Obrazy na stronie

■uncertain, according to Cluverius, as there are now no traces remaining of it.

Acriphia. See Acræphia.

Acrisione, a town of Peloponnesus, near Argot, Strabo. Hence the epithet Acrisnnerus, Virgil.

Ac Rita, or Acritas, a promontory • of Bithynia, near the Bosphorus Thracius, Strabo. Now i/ Capo Acrid, not far from Chaicedon

Acritas,'a promontory of Messenia, near Methone, Ptolemy; running into the sea, and forming the beginning of the bay of Meflene. Now called Capo di Gallo, between Methone to the west, and Corone to the east, where the Sinus Coronseui begins.

Acroathoum, or Acrothoum, a town situate on the top of mount Athos, where the inhabitants, according to Mela, were longer lived, by half than in any other country: called by the modern Greeks, *a>.io» ?£«, by the Italians, la Cima di Monte Santo.

Acrocfraunia, Ot Monies Ceraunii, mountains running out into the sea; so called from their being often thunder struck; separating the Ionian sea from the Adriatic; where Illyria ends and Epirus begias, Horace. Now called Monti deila Chimera.

Acroceraunivm, a promontory of Epirus. So called becaule near the Montes Ceraunii, Ovid.

Acrocorjnthus, a high and steep hill, hanging over the city of (.0iinth, which was taken within the walls, as ah acropolis, or citadel. On its top stood a temple of Venus, and lower down, issued the fountain Pyrene, yielding not a plentiful, but a clear stream of water, Pliny.

Acrolissus, Strabo; a citadel on a hill, hanging over Lissus, a town of Macedonia, on the borders of Illyria, between Epidaurus and Aulpna, at the mouth cf the Drilo; not jo'ned to, but at lbme dillance from, the town.

Acronius Lac Us, Mfia; a smaller lake formed by the Rhine, loon after its use out of the Alp«, and as ter oalfihtj the greater lake at Constance, oiled Vtnetus, and now the Bodets.ee, or lake of Conitance.

Acropolis, the citadel, and one of

the divisions of Athens; called Po~ Us, because constituting the first and original city; and the upper Polis, to distinguith it from the lower, which was afterwards built round it in a large, open plain; the Acropolis standing on a rock or eminence 111 the heart of this plain; and hence its name, Pausanias. To the north it had a wall, built by the Pelasgi, and therefore called Petafgic: and to the south a wall, by Cynion, the son of Miltudes, out of the Persian spoils; many ages after the building of the north wall, Plutarch. It had nine gates, and was therefore called Enmapylen; yet but one principal gate or entrance, the ascent to which was*by a flight of steps of white marble, built by Pericles with great magnificence, Plutarch.

Acrotadus, an island in the Persian Gulf, Pliny.

Acrothoum. See Acroathoum.

Acta, a place near mount Athos, on the Egean le;i, Thucydides.

Actæa. See AcTt.

Actania, an island, according to Pliny, in the North Sea. It lies to the nest of Holstein and Ditmaxsch, not far from the moui h of the Eyder and Elbe, and now called Heyl.'gland

Acte, Aclaa, or Atthis, ancient names of Attica: Pliny extends it to the isthmus of Corinth, so as to include Megaris. Others make this last a distinct district, because Meg3ra was always the rival and enemy of the Athenians. If so, then Attica was bounded on the west by Megara, on the north by Bceotia, separated from it by high mountains, thro' which there was a difficult passage, on the south by the Saronic bay, with the Egean sea on the east. It was called A3t from its maritime situation, hence Aliica and Attica, and the epithets AUteus and Aitttus, Ovid. Hence also' Affias for Atht-. nienfis, Virgil.

Actium, a town, in itself inconsiderable, situate on the coast of Acar? nania, famous for a temple of Apollo, a safe harbour, and anadjoii.ing promon ory of the fame name,' in the mouth the Sinus Ambracius, over against Nico polls, on the other of the bay: but afterwards became more famous on account of Augustus* victory over Antony and Cleopatra, and for quinquennial games instituted there, called Aflia, or Liuh ABiaci. Hence the epithet, A&ius, given to Apollo, Virgil. Affutcatcra, a computation of time from the battle of Actium. The promontory is now called Capo Ji fig Alt

Acoie, a fountain or lake in the territory of Syrtis, frum which rites a river that pours from the ealt into the Cinyphus, Ptolemy.


AcHk, a town of Alij, in India intra Gangein, Ptolemy.

Acwsio Colonia, now Ancone, according to . Holstenius, between Orange and Valence, near Monieiimart, on the banks of the Rhone.

Acbtje Insulæ. illr.nds near the Echina<."es. Straho.

Acwtia, a town of Iberia, Stephan. 1 he inhabitants Acutiar.i.

Acyliha, a town of Illyria, Stephan. Tfie inhabitants Acylinæi.

Actfhas, a town of the Tetrapolis Donca, Stephan.

AcrTTUs, an island near Cydomia of Ciete, Stephan.

Asacaka, or Idacara, a town of Arabia Dcserra,on the Persian Dull", Ptolemy.

Ar»ACHA, a town of the Pahnyrene in Syria, Ptolemy.

Aoada, Ptoiemy, or Adadata, Stra bo j a town of Pilidia. Another of the Palmyr ene in Syria, Ptolemy.

A94DREMMON, a town n-ar Jezreel, A valley of Samaria, Zechariah.

Ainu, ur AJom, a town in the Penea, or on the other side the Jordan, orer-against Jericho, where the Jordan began to be dried up, on the paslage of the Lraelites,

. Joftua.

Aoama, or Adman, one of the towns that were involved in the deltrucrion Ofschjoio, Moses.

Adamas, a river of India, next the Ganges, falling into the bay of Bengal, Ptolemy.

Ada Ha, tru/a, Pliny; a town of Cibeia, to the call of which runs the navigable river Sarus, from the mountains of Armenia.' A city neighbouring and always at van

a nee with Tarsus, Dio Cafliuj.' Adani, arum, two islands near Arabia Felix, in the Arabian Gulf, Ptolemy.

Ad ANSAMf a town of Britain, Antonine. Ithancester, in Eflex, Camden.

Ad Ac£uas, a town of Mcesia Superior, next below Trajan's bridge on the Danube, Antonine. Another in Dacia, fourteen miles to the east of Sarmizægethufa, the metropolis, Peutinger.

Adak. See Ad R. A A.

Adaristus, a town of Macedonia, Ptolemy.

Ad Caballos, Antonine, now Bagna<a<vallo, in the duchy of Ferrara.

Ad Calem, Peutinger, or Calient, Antonine; now Cagti, in the duchy, and to the south-east of the city of Urbino, where the rivulet Baoso runs into the Cantiano, not far from the Apennine. £. Long. 14." 16', Lat. 4.3* 15'.

Ad Casas Cæsarian As, Antonine; now Caffano, a hamlet in the duchy, and seventeen miles to the northeast of the city of Milan, on the Adda. E. Long. io° 12', Lat. 4j».

Ad Centesimum, Antonine;a place at that distance from Rome towards Adiia.

Ad Centuriones, Antonine; a town near the Pyrenees; the fame with Beutinger's Ad Ccntenarium, in the county of Rouislillon, between Collioure to the north, and Rhodes to the south. Now Cer-vera.

Aodæa, a town of Mesopotamia, Ptolemy.

Ad Dianam, a town of Numidia, Ptolemy.

Addida, or Adida, a town of Judea, situate on a mountain, not far from Jerusalem, Joseph us.

Ad Duos Pontes, Antonine; a place of the Hither Spain, lying between Bracara and Alturica.

Addua, Adua, or Abdua, now Adda, a river rising in the south-east of the country of the Grisons, near the confines of Tyrol, out of mount Braulio, in the Alps, and running through the Val Tellina, and the lake Como, and separating in part the duchy of Milan from the territory of the Venetians, it falls into

the Po. about six miles to the west 9 * os Cremona, yielding a good sort of fish, Pliny; and called AJuas by Strabo.

Ad Dr A Con Es, Antonine; a place of Mauretania Cæsariensis. Another in Armenia Major.

Addyma, an inland town of Mauretania Cæsariensis, Ptolemy. Now Ted Vein, according to some.

Adeba, a town of the Illercaones in Spain, Ptolemy. Where now is supposed to stand Amposta, a hamlet, at the mouth of the Ebro, in Catalonia. By others thought to be Adtbra, to the north of Dertqsa, or Tortosa, as it is now called.

Aoedi, a village of Arabia Felix, without the mouth of the Red Sea, Ptolemy.

Adelocum, Peutinger; -which Camden supposes to be the true reading for Agehcum, Antonine; because he thinks it answers to the village called Udletan.

Ar> EN5EM, Peutinger; a town of Umbria, farther south than Cagli, near the Apennine.

Ader. See Eder.

Adercon, a district of Iberia, bordering on Armenia Major, Stephamts.

Adesa, a river of Lycia, running by Choma, Pliny; an inland town, now called Com.

Ad Fines, Antonine; a town of Swilserland, supposed to be the modern P/In, in the north os the district of Turgow, on the rivulet Thur, not far from the borders of Suabia, about half way between Constance and Frauenfeld. So called, because when Cecinna, general of the emperor Vitellius, with the auxiliary Rhetians, defeated the Helvetii, the former extended their borders thus far, their territory ending here; and, in the time of the Romans, was the last town in this quarter, and of some repute.

Ad Fratjles, a place in Mauretania Cæsariensis, Antonine.

Adgallinas. See Veiantanum.

An Herculem, Antonine ; a Roman camp, in the Lower Pannonia, between Salva and Carpis on the Danube, near Buda.

Ani Aba, or Adiabas, a river of Assyria, Ammian. Called K*«pe by the Greeks.

Adiabehe, Strabo; a district of Assyria, so called from the river Adiaba; Adiabeni, the people.

Adiada. SeeADDiDA.

Adienvm, a river of Colchis, Arrian.

Ad Intercisa, Scil. Saxa, Peutinger; a town in Umbria, nine miles to the north of Ad Callera, or Cagli.

Adisathros, a mountain in India intra Gangem, nearer to the Indus. The people are called Adisathri, Ptolemy.

Ad Labores,Peutinger; in Pannonia Inferior, supposed to be so called from the bloody battle fought there between Constantine and Liciniut.

Ad Lafidem, Antonine; a place in Britain; now Stontham, Camden.

Ad.lipfos, Antonine; a place in Hispania Bxtica, between Salamanca and Merida. I Ad Lullia, Itineraries; now Ar1 goullcs, in Picardy, according to Cluverius.

An Malum, a town of Liburnia, Antonine.

Ad Marcium, Livy; a place not far from Lanuvium.

An Martis, a place in Italy,between Narnia and Mevania, Antonine. Also another between Segusium and Brigantio in the Alps.

Ad Mauros, Noritia ; a village of Noricum. Now Maitr Kirchen, in Austria, Lizius.

Ad Medera, a colony of Numidia, Itinerary.

An Morum, a place in Spain, between Acci and Carthago Sjpartaria, or Nova, Antonine.

Ad Muros, Antonine j a town oj Lower Pannonia, on the banks of the Danube. Now Sumertin, in the ifland Schut. E. Long. 170 37?, Lat. 4*° 7'

Ad Murum, Antonine; a town ol Britain. Now WaU-tvwn, Camden 1 on the borders.

Ad Novas, a town on the Danube, in Mœsia Superior, Antonine.

Adollam, or Odollam, a town in the tribe of Judas), to the east of Eleutheropolis. David is said to havt hid himself in a cave near this town, Bible.

Adonis, Adonius, Ptolemy, Luciang a river of Pliccnicia, rising in mount Lebanon, Lebanon, and falling into the sea, after a north west course, at Byblus; famous in fable, as a beautiful shepherd youth, Virgil ; son of Cynaras, king of the Cyprians, loved by Venus, stain by a boar, and turned into a river. Theocritus laments him dead in an idyllion, or rather ode, as did the women yearly, when in flood-time, the river rolled down a red earth, which tinged its waters, deemed to be his wound bleeding afresh. In the Phœnician language Adan signifies a willow, and Adan lord, with the fame radical letters. Hence 'i-mmc As«»ic, Salignus, and Ktijif, or K)fi{ Atam;, for Ksfijc. AJeniMs horti, are gardens beautifully arranged, but more adapted for pleasure than profit.

Adoreus, Livy; a mountain of Galatia, from which the river Sangarius rises.

.l,30Pi5sus, a town of Lycaonia. Ptolemy.

Ao PalAtium, Antonine; now

Palazzo, a hamlet between Trent

and Verona. Ad PALUDES,a place in Arabia, Stra

ho; called by Solinus Arabic* Pa


Ad Pertusa, a town of Africa Propria, Itineraries.

Ad Pinum, a place in Samnium, Antonine.

Ad Pontem, Antonine; a town in Britain, now Paunton, Camden, called Pans Æl'ius in Lib. Notit. Also a place near Gades, in Spain, !<*•

Ab Postem Muri, Peutinger; now Prjuk an der Mutr, a hamlet in the north of Stiria, sixty miles southweft of Vienna.

Ac Publicanos, a place in Gallia N'arbonensis, Antonine.

A3RA, an inland town of Liburnia, Ptolemy.

Aoraa, Eusebius; Adar, Jerom; a town of Arabia Petræa in the Batai -3, fix miles from Astoroth, and tstenty-five from Bostra. Another in Cœles) ria.

Adrabæ Campi, Strabo; a tract in Lower Austria, between the Danube to the south, and Moravia to the north, near the river Mahr.

Adr.c See Hatram.

ABiAMi-rje, Ptolemy; a people of

Arabia Felix, situate to the east of

the Homeritae, who occupied the south parts, extending from the Arabian Gulf. Adramyttium, Tacitus, or Adramytteos, Pliny, now Andramiti, formerly Pedafus, Pliny; a town of Mytia Major, at the foot of mount Ida, an Athenian colony, with a harbour and dock near the Caicus. Adramyttenus the epithet, as Adramyttenus Sinus, a part of the Egean Sea, on the coast of Mysia, Adramyttenus Cpnvenus, sessions or assizes. „ The eighth in order of the nine Corpventus J undid of the province of Asia.

Adrana, a river of Germany, Polybius; now the Eder, rising on the borders of the county of Nassau, to the north-east of, and not far from Dillenburg, running through the landgraviateof Hesle, the county of Waldeck, by Fritzlar, and then again through the landgraviate, and, together with the Fulda, falling into the Weser, to the south of, and not far from Cassel.

Adrane, a town of Thrace, not far from Berenice, Stephan.

ADRANS.and Adrantis, a town of Pannonia Superior, Antonine. Now Dragemel, in Carniola, on the river Save.

Adranum, or Hadranum, now Aderm, a town of Sicily, built by the elder Dionysius, at the foot of mount Ætna, Diodorus Siculus; four hundred years before Christ. So called from the temple of Adranus, or Hadranus, a god much worshipped by the Sicilians; with a river of the fame name, Stephanus; now Fiume d'Acterno. The inhabitants are carlled Hadranitani, and AJranitx.

Ad R A Psa, orum, or Hadrapfa, a town of Bactria, Strabo.

Adrapsa. SeeDARAPSA.

Adrastea, or Adraste* Campus, a district of Mysia Minor, so called from a town of that name, situate between Priapus and Parium, Strabo. So called from Adraflus, who first erected a temple to Nemesis, Calisthenes, Strabo.

AdRAsti A, Parium, so called by Homer, according to Pliny.

Adria, or Hadria, the name of two towns in Italy s one in the country as the Veneti, on the river Tartarus, between the Pad us and the Athesis, called Atria by Pliny and Ptolemy, but Adrias by Strabo. Another on the river Vomanus in the territory of the Piceni, to which Antonine's Itinerary from Rome is directed, and the country of the ancestors of the emperor Adrian. From which of these the Adriatic Sea is denominated, is matter of doubt. A third opinion is, that it it so called from Adrias, tlie son of laon, of Italian origin, Eustatbius in Dionyfium. APRJANE, Itinerary; a town of Cy rene, situate between Teuchira and Berenice. It is also called Adriansfolii, Peutinger. Adriani Forum, a place of the Datavi, so called in Antonine's Itinerary; now Voorburg, according to Cluverius; a hamlet of Holland, between LeyJen and Delft.

Adrianopolis. See HadrianopoLis, and Adrians.

Adrianum, or Adriatic*TM mare, now the Gulf of Venice, a large bay in the Mediterranean, between Dalmatia, Sclavonia, Greece, and Italy. It is called by the Greek?, A^i'.; Ko*»»c, and Adria by the Romans, as Arbiter Adrite Notus, Hor. Cicero calls it Hadriahum Mare; Virgil has Hadriacas Uadas. It is commonly called Mare Adriaticum, without an aspiration; but whether with it, is a dispute: if the appellation is from Hadria, the town of the Piceni, it must be written Hadriaticum, because the emperor's name, -who thence derives his origin, is on coins and stones Hadrianus: but if from the town in the territory of Venice, as the more ancient, anrt of which that of the Piceni is a colony, this will justify the common appellation, Adriaticum.

Adris, a river of India infra Gangem, Ptoleiny.

Adris. See Hyarotis.

Adrius, a mountain of Dalmatia,dividing it in the middle, Strabo. Others read Ardius, as answering to trie Ardiai, a people placed there.

Adrobicum, Ptol.my; now Corunna in Gallicia in Spain. W. Long, g", Lat. 4S° io'

Ad Rot Am. a town of Numid',3, Iti

nerary; situate between Lambisai and Cirta. Adrotta, a maritime town os Lycia, Stephanos. The inhabitants Adrottem.

Adru, a town of Arabia Petr«, 1'tolemy.

Aorumetum, variously written, as Adryme, A/drume, HaJrumetum, a Phœnician colony inAfrica Propria, according to Sallust, eighteen inilts distant from the Leptis Minor. The inhabitants are called Adrumetani, Hirtius.

Adryx, cis, a town in the territory of Syracuse, Stephanus. The epithet, Adrycinui, Id.

An Sava, a town of Maurerania Cesariensis, Itinerary.

Adscensus Scorpioris, or AcrabUrn, a district on the borders o( Kdom and Benjamin, on the southside, called Acratatena; because there was another on the borders oi hphraim and Benjamin on the north side.

Ad Septbm Aras, a town of Lulltania, Itinerary.

Ad Sex Insui.as, Aritoriine; the name of a place inMauretania Tingitana, situate between the mountain Abyla and the colony Rusadii

Ad Statuas, Itinerary; a place in Lower Pannonia, on the Danube.

Ad Statuas Colossas, Itinerary a place in Pannonia Inferior, dif tant eighteen miles from LulTu niura; probably Coloaut, a citj in Upper Hungary, on the Da. nube, to the north-west Df the ham. let of Bath-monster. E. Long. 19,° 45', Lat. 460 50".

Ad Stoma, Peutinger; a place ir Mojsia Inferior, near where the Da nube begins to divide into fever:* channels, before it falls into tin Euxine.

Ad Tropæa, Stephanus; a place ii the country of the Bruttii, near Por tus Herculis; now Tropca, near; promontory to the south-west of tin bay of St. Euphemia, on the Tuf can Sea, in the Farther Calabria Thought to be so called from th< victory of Sextus Pompeius, Hoi stenius. E. Long. J6° 6',Lat. 39"

Adua, SeeADDUA.
Aduaca, Arttonine; or Atuaca, con

tract ei

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