Obrazy na stronie

deliciajof Noricum, Caesar; on the
fight or east sidaofthe Aenus;now
Innfladt, in the east of Bavaria.where
the Inn falls into the Danube.


Boiorum Deserta, Strabo, Pliny; a district of Pannonia, so called from the excision of the Boii by the Getae, Strabo. Now the Wiener"juald, Lazius, of Lower Austria, towards Stiria, to the east of mount Cetius, or the Hahlenberg, and south of Vindobona, or Vienna.

Boium, one of the Doric Tetrapolis, Strabo; though TzetesonLycophron makes them fix towns in number. Also a town of Cyrenaica, Pliny.

Bola, ae, Virgil, Stephanus; a town of the Aequi, on this side the Anio. Bolae, urum, Diodorus Siculus, Livy; by this last called Volae. Pliny places it in Latium, but Livy makes it a town of the Aequi, not far from Lavicum. Bolani, Pliny; the gentilitious name ; but Volant, Livy: in Piiny'stime extinct.

Bolagasus, Coin; Vologefia, Ptolemy; Vologtfocerla, i. e. Vologesopolis, Pliny; a town of Babylonia, to the south west of Babylon, towards the river Maarsares, at the distance of eighteen miles Peutinger; built by Vologeses, or Vologesus, a king of the Parthlans, in Nero's and Vespasian's time, Tacitus.

Bolbe, Thucydides; a lake of Macedonia, above Chalcidice, which falls into the sea.

BoLBt'NE, Ptolemy; a distiict of Armenia Major, to the north west.

Bolbiticum. See Bolbitinum.

Bolbitine, $tephanus; a town of the lower Egypt. Now called Bel 'tin, Perms dc Vico.

Bolbitinum, Herodotus, Diodorus, Pliny, Strabo, Ptolemy; Bolbiticum, Strabo, Scylax ; the second mouth of the Nile, reckoning from west to east; so called from the townBolbitine. Now very small, and choaked up with sand, and called le Bras de Beltin, Baudrand.

Bolbulae, arum, Pliny; islands near Ephefus.

Bolentium", Ptolemy; a town of Pannonia Supei k>r. Now Racielfiurg, in Stiria, Cluvcrius. E. Long. i6° 16', Lat. 470 S'.

Bolerium. See Belerium,


Boline, Stephanus; a town of Achaia, near Patrae; whose inhabitants Augustus removed to Patrae, Paufanias; in whose time therefore it was extinct.

Bolinaeus, a river of Achaia, so called from the town Boline, Paufanias.

Bombus, a river of Cilicia, Pliny.

Bomi, hills of Aetolia, whose inhabitants were called Bomicnses, Stephanus.

Bomitae, Pliny; a town of mount Amanus, in Syria Antiochena.

Bo Mo, or Bohmo, Euboea, anciently so called, Helychius; signifying cattle in Arabic; which perfectly agrees with the appellation, Euboea, and A;;.--- »e, Aelian. That before the Trojan war it was famous for pasture and cattle, appears from the story of Autolycus; and therefore at the beginning of the Peloponnesian war, the Athenians sent their flocks and herds into Euboea, Thucydides : nor are we to wonder that the island was called by an Arabic name, seeing Strabo makes the Arabians, that came with Cadmus, its most ancient inhabitants, Bochart.

Bonae Fortunae Insula, an island in the Sinus Gaogeticus, or bay of Bengal, under the equator, Ptolemy, and E. Long. 75* 30'.

Bonconica. See Baucohica.

Bondincomacus. See Bodinco


Bon: Portus, Luke: a harbour in

the east of Crete, near Samonium. Bonianum, a town of Samnium,


Bonn A, Tacitus, Ptolemy, Antonine, Peutinger; one of the fifty citadels built by Drusus on the Rhine, Florus: supposed by some to be the same with the dra Ubiorum: Bonnenjis, the epithet, Tacitus: now Bonn, a town in the electorate of Cologne. E. Long. 70, Lat. 50"


Bononia,Peutinger; atownofGallia Belgica, supposed to be the fortus lecius of Caesar, and the Gefferiacum of Mela, and to have had three different names, Cluverius. Peutinger's map expressly calls Grforiacum, Bononia. Now Boulogne. £. Long. i° 30', Lat. 50'40'.

/ Bononia,

Iowomia, Livy, Pliny, Velleius Patcrculus; a town of Italy, in the Callia Cisoadana; a name probably given by the Gauls, there being a SoKonia in Gallia Belgica; its ancient name when in the hands of Tuscans, who were expelled by the tht Gauls, was Fe/Jina, Livy. In the year of the city five hundred and sixty-three, the Romans led a Latin colony thither, Livy, Paterculus; which, about the beginning of the Actiac war, was encreased by Augustus, Dio; and is the Cobaia Bsr.onitnjis of Tacitus. Now Bologna. capital of the Bolognese in Italy, £. Long, ii* 4.6', Lat. 44s 31'.

Bononia, Ptolemy, Ammian; a town of Pannonia Inferior.betweenMursa to the north-west, and Taurinum to the east : now Banmonfier, in Hungary. Another Bononia, Antonine; a town of Moelia Superior, on the Danube: now Bedon, in Bulgaria. E. Long. »3° 34.'. Lat. 45° 10'.

Sontobrice. See Baudobrica.

Boon, onis, a town and harbour of Pontus Arrian; on the Euxine.

Boo Seta, orum, Pausanias; a place in the city of Sparta j formerly the residence of king Polydorus, which being sold by his widow in exchange for oxen, was thus called: barter, in those early times, before the use of gold and silver, being the only method of purchase, Pausanias.

Jooscoete, Pliny; a town on the Hellespont, in Asia, afterwards called Germanicopolis.

Boosur A, Strabo; a town on the west fide of Cyprus;

Bo R A, Livy; a mountain to the south of mount Haemus, in Macedonia.

Boramma, Strabo; a den of'thieves and robbers, inhabiting Libanus.

BORBETOMAGUS, Ptolemy; Bcrbitomagus, Itinerary; corrupted in o ther Itineraries toBormitomagus, and liiil more to Rrolemagus; and Borgetcotajus, Peutinger; in the lower age, according to custom, called yangisaes, from the name of the people, the 0 short in Lucan: a city of the V'angiones, on the Rhine: now Worms, a city of Germany, on the welt tide of the Rhine, in the Palatinate. E. Long. 8° 5', Lat. 49* 3*'

Borchorum, Pliny; a town o~

the Balearis Major, or Majorca

Borcole, a town of Thrace, in the neighbourhood of Eumenia and Parthenopolis, Pliny

Borcovium, Notitia; a town of the Ottadini, in Britain: now Berwick, I amilen, on the Tweed, in Northumberland, on the borders. W. Long. 1* 50*, Lat. 56°.

Boreas, Vibius Sequester; a mountain in the west of Macedonia, hanging over Dyrrachium.

Boreas, the fame with what the Romans call Ayuilo, Pliny, Seneca; a north east wind, Virgil, Ovid.

Boreostoma, atis, Pliny; one of the mouths of the Danube.

Boreum, Ptolemy; a promontory of Cyrenaica, the boundary of the Syrtis Major. In Antonine there is .1 boreum, one hundred and thirtyfix miles to the west of Berenice,

1 which must be different from Ptolemy's, unless either author is under a mistake, which we are not to suppose. The author ot Ptolemy's maps, from the notion of the term, Boreum, which denotes north, was induced to place both Berenice and the Boreum northwards: but all the moderns delineate that part of the Mediterranean differently, accordto whom Boreum is to be placed in the middle and not northwards, on account of the eity Berenice, whose name is still remaining, and to the south of which Ptolemy places it. Cellaring is inclineei to think, that the name, if genuine, was imposed for another leason; namely, on account of the Syrtis, whose horn, as Pliny calls it, reached so far north, an J hence Ptolemy calls it the boundary of the Syrtis. Voflitis on Meia, reads Ef<»», because situate '£» B»j<»» Ai.-iaXai, a weedy shore. Anoth-.r Boreum, a promontory of Ireland, Ptolemy; in the north-west of Ulster, in the county of Donegal, now Cape Ennis, Speed; or St. Helen's H&zJ, more northerly, Ware. A third, Ptolemy; a promontory of Taprobane, to the north, opposite to the Promomonum Colligicum, or Cape Comorin.

Borius, a port of the island Tene

dos, Arrian. Bor.ma.njco, Pliny; a town of the Provincia, Provincia in Gaul, or Provence: Sanson supposes it to be Bormes, now a village between St. J ropez and Hieres.

Bormanum, Ptolemy; a small town of Dacia, of the Jaziges Metanastae, or Emigrant Sarmatae; not far from tbe river Tibiscus.

BORMiscus, .Stephanus; a district of Macedonia, where Euripides the poet was torn to death by dogs.



Borsippa, orum, Strabo; Porsippa,ae, Stephan us; Borfippus, i, Joseph us; a town of Babylonia, sacred to Diana and Apollo, where a great manufacture of flax was carried on; and which was the residence of a certain set of Chaldeans, thence called Borfippeni, distinct from the Orcheni, Strabo: supposed to be the Barfita of Ptolemy; as also the Hipparenum of Pliny, Harduin.

Bortina, Pliny; Burtina, Ptolemy; a town of Tarraconensis, to the west of Osca, and north of Caesaraugusta, towards the Pyrenees. Supposed to be Almuderar, Surita.

Borysthenes, the largest river of Samaria Europea; thus described by Mela: it runs through a cognominal people, is the most pleasant of all the rivets of Scythia, and calmer than all of them in its course, and very agreeable to drink: it feeds very rich pastures, and produces large fish, of the best flavour, and without bones: it comes a great way, rising from springs unknown; its course is a distance of forty days, and so far it is navigable: all this is verbally copied from Herodotus, who adds, it is the largest river, next the liter or Danube, the springs of which alone and of the Nile I do not know: Ptolemy however asiigns two springs at a great distance from each other, the north in mount Budinus, and the south, that from which probably another river running from the west, poms into the Borysthenes. Now called the Dnieper, or Nieper, rising in the heart of Muscovy, on the confines < f the duchies of Rescow and Smoknfko, provinces of Muscovy; beni ing its course southwards, it forms a great many islands, and


feeds several thickets in its course, which greatly encumber its navigation, and at length discharges itself into the Euxine between Oczacow and Sterlnicza. The Dnieper is not a very modern name, but contracted from the Danapris of the middle age, Anonymous Author of the Periplus of the Euxine. The inhabitants on the Borysthenes, near the Euxine, are called Borjfiheitidae, Pliny, Propertius; and Boryfihenitae, Herodotus, Mela.

Bos A, Pliny, Ptolemy; a town of Sardinia, on its west coast, about the middle, a little way from the mouth of the river Termus. Bofert/es, the gentilitious name, Pliny. Now called Buofa, Baudrand.

Bosecus. See Vogesus.

Bosor. See Bezer, and Bozra."

Bosor, a town of Gilead, i Maccab. v. different from Bosora, or Bezer; was a city of the Reubenites.

Bosora. See Bezer.

Bosphorium, the harbour of Byzantium, Stephanus.

Bosphorus. See Bosporus.

Bosporana Regio, for which there is no authority, only the name analogically formed from Bosporani, the people; the country on each fide the Bosporus Cimmerius; now the Straits of Coffa; part in Europe, namely, that to the west of the Streights ; and part in Asia, that to the east. Bosporani, the gentilitious name, Strabo, Ptolemy; which taken strictly, denotes those dwelling on the Bosporus; but in a larger sense/ the people as far as Colchis; especially those subject to the petty princes of Bosporus, and called Asiatic), distinct from the Euros aei, Strabo.

Bosporus, a city of the Taurica Cherfonesus, Stephanus, Eutropius; Pliny fays, some make it the fame with Panticapaeumi mentioned also by Strabo, without taking any notice of Bosporus: but Stephanus, Eutropius, and Procopius, make them two different cities, viz. Bosporus, at that extremity of the strait next the Euxine; the other towards the opposite extremity.

Bosporus Cimmerius, called Bosporus, because {ordable by a bullock, or heifer, Pliny; from the narrowness sarrowness of the strait; therefore ■ot Bosphorus; or because crossed cu r by lo in the shape of a heifer, Mythology: some confine this pasiage to the Bosporus Thracius; others esrend it to the Cimmcrius also: it was called Cimmerius from the town Casmerium, Pliny; inhabited by the Cimmerii, Dionysius Periegetes; descendants of Gomer; a strait separating the Taurica Chersonesus m Europe, from Sar.Datia in Asia, and joining the Palus Maeotis with the Euxine. Strabo. Now called the Strait of Caffa, from a town of that name situate on it. . Bosporus tdjsms, Ot Thracius, a strait lb calllot because Mysia lies on the east, »nd Thrace on the west of it; and Arrian makes Myfius the older appellation: Herodotu3 calls it Bosporus CkakteUniat, and reckons it four stadia, or half a mile broad, others make it broader; it joins bin south to north the Propontis with the Euxine, Strabo. Now called the Strait of Constantinople.

Bcstra, arum, or ac, Stephanus; a •own of Arabia Petraea, twenty-five miles distant from Adraa, to the south-east, id. It was reckoned one of the greatest cities in Arabia, Aramian; was much adorned by Trajan in his expedition to Arabia, and called Trajana Bostra, Coins; also Colonia Bostra, under Alexander Severus, Coins; and Cohnia Metropolis Bostra, under the emperor Philip, a native of this place, Zonaras, Auielius Victor. Bestremus, and Bostraeus, Stephanus; the gentilitious names.

Bothsum. See Betonjm.

Bothodus, Martial; a grove and town of the Celtiberi, in Tarraconensis, not far from Segobriga; the town destroyed by Tiberius Gracchus, Polybius; afterwards a village.

Bot»yj, Ptolemy, Pliny; erroneously Bostra in Strabo; a town of Phoecicia, on the Mediterranean, built by Saturn, Pbilo Biblius; a proof at least of antiquity. Botrus, Peutinger; twelve miles to the north cf Byblus, and twenty to the south ofTripolis; now almost in ruins, and called Boteron, or Botrun, Postdlus. E. Long. 37' 3W1, Lat. 34.° 6'.

Bottiaea, Livy, Thucydides; Bcttiaeis, Herodotus; a (mall district of Macedonia, between the mouths of the Axius and Ludias, which to the weft fall into the Sinus Ther

1 maicus.

Bottiaei, Aristotle; a people from Crete, originally Athenians, who first settled in Japygia, afterwards removing to Thrace.

Bouconia, Antcnine; a town between Borbetomagus and Moguntia.

Bovenna, Peutinger; an istand to the south of Sardinia; now called la Vacca.

BoviANUM.Livy ; capital of the Samnites Pentri; situate at the foot of the Apennine, near the springs of the Tifernus: afterwards rnade x colony, and that double, the one called Vetus; the other furnamed from the Unikcumani, Pliny, FronJinus. Bovian'nts, the epithet, Sil. Italicus: now Boiano, a little town of the Molife, in Naples. E. Long. 150 zo', Lat. 410 10'.

Boviasmum, Strabo; the palace of Maroboduus, king of the Marcomanni, in Bohemia; which Cluverius would choose to read Boiaemum, did the copies permit.

Bovillae, Tacitus, Suetonius; a town of Latium, near mount Albanus: Velleius fays, Milo was killed about Bovittae; Cicero; at the foot of mount Aibanus; ten miles from Rome, Peutinger; to the south-west, and therefore called Sw burbanus, Ovid, Propertius.

Bovts Aula, Strabo; a place in the istand Euboea.

Bovis Aurae Fanum, Jofephus; the temple of the idol set up by Jeroboam, in Dan, in the land of Galilee; below which ran the Jordan called the Less, Jofephus.

Bovium, Itinerary ; a town of the Silures, in Britain; fifteen miles to the south of lfca Silurum, or Caer-leon,in Monmouthstiire; now called Cambridge. Baudrand, Bangor, in Carnarvonshire.

Bovo. See Boa.

Boum, Ptolemy; a town in Ethiopia beyond Egypt, on the west side of the Nile.

Boum Solis Stabula, the territory of Mylae, so called; a peninsula on

the the east coast of Sicily, to the north of Syracuse; remaikable for its fertility and rich pastures, Theophraftus: and hence arose the table of the oxen of the Sun feeding there, Scholiast on Apoilonius: Piiny and Seneca fay, that fo/nething like dung is thrown out on the coast of Mylae, and Meslana; which guve j-ne to the fable, of the oxen of the Sun being stalled there: and at this day the inhabitants affirm the fame thing, - luvetius. Bouta, Ptolemy; a town of Libya Interior, on the west of mount Girgiris, and towards the springs of the Cinyphus. Boziata, Ptolemy ; a town in the

inland part* of Albania. BozRA, Eazra, JSosra, or Bosor, a town of Arabia Petraea, in that part called Edom and Idumaea, in Scripture, Amos, Isaiah ; denoting a fortress. Brabasthenes, Livy J a mountain

ten miles from Sparta. Bracara, Inscriptions; in one it is Braccara; often Fracara Augufla, or in one word tracaraugufta. Inscriptions, Pliny; a town of the Tarraconensis, or Hither Spain: it had aconventus juridicus,or aflizes, [ Pliny, Bracares, or Bracari, the gentilitious name, id. Now Braga, B town of Portugal, on the river Cavado, in the province of Entre Minhoy Duero. W. Long. 8° 40', Lat. 410 20'. BftACAR.ll Callaici. Sec Callae


Braccata. SeeGALLiA. Brachea, Stephanus; the Red Sea

so called, from the many (hoals in


Brachme, Ptolemy, a town of the Bramins, in the Hither India. The gentilitious namt,'Erachmanes, from Brachman, singular, Strabo; Brack mai.ae, Pliny; Brachmani, Ptolemy. Called by the Greeks, Gymtioj'offiistae; from their going naked, and enduring all weathers. A set of wild enthusiasts rather than philosophers.

Brachy scil.AchillesTatius; a people throwing a shorter shadow, in proportion to the sun's less distance from the zenith.

Brad An us, Antoninc; a river of


Magna Graecia, separating Apuli*| from Lucania, and falling with *| louth-east course into the bay of Tarentum. Now called it I'radano, in the Bafilicata of Naples: it riles in the Apenine, between Venusia and Potentia. Bramma, Ptolemy; a town of die

Sinae, or Siamese. Branchioarcm Oraculum, an oracle oi Apollo, in the territory of Miletus, lo called from the family of the priests. The temple being burnt by Xerxes, the Milesians built a very large one, whose compass equalled that of a village, Strabo: In Mela's time the oracle was called the oracle of Didymens Apollo, from his being a twin-brother; at the distance of twenty stadia from the sea, Pliny. Hrannodunum, Notitiae; with a garrison of the Equites Dalmatae; a* town of Britain, on the Sinus Metaris: now Brancrjfer, in Norfolk, on the Washes, Camden. Branogenium, Ptolemy; Branonium, Antonine; a town of the Coritani, a people in the heart of Britain t from the distances of the Itinerary, Camden supposes it to be Worcester. Br Asia, a town of Attica, less known than the Bra/ia, or Brasiae, of Laconica; which last, Pausanias fays, was so called from a jetson of an ark or chest, which contained Semele, and her son Bacchus; committed to the sea by Cadmus. This story, Pausanias observes, is not adopted by the other Greeks; but adds, that any thing thrown out on the shore, is still said, 'fxCiC;aV9ai. Brattia, an island on the coast of Illyricum, commended for its goats, Pliny. Now la Brazza, or Braffa, on the coast of Dalmatia, in the Adtiatic.

Bratuspantium, Caesar; supposed to be the fame with Ptolemy's Caefaromagus; the former being the ancient Gaulish name, and the latter given it by Caesar or Augustus: in the lower age, called Civitat Belhvacorum, and at length corrupted to Beauvais, its modern name; a city of the Hie of France. E. Long. 2° 10', Lat. 4.90 30*.

Brauron, onis, Strabo, Statius, Pausanias; Braurouia, at, Mela; who


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