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Gys, it is now an empty name; a demus, or village of Attica, not far from Marathon. Brauronitii, the epithet j and hence Diana was called Braarcnia, whose imaje Xerxes carried off in hit expedition against Greece, Pausanias. Bui, Stepbanus; a town of Thrace, to which the Athenians sent a colony.
BtECETlO, cms, Antonine, Notitia; a town of Upper Pannonia; supposed to be Gran, in Hungary. E. Long. i8° 40', Lat. 48* 14.'. JnEiiEnuM, Ptolemy; a town of Britain, not far from the Alaunus. Sow Eramftcn, in Cumberland, on the AW, Camden. Bremetomacum, Ptolemy; Bremeturscum, Notitia; a town of Britain: now Overburraugh, Camden, in Lancashire. Basnet, Strabo; Brcnni, Floras; ff/vsa/.Inscription,Horace; a people ot Rhaetia; called Breonei, in the lower age, Fortunatus. Brenda, used by the ancient poets, tor brevity's fake, instead of Bruni»f.VK, Festus. BtEtmj. See Brenci. Bientha, Stepbanus; a town of Arcadia; in ruins, Pausanias. Bvestheates, Pausanias; a river running by Brentha, and soon after falling into the Alpheus. Eieoxes. See Brenci. iitlASMA, Coin; Brettemia, Strabo, Ptolemy, Diodorus Siculus, Dio Cassms: thus the Greeks wrote Uritzon-.a, which see. EtiTEk*, Ptolemy; a town of Ve- ] cetia, Briatkum, Pliny: now Brigaccording to some, in the territory of Venice. BtETiNA, Ptolemy; a small town of insubria 1 now thought to be BarUjuw, a village in the territory os Milan} midway between the city of Muao and Como; memorable for toe martyrdom of St. Peter, BauwAad.
Shetolaeum, Ptolemy; a town of Lositania: now Bretulla, a village of Portugal, Moletius.
Buttakia. See Bretannia.
Ib*ettia, the name of the .country of the Bnittii, according to the Greeks. SeeBRUTTii. Buucomagus, Ptolemy j a town of
rise Tribocci, in Gallia Belgica t called Broccmagus, Peutinger; seven miles below Argentoratum: from which distance it is known to be Brumal, or Erumt, in the Lower Alsace: it is erroneously written Brotomagus, in Ammian. Breviodi/rus, Antonine; a town of Celtic Gaul, near the coast of the British Sea, between Juliobona and Neoinagus; probably where now stands Caen in Normandy, or near it, Baudrand. Breuni. See Brenci. Bria,-Strabo; in the ancient language of Thrace denotes a town. Briantica, Herodotus; a ri i strict of Thrace, near the river Liffus, formerly called Galaica. Brias, ados, Artemidorusj a town of Pisidia, of which nothing farther is known. Blue A, or Briga, a Celtic term, denoting, in the ancient language of Spain, a town, Rascndtus Antiquit. Lusitan. Bricinniae, Thucydides; a citadel in the territory of Aetna, but in what particular spot is now uncertain, Cluverius. Briga. SeeBRicA. Brjgaecum, or Brigecum, Ptolemy; a town of the Hither Spain, in the confines of the Assures. Some fay it is Bragu.-za in Portugal; other* Oviedo, in .-isturia. Brig Antes, Ta itus; a people of Britain, reaching 'from sea to sea, the whole breadth of the island, Ptolemy. Now Yarkjhirt, Lancajbire, Durham, Westmorland, and Cumberland^ Cam Jen. Also a people of Ireland, of uncertain position. Brigantia, Antonine; Brigantium, Strabo, Ptolemy, Peutinger; a town of Vindelicia 1 now bregen^c, in. Tyrol, at the east end of the lake of Constance. E. Long. 9^ 40% Lat. 470 10'. Another Brigantium in the Alpes Cottiac, Ptolemy, stinerary; which last leads us to Briancon, rftown on the borders of Dauphme. E. Long. 6* io', Lat. 44° 50». See Flavivm. Brkiantinus Lacus, a lake of Rhaetia, Pliny; because bordering on i'', at least on Vindtlicia, which Tacitus includes inKhaetia: according to Strabo, the Brigontii are i, X i'ltidelidh Pinielicii. Ammian calls the lake Brigantia. It takes its name, either from the Brigantii, the people inhabiting on it, or from the adjoining town, Brigantia, Pliny. Now the Lake of Constance, or BoJenzee.
Bricantinus PonTUS.Livy; a port of the Hither Spain; so called from FlaviumBrigantium. Now eiPuerto de la Corunna, Mariana: commonly the Groyne. W. Long. 90, Lat. 43° 10'.
Bricantium. See Brigantia.
Brige, Antonine 5 a town of Britain. Now Broughton in Hampshire, Camden.
Brigecum. S:e Bricaecum< Bricobanna, Itinerary; a town of Vindelicia, on the right or south side of the Danube; conjectured to be Beyern, Cluverius; a fortress in Suabia.
Brilessus, Thucydides, Pliny, Strabo 5 Brilettus, Theophrastus; a mountain of Attica.
Brisiacus Mons, Antonine; atown on the right or east side of the Rhine: now Brifae, situate on a round hill; a fortified town of Suabia, and distinguished by the name Old Brifae. E. Long. 70 15', Lat. 4S0 10'.
Brisoana, Ptolemy; Brizana, Arrian; a river of Persia, running from north to south into the Persian Gulf.
Britannia, Romans, Coins; Bretannia, Greeks; and Bretlania, Ptolemy, peculiarly remarkable for adhering, strictly,, in the names of places, to the pronunciation of the different countries. The original Celtic name is Brettan, signifying a high mountainous country. Pliny fays, its ancient name was Albion, but that Britannia, a name much of the fame meaning, became the prevalent appellation. One of the largest islands in this part of the world, Diodorus Siculus, Aristotle, Tacitus ; stretching, opposite to the coast of France, to the north: in figure triangular, much like Sicily, Caesar, Strabo, Diodorus Siculus, Mela, Tacitus: separate from the rest of the world, Catullus, Virgil, Horace. Britanni, Roman authors, Coins; taegentilitious name; Bret
taut, or Bretanni, Greeks: Brht, and Britto, are mostly of the lower age; though Juvenal has Brittones, 0 (hort; but Martial Jong ,Authors, who lived in the declining state of Latinity: Britannicus, Bretannicus, and Brettanicus, the epithet. Now the island of Great Britain; divided by the Romans into the Romanti and Barbara:; the limits of which were different at different times, according to the progress of their conquests: that part of the island subject to the Romans was divided into the Upper and Lower, Dio Caslius: the Upper was partly that which we call Wales, extending on the weli fide, from the Severn to Mersey river; but how far, or whether quite to the eastern side, does not appear: the Lower including York, the only place mentioned in this last division: Severus is supposed to be the author of this division, in whose time the limits had the greatest extent, the Barbarians being removed beyond the Clyde and Forth, Herodian; beyond which was the Britannia Barbara. The Romans, on introducing the arts into that part of Britain under their dominion, polished the inhabitants; and grubbing up the woods, with which the island was over-run from end to end, and in which the people lived like wild beasts, taught them the art of agriculture; that in a stiort time the country became at length one of the Roman granaries, Ammian. We have sometimes Britanniae, as in Catullus; but then Ireland is supposed to be included, called Britannia Minor; though it may be doubted, whether in Catullus's time the Romans had any, at least a distinct knowledge of it. The Britons were remarkable for painting their bodies with all manner of figures, by way of ornament; to (hew which to advantage, they went naked, Caesar, Herodian; to which the latter adds, that they wore iron ornaments round their waist and necks, in the fame manner as other barbarians wore gold. Briva Isarae, Itinerary; a town of Gallia Bclgica, on the river Ifa
fa, or Oyse. Now Ptmtoyst. E. Long. «• 6', Lat. 49» 5'
Brivates, Ptolemy; a port of Gallia Celtica. Now Brest, in Brittany, Scaliger. W. Long. 4° 16', lat. 48' 13'.
Briula, Strabo; a town of Lydia, on this side the Meander. Briullilae, Pliny; the gentilitious name.
Brixaba, Plutarch; a mountain near the Tanais, afterwards called Arietit From.
Biixellum, Ptolemy, Tacitus, Suetonius; a town ot Gallia Cispadana; a place fatal to Otho> having there dispatched himself, after his bad success at Bedriacum: a colony, Pliny: now Ber/ello, or Breselh, in the territory of Reggio,on the Po. E. Long. 110 5', Lat. 44°
Biixia, Livy, Pliny; a town of the Cenomani, in the Regio Transpadana: a colony, Pliny: now Brescia, capital ot the Brescian*. E. Long. io° 25, Lat. 450 30'. Brixantae, Ptolemy; Brixenies, Pliny; Inscription; the people who dwelt on the Atagis.
BtixiA, Pliny; a river of Elymais, falling into the Persian Gulf, and carrying with it much mud.
Buz Ac A, Ptolemy; a town of Armenia Major.
BtizANA. See Brisoana.
Biocomagus. See Breucomacus.
Btomscus, Thucydides; a town of Macedonia, situate above Chalcidice, on the lake Bolbe.
Biovoniacum, Antonine; a town of the Brigantes, in Britain: now Brougham, Camden, in WestmorUnd.
Bidcteri, Tacitus; a people of Germany, next the Tencteri, but expelled and entirely cut off by the Chamavi, and Angrivarii, who succeeded to them; this excision happened by the consent of the neighbouring people, either from a hatred of their pride, or from the sweets of plunder, id. It was however not ib general, but that in after times there were many of this name remaining* They seem to have dwelt between the lake Flevus and the Eins, beyond the Frisii, Tacitus. Strabo and Ptolemy di
vide them into Majores, who occupied the country about the head of the Lippe, and the Saltus Teutoburgicus; and the Minores, who occupied the country extending from the Rhine along the Lippe. Brundisium, Cicero, Caesar, Pliny, Silius Italicus ; Brundufium, Horace, Livy; Vniliaut, Strabo, Appian; Bftyina-iov, Polybius, Stephantis; Bjivitrin, Ptolemy; a town of Calabria, an excellent harbour, Strabo; the best in Italy, PJiny; having several basons or harbours, but one mouth or entrance, Strabo; affording a very commodious passage to Greece; something longer, indeed, than that from Hydrus, but more certain for Dyrrachium, Pliny: there was also a passage from it for the Montes Cerauni, but less frequented, Strabo: a very ancient town; afterwards a Roman colony, Livy: it has a promontory, Livy: the Via Appia ended at this town: some poets, for brevity, called it Brenda, Festus. Brundijini, the gentilitious name, Cicero; Brundifinus, the epithet, id. Now Brindiji, a port-town of the territory of Ot ranto, in Naples, at the entrancs of the Adriatic. E. Long. 188 45', Lat. 40" 40'. Brusdulus, a port on the Adriatic, at the mouth of the Athesis and Togisonus. Now Brondolo, a Venetian port, Baudrand. Brundvsium. See Brundisium. Bruttia Sila. See Sila. Bruttu, one of the two peninsula* of Italy, the ancient Calabria being the other; stretching to the south towards Sicily; bounded by the sea on every side, except by the isthmus, between the river Laus and theThurii, where it is terminated by Lucania; inhabited by the Bruttil, for whose country the ancient Romans had no peculiar name, calling both the people and the country indiscriminately Bruttii; Bfimoi, most Greek authors; BfAoi, Appian. Mela calls the country AgeT Bruttius; the ancient Greeks B^tTm, Polybius, Strabo; which the lower Latin writers imitated, by calling it Bruttia, Paulus Diaconus. This, and a part of Lucania, was the ancient Italia, Stephanus. It X a was
■Kii called BfiTu, which in Greek signifies pitch, from the great quantity of it produced there, Bochart. It it divided into two coasts by the Apennine; that on the Tuscan, and that on the Ionian Sea. Now called Calabria Ultra, different from the ancient Calabria, or Mejsapia, to the east on the Adriatic, or Ionian sea, and which formed the other peninsula, or heel of the leg. Now called Calabria Citra; the Brutiii, forming the foot.
Bryanium, Strabo; a town of the district of Dcuriopus, in Paeonia, of Macedonia.
Brvstacia, a town of the Bruttii, Stephanus. Now Umbriatica, in the Hither Calabria, of Naples. E. Long. 170 35', Lat. 59' 15'.
Bubacene, Curtius; a district of Asia, reduced by Polysperchon, under the power of Alexander.
Bub M.iA, or Budalia, Kutropius; a village or town of Pannonia Inferior, in the territory of Sir mi urn; the birth-place of the emperor Decius.
Bubasticus Fluvius, Ptolemy j the eastern branch of the Nile, in the Lower Egypt; so called from the city Bubaltus.
Bubastis, Herodotus 1 Mela; Bubaslus, Strabo, Polybius, Ptolemy; a town of the Lower Egypt, placed by Ptolemy about the middle of the Fluvius Bubasticus, or Bubastic branch of the Nile, on the east fide. Here Diana was worshipped under the appellation Bubastis, Herodotus, Ovid. Bubasticus, Ptolemy; and Bubastius, Giatius Cyneget. the epithet.
Bubastites Nomos, Straboj a division ot Egypt, lying on the east of the Fluvius Bubasticus, or Bubastic branch of the Nile.
Bubastus. See Bubastis.
Bubasus, a district and peninsula of Caria, whole women are called Bubastdes, Ovid 5 BubaQ'us, Pliny: where stood the town BybafTui, With a temple of Diana, Stephanos.
Bubiemum, Strabo; the Ajyal residence of Maroboduus, king cf the Maicomanni, in Bohemia; which some suppose to be Bud-.vcis, others Prague
Bubo, or Bubon, enis, Ptolemy, Pfirty*
Stephanus; a town ofLyci?, which with three other towns; viz. Cibyra, Balbura, and Oenande, bad a conventus juridicus, called Tetrafolis, Strabo^ Bubulcorum Oppidum, Jofephus j a little town of Lower Galilee, between Ptolemais and Caesarea, on the sea.
Buca, Strabo, Pliny; a town of the Ferentani, in Samnium, at the mouth of the Tifernus, on tbeAdriatic.
Bucina, or Bucinna, Pliny; one of theAegades; islands to the west of the promontory of Lilybaeum t the fame with the Phorbanlia of Ptolemy; names of the fame import; the one from Phorbas, and the other from £0/.
Bucinna, Tabula Itineraria; an island on the south of Sardinia 1 now la Vacca, Cluverius.
Bucephala, ac, Ptolemy, Diodorus Siculus; orum, Arrian; Bucephalus, Curtius, Arrian; a town built by Alexander, on the hither, or west fide of the Hydaspis, a river of the Hither India, in memory of his horse Bucephalus, which was killed in the action with Porus, after crossing that river. Others fay, this horse died of age, thirty years old: Plutarch, not in the battle, but some time after. His being branded or marked on the buttock with the head of an ox, gave rife to his name, Hefychius.
Bucephala, Pausanias; a promontory of Argolis, in Peloponnesus; situate between the Promontoritim Scyllaeum, and the town Hermione.
Bucephalus,Mela, Ptolemy,Pliny; a port of Argolis, towards the Isthmus of Corinth.
Buchaetium, Strabo; a town of Thesprotia, in Epirus, near the Sinus Ambracius, not far from the sea.
Bucolicum Ostium Nili, Herodotus; one of the mouths of the Nile; not a natural, but factitious one: but which mouth it is, does not appear.
Buck A, Ptolemy; a promontory of Sicily, running out a great way into the sea, on the south side of Sicily, Sicily, to the east of Camarina. Now Capo di Scalami, and di Scaram, or di Scarambri, and Scalambri, Cluverius.
Eudalia. See Bubalia.
Bn»EA, Stephanus; Budeon, Homer; a town of Magnesia in Thesialy i fcence Budea Minerva, had in honour by the Thcssalians, Lycophron.
Bcdinus, a mountain of Sarmatia Europaea, from which the more northern spring of the Borysthenes if laid to take its rife, Ptolemy. But this is contradicted by later accounts. See Borysthenes. Bitdbti, Herodotus; Bodani, Ptolemy; the people. Now Podolia.
Bcdorum, a citadel of' Salamine, Thucydides, Ephorus; called Budarum, Stephanus.
Budorus, Ptolemy; a river of Euboea.
Sudroae, Pliny; islands near Crete: now Turluru, Harduin.
Bvdua, Antonine; a town of Lusitania, on the road from Ulisipo, or Lisbon, to Merida. Now Nutstra Senara dt Botoa, Vaseoncellus; a village in Estremadura, on the borders of Portugal.
Ssces. See Bice.
Bulis, ids J, Pliny, Paufanlas j Bulia, Ptolemy; a town of Phocis, on the borders of Boeotia; situate on an eminence, in the inland parts. Mountains of difficult passage, and rough, tying between Anticyrae and Bulis. Pausanias Bulcnsei, Pliny; BuBdii, Pausanias; the gentilhious name.
Bulla. See Bulla Recia.
Bullaeum, Ptolemy; a town of the Silures. Now Buelth, Camden; a town in Wales, in Brecknockshire.
Bcllaminsa, Ptolemy; an inland town of the Zcugitana, in Africa Propria.
Brit, A Regia, Antonine, Peutinger, Pliny; Eullaria, Ptolemy; which some suppose to be corrupted from Pliny's Bulla Regia; who calls it a free town of Numidia, but others, a different town: called also simply Bulla, Augustine.
Bvllis, idoi, Caesar, Ptolemy; BylUs, Cicero, Stephanus; a maritime town of IUyria. Bullini, Livy; the
gentilitious name: Byttinus, Livyt Btdlidenfis, and Bulliditnfis, Pliny j the epithet.
Bulua. See Batua.
Bumadus, Arrian; a river of Aturia, between the Tigris and Lycus; on which Darius encamped before his last battle wi$h Alexander, at Gaugamela; about sixty stadia, or seven miles from Arbela: called also Bumtllut.
Bur A, Polybius, Strabo; a town of Achaia; swallowed up by an opening of the earth, in the three hundred and seventy-sixth year ot Rome, Orosius, Ovid, Seneca. Anot her Vura, Pliny; a town of Mesopotamia, on the river Pellaconta, which falls into the Euphrates.
Burca, Ptolemy; a river of Sarmatia Asiatica, falling from north to south into the Euxine, to the east of the Bolporus Cimmerius.
Burchania, Pliny; oneoftheEleo trides, iflands in the Sinus Codanus, or the Baltic. See AustraLia. The Romans also called it Fabaria, from a grain spontaneously produced there, resembling a bean.
Burdecala, or Burdigala, Strabo; a trading port town of Aquitania, situate on a lake of the sea, formed by the mouth of the Garumna. It was a famous feat of the Muses, as appears by Ausonius's book, entitled Profeflbres; and birth place of Ausonius: now Hourdeaux, capital of the Bourdelois, on the river Garonne. W. Long. 40', Lat. 440 S+'
Burginacium, Itinerary; atownof Gallia Belgica, five miles distant from the Colonia Trajana, or Kciferwaert. Now Waterburg, situate in the island formed by the Rhine, near the Vahalis.
Burcundiones, Pliny; a part or branch of the Vindih or Wandili: Cluverius places them about the Warta, a river of Poland: though the conjectures on the feat of these people are doubtful: and no wonder, because the Roman expeditions terminated at the Elbe. They afterwards removed to the Cisalbin, Germany, and at length to Celtic Gaul, and gave name to the duchy and county of Burgundy.