis, adjoining to the Pictones.

Camboritum, Antonine J a town of the Iceni, in Britain, Cami Vadum, as it were; almost in the spot where Cambridge,' a famous feat of the Muses, now stands.

Cambretonium, Antonine; a town of the Iceni, on the road from Venta Icenorum, or Norwich, to London: now thought to be Brittenham,fT^m the similitude of names.

Cambunii Montes, mountains of Thessaly. mentioned by Livy.

Cambus, a river of Vindelicia, falling into the llargus, now the Iltr.

Cambusum, Cxmbvsvm, Ptolemy; the first mouth of the Ganges, reckoning from the west. Cambysene, Strabo; a northern district of Armenia Major, bleak, and subject to great falls of snow; bordering on Iberia, and on a part of mount Caucasus; a rough and illwatered country, Strabo.Cambysks, Pliny; a river of Albania, which rising in mount Caucasus, falls into the Cyrus, and both together into the Caspian Sea. C*MtcHiA, Ptoiemy; a town of Albania, situate between the Albanus and Cyrus, near the Caspian Sea. Camelani, Pliny; a people, neighbours to those of Narnia and Nuccria, in Campania. Cam E Lid A E, Piiny; two islands on

the coast of Ionia. Camelitae, Strabo; a people on the borders of Mesopotamia, not far from the Euphrates; next neighbours to the Scenitae; whose inns are plentifully supplied with water, partly in cisterns, and partly by aqueducts. Camelobosci, Ptolemy; a people of Cat mania, situate on the borders of Periis, and called Sozotae. Camera, or Camere, Ovid; a spot of land, near the river Crathis, in Magnn Graecia. Cameria, Livy, Dionysiut Halicaraaslaeus; Camerium, Pliny; a town of the Sabines, near Collatia. CamERisiuM, Caesar, Cicero; Camarinum, Strabo, Ptolemy; a town of the Umbri. Camerinui, and Cavurs, tii, both the gentilitious name and the epithet, Cicero, Frontinus. Now Caneriao, a town of the March of Ancona. Camesene, or Camifine, a name of LaiiuiB, as old as the times of Janus; denoting the fame thing as Lai mm, i. e. hidden pr concealed. Camicus, DiodorusSiculus, Strabo; a river and cognominal town,in the territory of Agrigentum, between Agrigentum andHeraclea; the residence of Cocalus, who treacherously rnurderedMinos,Strabo; unrevenged by the Cretans, Herodotus. The citadel was built by Dedalus, on an inaccessible rock. The river is now called Fiume delle Cannt, and the town, S'uulania, in a rugged and na

rurally strong situation, Cluverius.

Camirus, one of the names of Hicrapytna, Stephanus; a town of Crete, which fee.

Camirus, Homer; a town of Rhodes, on the north west side, built by Tlepolemus, the son of Hercules, who joined in the expedition against Troy, Diodorus Siculus; by one of the Heliades named Camirui, Strabo.

Camisene, Strabo; Ccminfine, Ptolemy; a district of Parthia, lying towards Hyrcania; so called from the town Camifa

Cammunii. SeeCAMUNii.

Campanavia. See Via.

Campania, a territory of Italy, situate between Latiura to the north, Samnium to the east, the Picentini to the south, and the Tuscan Sea to the west; the most fruitful of countries, whose very hills are fertile, Strabo; the most beautiful spot on earth, Cicero, Florus: nothing milder than its climate, or more fruitful than its soil, enjoying a double spring; and in it Ceres and Bacchus seem to vie with each oother, Florus. Campamu, the epithet, Cicero. Now Terra di Lahore

Campanus Acer See Capua.

Campanus Pons, Horace, Pliny; a bridge which joined the river Savo with the Via Appia; not a day's journey for beasts of burden from Capua.

Campestria Moab, Moses; the plains of Moab, beyond Jordan; where the Israelites encamped, before the passage of the river Jordan.

Campi Canini, plains in the GriIbns, towards the Alpes Graiae, in going from Milan to Germany, Ammian. To the east of the Lacus Verbanus, or Lago Maggiore.

Campi Lapidei, Mela; plains between the mouths of the Rhone j the monument ofHercules's battles, id. Commonly called la Crau, Baudrand.

Campi Phlecraei. See PhlecRaei.

Campi Raudii, Pliny; plains along the east side of the river Sessites, which runs from the Alpes Graiae, and falls into the Po, from north X to to souths famous for a dreadful

slaughter of the Cimbri by Marius.

Campsa, Herodotus; a town near Pallene, a district in Macedonia, on the Sinus Tlienuaicus.

Campus Juncarius. See SpartaRius.

Campus Magnus. Sccmagnus.

Campus Martjus, a large field at Rome, along the "fiber, and therefore called Tilterinut t anciently, without the walls, but afterwards taken within them. Called Martins, because consecrated to Mai;?. The place of public exercises for all the young people of Rome; and of the public comitia, or assemblies of the people of Rome.

Campus PiORum, a spot at the foot os mount Aetna, in the territory of Catana, to the south-west; in which stood the statues.of two young men, who, in an eruption of mount Aetna, saved their aged parents, by carrying them on their moulders, Stiabo; elegantly described by Corn. Severus.

Campus Sceleratus, Ovid, DionysiusHalicarnaflaeus; a place without the walls of Rome; where a vestal, convicted of incontinence, was buried alive.

Campus Spartarius. See SparTarius.

Campus Thebes. SeeTHEBE.

Camuni, a people to the south of the Euganei; a people of Rhaetia, Strabo, Pliny j Cammurtii, Dio; an Alpine people: the tract on the river Ollius, now called Val Camonica, ■undoubtedly took its name from the Camuni, and there they dwelt.

Cana, Joshua; a river, running on the west border of Ephraim, from Thapua,, into the Mediterranean, below C'aesarea.

Cana, a town on the confines of the Upper and Lower Galilee: memorable for the turning water into wine, John. The birth place of Simeon, called Cananites from this place, and of Nathaniel.

Caha, Stiabo; Cana:t Livy; a promontory of Aeolia, in the Hitiier Asia, which hounds the Sinus Adramyttenus on the south, opposite to Eectuin, its northern boundary, Strabo. With a cognominal small

town at some distance from it: th« adjoining country was called Canaea, id.

Canaan. See PalAestin A.

Canaria, Ptolemy, Pliny; one of the Fortunate Island?; a proof that these were what are now called the Canaries i Caaaria, Ib called from the great number of large dogs; two of which wye brought to Juba, Pliny; abounding not only in birds, in common with the rest of

i the islands, but in groves of palmtrees, producing dat«, and in pineapples; in honey, "and the papyrus j and in rivers with sturgeon, id.

Canastraeum, Thucydides, Mela; a promontory on the weft side of the Sinus Toronaeus, in Macedonia.

Canatha, ae, Pliny; orum, Josephus; a town in the Decapolis, beyond Jordan, situate in the extremity of the tribe of Manafleh, eastward, near B<'(ra of Arabia.

Canoavia, Stiabo; a mountain, or rather a range of mountains of Macedonia, towards the Adriatic ; distant from Dyrrachium seventy-five miles, Pliny; separating Micedonia from lllyria, Lucan, Snabo, P|iny; mentioned by Cicero, Caesar, and Seneca, as rugged, and scarce passable desarts, and as bad as the Alps.

Can Oei, Pliny; a people of the Troglodytis, on the Arabian Gulf; called Ofhiophas^i.

Candidum Promontoriom, Pliny j a promontory of Africa Propria, runningout into theMe 'i'erranean, towards Sardinia,to the welt of Carthage.

Candyba, orum, Stephanus, Pliny j Condyba, Ptolemy; supposed a vicious reading; a famous town of Lycia, Pliny; to the eat of Podalia, and the springs of the Xani hus.

Cane, Ptolemy^; a mart and promontory of Arabia telix, near the island Dioi'coris

Cankntelus, Ptolemy; Carantonus, Ausonius; a river of Gaul, tn Aquitain; riling in the Lunosin, and , falling into the bay of B;cay, everagair.st Oleron. Now the Charente.

Canganorumpromontoriu M, Ptolemy; a promontory of Britain, in Wales. Now Lhtiit, Carnden; Gtgarth, Lbuyd.

Canci, Tacitus; Cangani, Ptblemy; a people of Britain, towards the Irish Sea, next to whom Tacitus places to the north the Brigantes.

Camkefates, Tacitus, Velleius; CMMuuuJalti, Inscription; a people inhabiting a part of the Insula BataTorum: the same in language, and equal in bravery with the Bitavi, but inferior in numbers, Ta-' citus.

Canikicampi. Scccampi.

Cannae, arum, Livy, Florus;a mean hamlet of Apulia, on the Adriatic, at the month of the Au fid us; raised cut of obscurity by the memorable defeat of the Romans; whither they were urged on by their untoward fate, Hannibal being encamped near it, and choosing his, ground so as to have the fun and wind in his back, Florus, Livyj famous for a battle and defeat, e- [ qual in fame to that of Allia, Livy. Caanenlii, the epithet; Canntnfi: (lades, pugna Livy. Now in ruins, and called Canna Diftrutta, Baudrand.

CaskAnefatks. See Caninefates.

Cakopici°m Ostium, Romans; or Caxcbicum, Greeks; the westmost mouth of the Nile, Herodotus, Strabo; named from Canopus, a town to the welt; and Heracleoticum, Strabo, Ptolemy; from Heracleum, a town ftill nearer, to the welt.

Casopos, Romans; or Cambus, Greeks; a town of the Lower Egypt on the Mediterianean, an hundred and twenty stadia, or fifteen miles to the east of Alexandria: as old as the war of Troy, Oanopus, or Canobus, Menelaus's steersman, being there buried, Strabo, Tacitus; CaKfaei, the gentiiitious name: famous for their luxury and debauchery, Strabo, Juvenal.

Cast^bria, Pliny, Livy; a district of Tarraconensis, on the Octanus Cantabricus, or Bay of Biscay: now Biscay. Cantaber, bri, the gentiiitious name. Famous for cheit warlike chaiacter, Horace. Cantabria, seems to denote, in the Celtic, the bead of the Iberus, near which the Cantabr-i dwelt. Cantabricus, Horace; the epithet.

Cautekius Moss, Varro; a mountain of the babines, in Latium.

Canthapis, Ptolemy; a town of Carmania, situate between the promontory Carpella, and the river Sarus.

Canthi Sinus, Ptolemy; a bay at the mouth of the Indus.

Cantium, Ptolemy; a promontory of Britain, literally denoting a headland, giving name to a territory called Cantium: now Kent, and to a people called Cantii, Caesar; commended for their great humanity, and politeness The promontory now the North Foreland.

Canuccis. SteGtINUCI.

CanUm Urbs. See Cynopolis,

Canusium, Mela; Canjfium, Strabo, Ptolemy; a town of Apulia, on the right or south fide of the Aufidus, to the west of Cannae, Pliny; not far from the Adriatic, Strabo : whither theRomans fled after the defeat sustained there, Livy. Canu/mus, the gentiiitious name, Livy, Horace. Famous for its red mining wool; whence those who wore clothes made of it were called Canufviati, Martial. The town built by Oiomedes, Strabo, Horace. Canufini, the people, were called Bilingues, id. because they understood both Greek and Latin, Scholiast; or rather because they uled a corrupt mixture os both, as the poet seems to hint. Now called Canosa.

Capara, Ptolemy, Inscription; Cappara, Antonine; a town of L^isitania; midway between the Tagus and Durius. Caparenses, Pliny ; the people.

Caparnaum, or Capernaum, Evangelists; a town of Galilee, situate on the west lidc of the sea of that, name, in the borders of Zabulon 'and Naphtha)i< taking its name probably from an adjoining spring, excellent for its waler, supposed to be a vt'tn fro'rrrlhc Nile, Jolephus.

Capatiana. See Phrycia Paca. Yian A.

Capena, Livy; a town of Etruria, situate on the Tiber,'between V'tii and that river. A municipium, Inscription: Capenates, turn, the gentiiitious name; Capenas, atij, Livy; the epithet; also Qapenus, Virgil.

Capena Porta, one of the gates of Rome; because through it lay the way to Capena: called also Appia, X i from C A

from Appius, the Censor i Triumphalls, from the procession in triumph passing under it; and Fontalis, from the aquaeducts, raised over it -. and hence called Madida, Juvenal. Caper. See Caprus. Capernaum. See Caparnaum. Caphareus, Herodotus, Pliny; a promontory of Euboea, running out to the south-east; dangerous for shipping, on account of its eddies, and concealed rocks, Virgil, Ovid, Propeithis. Also a cognominal town near it, Pliny. Cafhas, Ptolemy; a mountain of Libya Interior, to the ealt of the Sinus Hefperius. Caphtor, Moses; a town or district of Higher Egypt: and hence the people called Caphtorim, or Caphtoraei; Caphtor is an illand of Egypt, Ai Caphtor, Jeremiah; probably one of those in the Nile. Dr. Wells supposes it to be Lopta, which stood in a small island. Thence came the Caphtorim, or Caphtoraei, in Palestine; who, with the Philistines,conspired to extirpate the Hevaei; and whose name was swallowed up in that of the Philistines. Caphya, ae, Pausanias; Caphyae, arum, Polybius; a town of Arcadia, about three stadia from Orchomenus, Pausanias; in the number of the ruined towns, Strabo: Caphyatae, Pausanias; the people. CapillatiLigures. SeeLicuRiA C.\noMs Turris, Strabo; a kind of pharos, built on a rock, encom passed with the sea, on the river Baetis, in Spain. Capissene, Pliny; an eastern district of Paropamisus, in which stood the town Capissa, Pliny; Cap 'tfa, Ptolemy ; destroyed by Cyrus,which give. name to the district. Capitolias, ados, Ptolemy, Antonine, Coins; a town of the Gaulonitis Superior, not far horn Gaul on, on the other fide the Jordan. Capitolinus Clivus,the fame with

the Tarpeius, which see. Capitolium, a temple of Jupiter at Rome ; the epithet Capttolinus; built on the Mons Tarpeius; hence Ju filer Tarpeius, Juvenal. The grand est and most magnificent, Pliny; the seat of the Roman empire, and


common citadel of nation Begun in consequence o by Tarquiniu* Priscus, L ried on by Seivius Tull completed by Tarquinius Sup. bus, id. and consecrated by the consul Horatius Pulvillus, in the year of the city two hundred and fortyfour, Plutarch. Afterwards thrice burnt down, and thrice rebuilt; by Sylla, Vespasian, Tacitus; and Domitian, Suetonius; on the gilding of which Domitian laid out twelve thousand talents, Plutarch; about seventy-two thousand pounds sterling. It stood on an eminence, taking in four acres of ground : the front was adorned with three rows of pillars, the other sides with two, Dionysius Halicarnassaeus. The ascent was by a flight of an hundred steps, Tacitus. Incredibly rich, from the number of donations made at different times. Here the consuls, on the day of entering on their magistracy, the imperatores, or generals, when about to head their armies, offered sacrifices and vows, Livy; and again returning home with victory, were hither led in triumph, in great pomp, Virgil.

Capotes, Pliny; a mountain of Armen hi Major, where Licinius Mu cianus is said to have seen th< springs of the Euphrates: thou: others place them at mount Abus so different are the opinions con cerning them.

Cappadocia, a country of Asia Ci terior, or Peninsula, surnamed Pro pria,or Magna, or ad Tavrum, Stra bo; one of the Macedonian divi visions; the other was Pont ut, o Cappadocia Pontica. Its ancient stat is unknown, id. Nor is that undt the kings Ariobarzanes and Arche laus better known; only that it wa divided into ten prefectures; fiv nearer to.and five more remote fror mount Taurus; to which the Kg mans added an eleventh, out c Cilicia, Strabo. It had Pontus t the north, Cilicia to the south, t the east Armenia Minor and the Ei phrates, and to the west Pamphyii and Galatia. Famous for a 611 Isreed of horses, Solinus, Oppian and for mules, Homer; and fc furnish": n

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